[National Standards for Foreign Language Learning]
[NYS ESL Learning Standards]

National Standards for Foreign Language Learning

Communicate in Language Other Than English

Standard 1.1: Students engage in conversations, provide and obtain information, express feelings and emotions, and exchange opinions.

Standard 1.2: Students understand and interpret written and spoken language on a variety of topics.

Standard 1.3: Students present information, concepts, and ideas to an audience of listeners or readers on a variety of topics.

Gain Knowledge and Understanding of Other Cultures

Standard 2.1: Students demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the practices and perspectives of the culture studied.

Standard 2.2: Students demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the products and perspectives of the culture studied.

Connect with Other Disciplines and Acquire Information

Standard 3.1: Students reinforce and further their knowledge of other disciplines through the foreign language.

Standard 3.2: Students acquire information and recognize the distinctive viewpoints that are only available through the foreign language and its cultures.

Develop Insight into the Nature of Language and Culture

Standard 4.1: Students demonstrate understanding of the nature of language through comparisons of the language studied and their own.

Standard 4.2: Students demonstrate understanding of the concept of culture through comparisons of the culture studied and their own.

Participate in Multilingual Communities at Home and Around the World

Standard 5.1: Students use the language both within and beyond the school setting.

Standard 5.2: Students show evidence of becoming life-long learners by using the language for personal enjoyment and enrichment.


NYS ESL Learning Standards


English Proficiency Levels:
Beginning (1 to 13%)
Intermediate (10 to 23%)
Advanced (20 to 33%)
Transitional (30 to 40%)

English for Information and Understanding

Standard 1.1: Listen, speak, read, and write simple mastered vocabulary, sentences, identify and categorize, compose short informal notes based upon personal experience, express basic personal needs, engage in simple face-to-face conversations, can understand short informative messages. Can guess meaning from use of cognates and context.

Standard 1.2: Need opportunity for organization and advance preparation, can understand simple narrative and descriptive materials and edited texts. Can write simple note, uncomplicated personal and business letter, brief journal entries, and short reports with simple vocabulary and common language structures.

Standard 1.3: Comprehend most age-level written materials, and with support, academic content materials. Are able to use linguistic context and prior knowledge to increase comprehension. Can understand most factual information in non-technical rose. Can express complex ideas sequentially with simple language and draw of a broad Range of learned vocabulary, idioms, and structures, including the full range of time frames.

Standard 1.4: Apply linguistic skills and knowledge, including vocabulary, idioms, and complex grammatical structures. Mastered reading strategies of grade-level native speakers and are approaching mastery of grade-level mastery of language structures and vocabulary of age-level texts. Understand and identify the main ideas and relevant details of extended discussions or presentations on a wide range of familiar and unfamiliar topics in a number of modalities.

English for Literary Response, Enjoyment, and Expression

Standard 2.1: Listen, speak, read, and write simple words, sentences, and recognize genre and literary elements, comprehend main ideas of simple informative materials. Understanding limited to simple language structures and syntax.

Standard 2.2: Follow essential points and some details of expository writing when dealing with areas of special interest, and begin to separate main ideas from supporting g details. Able to make informed guesses about meaning form context.

Standard 2.3: Read excerpts from literature for pleasure. Can detect the overall tone and intent to the text. Can write multi-paragraphed essays, journals, personal and business letters, and creative texts in which the thoughts are unified and presented in an organized fashion.

Standard 2.4: Comprehend a wide rage of texts. Approaching fluency in writing in the content areas with language structures and technical vocabulary with some circumlocutions. Begin to use alternative and nuanced meanings of words in their written communications.

English for Critical Analysis and Evaluation

Standard 3.1: Understand the main idea to simple messages and conversations. Relies on visual cues and some prior knowledge or experience. May have to read the material several times to fully capture meaning.

Standard 3.2: write brief and informed analyses of more complex content, including academic content, can produce written expressions of opinions and reactions to information from a variety of media. Can express present, future, and past ideas comprehensively.

Standard 3.3: Separate main ideas from supporting ones as begin to analyze materials. Errors may still occur, particularly when the students are writing about complex themes or required to express and opinion when topic is outside their realm of experience or when the content is rich in technical academic vocabulary.

Standard 3.4: Demonstrate an increasing ability to successfully employ the subtleties of written language for different audiences. Use paralinguistic features of the language such as stress, intonation, pace, and rhythm to understand spoken language.

English for Social and Classroom Interaction

Standard 4.1: Comprehend simple statements and questions, express basic person l needs and compose short informal notes on familiar topics. Can engage in simple, face-to-face conversations. Uses repetition and circumlocution.

Standard 4.2: Initiate and sustain short conversations on simple topics in everyday situations on the phone or in person. Use repetition as well as gestures and other nonverbal cures to sustain conversation.

Standard 4.3: Understand standard speech in most settings with some repetition & rewording. Can handle most communicative situations with confidence, may need help with complicated language production, especially in academic subjects. Can engage in extended discussions with fluent speakers on a wide-range of topics.

Standard 4.1: Engage in most social communicative situations with confidence and have mastered complex language structures. Understand most standard speech delivered in authentic settings by a fluent English speaker. Understand and identify the main ideas and relevant details of extended discussions or presentations on a wide range of familiar and unfamiliar topics in a number of modalities.

English for Cross-cultural Knowledge and understanding

Standard 5.1: Understand simple material for informative or social purposes. Understanding is limited to simple language containing mostly high frequency words and familiar sentence patterns.

Standard 5.2: Sustain comprehension through contextual inferences in short communications on familiar topics and, in the academic content areas, by paraphrasing, slower speaking pace, and visual supports.



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