9.001   Baranov, 0. K., M. A. Savina, and N. A. Yurishina.  1973.  Antigenic divergences
        in the dog family, Canidae, demonstrated with the use of rabbit anitserum to
        blood serum of the red fox, Vulpes fulva.  Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya
        Biologiya, 211:1202-1204.  [in Russian]
               BA 58:36201

9.002   Baranov, 0. K., N. A. Yurishina, and M. A. Savina.  1976.  Immunodiffusion
        analysis of plasma proteins in the Canidae family.  Journal of Evolution,
        Biochemistry, and Physiology, 12:384-388.
               BI 78:6785     BA 64:7351

9.003   Boitani, L.  1984.  Genetic considerations on wolf conservation in Italy.
        Bollettino di Zoologia, 51:367-374.
               BA 80:11670    ZR 121(19):864

9.004   Braend, M. and K. H. Roed.  1987.  Polymorphism of transferrin and esterase in
        Alaskan wolves:  Evidence of close molecular homology with the dog.  Animal
        Genetics, 18:143-148.
               BA 84:107735   ZR 124(19):1182

9.005   Bull, R. W. and A. J. Bowdler.  1972.  The red cell antigens of wild Canidae.
        Animal Blood Groups and Biochemical Genetics, 3(3):179-180.
               ZR 109(19):25
9.006   Clark, P., G. E. Ryan, and A. B. Czuppon.  1975.  Biochemical genetic markers
        in the family Canidae.  Australian Journal of Zoology, 23:411-417.
                WR 159:20

9.007   Dresler, S. L., D. Runkel, P. Stenzel, B. Brimhal, and R. T. Jones.  1974.
        Multiplicity of the hemoglobin alpha chains in dogs and variations among related
        species.  Pages 411-415 in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 241.
        (H. Kitchen and S. Boyer, ed.).  New York Academy of Sciences, New York.
               BI 76:6236

9.008   Eliot, 0. and M. Wong.  1972.  Acid phosphatase, handy enzyme that separated the
        dog from the wolf.  Acta Biologica et Medica Germanica, 28:957-962.
               BA 56:41844    WR 151:28       ZR 112(19):62

9.009   Eliot, 0. and M. Wong.  1973.  Catalase and hemoglobin in the Canidae studied by
        starch gel electrophoresis.  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 191:178-181.
               BA 60:29659

9.010   Ferrell, R. E., D. C. Morizot, J. Horn, and C. J. Carley.  1980.  Biochemical
        markers in a species endangered by introgression, the red wolf, canis rufus.
        Biochemical Genetics, 18:39-50.
               BA 70:22586    ZR 117(19):2170
9.011   Fisher, R. A., W. Putt, and E. Hackel.  1976.  An investigation of the products
        of 53 gene loci in three species of wild Canidae - Canis lupus, Canis latrans,
        and Canis familiaris.  Biochemical Genetics, 14:963-974.
               BA 63:49656    ZR 114(19):70

9.012   Follman, E. H.  1977.  The thermal significance of the curled posture during
        rest in arctic foxes and wolves.  Page 73 in Proceedings of the Alaska Science
        Conference, 28.  Alaska Division, American Association for the Advancement of
        Science, Fairbanks, AK.  [abstract only]
               BI 16:59040    WR 169:65

9.013   Folk, G. E.  1975.  Effects of cold stress on cardiovascular responses in
        mammals.  Pages 305-309 in Progress in Biometeorology; Progress in Animal
        Biometeorology:  The Effects of Weather and Climate on Animals; Effect of
        Temperature on Animals (H. D. Johnson, ed).  Swets & Zeitlinger B.V.,
        Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
               NT 76:07-65
9.014   Fox, M. W., G. E. Folk, and M. A. Folk.  1970.  Physiological differences
        between alpha and subordinate wolves in a captive sibling pack.  American
        Zoologist, 10:487-489.
               BI 71:30941    NT 71:09-6C

9.015   Fox, M. W., G. E. Folk, and M. A. Folk.  1970.  Physiological differences
        between alpha and subordinate wolves in a captive sibling pack.  Ecological
        Society of America Bulletin, 51(4):52. [abstract only]
               WR 143:39

9.016   Ginsburg, B. E. and C. S. Schotte.  1978.  Genetic differences determining the
        capacities of social behavior among wolves and dogs.  Behavior Genetics, 8:9.
        [abstract only]
               BI 17:48424

9.017   Henshaw, R. E.  1969.  Periperal blood flow and maintenance of body temperature
        in Arctic wolves and wolverines.  Page 188 in Proceedings of the 24th
        International Union of Physiological Sciences (W. O. Fenn, ed.).  International
        Union of Physiological Sciences, Washington.  [abstract only]
               BI 69:51570

9.018   Henshaw, R. E.  1970.  Insulative adjustment in Arctic wolves, wolverines, and
        huskies.  American Zoologist, 10(4):522.  [abstract only]
               BI 71:31082
9.019   Henshaw, R. E.  1978.  Peripheral thermoregulation:  Hematological or vascular
        adaptions.  Journal of Thermal Biology, 3:31-38.
               BA 66:55607    ZR 115(19):2634

9.020   Henshaw, R. E.  1986.  Regulation of heat circulation to the feet of mammals in
        chronic cold.  Pages 167-176 in Living in the Cold:  Physiological and
        Biochemical Adaptions (H. C. Heller, X. J. Musacchia, and C. H. Wang, eds.).
        Elsevier, New York.
               WR 206:101

9.021   Henshaw, R. E and G. E. Folk.  1968.  Peripheral blood flow and insulation in
        wolves and wolverines.  Federation Proceedings, 27:699. [abstract only]
               BI 68:52269    NT 71:09-6C
9.022   Henshaw, R. E. and G. E. Folk.  1969.  Peripheral circulation mediated
        resistance to foot freezing in Arctic wolves.  Federation Proceedings, 28:791.
        [abstract only]
               BI 69:46788    NT 71:09-6C

9.023   Henshaw, R. E. and G. E. Folk.  1971.  Ontogeny of vascular regulation of foot
        temperature in arctic wolves.  Federation Proceedings, 30(2):320.  [abstract
               BI 71:47580

9.024   Henshaw. R. E., L. S. Underwood, and T. M. Casey.  1972.  Peripheral
        thermoregulation foot temperature in two Arctic canines.  Science, 175:988-990.
               BA 54:34633    NT 72:18-6P    WR 148:49        ZR 109(19):73

9.025   Juneja, R. K., K. Christensen, E. Andresen, and B. Gahne.  1981.  Frequencies
        of transferrin types in various breeds of domestic dogs.  Animal Blood Groups
        and Biochemical Genetics, 12(2):79-88.
               BA 73:46351

9.026   Koteja, P.  1987.  On the relationship between basal and maximum metabolic rate
        in mammals.  Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology; A. Comparative Physiology,
               BA 84:57444
9.027   Lauer, B. H. and B. E. Baker.  1969.  Mineral constituents of milks of some
        Arctic species.  Canadian Journal of Zoology, 47:185-187.
               BA 50:102177   ZR 106(19):99

9.028   Lauer, B. H., E. Kuyt, and B. E. Baker.  1969.  Wolf milk: I. Arctic wolf
        (Canis lupus arctos) and husky milk: Gross composition and fatty acid
        constitution.  Canadian Journal of Zoology, 47:99-102.
               WR 134:31      ZR 106(19):99

9.029   Laursen, G. A.  1977.  Biophysics of cold adaption and acclimatization.  U.S.
        Naval Research Laboratory, Barrow, AK.
               NT 78:09-65

9.030   Lawrence, B. and W. H. Bossert.  1975.  Relationships of North American Canis
        shown by a multiple character analysis of selected populations.  Pages 73-86 in
        The Wild Canids:  Their Systematics, Behavioral Ecology, and Evolution (M. W.
        Fox, ed.).  Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York
               BA 75:51670

9.031   Lawton, J. H.  1981.  Moose, wolves, Daphnia and Hydra:  On the Ecological
        efficiency of endotherms and ectotherms.  American Naturalist, 117:782-783.
               BI 21:56970

9.032   Mayr, B., G. Geber, H. Auer, M. Kalat, and W. Schleger.  1986.  Heterochromatin
        composition and nucleolus organizer activity in four canid species.  Canadian
        Journal of Genetics and Cytology, 28:744-753.
               BA 83:53995    ZR 123(19):5694
9.033   McCue, P. M. and T. P. O'Farrell.  1987.  Hematologic values of the endangered
        San Joaquin kit fox, Vulpes macrotis mutica.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 23:
               BA 83:95694

9.034   Mitsuzuka, M.  1987.  Collection, evalution and freezing of wolf semen.  Pages
        127-141 in Man and Wolf:  Advances, Issues, and Problems in Captive Wolf
        Research (H. Frank, ed.).  Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
               RLIN      WR 210:88

9.035   Okarma, H. and P. Koteja.  1987.  Basal metabolic rate in gray wolf in Poland.
        Thesis.  Veterinarmedizinische Universitat Wien.  [in German]
               DA 47C:375     ZR 123(19):494

9.037   Peterson, E. K., M. A. Letellier, J. A. Parsons, E. D. Plotka, L. D. Mech, and
        U. S. Seal.  1981.  Olfactory pedunculontomy induced anosmia in the wolf (Canis
        lupus).  Physiology and Behavior, 27:543-546.
               BA 73:55805    WR 183:63       PA 67:9333     ZR 120(19):6326

9.038   Pospisil, J., F. Kase, and J. Vahala.  1987.  Basic hematological values in
        carnivores.  I. The Canidae, the Hyaenidae, and the Ursidae.  Comparative
        Biochemistry and Physiology; A. Comparative Physiology, 86:649-652.
               BA 84:22260    ZR 123(19):6889
9.039   Pospisil, J., J. Vahala, P., P. SpaIa, and F. Kase.  1987.  Hematological and
        biochemical values in the peripheral blood of wolves, Canis lupus, kept in the
        East Bohemian Zoological Garden at Dvur Kralov nad Labem, Czechoslovakia.  Acta
        Veterinaria Brno, 56:361-376.
               BA 86:121143

9.040   Raymer, J., D. Wiesler, M. Novotny, C. Asa, U. S. Seal, and L. D. Mech.  1984.
        Volatile constituents of wolf (Canis lupus) urine as related to gender and
        season.  Experentia, 40:707-709.
               BI 28:9940     ZR 121(19):6180

9.041   Raymer, J., D. Wiesler, M. Novotny, C. Asa, U. S. Seal, and L. D. Mech.  1986.
        Chemical scent constituents of urine of wolf (Canis lupus) and their dependence
        on reproductive hormones.  Journal of Chemical Ecology, 12:297-314.
               BA 81:98236    WR 201:95       ZR 123(19):7134

9.042   Sands, M. W., R. P. Coppinger, and C. J. Phillips.  1977.  Comparison of thermal
        sweating and histology of sweat glands of selected canids.  Journal of
        Mammalogy, 58:74-78.
               BI 78:31541    WR 165:59       ZR 114(19):193

9.043   Seal, U. S. and L. D. Mech.  1983.  Blood indicators of seasonal metabolic
        patterns in captive adult gray wolves.  Journal of Wildlife Management, 47:
               BA 77:1184     WR 191:72       ZR 120(19):7299

9.044   Seal, U. S., L. D. Mech, and V. Van Ballenberghe. 1975.  Blood analysis of wolf
        pups and their ecological and metabolic interpretation.  Journal of Mammalogy,
               BA 60:18904    WR 156:43       ZR 112(19):199
9.045   Shields, W. M.  1983.  Genetic considerations in the management of the wolf and
        other large vertebrates:  An alternative view.  Pages 90-92 in Wolves in Canada
        and Alaska; Canadian Wildlife Service Report Series, no. 45 (L. N. Carbyn, ed.).
        Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
               CA 83:225      WR 201:96       ZR 120(19):7434

9.046   Simonsen, V.  1974.  The relationship between dogs, wolves, jackal, and foxes
        based on analysis of isoenzymes in the blood.  Hereditas, 78(2):328.  [abstract
               BI 75:76902

9.047   Simonsen, V.  1976.  Electrophoretic studies on the blood of domestic dog and
        other Canidae.  Hereditas, 82:7-18.
               ZR 113(19):155

9.048   Soldatovic, G., M. Tolksdorf, and H. Reichstein.  1970.  The chromosome
        complements of various species of the genus Canis.  Zoologische Anzeiger, 184:
        155-168.  [in German; English summary]
               BA 52:54740    ZR 107(19):153

9.049   Steklenev, E. P.  1975.  Species characteristics of sperm morphology of
        individual members of the order Carnivora in relation to hybridization.
        Cytology and Genetics, 9(2):42-46.
               BI 76:69323    BA 61:6579
9.050   Theberge, J. B.  1983.  Considerations in wolf management related to genetic
        variability and adaptive change.  Pages 86-89 in Wolves in Canada and Alaska;
        Canadian Wildlife Service art Series, no. 45 (L. N. Carbyn, ed.).  Canadian
        Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
               CA 83:225      WR 201:97       ZR 120(19):8156

9.051   Thornton, W. A. and G. C. Creel.  1973.  Chromosome members in the red wolf,
        Canis rufus, and a presumed red wolf X coyote hybrid.  Mammalian Chromosomes
        Newsletter, 14:8-9.
               ZR 112(19):221

9.052   Wayne, R. K., W. G. Nash, and S. J. O'Brien.  1987.  Chromosomal evolution of
        the Canidae.  1. Species with high diploid numbers.  Cytogenetics and Cell
        Genetics, 44(2/3) 123-133.
               BA 84:46000    ZR 124(19):9818

9.054   Wayne, R. K. and S. J. 0'Brien.  1987.  Allozyme divergence within the Canidae.
        Systematic Zoology, 36:339-355.
               BA 85:119347

9.055   Williams, M. W., H. A. Baldwin, and C. S. Williams.  1968.  Body temperature
        observations on a caged Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) by remote telemetry.
        Journal of Mammalogy, 49:329-331.
               WR 131:50      ZR 105(19) 321
9.056   Woolpy, J. H. and I. Eckstrand.  1979.  Wolf pack genetics, a computer
        simulation.  Pages 206-224 in The Behavior and Ecology of Wolves (E.
        Klinghammer, ed.).  Garland STPM Press, New York.
               ZR 116(19):7116

9.057   Wonq, M., 0. Eliot, W. Bias, J. P. Scott, J Levinsohn, R. Bush.  1974.
        Phosphoglucomutase polymorphism in the family Canidae.  Acta Biologica et
        Medica Germanica, 32:307-310.
               BA 59:13055

see also the following entries: 2.010, 3.048, 4.067, 7.042, 7.059, 7.092, 8.005, 8.021, 8.022, 8.025, 8.031, 8.041, 8.042, 8.044, 8.067, 10.009, 11.032, 11.042, 11.061a, 11.062, 11.066, 12.011, 12.037, 13.012, 14.040, 14.044, 14.060, 15.033, 15.042, 16.004, 16.013, 16.030, 16.032, 16.034, 16.036, 16.038, 16.043, 16.049, 16.057, 18.006, 18.042, 18.049, 18.050, 18.093, 18.094, 18.095, 18.132, 18.134, 18.147, 18.148, 18.150, 18.159, 18.160, 18.176, 18.184, 20.039