University at Albany - State University of New York
http://www.albany.edu/news/8813.xmlUAlbany Twitter Feedhttp://www.albany.edu/news/2684.xmlUniversity at Albany Newshttp://www.albany.edu/news/videos_listing.phpVideoshttp://www.albany.edu/news/search_results_news.phpNews Search Resultshttp://www.albany.edu/news/media_files.phpNews - Media Fileshttp://www.albany.edu/news/search_results_experts.phpSearch for Experts - Results
Search News:
Bookmark and Share

Study: Heart Patients who Undergo Angioplasty Immediately After Heart Catheterization Live Longer than Patients who Wait

Supplemental Document AvailableRead the complete document

Contact(s):  Catherine Herman (518) 956-8150

Share   

 

heart exam

Patients who undergo angioplasty immediately after heart catheterization live longer than patients who delay the procedure, according to a recent UAlbany study.

ALBANY, N.Y. (June 9, 2009) -- Heart patients who undergo angioplasty immediately after catheterization live longer than patients who delay the procedure, according to a recent study at the University at Albany School of Public Health published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Angioplasty, known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is a procedure involving inflatable balloons that widen narrow or obstructed blood vessels. The number of PCIs in the U.S. has risen dramatically, from some 400,000 procedures in 2000 to 1,265,000 in 2005. Immediate PCI following heart catheterization, or ad hoc PCI, is today the most common method of performing the procedure. Until now, no studies have compared longer-term outcomes for ad hoc and non-ad hoc PCIs.

Study lead author Edward L. Hannan, associate dean for research at the School of Public Health, monitored 46,565 patients who underwent PCI in New York State hospitals between January 1, 2003 and June 30, 2005. Patients receiving ad hoc procedures were of lower risk on average -- they were younger, with stronger heartbeats, less likely to have suffered a previous heart attack, and less likely to have other conditions or diseases. The patients were followed through December 2005, and in-hospital and longer-term outcomes were compared for ad hoc and non-ad hoc PCI patients, after adjusting for differences in pre-procedural risk factors.

The study concluded there was no difference in risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality for ad hoc and non-ad hoc patients, but that ad hoc PCI patients had a significantly lower three-year mortality rate than did non-ad hoc patients. Patients not undergoing ad hoc PCI were 32 percent more likely to die within three years than ad hoc PCI patients. Although ad hoc PCI patients had high instances of additional angioplasties within the first three years, most of those subsequent PCIs occurred in another blood vessel within 30 days of the first PCI.

Potential advantages of performing ad hoc PCI include:

 reduction in medical resources due to the single catheterization laboratory visit and the patient's potentially shorter length of stay
 greater patient satisfaction because performing both procedures at the same time is simpler, less time consuming, and creates less anxiety
 lower risk of kidney damage
 easier access and site management for the cardio surgery team

Potential disadvantages include:

 abbreviated informed patient consent process
 need for immediate decision making by medical professionals regarding the appropriateness of the procedure
 difficulties obtaining surgical backup, particularly on nights and weekends

"There is still a need to carefully monitor the use of ad hoc PCI because since the procedure is usually performed without multidisciplinary consultation or decision making, there is a potential danger that some ad hoc PCI procedures might be rushed or unnecessary," said Hannan.

For more news, subscribe to UAlbany's RSS headline feeds

Educationally and culturally, the University at Albany-SUNY puts "The World Within Reach" for its 18,000 students. An internationally recognized research university with 58 undergraduate majors and 128 graduate degree programs, UAlbany is a leader among all New York State colleges and universities in such diverse fields as public policy, nanotechnology and criminal justice. With a curriculum enhanced by 300 study-abroad opportunities, UAlbany launches great careers. For more information about this globally ranked University, visit www.albany.edu. For UAlbany's extensive roster of faculty experts, visit www.albany.edu/news/experts.shtml.

Carol Whittaker
UAlbany Faculty

"We have to make sure people have long, healthy lives so they can be happy and productive for their families and their countries."

Read More
BFBAD4B5B5B5428E90BEE716F039FFCB