Contact an expert who can comment on the study
The complete study
Summary of the study
Consumption recommendation data at a glance
Frequently asked questions and answers about the new study
What can consumers do to limit their exposure?
Some of the contaminants found in farmed salmon
How the study's farmed salmon consumption recommendations were determined
Background information about world salmon production and consumption
Several small, peer-reviewed pilot studies on farmed salmon
About the study's authors
About the study's authors
David O. Carpenter, M.D.
Dr. Carpenter is Director of the Institute for Health and the Environment at the University at Albany and Professor of Environmental Health and Toxicology at the School of Public Health. He served as Dean of the School for 13 years. His research interests include basic neuroscience, study of the mechanisms whereby neurotoxicants such as lead and polychlorinated biphenyls affect the mechanisms of learning and memory, and study of disease patterns in humans upon exposure to various environmental contaminants, especially persistent organic pollutants. He is author of over 240 peer reviewed publications, four books and over 40 book chapters and reviews. He is currently a member of the Science Advisory Board of the International Joint Commission, the US-Canadian body that advises the governments on issues related to the boundary waters, and Treasurer and of the Board of Directors of the Pacific Basin Consortium on Hazardous Wastes, Environmental and Health Studies.
Jeffery A. Foran, Ph.D.
Dr. Foran is a broadly trained environmental scientist with expertise in toxicology, human and ecological risk assessment, and science-policy. He has served as an Associate Professor at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, an Executive Director of the ILSI Risk Science Institute in Washington, D.C., a Director of the UW-Milwaukee WATER Institute, and President of Citizens for a Better Environment. Dr. Foran holds an adjunct faculty position at the University of Michigan School of Natural Resources and Environment and is a member of both Tau Beta Pi (Engineering Honorary) and Sigma Xi (Scientific Research Honorary). He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Einstein Institute for Science, Health, and the Courts and is President of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC). He has served as an advisor and consultant to numerous organizations including the U.S./Canadian Inter-national Joint Commission, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Develop-ment (OECD), the World Health Organization, the International Program on Chemical Safety (IPCS), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. General Accounting Office, and U.S. Dept. of Defense. He has published four books and over 50 peer reviewed papers, including several on the health effects of contaminants in fish. He holds a Ph.D. in Environmental Sciences from the University of Florida, an M.S. in Biology from Central Michigan University, and a B.S. in Biology from the University of Michigan.
M. Coreen Hamilton, Ph.D.
Dr. Hamilton is the Vice President and Technical Director of Axys Analytical Services Ltd. and an Adjunct Associate Professor of Chemistry at the University of Victoria. Dr. Hamilton is an analytical chemist who has specialized for the last twenty years in the trace organic analysis of contaminants in environmental, industrial, food and human tissue samples. Dr. Hamilton has numerous publications describing the analysis of various samples for dioxins, PCBs, pesticides, toxaphene and brominated diphenylethers. She has been an invited speaker and given many presentations on these topics at conferences and workshops in Canada and the United States.
Ronald A. Hites, Ph.D.
Dr. Hites is the Director of Indiana Universityís Environmental Science Research Center. A professor of Public and Environmental Affairs and of Chemistry at Indiana University, Dr. Hites was appointed to the special rank of Distinguished Professor at IU in 1989. In 1996, Dr. Hites was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is the winner of the 1993 Founders Award from the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry and the 1991 American Chemical Society Award for Creative Advances in Environmental Science and Technology. Dr. Hites was President of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry from 1988 to 1990. He has been an Associate Editor of Environmental Science and Technology since 1990. He has served on numerous advisory committees for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Hitesís research focuses on the behavior of potentially toxic organic compounds in the environment and on mass spectrometry. He has published four books and about 300 scientific papers, and he has given hundreds of lectures in the United States and abroad on these subjects. He has supervised the research of over 65 post-doctoral associates and graduate students. Dr. Hites received a B.A. in chemistry from Oakland University (in Michigan) in 1964 and a Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1968 where he served on the faculty until 1979.
Barbara A. Knuth, Ph.D.
Barbara Knuth is Professor and Chair of the Department of Natural Resources at Cornell University, and Co-leader of the Human Dimensions Research Unit. Her research interests focus on risk perception, communication, and management associated with chemical contaminants in fish and with other wildlife and natural resources issues. She has served on National Academy of Sciences and Institute of Medicine committees, most recently focused on implications of reducing dioxins in the food supply. She serves as President-elect of the American Fisheries Society (AFS) and received the AFS Distinguished Services Award in 1999. She has served as Associate Editor for Society and Natural Resources and for the North American Journal of Fisheries Management. She has served on numerous scientific panels and advisory boards, including the Board of Technical Experts of the Great Lakes Fishery Commission, and the Great Lakes Science Advisory Board of the International Joint Commission.
Steven J. Schwager, Ph.D.
Dr. Schwager is an Associate Professor of Biological Statistics at Cornell University where he has been on the faculty for 25 years. His professional duties at Cornell include research, teaching, and consulting in the social, biological, and physical sciences. His research interests include experiment design, sampling, multivariate analysis, statistical genetics, epidemiology, and statistical methodology for collaborative work in a variety of fields. He has published over 30 peer reviewed papers on a wide range of applied and theoretical topics. He is a member of the American Statistical Association. He earned an A.B. in mathematics from Dartmouth College in 1967; an M.A. in mathematics from Columbia University in 1968; and an M.A., an M.Phil., and a Ph.D. in statistics from Yale University in 1972, 1973, and 1979 respectively.