Contact an expert who can comment on the study
The complete study
Summary of the study
Consumption recommendation data at a glance
Frequently asked questions and answers about the new study
What can consumers do to limit their exposure?
Some of the contaminants found in farmed salmon
How the study's farmed salmon consumption recommendations were determined
Background information about world salmon production and consumption
Several small, peer-reviewed pilot studies on farmed salmon
About the study's authors
General Information about World Salmon Production and Consumption
Over the last 2 decades, the rapid advance in farmed salmon production around the world has tripled the world supply of salmon. In that time, the production of farmed salmon has multiplied approximately 40 times (UN Food and Agricultural Organization, Fisheries Global Information System). In 1998, production of farmed salmon surpassed production from wild fisheries. In 1985, 6% of all salmon consumed around the world was farmed. In 2000, that figure jumped to 58% (UN Food and Agriculture Organization, World Fisheries and Aquaculture Atlas, 2001).
Year-round farmed salmon production and price declines have greatly increased total salmon consumption in U.S., European, and Japanese diets:
Supermarkets are the most important outlet for farmed salmon in the U.S. According to a census of menus conducted by Restaurants and Institutions Magazine, salmon was on the menu of 39% of all food service establishments (fine dining, family and casual dining, quick serve dining, hospitals, schools, other institutions) in 2001. The census found that 71% of all fine dining establishments reported salmon on the menu.
The largest consumers of farmed salmon are:
The Norwegian government’s promotion and subsidization of salmon farming in the early 1980s has allowed Norway to dominate world salmon production. Nevertheless, the newest and fastest growing national producer is Chile. A relatively small producer, the U.S. had only 45 commercial salmon farms in 2000, mostly in Maine and Washington State.
The largest national producers of farmed salmon (2000 numbers) are:
In 2001, seven mostly Norwegian and Dutch companies produced 40% of the world’s farmed salmon.