Requirements given in this section are those which apply generally to all doctoral programs except as indicated. The programs of the individual colleges or schools may involve additional requirements applicable only to their particular programs.
Doctoral Degrees Conferred
A program leading to the Doctor of Arts is offered in Humanistic Studies. Programs leading to the Doctor of Philosophy are offered in many fields in the College of Arts & Sciences, and the Schools of Public Health, Education, Social Welfare, Criminal Justice, Nanosciences and Nanoengineering, and the Nelson A. Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy. Interdisciplinary Ph.D. programs are additionally offered in Organizational Studies and Information Science. A program leading to the Doctor of Psychology is offered in School Psychology, and a program leading to the Doctor of Public Health is offered in the School of Public Health.
Each program, including the dissertation, leading to a doctoral degree requires as a minimum three years of full-time study beyond the baccalaureate or the equivalent over a longer period. In addition, special requirements for competence in research methodology, foreign languages, and in other research tools ordinarily extend the basic time requirement.
Each program leading to a Ph.D. includes as a minimum two years of full- time graduate study (60 credits), or the equivalent, and at least one additional year devoted to the necessary research and writing of an acceptable dissertation. Programs leading to a D.A. include as a minimum two years of full-time graduate study (60 or 63 credits), or the equivalent, one regular session given full-time to an appropriate internship, and at least one regular session devoted to the necessary preparation and writing of an acceptable dissertation. The programs leading to an Ed.D. and Psy.D. include as a minimum 78 credits of appropriate graduate study plus at least one regular session devoted to the necessary research and writing of an acceptable dissertation. However, the minimums in a particular program may and frequently do exceed these amounts, and students are held to those applicable to the particular program to which they have been admitted.
Residence Study and Advanced Standing
Of the credits of graduate study required beyond the baccalaureate and antecedent to final dissertation research and writing established for all doctoral programs at least 50%, or 30 credits minimum for programs of less than 60 credits total, must be completed through graduate study at this University.
Applicants for admission to the doctoral programs who have completed graduate courses or programs elsewhere may apply for admission with advanced standing
Doctoral Study in Residence
Prospective doctoral students should be aware that some doctoral programs require a period of full-time study in residence. Individuals should consult the policy guidelines of the specific doctorate-granting unit to which they seek admission with respect to this issue. If none is listed within the program description, then the policy listed below is in effect.
Each student in a doctoral program must engage in full-time study beyond the master's degree or equivalent at the University in at least two sessions after admission to the advanced program. This requirement is designed to insure for each doctoral student a sustained period of intensive intellectual growth. For this purpose a student will enroll in full-time study (12 credits) taken in each of two sessions, or in a regular session and a summer session, not necessarily consecutive, which must be completed satisfactorily.
Graduate assistants holding a full assistantship may meet the full-time residency requirement by completing one academic year in such a position, including the satisfactory completion of a minimum of 9 credits per term plus satisfactory completion of assigned duties.
Any appeals of this policy will be made and approved at the departmental level.
Programs leading to the Ph.D., D.A., or Ed.D. require the demonstration through examination at this University of a reading knowledge of at least one foreign language and/or the demonstration at this University of competence in another appropriate research tool.
Refer to the descriptions of individual programs for the requirements which apply.
General Regulations Governing Research Tool Requirements:
Foreign Language: A knowledge of an appropriate foreign language is a communication skill required in several graduate programs as a scholarly tool essential to research in the major field. In other programs it is an optional research tool. The requirement may call for a reading knowledge or for a high degree of competence in the language. In either case, a basic knowledge of the structure and vocabulary of the language is required in addition to a knowledge of the vocabulary of the field or discipline. A high degree of competence in a language requires, in addition, a knowledge of the language as a humanistic study and a sensitivity to it developed through a wide reading of its classics.
Responsibility for the level of competence required, for the nature of the examination to be taken by the student, and for the standards utilized in the evaluation rests with the department which offers the program.
General regulations and procedures governing the satisfaction of foreign language requirements follow. Description of individual programs should be consulted for departmental regulations and procedures. Information concerning schedules of examinations, reading lists, nature of examination, standards, and general procedures may be obtained from the appropriate academic department.
- Depending on the program, a foreign language requirement may be met in one or more of the following ways:
a. By local examination constructed, administered, and evaluated by the student's major department;
b. By completion of an appropriate Graduate School Foreign Language Test of the Educational Testing Service (E.T.S.) (available in French, German, Russian, and Spanish);
c. By local examination conducted by the appropriate foreign language department;
- Unless otherwise specified by the department, there is no limit on the number of times a graduate student may take a language examination;
- English may not be used to satisfy a foreign language requirement;
- With the approval of their major department, foreign students may present their native language in meeting a requirement for one foreign language;
- In programs in which the E.T.S. examination is an authorized option, the passing score varies by department but may not be lower than 500. Consult individual program descriptions for requirements;
- In the programs in which the E.T.S. examination is an authorized option, a score on an E.T.S. test taken prior to admission to a program may be applied to the satisfaction of a foreign language requirement at the discretion of the department;
- The limit of time between the satisfaction of a foreign language requirement and admission to candidacy for a graduate degree is at the discretion of the department;
- Graduate students may not be required to take a language course. However, students may be encouraged to audit or take a regular language course, or to take a language course especially designed to assist them, if this seems to be the best way to build language competence to the desired level;
- Official designees of a department may certify the language competence of candidates for advanced degrees who have completed graduate study in the language or who otherwise present superior qualifications in the language. This evaluation will be accepted by the Dean of Graduate Studies in place of the required examination upon proper substantiation. This authorization does not include acceptance of a foreign language requirement completed at another college or university;
- Successful completion of a foreign language requirement is recorded on a graduate student's transcript. Examinations failed are not recorded on the transcript.
Other Research Tools: A competence in quantitative techniques, a knowledge of statistics, or mastery of other special tools for research and investigation, apart from a foreign language, is considered essential in many disciplines and for many kinds of research.
Descriptions of individual programs should be consulted for departmental requirements in these research tools and their evaluation.
Responsibility for the evaluation of a student's competence in such techniques rests with the student's major department. The department may, however, require the student to be examined, or otherwise meet standards of accomplishment in another appropriate department.
Prospective doctoral candidates are required to pass a comprehensive exam. The examination is designed to ascertain the student's general knowledge of the subject, acquaintance with scholarly research methods and skills, and ability to organize and present materials. The examination is not restricted to the content of graduate courses but is comprehensive in character. The timing, precise content, and format (written, oral, or both) of the comprehensive examination are specified by departmental/program regulations: Students have the responsibility to inform themselves of these details at the commencement of their program.
Admission to Candidacy
Admission to doctoral candidacy means that, in the judgment of the faculty, the doctoral student has an adequate knowledge of the field and the specialty, knows how to use the academic resources, has potential to do original research, and complete the dissertation. The qualifying procedures include the following:
a. passing all requisite departmental/program comprehensive/qualifying exam(s)
b. satisfying resident study requirements
c. achieving a satisfactory academic record: at least a B (3.0) average in all
resident graduate courses applicable to the degree
d. completing research tool requirements
e. receiving research protocol approval for dissertation research involving
human subjects, animal subjects, or biohazardous materials; acknowledging
responsibility for such approval prior to the onset of research; or certifying
that the research will not involve such subjects/materials.
(An approval letter for human subject, animal subject, or biohazardous
material research is obtained from the applicable University compliance
committee: Institutional Review Board (IRB), Institutional Animal Care and
Use Committee (IACUC), Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) or an IRB,
IACUC, or IBC that has been designated by the University. Written
acknowledgement that such research must be approved in advance by the
IRB, IACUC, or IBC and that engaging in such research without approval
would constitute misconduct is obtained in writing via student and advisor
signature placement on the Nomination of Doctoral Student for Admission to
Candidacy form found at
acknowledgement that such research does not involve human subjects,
animal subjects, or biohazardous materials and that engaging in such
research without advance approval by the applicable compliance committee
would constitute misconduct is also obtained in writing via student and
advisor signature placement on the Nomination of Doctoral Student for
Admission to Candidacy form.)
f. satisfying all other program specific candidacy requirements.
Admission to candidacy is not automatic, and a graduate student becomes a candidate for a doctoral degree only with the approval of the Dean of Graduate Studies, on behalf of the Graduate Academic Council, acting upon the recommendation of the program faculty and/or the dean of the school or college directing the program.
Students in doctoral programs should be admitted to candidacy at least one session (exclusive of a summer session) before the acceptance of their dissertation and the completion of all requirements of the degree.
Continuous Registration of Doctoral Students
All students enrolled in doctoral programs must maintain continuous registration for each fall and spring session (except for periods of official leave of absence prior to candidacy) until they have completed all program requirements. Minimum registration consists of 3 credits of approved course work, registration for dissertation load (899 courses only), or registration for other field work courses that have been approved as full-time by the Dean of Graduate Studies or the Graduate Academic Council.
Summer sessions registration cannot be accepted in lieu of registration for fall and spring sessions. A student who neither registers for each fall and spring session nor has received an official leave of absence is subject to termination unless good cause not to do so is shown by the student after notification of such pending action.
Statutes of Limitations