Minors

Regulations Concerning Minors

Minors Defined, Titles

A minor consists of 18–24 graduation credits which must include a minimum of 9 graduation credits of “advanced coursework” (defined as coursework requiring at least one prerequisite course and/or courses at or above the 300 level).

No student may use a minor title that is the same as the title of the student’s major.

Only the following are acceptable minor titles to appear on the academic record:

  • “Combined with Major” for approved combined major and minor programs
  • Titles approved by the Curriculum Committee or by the Interdisciplinary Studies Committee of the Undergraduate Academic Council
  • “Interdisciplinary” if approved by the Interdisciplinary Studies Committee of the Undergraduate Academic Council

Students Required to Complete a Minor

A student is required to complete a minor if the student has only one major and that major is neither an approved “combined major and minor” nor an approved “departmental major.”

If the student with a single, non-combined, non-departmental major has only one minor, the same course may not be used to fulfill the requirements of both the major and the discrete minor, i.e., no “double counting” between the major and minor is allowed.

Students not Required to Complete a Minor

A student with two or more majors or a major that is either an approved “combined major and minor” or an approved “departmental major” is not required to have a discrete minor, but the student may elect to have one or more minors listed on the academic record.

If the student does elect one or more minors, the same course may be “double counted” toward the major (or even more than one of the majors) and toward the minor.

Similarly, if the student in a “combined major and minor program” elects one or more minors, the same course may be “double counted” toward the “minor” requirements of the combined major and toward one of the minors. Naturally, students in a combined major and minor program who complete one or more discrete minors nevertheless must complete all requirements in the combined major program.

Multiple Minors

Students may declare two or more minors. For a student with two or more minors, a specific course that is applicable to more than one of the minors may be applied toward each of the minors to which it is applicable.  No more than three courses can be utilized by multiple minors. Additionally, courses may be applied to one of the minors and to one (or more) of the applicable majors.

Restricted Minors

Currently, admission to the following minors is restricted, as outlined in the minors’ requirements:

Broadcast Meteorology

Educational Studies

Financial Market Regulation

Minors

Listed here are the minor titles that have been approved by the Undergraduate Academic Council. Action of the Council also mandates that the following may not be used as a minor title: social welfare.

Africana Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level) including one course from among the following: A AFS 142, 219, 286, 287, and 490.

Anthropology: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level). Students are required to take two of the following core courses: A ANT 100, 104, 108, 110, or A ANT/A LIN 220.

Art: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) from coursework with an A ART prefix. Six (6) of the required 18 credits may be from courses with an A ARH prefix or from other courses that have been approved for the major in art history.

Art History: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) including A ARH 170 and 171, and 6 additional credits from coursework with an A ARH prefix. The remaining 6 credits may be selected from: any course with an A ARH prefix; A ANT 233, 334, 433; A CAS 240; A ANT/A CLA 490; A EAC 280, A HIS 303Z.

Atmospheric Science: A minimum of 20 graduation credits from coursework with an A ATM prefix, including A ATM 209, 210, 211; and at least 6 credits from all 300 level and higher A ATM courses; A ATM 490, 497, 499 are excluded. Appropriate prerequisite courses in mathematics and physics are necessary to complete the required minor courses.

Bioethics: A minimum of 18 graduation credits including an introductory course (A PHI 114 or 115 or 212); an introductory course in biology (A BIO 102, 110, 120 or A BIO 209; biology majors may substitute an advanced biology course for this requirement); Moral Problems in Medicine (A PHI 338); 3 credits at 300-level or higher in ethical and/or political theory (A PHI 320, 321, 326, 425, 474 or R POS 301, 302, 306, 307, 308, 310); and 6 credits from advanced related courses.

Advanced related courses include: A ANT 312, 360, 361, 364, 365, 418, 450; A BIO 205, 212, 214, 311, 318, 329; A ECO 381; A GOG 310; A PHI 355, A PHI 417; A PSY 329, 385, 387; A SOC 359; H SPH 342; R CRJ 405; R POS 328; U UNI 310.

Advanced related graduate courses include: A ANT 511, 517, 518; A BIO 511, 519; A ECO 509, 511, 512; A PHI 505, 506, 517; H EPI 501, 502; H HPM 501, 511; R POS/RPUB 502. Students may use other courses to fulfill the related courses requirement at the discretion of the director of the program.

Biology: A minimum of 18 graduation credits, including A BIO 110 or 120; A BIO 111 or 121; A BIO 212Y. Additional credits are selected from biology courses that yield biology credit toward the biology major.

Broadcast Meteorology: A minimum of 21 credits as follows: A ATM 200, A COM 100, 203, 265, A JRL 100, 200Z, and A ATM 490 (preferably taken as a TV internship) or A JRL 385 or A THR 343. Open only to ATM B.S. students.

Business: A minimum of 18 graduation credits as follows: B ACC 211; B ITM 215; A MAT 108 or A ECO 320; and any three of the following courses: B ACC 222, B FIN 300, B LAW 321, B MGT 341, B MKT 310, and B ITM 330.

Students majoring in criminal justice, economics, linguistics, mathematics, psychology, public affairs or sociology who complete a statistics course in the major may substitute either B LAW 200 or 220 for the statistics requirement in the business minor.

Students majoring in rhetoric and communication who complete A MAT 108 or B ITM 215 in their major may substitute either B LAW 200 or 220 in the Business minor. When both the statistics and computer requirements are involved, either B LAW 200 or 220 may substitute for statistics in the business minor and an additional 300 level course listed as a course that can be taken in the minor may substitute for computer applications in the major.

Students majoring in any major where A MAT 108 is used in their major, may substitute either B LAW 200 or 220 in the business minor.

Chemistry: A minimum of 23 or 24 graduation credits as follows: A CHM 120 (or 130 or T CHM 130) and A CHM 121 (or 131 or T CHM131), 124, 125, 220, 221, 222, 223, 226 and 227 or 344, 250 and 251.

Chinese Studies: A minimum of 21 graduation credits of which 15 must be A EAC 102, 201, and 202. The remaining 6 credits may be earned from any A EAC or A EAS course except A EAC 101 and A EAS 220.

Cognitive Science: A minimum of 18 graduation credits, (9 credits or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring a prerequisite) to include: 3 courses from: I CEN/I CSI 201, A LIN 301, 321, A PHI 416, A PSY 365; and 3 courses from the following list: I CEN/I CSI 201, I CEN/I CSI 210, I CEN/I CSI 213, I CSI 101, 409; A LIN 301, 321, 322, 421, 422; A PHI 210, 332, 415, 416, 418, 422, 432; A PSY 210, 211, 365, 381, 382.

Communication: A minimum of 18 graduation credits from coursework with an A COM prefix including A COM 100, A COM 265, and 9 or more credits in coursework at or above the 300 level.

Computer Science: A minimum of 18-19 credits of which at least 12-13 must have an I CSI prefix. I CSI/I CEN 201 or a transfer equivalent (3-4 credits) must be included except if course is applied to another major or minor. I CSI/I CEN 213 and another 3 credits with an I CSI prefix and number 300 or above must be included. The remaining 6 credits can be in I CSI courses or in the Departmentally approved list of courses that cover details of either substantive applications of computing to other disciplines (such as B ITM 215), the internal operation of computer technologies (such as I CEN/A PHY 353 or I CEN/A PHY 454), or advanced and related theory (such as A MAT 326, 372, or A PHI 432). Consult the Department of Computer Science or the Undergraduate Advisors for the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences for further information and advisement.

I CSI/I CEN 201 and I CSI/I CEN 213 are intensive courses that emphasize computer programming. They are the introductions to Computer Science that comprise the first two courses for CS majors. Suitable student choices of minor courses enable the Computer Science minor to be used either to help prepare for master's level computer science graduate study or to provide basic understanding plus breadth in the use and applications of computing technology.

Criminal Justice Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 credits or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring a prerequisite) in coursework from among the following: any R CRJ or T CRJ courses; A SOC 203, 283, 380.

Documentary Studies: A minimum of 18 credits, which must include A DOC 251 (3 credits); a "Theory & History" course from the list outlined under the major (3 credits); two core "Skills" courses from the list outlined under the major (6 credits); A DOC 450 (4 credits); one elective (2-3 credits) from the “Electives” list outlined under the major.

Economics: A minimum of 18 graduation credits in coursework with an A ECO prefix as follows: A ECO 110, 111, and 12 additional credits at or above the 300 level.

Educational Studies: Students are required to complete a minimum of 18 credits of coursework offered by the School of Education. This includes a minimum of 12 credits at or above the 300 level. At least 3 credits of E EDU/E PSY 390 (Community Service) or the E CPY Middle Earth Sequence are required. No more than 6 credits may be fulfilled through E EDU/E PSY 390. To declare this minor, students must apply to the School of Education through the Pathways Into Education Center and effective Fall 2009, must have at least sophomore status at UAlbany with a UAlbany cumulative GPA of 3.0 or better.

Electronics: A minimum of 20 graduation credits as follows: A PHY 140 or 141, 145, 150 or 151, 155, 240 or 241, 415, 416, and A PHY/I CEN 353.

Emergency Preparedness, Homeland Security and Cybersecurity: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level) including:       
Core: 12 credits from C EHC/R PAD 101; C EHC/R PAD 344; R POS/R PAD 343; C EHC 242 or B FOR 201 or B FOR 204 or I CSI 124X. NOTE: Only one of B FOR 204 and I CSI 124X may be taken for credit toward the minor.
Electives: a minimum of 6 credits from A ATM 100, A ATM 103, A ATM 107, A ATM 200, A ENV/A GEO 105, A GOG 290, A GOG 484, A USP 201, A USP 315Z, A USP/A GOG 430/430Z, A USP 456/A GOG 496, A USP 474, A USP 475, B FOR 100, B FOR 201, B FOR 202, B FOR 203, B FOR 204, B FOR 300, B FOR 410, B FOR 412, H SPH 201, H SPH 231, T SPH/T POS/R PAD 272, H SPH 321, H SPH/H EHS 323, H SPH 341, I CSI 124X, I INF 202, I INF 306, R CRJ 201, R CRJ 202, R CRJ/A SOC 203, R CRJ 281, R CRJ 351, R CRJ 353/R POS 363, R CRJ 401, R CRJ 417, R CRJ 418, R POS/R PAD 140, T POS 260, T POS 261Y, R POS/R PAD 316, R POS 320, R POS/R PAD 321, R POS 336, R POS 360 and any coursework with a CEHC prefix or cross-listing prefix.      

English: A minimum of 18 graduation credits from A ENG coursework, including A ENG 205Z and 9 or more credits at or above the 300 level.

Film Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) including A ARH 260 and 15 credits from the following: A ARH 261, 263, 264, 267, 269, 361, 362, 363, 364, 367, 368, 460, 461 (A WSS 461), 462, 491; A COM 378*, 386; A DOC 335 (A HIS 335), A DOC 390* (A HIS 390*); A EAS 140; A ENG 243*, 355, 419*; A FRE 208, 238 (A ARH 238), 281, 315, 415; A ITA 318; A JST 225 (A HIS 225); A LCS 315; A POR 318 (A LCS 318); A RUS 280, 380; A SPN 318 (A LCS 314), 418; A THR 230, 304; A WSS 280, A WSS 281* (A JRL 281*). (*When topic focuses on film.)

Financial Market Regulation: A minimum of 21 graduation credits including B ACC 211, B FIN/R PAD 236, B FIN 300, 333, 375, B FIN/R PAD 435, and either I CSI 105 or I CSI/I CEN 201. Appropriate substitutes are also acceptable with the approval of the Academic Program Advisor. Students wishing to declare the minor in Financial Market Regulation must have an overall grade point average at the University of at least 3.25 and completed the required lower-division (100-200 level) classes with at least a 3.0 average; these classes (B ACC 211; B FIN/R PAD 236; and I CSI 105 or I CSI/I CEN 201) must be taken on a graded (not S/U) basis. For additional details and information on applying for admission into the minor, see the Bachelor of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies with a faculty-initiated concentration in Financial Market Regulation under the School of Business.

French: A minimum of 18 graduation credits from coursework with an A FRE prefix above A FRE 101 including A FRE 341Z. No more than 3 credits of courses conducted in English may be used to satisfy the requirements of the minor. Students interested in declaring a French Studies minor are encouraged to meet with the coordinator of advisement for French Studies.

Geography: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) from coursework with an A GOG prefix.

Globalization Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level) including A GLO 103, A GOG/A GLO/A USP 225, and four additional courses, drawn from: A GLO 303/R POS 309, A GLO 402 or A GLO 403, and all courses listed in the Global Perspectives and Regional Foci categories approved for the major in Globalization Studies.

Hebrew: A minimum of 18 graduation credits in coursework with an A HEB prefix above the 102 level. Students who begin with A HEB 101 and/or 102 must complete 15 graduation credits above the 102 level. No more than 4 credits of A HEB 450 may be applied to the minor.

History: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level) in coursework with an A HIS prefix including no more than 12 credits from any one of the geographic areas of concentration listed in the Undergraduate Bulletin. A student may, on petition to the Director of Undergraduate Studies in the history department, count toward the minor one relevant course of no more than 4 credits taken in a department other than history.

Informatics: A minimum of 18 graduation credits including I INF 100; I INF 201; I INF 202; any one course from among I INF 108, I CSI 101, 105, I CSI/I CEN 201; and any two courses with prerequisites from one of the Informatics cognate options, as follows:

General: any two courses from among I CSI 203, 204, 205, 300, 410, I INF 203, 303 or 423, 304 or 424, 362, 403, 404, 470, 496. I IST 402, 433. This option is open to students with any major EXCEPT the B.S. in Informatics.

Art: any two courses from among A ART 244, 280 (or A ARH 283), 281 (or A ARH 268), 344, and 348. This option is only open to students with an Art major.

Communication: any two courses from among A COM 369, 375, 430Z, and 465. This option is only open to students with a Communication major.

Computer Science: any two courses between I CSI 300 and I CSI 479 or between I INF 400 and I INF 496, excluding I INF 460 through I INF 469. This option is only open to students with a Computer Science major.

Criminal Justice: any two courses from among I INF 306, R CRJ 393, R CRJ 399 (GIS only), R CRJ 418, R CRJ 592 (only available to BA/MA students), A GOG 496, one of B FOR 201 or B FOR 202. This option is only open to students with a Criminal Justice Major.

Economics: any two courses from among A ECO 401, 427, 466, 480/580, A MAT 363, 369, A SOC 370, B ITM 322, 330. This option is only open to students with an Economics major.

Geography: any two courses from among A GOG 406, 414, 484 and 485. This option is only open to students with a Geography major.

Journalism: any two courses from among A JRL 330, A JRL 363, A JRL 420, A DOC 442 (or A WSS 442), A JRL 460Z, A JRL 487Z. This option is only open to students with a Journalism major.

Physics: A PHY 451 (or I CSI 451 or I INF 451) and either A PHY/I CEN 353 or A PHY 415. This option is only open to students with a Physics major.

Sociology: any two courses from among A SOC 270, A SOC 370, and selected sections of A SOC 420W/420Z, A SOC 475W/475Z, A SOC 481W/481Z as determined by department. This option is only open to students with a Sociology major.

Women's Studies: A WSS 342X and 442 (or A DOC 442). This option is only open to students with a Women’s Studies major.

International Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) following one of the tracks below.

International Development Studies Track: NOTE: No more than 9 credits with the same prefix or cross-listed prefix may be used in this track.
Required Core: A GLO 103, A GOG/A GLO 447
Electives, a minimum of 4 courses from the following list, at least 2 of which must be at the 300 level or above: A AFS/A GOG 270, A AFS/A HIS 286, A AFS/A HIS 287, A AFS 311, A AFS 322, A AFS/A HIS 386, A BIO 311/A GOG 310/U UNI 310, A ECO 330, A ECO 360, A ECO/A EAS 362, A GLO/A GOG/A USP 225, A GLO/A GOG/A USP 266, A GLO/A GOG 366, A GLO 410, A GLO 411, A GOG/A LCS 250, A GOG 344, A GOG/A LCS 354, A HIS 144, A HIS 158, A HIS/A EAS 177, A HIS 371, A HIS 373, A HIS/A LCS/A WSS 451, A LCS 203, A LCS 359, A LCS/A ECO 361, A LCS 374, A LCS 410, A PHI 355, A SOC 225/A LCS 225, A SOC 320, A WSS 308, A WSS 361, A WSS 412, A WSS/A LCS 430, H SPH 321, R POS/A LCS 349, R POS 351, R POS 353, R POS 355, R POS/A LCS 357, R POS 361, R POS 362, R POS 366/R PAD 364, R POS 367, R POS/A EAC 373, R POS 375, R POS 377, R POS 386, R POS/R PAD 395, R POS 474.

Social and Cultural Area Studies Track:
This Track is designed to enable a student who studies abroad on an approved SUNY Program, to combine 6-12 Study Abroad credits (prefix GINS) with 6-12 other credits, so as to focus on the cultures and language(s) of one foreign country or world region. The program of study for the track must be approved by the Office of the Vice Provost for International Education and it should not duplicate the content or purpose of any existing minor or major at UAlbany. The courses taken at UAlbany should include at least two of the following, which provide an introduction to the study of culture, linguistics and society suitable to enhancing the understanding of a study abroad experience: A ANT 108, A ANT 220/A ENG 217/A LIN 220, A ANT/A LIN 321, A ANT/A LIN 322, A ANT/A LIN 325, A ANT 340, A ANT 390, A ANT 480, A SOC/A LCS 225, A LCS 410, A WSS/A AFS/A LCS 240, A WSS 308. The selection of courses for the track may also include foreign language or foreign area studies courses pertinent to the country or world region under study.

Italian: A minimum of 18 graduation credits from coursework with an A ITA prefix above A ITA 100, including A ITA 206, 207, 301Z.

Japanese Studies: A minimum of 21 graduation credits of which 15 must be A EAJ 102, 201, and 202. The remaining 6 credits may be earned from any A EAJ or A EAS course except A EAJ 101 and A EAS 220.

Journalism: A minimum of 18 graduation credits including A JRL 100, A JRL 200Z, A JRL 201Z, and 9 credits of electives from 300-level and 400-level courses. Only 3 credits of A JRL 495 (Internship) may apply to the minor.

Judaic Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level) from coursework in the Judaic Studies Program or other relevant departments. No more than 4 credits from among A HEB 450 or A JST 450 or 490 may be applied to the minor.

Korean Studies: A minimum of 21 graduation credits of which 15 must be A EAK 102, 201, and 202. The remaining 6 credits may be earned from any A EAK or A EAS course except A EAK 101 and A EAS 220.

Latin American and Caribbean Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level) to include: A LCS 100; A LCS 150, 201 or 302; A LCS 102 or 269; and 9 additional credits in coursework with an A LCS prefix.

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits to include A WSS 202, A WSS 240, A SOC 362/A WSS 363; and 9 credits from the following, of which 6 credits should be at the 300-level or higher: A WSS 101, A ENG 240, A WSS/A SOC 262, A WSS/R POS 333, A WSS/R POS 346, A WSS/A ENG 362, A WSS 401, A WSS 412, A WSS/A ENG 416, A WSS 497, and (with approval of Minor Director) A WSS 397 or A WSS 492.

Library and Information Science: A minimum of 18 graduation credits including I CSI 105; I INF 201; I IST 523; I IST 601; I IST 602, and one additional I IST course at the 500 level or above. The minor is open only to students in the combined Bachelor's/Master's program in the Department of Information Science.

Linguistics: A minimum of 18 graduation credits, including A LIN 220, A LIN 321 or 322 and 6 additional credits in courses with an A LIN prefix. (A LIN 289 may not be used to satisfy the requirements for the minor.) The remaining credits may be selected from courses with an A LIN prefix or from the following courses which are approved electives within the linguistics major: A ANT 424; A CLC 125; A COM 373, 465; one of I CSI 101, I CSI/I CEN 201 or I CSI/I CEN 213; A ENG 311; A FRE 306, 406, 450, A PHI 210, 332, 415, 432; A POR 402, A PSY 365, 381; A SPN 401, 402, 405; one of A PSY 210, A MAT 108 or A SOC 221.

Mathematics: A minimum of 18 graduation credits in courses with an A MAT prefix numbered 108 or higher. These credits must include a minimum of 12 credits at or above the 200 level.

Medical Anthropology: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) as follows: A ANT 108 and 211; at least 3 credits from the series A ANT 340, 361, 364, 365, 381, 450; at least 3 credits from the series A ANT 119, 311, 319, 414, 415, 418, 441; the remaining 6 credits may be taken from any of the preceding courses as well as from the following additional courses: A BIO 117, 209, 308, A SOC 359.

Medieval and Renaissance Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) including 3 credits from History courses, 3 credits from Literature and Philosophy courses, 3 credits from Art and Music courses. The remaining 9 credits are to be selected from any of the approved courses listed below.

Core Courses: A ARH 331, 342; A ENG 330, 331, 332; A HIS 235, 336, 337, 338, 339, 346; A PHI 311.

Art and Music Elective Courses: A ARH 230, 303, 332, 442, 499 (approval required); A MUS 230, 287 (approval required).

History Elective Courses: A HIS 336, 337, 391 (approval required), 463.

Literatures and Cultures Courses: A ENG 341, 342, 346 (replaces 344 and 345), 348, other English topics courses, as appropriate (approval required); A FRE 202 (approval required), 455 (approval required; taught in French); A ITA 315, 441; A SPN 311, A SPN 482.

Philosophy Courses: A PHI 311, 312.

Global Perspectives: A EAC 471, A EAS 478.

Music: A minimum of 19 graduation credits to include A MUS 100; A MUS 231; A MUS 110 or A MUS 245; 3 electives with an A MUS prefix at the 300-level or above or courses having at least one prerequisite, not to include lessons or ensembles; and one semester of ensemble chosen from 180, 182, 184, 185, 186, 187, 287 or 289.

Neuroscience: A minimum of 21 graduation credits to include 18 credits from A PSY 101, 214, A BIO 120, 121, 341, A BIO/A PSY 490; and 3 credits from A PSY 314, 387, 388, A BIO 441.

Organizational Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits selected from the following courses: A COM 369, A ECO 370, A PSY 341, 450, A SOC 342, 357, 450Z, 494, R PAD 302, R PAD 303, R PAD/R POS 329. A student may petition the director of the minor program to take a course not listed. Note: each of these courses has prerequisites.

Philosophy: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) from coursework with an A PHI prefix, including at least two of the following: A PHI 110 or 111, 210, 212, 310, 312.

Physics: A minimum of 18 graduation credits as follows: A PHY 140 or 141, 150 or 151, 240 or 241, and 250; and at least two courses with an A PHY prefix at the 300 level or above.

Political Science: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) from coursework with an R POS prefix, including R POS 101.

Portuguese: A minimum of 18 graduation credits from coursework with an A POR prefix.

Psychology: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) from coursework with an A PSY prefix, including A PSY 101 or 102.

Public Health: A minimum of 18 graduation credits as follows: 12 credits from the following core courses: H SPH 201; H SPH 321, H SPH 341 and H SPH 342; one course chosen from the following: A PHI 115, H SPH 202, H SPH/H HPM 310; and one course chosen from the following: H SPH 231, A ANT 418.

Public Policy: A minimum of 18 credits including A ECO 110, R PAD 140, R PAD 302, R PAD 316, R POS 101, and one 300-level electives in Public Administration and Policy. Students whose major requires A ECO 110 or R POS 101 must substitute an additional elective in Public Administration and Policy. Students who have taken a different 300-level course in statistics may waive R PAD 316, but must then take an additional 300-level elective in Public Administration and Policy. 

Religious Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course) including A PHI 214 and one of the following methodological courses: A ANT 363, A PHI 322. Of the remaining credits, 6 credits must be chosen from core courses, the remainder from either core or supplementary courses or, with the approval of the director of the program, other course offerings. No more than 9 credits from any one department may be included in the minimum 18 credits required for the minor.

Core Courses: A REL 100, 299, 397, 499; A AFS 341; A ANT 363; A HIS 235, 324; A JST 150; A PHI 322, 412. In addition, special topics courses (e.g., A ENG 378, A PHI 340, A PSY 450) may be included when the given topic directly concerns religious studies.

Supplementary courses: A ARH 303; A ARH/A CLA 207; A HIS 339, 381, 425, 463; A JST 251, 252, 253; A RUS 251.      

Rhetoric and Communication: See Communication

Russian: A minimum of 18 graduation credits in courses with A RUS prefix as advised with at least 9 credits in coursework at the 300 level or above and/or in courses requiring at least one prerequisite course. Courses with direct relevance to Russian studies completed in Study Abroad programs and in History, Political Science, and other Arts and Sciences departments may be approved by the director of the Russian minor.

Russian and Eastern European Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits from among the following with no more than 6 credits from any one prefix: A HIS 352, 353, 354, 355; A RUS 161, 162, 251, 252, 253; R POS 354, 356, 452Z.

Sociology: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level) from coursework with an A SOC prefix, including A SOC 115.

Spanish: A minimum of 18 graduation credits from coursework with an A SPN prefix above A SPN 200, including A SPN 303 (formerly A SPN 496), A SPN 310 (formerly A SPN 223), and one A SPN 300 level elective.

Statistics: A minimum of 18 graduation credits in courses with an A MAT prefix numbered 105 or above, including either (1) A MAT 362, 363, and 369 or (2) A MAT 367, 467, and 468. NOTE: This minor is not open to students with a major in Mathematics.

Sustainability: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level), including at least 3 credits in each of 3 categories:
(i) Natural/Physical Sciences: A ATM 304, A BIO 102, A BIO 120, A BIO 222, A BIO 311, A BIO 327, A BIO 427, A ENV 105, A ENV 450, A GOG/A ENV/A GEO 201.
(ii) Social Sciences/Humanities: A ANT 334, A ANT 414, A ECO 110, A GLO 103, A GOG 344, A GOG 350, A HIS 276, A HIS 277, A HIS 317, A HIS 329, A HIS 407, A WSS 430Z.
(iii) Planning: A ECO 385, A GOG/A USP 125, A GOG/A USP 220, A GOG/A USP 225, A GOG/A USP 430, A PHI 474, A USP 201, A USP 432.

Theatre: A minimum of 18 graduation credits from coursework with an A THR prefix, 9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level. Internship credits (A THR 390 and 490) may not be used to satisfy minor requirements. Students are urged to seek departmental advisement in planning their minors and in selecting courses. General suggestions for planning a minor follow:

Students interested in theatrical production - performance/design/technology/management - are encouraged to choose from A THR 120, 135, 240, 314, 340, and 370; those with a particular interest in literature, history and theory should consider A THR 457; and for all minors, A THR 121 and 300 are recommended.

Urban Studies and Planning: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level) as follows: A USP/A GOG 125, A USP/A GOG 220 or A USP 201, and A USP/A GOG/A GLO 225; and 3 courses from A ANT 334, 372; A ECO 341, 356; A GOG/A EAS/A LCS 321, A GOG/A USP 324, 330, 480, A GOG 496/A USP 456; A HIS 303, 317, 318; A USP 315, 320, 425, 426, 430, 432, 436, 437, 443, 449, 451, 452, 474, 475, 476, 485, 490, 497; A SOC 373, 473; R POS/R PAD 321, R POS 323, R POS 424.

U.S. Latino Studies: A minimum of 18 required credits in LCS courses. At least 9 of these credits should be at the 300 level or above. 9 credits to include the following courses: A LCS 100, 201, and 269; 9 additional credits from the following courses: A LCS 318, 357, 359, 374, 402, 415, and 475, or any other appropriate LCS courses as advised.

Women's, Gender and Sexuality Studies: A minimum of 18 graduation credits (9 or more of which must be in coursework at or above the 300 level), including A WSS 100 or A WSS 101 or A WSS 240. In addition to A WSS prefix courses, any course cross-listed with A WSS (from Africana Studies, Anthropology, Art, Classics, East Asian Studies, English, Judaic Studies, Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latino Studies, Music, Philosophy, Political Science, or Sociology) will count towards the requirement, as will A HIS 256 and A HIS 293. Special Topics courses in other departments that focus on women’s issues are also acceptable with the approval of the Chair of the Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies Department or when offered as A WSS 299, 399, or 498.