The Protestant Reformation: religious change and the people of sixteenth-century Europe

M. Greengrass & C. Scott Dixon

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A publication of the TLTP History Courseware Consortium

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The tutorial consists of a core orientation document and a series of case-studies.

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You are strongly advised to read through the core orientation document before tackling the attached case-studies.

Core Orientation Document: 'The Protestant Reformation: religious change and the people of sixteenth-century Europe'

00.01 Introduction

00.02 'Reformation' and 'People'

00.03 Martin Luther and his Message

00.04 The Engraven Reformation

00.05 The Peasant Reformation

00.06 The Evolution of the Reformation

00.07 Geneva and the Calvinist Reformation

00.08 Sectarian Violence and the wars of religion

00.09 Conclusion



1. The Theologians' Reformation

1a) Martin Luther

01a.01 Introduction

01a.02 The Luther Affair

01a.03 Luther and the Diet of Worms, 1521

01a.04 Luther and the Evangelical Movement, 1521-25

01a.05 Luther's Quarrel with Zwingli

01a.06 Luther's Theological Insights

01a.07 Luther and the Gospel

01a.08 Luther and the Nature of the True Church

01a.09 Luther and Worldly Authority

01a.10 The Sacraments in Luther's Theology


1b) Jean Calvin

01b.01 Introduction

01b.02 Calvin's Writings

01b.03 Calvin and Exile

01b.04 Calvin's Unease

01b.05 Calvin and the Institution of the Christian Religion

01b.06 Salvation and Reformation

01b.07 Conclusion: Calvin's Reformation


2. The Engraven Reformation

02.01 Printing and Visual Propaganda in Germany

02.02 The Early Devotional Woodcut

02.03 The Reformation Image

02.04 The Lutheran Woodcut as Religious Education

02.05 Picturing the Catholic Church

02.06 The Reformation and the Image

02.07 Conclusion


3. 'The Peasants are becoming Aware!' The Peasant Reformation in Germany

03.01 The Spread of the Gospel in the Countryside

03.02 The Reformation in the Parishes

03.03 The Peasants' War of 1525

03.04 Scripture as Political Ideology

03.05 The Course of the Peasants' War

03.06 The Fate of the Peasant Reformation


4. Schwabach

04.01 The Introduction of Reform in a Territorial Town

04.02 The Conditions of Worship

04.03 The Nature of Rule in Schwabach

04.04 The Spread of the Evangelical Movement

04.05 The Territorial Prince and the Reformation

04.06 The Appointment of Evangelical Clergy

04.07 The Removal of Catholic Clergymen

04.08 The Introduction of a Common Chest

04.09 Winning the Support of the Prince

04.10 The Right to Reform

04.11 Conclusion


5. Nuremberg

05.01 The Free Imperial City of Nuremberg

05.02 The Nature of Rule

05.03 The Evangelical Movement in Nuremberg

05.04 The Introduction and Consolidation of the Reformation

05.05 The Politics of Reform

05.06 The Right to Reformation

05.07 The Measure of Reform


6. The Genevan Reformation

06.01 What made the Genevan Reformation distinctive?

06.02 The Genevan Revolution

06.03 Jean Calvin and the Genevan Reformation

06.04 The reformed ecclesiastical polity of Geneva (1541)

06.05 Shaping the Genevan Church

06.06 Early opponents of Calvin in Geneva, 1545-7

06.07 The Servetus Affair (1553)

06.08 Refugees and the climax of Genevan Opposition to Calvin

06.09 The enforcement of the Genevan Reformation

06.10 Conclusion: the 'Holy City'?


7. 'Great Troubles over Religion';
the French urban reformation (Toulouse: 1560-1562)

07.01 Introduction

07.02 Distinctive features of the French Reformation prior to 1560

07.03 Toulouse in its Renaissance 'golden age'

07.04 Repression and the growth of protestantism in Toulouse

07.05 Catholic responses to the new faith and the background to religious violence

07.06 Municipal insurrection and religious violence; the evidence

07.07 The aftermath

07.08 Conclusion


8. Attached Exercises

9. Biographical Index

10.01 Glossary of Terms

10.02 Glossary of Scriptural Citations

11. Bibliography

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