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    New York State Youth Justice Institute - A Partnership between the Division of Criminal Justice Services and the University at Albany
NYS Initiatives
Scholarly Work


Recent Trends in Gender & Youth Justice

This compilation of Gender & Youth Justice Resources offers youth, state partners, and community justice partners a gender equity resource bank of tools developed within New York State and nationally. The selected tools (including guides, toolkits, webinars, podcasts, scholarly works, and more) have been selected to provide concrete supports that empower, instruct, motivate, and inspire all of us as we further the urgent work of meeting unique needs of youth of all gender identities, gender expressions, and sexual orientations.

This Gender & Youth Justice microsite focuses on gender to recognize that differential treatment based on sex, sexual orientation, and/or gender expression often flows from historically rigid and societally reinforced gender norms, expectations, biases, and stereotypes. While the Youth Justice Institute recognizes a broad range of identities falling under the LGBTQIA+ umbrella, many resources tend to focus on subsets of this population. When referring to populations in resources and studies, we note the identity groups specifically discussed by the authors or speakers and use the acronym “LGBTQIA+” in all other instances.


In 2021, over one-third of incarcerated girls were held for status offenses — those offenses which are only illegal for youth under age 18 — such as truancy and curfew violations, or for violating the terms of their probation (The Sentencing Project, 2023).

Lesbian, Gay & Bisexual Youth

While 7 to 9% of youth in the U.S. identify as LGBTQIA+, it is estimated that 20% of all youth in juvenile justice facilities are lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB). This figure is even more disproportionate for girls: 39.4% of all girls in juvenile justice facilities identify as LGB (Movement Advancement Project, 2017). 

Boys & Young Men

Boys and young men are most at risk for justice system involvement in adolescence and early adulthood. In 2020, young men ages 20 to 24 made up the biggest proportion of justice-involved young people under age 25 (Office of Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention, 2022). 


Recent News


Girls' mental health suffered the most during pandemic, data shows


APRIL 2nd, 2024 




“Four years since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, new data shows how severely the pandemic impacted young people's mental health, particularly girls.”




8th Circuit hears arguments in landmark Arkansas case over gender-affirming youth health care ban


APRIL 11th, 2024




“Attorneys with the ACLU of Arkansas and the Arkansas attorney general’s office made their arguments this morning before a federal appeals court in a case with national significance for transgender rights and states’ efforts to restrict gender-affirming health care for minors.”




Judge tentatively sides with California AG in fight over ballot measure on students’ gender ID

APRIL 19th, 2024  




“A California judge has tentatively sided with state Attorney General Rob Bonta in a dispute over the title of a proposed ballot measure that would require school staff to notify parents if their child asks to change gender identification at schools.” 



Youth Justice Institute

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