International Association of Facilitators

Group Facilitation: A Research and Applications Journal

Writing Your Abstract

The abstract is a brief (150-250 word) overview -- an "executive summary" -- that states the nature, purpose, and benefits of your article or chapter.

It helps the reader decide whether or not to continue reading.

Your abstract should:

  • detail the subject of your article or chapter,
  • identify its primary audience (and any secondary audiences),
  • indicate the approach your article or chapter takes to its subject — especially how that approach separates it from existing literature
  • highlight the results, conclusions, and benefits it offers readers
  • be written in narrative form
  • not include an outline, bulleted lists, or lists of keywords
  • not provide biographical information about the author
  • not substitute for or repeat extensively information that should be in the introduction

For additional advice on writing abstracts, visit: