|The Journal for MultiMediaHistory
Volume 1 Number 1 ~ Fall 1998
Thomas J. Kriger
the 1939 strike. DFU Collection, St. Lawrence University.
Federal Bureau of Investigation files. From the author.
Rufus J. Quinn on redbaiting
tactics against Archie Wright.
DFU Collection, St. Lawrence
circulated by the milk dealers.
DFU Collection, St. Lawrence University.
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The photographs used in this article are found in the Dairy Farmers Union Collection, Owen D. Young Library, St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York. The author would like to thank Tim Wright; Lynn Ekfelt, Owen D.Young Library archivist; Linda Casserly, Town and Village of Canton (NY) historian; and Claudia Giffen, Town of Clare (NY) historian, New York for providing him access to these photographs. The farmers whose voices are heard in the article requested to remain anonymous.About the Author: Thomas J. Kriger is associate director of research/legislation at United University Professions, the union that represents academic and professional employees in the State University of New York (SUNY) system. He has taught at St. Lawrence University, Providence College, and the University of Northern Colorado. From 1980 to 1993, he was assistant manager of Ontario Orchards Farms, one of the largest fruit and vegetable farms in central New York.
| Dairy Strike: Part I
||Dairy Strike: Part III
| Dairy Strike: Part II
||Dairy Strike: Part IV |
Notes for Part IV:
40. In August, 1940, Sheffield Farms and Borden's paid DFU farmers a lump sum of $91,090.25 to settle a suit filed by the DFU and supported by Mayor LaGuardia. Ignoring LaGuardia's agreement, the dealers had issued checks based on prices lower than those specified in the 1939 strike settlement. See The Union Farmer, 25 August 1940; Dyson, 175-6. [Return to text]
41. For the dealers' redbaiting campaign, see Dyson, 177-81; see also Tim Wright, "Milk Strike: The History of the Dairy Farmers Union of New York, 1936-1941," (unpublished senior thesis, Princeton University, 1974), Ch. 5; for the Dies Committee allegations, see United States Congress, House, Hearings on Investigation of Un-American Propaganda Activities in the United States (Washington D. C.: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1938), Vol. 1, 913. [Return to text]
42. Ogdensburg Journal, 19 July 1956, 4. [Return to text]
43. Watertown Daily Times, 8 April - 12 May, 1941. [Return to text]
Dyson, Lowell K. "The Dairy Farmers Union." Chap. In Red Harvest. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1982, 168-85.
________. "Dairy Farmers Union." Chap. In Farmers' Organizations. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1986, 67-71.
Ford, Linda G. "Another Double Burden: Farm Women and Agrarian Activism in Depression Era New York State." New York History (October 1994): 373-98
Kriger, Thomas J. "Syndicalism and Spilled Milk: The Origins of Dairy Farmer Activism in New York State, 1936-1941." Labor History forthcoming, 1997-1998.
________. "'Power Lies in Their Milk:' The Story of Archie Wright and the Dairy Farmers Union, 1936-1941." St. Lawrence County Historical Association Quarterly 41 (Winter 1996): 1-28.
________. "Milk Strike! The Politics of Dairy Farmers' Movements." Ph.D. diss., City University of New York, 1994.
LaGuardia, Fiorello. "Urban Support for the Farmer." In New Deal Thought. ed. Howard Zinn. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, Inc., 1966, 227-31.
McConnell, Grant. The Decline of Agrarian Democracy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1954.
Mooney, Patrick H. and Theo F. Majka. Farmers' and Farm Workers Movements. New York: Scribers Reference, 1994.
Osterud, Nancy Grey. Bonds of Community: The Lives of Farm Women in Nineteenth Century New York. Cornell: Cornell University Press, 1991.
Saloutos, Theodore. The American Farmer and the New Deal. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1982.
Terkel, Studs. "The Farmer Is The Man." Chap. In Hard Times. New York: Pantheon Books, 1986, 213-35.