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Center for X-ray Optics
 
Center for X-ray Optics Homepage | Articles

Articles

General Articles on X-ray Optics

Articles on Polycapillary Optics

  • General
  • Measurement
  • Simulation
  • Medical
  • Synchrotron Focusing and Radiation Damage
  • Diffraction
  • Microfluorescence
  • Astronomy

    Articles on Curved Crystal Optics

  • General
  • Medical
  • Microfluorescence

     

     

  • topic

    subtopic

    Selected Publication List

     

     

     

    X-ray Optics

     

     

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald and W.M. Gibson, “An Introduction to X-ray and Neutron Optics,” chapter 19 in M. Bass, ed., Handbook of Optics, Volume III, McGraw-Hill 2000.

     

     

    J.B. Ullrich and C.A. MacDonald, “Electron Impact Sources,” chapter 31 in M. Bass, ed., Handbook of Optics, Volume III, McGraw-Hill 2000.

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald and W.M. Gibson, “Applications Requirements Affecting Optics Selection,” chapter 35 in M. Bass, ed., Handbook of Optics, Volume III, McGraw-Hill 2000.

     

     

    W.M. Gibson and C.A. MacDonald, “Summary of X-ray and Neutron Optics,” chapter 37 in M. Bass, ed., Handbook of Optics, Volume III, McGraw-Hill 2000.

    Polycapillary

     

     

    General

     

     

     

    W.M. Gibson and C.A.MacDonald, “Polycapillary Kumakhov Optics: A Status Report,” in X-Ray and UV Detectors, SPIE vol. 2278, pp. 156-167, 1994.

     

     

    C.A.MacDonald, "Applications and Measurements of Polycapillary X-Ray Optics," Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology, 6, pp. 32-47, 1996.

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald and W.M. Gibson, “Polycapillary and Multichannel Plate X-ray Optics,” chapter 30 in M. Bass, ed., Handbook of Optics, Volume III, McGraw-Hill 2000; 30.1-30.12.

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald and W.M. Gibson, “Applications Requirements Affecting Optics Selection,” chapter 35 in M. Bass, ed., Handbook of Optics, Volume III, McGraw-Hill 2000; 35.1-35.37.

     

     

    T. Bievenue, J. Burdett, Z.W. Chen, N. Gao, D.M. Gibson, W.M. Gibson*, H. Huang, and I.Yu. Ponomarev, “New capabilities and applications of compact source-optic combinations,”Ali M. Khounsary and C.A. MacDonald, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics II, SPIE vol. 4502, pp. 134-47, 2001.

     

     

    W.M. Gibson, H. Huang, J. Nicolich, P. Klein, and C.A. MacDonald, “Polycapillary Optics For Angular Filtering Of  X Rays In Two Dimensions”, in Advances in X-ray Analysis, 45, F-58, Proceedings of the 2001 50th Denver X-ray Conference, 2002.

     

     

    C.A.MacDonald and W.M. Gibson,  “Applications and Advances In Polycapillary Optics”,  X-ray Spectrometry, 32 (3), 2003, pp 258-268

     

    Measurement

     

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald, C.C. Abreu, S. Budkov, H. Chen, X. Fu, W.M. Gibson, Kardiawarman, A. Karnaukhov, V. Kovantsev, I. Ponomarev, B.K. Rath, J.B. Ullrich, M. Vartanian, Q. F. Xiao, "Quantitative Measurements of the Performance of Capillary X-Ray Optics," in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics II, R.B. Hoover and A. Walker, eds., SPIE Proc. vol. 2011, pp. 275-286, 1993.

     

     

    J.B Ullrich, V. Kovantsev, C.A.MacDonald, "Measurements of Polycapillary X-Ray Optics,"  Journal of Applied Physics, 74 (10), pp. 5933-5939, Nov. 15, 1993.

     

     

    B. Rath, R. Youngman, C.A. MacDonald, "An Automated Test System for Measuring Polycapillary X-Ray Optics," Review of Scientific Instrumentation, 65, pp.3393-3398, Nov. 1994.

     

     

    Lei Wang and C.A. MacDonald, “Measurement of Capillary Optic Performance for Hard X rays,” in X-Ray and Ultraviolet Sensors and Applications, R.B. Hoover and M.B. Williams, eds., SPIE vol. 2519, pp. 218-223, July 1995.

     

     

    S.D. Padiyar, M.V. Gubarev, Hui Wang, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald “Characterization of Polycapillary X-Ray Collimating Optics”, in C.A. MacDonald, K.A. Goldberg, J.R. Maldonado, A.J. Marker III, S.P. Vernon, eds., EUV, X-ray, and Neutron Optics and Sources, SPIE vol. 3767, pp. 90-101, 1999.

     

     

    Cari, C.A. MacDonaldand W.M. Gibson, C. D. Alexander and M.K. Joy, C.H. Russell, Z. W. Chen, “Characterization of a Long Focal Length Polycapillary Optic for High Energy X rays,” in C.A. MacDonald and Ali M. Khounsary, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics, SPIE vol. 4144, pp.183-192, 2000.

     

     

    F.R. Sugiro, S. D. Padiyar, C. A. MacDonald, “Characterization of Pre- and Post- Patient X-ray Polycapillary Optics for Mammographic Imaging” in C.A. MacDonald and Ali M. Khounsary, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics, SPIE vol. 4144, pp. 204-215, 2000.

     

     

    Suparmi, Cari, Lei Wang, Hui Wang, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, “Measurement and Analysis of Leaded glass Capillary Optic Performance for Hard X ray Applications,” Journal of Applied Physics 90 (10), pp. 5363-8, 2001.

     

     

    F.R. Sugiro, Danhong Li,  C.A.MacDonald, “Beam Collimation with Polycapillary X-ray Optics for High Contrast High Resolution Monochromatic Imaging,”, Med. Phys., 31, p. 3288, 2004.

     

     

    Danhong Li, Noor Mail, C.A. MacDonald, “A comparison of doubly curved crystal and polycapillary optics for monochromatic beam production from a clinical source,” in M. J. Flynn, ed., Physics of Medical Imaging, SPIE vol. 5745, pp.754-763, 2005.

     

    Simulation d Theory

     

     

    Q.-F. Xiao, I.Yu. Ponomarev, A.I. Kolomitsev and J.C. Kimball, "Numerical Simulations for Capillary-Based X-ray Optics", in X-ray Detector Physics and Applications, (R.B. Hoover, ed.), SPIE Proc. 1736,  (1992).

     

     

    D. Bittel, and J. Kimball, J. Appl. Phys., 74(2),  (1993).

     

     

    Lei Wang, B.K. Rath W.M. Gibson, J.C. Kimball,  and C.A. MacDonald, "Analysis of capillary optic performance for hard x rays", Hard X-Ray/Gamma-Ray and Neutron Optics, Sensors, and Applications, R.B. Hoover, and F.P. Doty, eds., SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2859, pp. 170-181, 1996.

     

     

    Lei Wang, B.K. Rath, W.M. Gibson, J.C. Kimball, C.A. MacDonald, "Performance Study of Polycapillary Optic Performance for Hard X rays," Journal of Applied Physics, 80 (7), pp.3628-3638, October 1, 1996.

     

     

    Hui Wang, Lei Wang, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, “Siumlation Study oF Polycapillary X-Ray Optics,” in X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions, R.B. Hoover and A.B.C. Walker II, eds. SPIE Vol 3444, pp. 643-651, July 1998.

     

    Medical

     

     

     

    W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, and M.S. Kumakhov, "The Kumakhov Lens; A New X-Ray and Neutron Optics with Potential for Medical Applications," in Technology Requirements for Biomedical Imaging, S. K. Mun, ed., I.E.E.E. Press #2580, 1991, pp.164-169.

     

     

    P. Tompkins, C.C. Abreu, F. Carrol, Q. Xiao, C.A.MacDonald, "Use of Capillary  Optics as a Beam Intensifier for a  ComptonX-Ray Source,"  Medical Physics, 21, no. 11, pp. 1777-1784, 1994.

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald and W.M. Gibson, “Medical Applications of Polycapillary X-Ray Optics,” in X-Ray and Ultraviolet Sensors and Applications, R.B. Hoover and M.B. Williams, eds.,SPIE vol. 2519, pp. 186-196, July 1995.

     

     

    C.C. Abreu, D.G. Kruger, C.A. MacDonald, C.A. Mistretta, W.W. Peppler, Q.F. Xiao, "Measurements of Capillary X-Ray Optics with Potential for Use in Mammographic Imaging," Medical Physics 22 (11), Pt. 1, pp. 1793-1801, November 1995.

     

     

    D.G. Kruger, C.C. Abreu, E.G. Hendee, A. Kocharian, W.W. Peppler, C.A.Mistretta, C.A.MacDonald, “Imaging Characteristics of X-Ray Capillary Optics in Mammography,” Medical Physics 23 (2), pp. 187-196, February 1996.

     

     

    C.C. Abreu and C.A. MacDonald, “Beam Collimation, Focusing, Filtering and Imaging with Polycapillary X-ray and Neutron Optics,” review article, Physica Medica, vol. XIII, N.3, 1997, pp. 79-89.

     

     

    Lei Wang, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, “Potential of Polycapillary X-Ray Optics in Medical Imaging Applications,”in C.A. MacDonald, K.A. Goldberg, J.R. Maldonado, A.J. Marker III, S.P. Vernon, eds., EUV, X-ray, and Neutron Optics and Sources, SPIE vol. 3767, pp.102-112, 1999.

     

     

    S.M. Jorgensen, D.A. Reyes, C.A. MacDonald, E.L. Ritman, “Micro-CT Scanner With A Focusing Polycapillary X-Ray Optic,”in U. Bonse, ed., Developments in X-Ray Tomography II, SPIE vol. 3772, 1999, pp. 158-166.

     

     

    Suparmi, Cari, W.M. Gibson and C.A. MacDonald, “Development of Polycapillary X-Ray Optics for Scatter Rejection,” inC.A. MacDonald and Ali M. Khounsary, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics, SPIE vol. 4144, pp.216-227, 2000.

     

     

    F.R. Sugiro, S. D. Padiyar, C. A. MacDonald, “Characterization of Pre- and Post- Patient X-ray Polycapillary Optics for Mammographic Imaging” in C.A. MacDonald and Ali M. Khounsary, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics, SPIE vol. 4144, pp. 204-215, 2000.

     

     

    Cari, Suparmi, W. M. Gibson, C. A. MacDonald, “Contrast Enhancement Measurements Using Polycapillary X-Ray Optics at 20-40 keV,” in L.E. Antonuk, M.J. Yaffe, eds., Medical Imaging 2001:Physics of Medical Imaging, SPIE vol. 4320, pp.163-170, 2001.

     

     

    F.R. Sugiro and C.A. MacDonald, “Monochromatic Imaging with a Conventional Source Using Polycapillary X-ray Optics,” in L.E. Antonuk, M.J. Yaffe, eds., Medical Imaging 2001:Physics of Medical Imaging, SPIE vol. 4320, pp. 427-434, 2001.

     

     

    C.A.MacDonald,F.R. Sugiro, and W.M. Gibson, “Improved Radiography with Polycapillary X-Ray Optics,” Ali M. Khounsary and C.A.MacDonald, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics II, SPIE vol. 4502, pp. 10-18, 2001.

     

     

    C. A. MacDonald, W. M. Gibson, F. R. Sugiro, “High Contrast Imaging With Polycapillary Optics,” Advances in X-ray Analysis, 45, Proceedings of the 50th Denver X-ray Conference, in press.

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald, W.M. Gibson, and W. Peppler, “X-Ray Optics for Better Diagnostic Imaging,” Technology In Cancer Research And Treatment, 1, (2), April 2002, pp 111-118.

     

     

    W. M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, and N. Mail, “Potential for Radioscintography with Polycapillary Optics,” in Ali M. Khounsary , C.A. MacDonald, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics III, SPIE vol. 4781, pp. 104-111, 2002.

     

     

    Carla D. Bradford, Walter W. Peppler, and Richard E. Ross, Multitapered x-ray capillary optics for mammography, Med. Phys. 29, 1097 (2002).

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald, N. Mail, F. Sugiro, D. Li, “Monochromatic Applications of Polycapillary Optics”, in Laser-Generated and Other Laboratory X-Ray and EUV Sources, Optics, and Applications, George A. Kyrala, Jean-Claude J. Gauthier, Carolyn A. MacDonald, Ali M. Khounsary, eds., SPIE vol. 5196, 2003.

     

     

    D. Li, F.R. Sugiro, C.A. MacDonald, “Source-optic optimization for compact monochromatic imaging”, in X-ray Sources and Optics, C.A. MacDonald, A.T. Macrander, T. Ishikawa,C. Morawe, J.L. Wood, eds., SPIE vol. 5537, pp. 105-114, 2004.

     

     

    Jorgensen SM, Chmelik MS, Eaker DR, MacDonald CA, Ritman E L A “Polycapillary X-ray Optics-based Integrated micro-SPECT/CT Scanner,” in Developments in X-ray Tomography IV, Ulrich Bonse, ed., SPIE vol. 5535, pp 36-42, 2004.

     

     

    F.R. Sugiro, Danhong Li,  C.A.MacDonald, “Beam Collimation with Polycapillary X-ray Optics for High Contrast High Resolution Monochromatic Imaging,”, Med. Phys., 31, p. 3288, 2004.

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald, Noor Mail, W.M. Gibson, SM Jorgensen, E L Ritman, “Micro gamma camera optics with high sensitivity and resolution”, in M. J. Flynn, ed., Physics of Medical Imaging, SPIE vol. 5745, pp.1-6, 2005.

     

     

    Danhong Li, Noor Mail, C.A. MacDonald, “A comparison of doubly curved crystal and polycapillary optics for monochromatic beam production from a clinical source,” in M. J. Flynn, ed., Physics of Medical Imaging, SPIE vol. 5745, pp.754-763, 2005.

     

    Synchrotron Focusing/Radiation Damage

     

     

     

    V.A. Arkadiev, R. Fayazov, M.A. Kumakhov and W.M. Gibson, "Concentration of Synchrotron Radiation with Capillary Arrays", in Optics for High Brightness Synchrotron Radiation Beamlines, SPIE Proc.,   (1992).

     

     

    J.B. Ullrich, W.M. Gibson, M.V. Gubarev, C.A.MacDonald, "Potential for Concentration of Synchrotron Beams with Capillary Optics," Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 347, pp. 401-406, 1994.

     

     

    Q.-F. Xiao, I.Yu. Ponomarev, A.I. Kolomitsev, D.M. Gibson, F.A. Dilmanian, and E. Nachaliel, "Guidance of Hard X-rays using Glass Polycapillary Fiber", Proc. of 8th Annual Conf. on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, October, 1993, Nucl. Inst. and Methods in Physics Res.       (1994)

     

     

    B.K. Rath,  D.C. Aloisi, D.H. Bilderback, N. Gao, W.M. Gibson, F.A. Hofmann, B.E. Homan, C.J. Jezewski, I.L. Klotzko,  J.M. Mitchell, S.M. Owens, J.B. Ullrich, Lei Wang, G.M. Wells,  Q.F. Xiao,  and C.A. MacDonald, “Effects of intense x-ray radiation on polycapillary fiber performance,” in X-Ray and Ultraviolet Sensors and Applications, R.B. Hoover and M.B. Williams, eds., SPIE vol. 2519, pp. 207-217, July 1995.

     

     

    F.A. Hofmann, C.A. Freinberg-Trufas, S.M. Owens, S.D. Padiyar, C.A. MacDonald, “Focusing of Synchrotron Radiation with Polycapillary Optics,” Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms: Nuclear Instruments and Methods B,  vol. 133, 1997, pp. 145-150.

     

     

    B. K. Rath, F. B. Hagelberg, B. E. Homan and C. A. MacDonald, “Synchrotron White Beam Thermal Loading on Polycapillary X-ray Optics,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods A, vol. 401, nos. 2,3, pp. 421--428, 1997.

     

     

    B.K. Rath, W.M. Gibson, Lei Wang, B.E. Homan and C.A. MacDonald, “Measurement and Analysis of Radiation Effects in Polycapillary X-ray Optics,” Journal of Applied Physics, 83, no.12, pp. 7424-7435, June 15 1998.

     

    Diffraction

     

     

     

    Kardiawarman, V. Kovantsev, S. Budkov, Q.F. Xiao, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, P. Persans, L. Lurio, ‘Characterization of a Mult-Fiber Polycapillary-based X-Ray Collimating Lens,” in X-Ray and UV Detectors, SPIE vol. 2278, pp. 238-247, 1994.

     

     

    J.B. Ullrich, I.Yu. Ponomarev, M.V. Gubarev, N. Gao, Q.-F. Xiao and W.M. Gibson, "Development of Monolithic Capillary Optics for X-ray Diffraction Applications", SPIE Ann. Mtng. San Diego, CA, July, 1994.

     

     

    Kardiawarman, B.R. York, X.W. Qian, Q.F. Xiao, C.A. MacDonald, and W.M. Gibson,“Application of a Multifiber Collimating Lens to Thin Film Structure Analysis,” X-Ray and Ultraviolet Sensors and Applications, in R.B. Hoover and M.B. Williams, eds., SPIE vol. 2519, pp.197-206, July 1995.

     

     

    S.M. Owens, F.A. Hoffman, C.A. MacDonald and W.M. Gibson, " Microdiffraction using Collimating and Convergent Beam Polycapillary Optics", , Advances in X-ray Analysis, Volume 41, Proceedings of the 46th Annual Denver X-ray Conference Proceedings, Steamboat Springs, Colorado, August 4-8, 1997.

     

     

    F. A. Hofmann, W.M. Gibson, S.M. Lee, C.A. MacDonald, “Polycapillary X-Ray Optics For Thin Film Strain and Texture Analysis,” in Thin Film Stresses and Mechanical Properties VII, R.C. Cammarata, M.A. Nastasi, E.P. Busso, W.C. Oliver, eds., Materials Research Society Proceedings, vol. 505, 1998.

     

     

    F.A. Hoffman, N. Gao, S.M. Owens, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, and S.M. Lee, “Polycapillary Optics For In-Situ Process Diagnotstics,” P.A. Rosenthal, W.M. Duncan, J.A. Woollam, eds.,  In Situ Process Diagnostics and Intelligent Materials Processing, Materials Research Society Proceedings, vol. 502, pp 133-138, 1998.

     

     

    C.A. MacDonald, S.M. Owens, and W.M. Gibson, "Polycapillary X-Ray Optics for Microdiffraction," Journal of Applied Crystallography, 32, pp160-7, 1999.

     

     

    W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, J.B. Ulllrich, "Diffraction Geometry Optimization with Polycapillary X-Ray Optics", in C.A. MacDonald, K.A. Goldberg, J.R. Maldonado, A.J. Marker III, S.P. Vernon, eds., EUV, X-ray, and Neutron Optics and Sources, SPIE vol. 3767, pp. 199-208, 1999.

     

     

    F.A. Hofmann, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, D.A. Carter, J.X. Ho, J.R. Ruble, “Low Power Polycapillary Based System For X-Ray Protein Crystallography,” in Advances in X-ray Analysis, 43, Proceedings of the 48th Denver X-ray Conference, 1999.

     

     

    S.D. Padiyar, H. Wang, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, M.V. Gubarev, “Beam Collimation Using Polycapillary X-Ray Optics For Large Area Diffraction Applications,” in Advances in X-ray Analysis, 43, Proceedings of the 48th Denver X-ray Conference, 1999.

     

     

    H. Huang, C.A.MacDonald, W.M. Gibson, D.C. Carter, J.X. Ho, J.R. Ruble, I. Ponomarev, “Low Power Protein Crystallography using Polycapillary Optics” in C.A. MacDonald and Ali M. Khounsary, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics, SPIE vol. 4144, pp.100-109, 2000.

     

     

    F.A. Hofmann, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, D.A. Carter, J.X. Ho, J.R. Ruble, “Polycapillary Optic — Source combinations for Protein Crystallography,” Jour. Applied Crys. 34, pp.330-335, 2001.

     

     

    H. Huang, C. A. MacDonald, W. M. Gibson, J. Chik, A. Parsegian, and I. Ponomarev, “Collimating And Focusing Polycapillary Optics For Powder Diffraction”, Ali M. Khounsary and C.A. MacDonald, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics II, SPIE vol. 4502, pp.30-37, 2001.

     

     

    H. Huang,  C. A. MacDonald, W. M. Gibson,  J.R. Ruble, J. X. Ho, J. Chik, A. Parsegian, and  I. Ponomarev, “Focusing Polycapillary Optics For Diffraction,” to be published in Advances in X-ray Analysis, 45, Proceedings of the 50th Denver X-ray Conference, 2001.

     

     

    N. Mail,  W. M. Gibson, and, C.A. MacDonald, “Molybdenum Microfocus Source Coupling to  Polycapillary Optics for Powder Diffraction,” in Ali M. Khounsary , C.A. MacDonald, eds., Advances in Laboratory-Based X-Ray Sources and Optics III, SPIE vol. 4781, pp. 87-95, 2002.

     

    Microfluorescence

     

     

     

    N. Gao, I.Yu. Ponomarev, Q.F. Xiao, and W.M. Gibson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3441-3 (1997)

     

     

    N. Gao, I.Yu. Ponomarev, Q.F. Xiao, W.M. Gibson, and D.A. Carpenter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1529 (1996)

     

     

    F.A. Hoffman, N. Gao, S.M. Owens, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, and S.M. Lee, “Polycapillary Optics For In-Situ Process Diagnotstics,” P.A. Rosenthal, W.M. Duncan, J.A. Woollam, eds.,  In Situ Process Diagnostics and Intelligent Materials Processing, Materials Research Society Proceedings, vol. 502, pp 133-138, 1998.

     

     

    D.A. Wollman, C. Jezewiski, G.C. Hilton, Q.F. Xiao, K.D. Irwin, L.L. Dulcie, and J.M. Martinis, Proc. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 3, 1075 (1997)

     

     

    Y. Yan and W. Gibson, Polycapillary Optics for Analytical Analysis, Denver 2001

     

    Astronomy

     

     

     

    C.H. Russell, W. M. Gibson, M. V. Gubarev, F. A. Hofmann, M. K. Joy, C. A. MacDonald, Lei Wang, Qi-Fan Xiao, R. Youngman, “Application of Polycapillary Optics for Hard X-Ray Astronomy” (Invited Paper), in Grazing Incidence and Multilayer X-ray Optical Systems, R.B. Hoover and A.B.C. Walker II, eds., SPIE vol. 3113, pp. 369-377, 1997.

     

     

    M.V. Gubarev, C. Bankston, M. Joy, J. Kolodziejczak, C.A. MacDonald, C.H. Russell, W.M. Gibson, “Experimental investigation of the x-ray capillary system for hard x-ray astronomy,” in X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions, R.B. Hoover and A.B.C. Walker II, eds. SPIE Vol 3444, pp. 467-478, July 1998.

     

     

    C.H. Russell, M. Gubarev, J. Kolodziejczak, M. Joy, C.A. MacDonald, and W.M. Gibson, “Polycapillary X-ray Optics for X-ray Astronomy,” in Advances in X-ray Analysis, 43, Proceedings of the 48th Denver X-ray Conference, 1999.

     

    Lithography

     

     

     

    M. Vartanian, D.M. Gibson, R. Frankel and J. Drumheller, " Development of a Polycapillary Collimator for Point Source X-ray Lithography", SPIE Proc., 1924, 335-345 (1993).

     

     

    M. Vartanian, R. Youngman, D. Gibson, J. Drumheller, and R.D. Frankel, "Polycapillary Collimator for Point Source Proximity X-ray Lithography", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 11,  (1993).

    Doubly curved crystal

     

     

     

    General

     

     

     

    N. Mail, Z. W. Chen, W. M. Gibson, C. A. MacDonald, “Application of Doubly-Curved Crystal Optics,” in X-ray Sources and Optics, C.A. MacDonald, A.T. Macrander, T. Ishikawa,C. Morawe, J.L. Wood, eds., SPIE vol. 5537, pp. 94-104, 2004.

     

    Fluorescence

     

     

     

    Z. W. Chen, W. M. Gibson, N. Mail, C. A. MacDonald, “Total reflection x-ray fluorescence with low power sources coupled to DCC optics,” accepted Spectrachemica. Acta.

     

    Medical

     

     

     

    Danhong Li, Noor Mail, C.A. MacDonald, “A comparison of doubly curved crystal and polycapillary optics for monochromatic beam production from a clinical source,” in M. J. Flynn, ed., Physics of Medical Imaging, SPIE vol. 5745, pp.754-763, 2005.

     Neutron Optics

     

     

     

     

    H. Chen, R.G. Downing, D.F.R. Mildner, W.M. Gibson, M.A. Kumakhov, I.Yu. Ponomarev, and M.V. Gubarev, "Guiding and Focusing Neutron Beams using Capillary Optics", Nature, 357, 391-393.

     

     

    Q.F. Xiao, H. Chen, D.F.R. Mildner, R.G. Downing and R.E. Benenson, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 3252-3257 (1993).

     

     

    H. Chen, D.F.R. Mildner, R.G. Downing, R.E. Benenson, Q.-F. Xiao and V.A. Sharov, Nucl. Instrum. and Methods, B, (1994).

     

     

    W.M. Gibson, H.H. Chen-Mayer, D.F.R. Mildner, H.J. Prask, A.J. Schultz,  R. Youngmana, T. Gnäupel-Herold, M.E. Miller, and R. Vitt, Polycapillary Optics Based Neutron Focusing For Small Sample Neutron Crystallography, DX 2001

     Detectors

     

     

     

     

    G.L. Miller, W.M. Gibson, and P.F. Donovan, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Sci., 33, 380 (1962)

     

     

    W.M. Gibson, G.L. Miller, and P.F. Donovan, in “Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Spectroscopy,” 2nd ed., K. Siegbahn, ed.  (North Holland Publishing Co, Amsterdam, 1964)

     

     

    D.A. Wollman, C. Jezewiski, G.C. Hilton, Q.F. Xiao, K.D. Irwin, L.L. Dulcie, and J.M. Martinis, Proc. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 3, 1075 (1997)

     

     

    R. Wentink, J. Carbone, D. Aloisi, W.M. Gibson, C.A. MacDonald, Q.E. Hanley, R.E. Fields, and M.B. Denton,  “Charge Injection Detectors for X-Ray Imaging,” in Advances in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-ray/EUV/FUV Optics, R.B. Hoover and A.B.C. Walker, Jr., eds., Proceedings of the SPIE vol. 2279, 1994, pp. 380-387.

     

     

    C. Freinberg-Trufas, W.M. Gibson, S.M. Owens, C. H. Russell, C.A. MacDonald, F. P. Doty, “Measurements of a Prototype CdZnTe Array for Direct  Digital Mammography,” in Hard X-ray and Gamma-ray Detector Physics Optics and Applications, R.B. Hoover, F.P. Doty, eds., SPIE vol 3115, pp. 176-182, July 1997.

    Diffraction

     

    Polycapillary Diffraction

    Hoffmann diffraction