**Courses in Physics**

**A Phy
100 Contemporary Astronomy-The Cosmic Connection (3)**

Modern
developments in astronomy, the birth and death of stars, solar and planetary
science, neutron stars and black holes, galactic structure, cosmology, theories
of the origin and future of the universe. [NS]

**A Phy
102 Applications of Modern Physics in Art History and Archaeology (3)**

Twentieth
century physics has greatly increased our knowledge of the structure of matter
and the natural laws that lead to that structure. This course discusses our
modern understanding of the structure of matter at an introductory level and
then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to the study of objects of
interest in art history or archaeology. The goals of such studies include learning
about the age of an object, the technology used to fabricate the object, and
how an object should be stored in order to preserve it for future generations.[NS]

**A Phy
103 Exploration of Space (3)**

The
solar system, modern developments in planetary and space science; human exploration
of space; space travel and future colonization.. [NS]

**A Phy
104 Physical Science for Humanists (3)**

How
the universe works. A historical approach to the development of the laws of
physics from the classical physics of Newton to the present. Emphasizes the
people and events of the revolution in physics in the 20th century. Unraveling
of the structure and properties of the nuclear atom or from raisin pudding to
quarks. Intended for nonmajors. [NS]

**A Phy
105 General Physics I (3)**

Vectors,
kinematics, dynamics, vibrations and waves, sound, fluids, and thermodynamics.
Three class periods each week. May not be taken for credit by students with
credit for A Phy 140 or 141. Prerequisite(s): three years of high school
mathematics. [NS]

**A Phy
106 General Physics Lab (1)**

Laboratory
experiments to complement the topics being studied in A Phy 105. One laboratory
each week. Corequisite(s): A Phy 105.

**A Phy
108 General Physics II (3)**

Electrostatics,
circuit electricity, magnetism, geometrical and physical optics, atomic and
nuclear phenomena. Three class periods each week. May not be taken for credit
by students with credit for A Phy 150 or 151. Prerequisite(s): A Phy
105. [NS]

**A Phy
109 General Physics Lab (1)**

Laboratory
experiments to complement the topics in A Phy 108. One laboratory period
each week. Corequisite(s): A Phy 108.

**A Phy
140 Physics I: Mechanics (3)**

An
introduction to the fundamentals of physics: Classical Mechanics. Topics include
the concepts of force, energy and work applied to the kinematics and dynamics
of particles and rigid bodies and an introduction to special relativity. Pre/corequisite:
A Mat 111 or 112 or 118. [NS]

**A Phy
141 Honors Physics I: Mechanics (3)**

Course
content will follow A Phy 140. However, topics will be covered in more depth
and at a somewhat more advanced level. Students with a strong interest in physical
sciences should consider taking A Phy 141 instead of A Phy 140. Only one of
A Phy 140 or 141 may be taken for credit. Offered in fall semester only. Prerequisite(s):
A Mat 111 or 112 or 118. [NS]

**A Phy
145 Physics Lab I (1)**

Experiments
in mechanics, electricity, and optics. One laboratory period each week. Offered
fall semester. Pre/corequisite: A Phy 140 or 141.

**A Phy
150 Physics II: Electromagnetism (3)**

An
introduction to the fundamentals of physics: Electrostatics and magnetism, including
the concepts of the electric and magnetic fields, electric potential and basic
circuits. The laws of Gauss, Ampere, and Faraday: Maxwell's equations. Geometrical
optics. Pre/corequisite: A Mat 113 or 119; prerequisite: A Phy 140
or 141. [NS]

**A Phy
151 Honors Physics II: Electromagnetism (3)**

Course
content will follow A Phy 150. However, topics will be covered in more depth
and at a somewhat more advanced level. Students with a strong interest in physical
sciences should consider taking A Phy 151 instead of A Phy 150. Only one of
A Phy 150 or 151 may be taken for credit. Offered in spring semester only. Pre/corequisite(s):
A Mat 113 or 119; prerequisite(s): A Phy 140 or 141 and permission of instructor.
[NS]

**A Phy
155 Physics Lab II (1)**

Experiments
in electricity and magnetism, circuits, and optics. One laboratory period each
week. Offered spring semester. Pre/corequisite: A Phy 150 or 151.

**A Phy
202 Environmental Physics (3)**

Study
of the collection, evaluation, and interpretation of data and the modeling and
analysis of urban and environmental problems. Topics include population, pollution,
mass transportation systems, comparison of various energy sources such as solar,
nuclear, and fossil fuel, and effective utilization of natural resources. Three
class periods each week. Prerequisite(s): algebra. [NS]

**A Phy
235 Mathematics in Physics (3)**

An
enhancement of mathematics skills developed in the first year math and physics
courses. Emphasis is on applications of calculus, complex variables, linear
algebra, power series, and differential equations to problems in physics. Offered
fall semester. Prerequisite(s): A Phy 150 or 151. Co-requisite: A Mat
214.

**A Phy
240 Physics III: Structure of Matter (3)**

An
introduction to the fundamentals of physics: Thermodynamics and kinetic gas
theory. Quantum theory of photons, atoms, nuclei and solids. Pre/corequisite:
A Mat 214; prerequisite: A Phy 150 or 151.

**A Phy
241 Honors Physics III: Structure of Matter (3)**

Course
content will follow A Phy 240. However, topics will be covered in more
depth and at a somewhat more advanced level. Students with a strong interest
in physical sciences should consider taking A Phy 241 instead of A Phy
240. Only one of A Phy 240 or 241 may be taken for credit. Offered in fall
semester only. Pre/corequisite(s): A Mat 214; prerequisite(s): A Phy
150 or A Phy 151 and permission of instructor.

**A
Phy 245 Physics Lab III (1)**

Experiments
in modern physics. One laboratory period each week. Offered fall semester. Pre/corequisite:
A Phy 240 or 241.

**A Phy
250 Physics IV: Waves (3)**

Waves
and oscillations in optics, in classical and in quantum mechanics. An introduction
to physical concepts (wave packets, normal modes, interference and diffraction)
and mathematical techniques (Fourier series, transforms, complex numbers, eigenvectors).
Pre/corequisite: A Mat 220; prerequisite: A Phy 240 or 241. May not
be offered in 2005-2006.

**A Phy
320 Classical Mechanics (3)**

Fundamentals
of Newtonian mechanics: conservation theorems, central forces, motion in non-inertial
frames, rigid-body motion. Lagrange's and Hamilton's equations. Offered fall
semester. Prerequisite: A Phy 250, or permission of the instructor.

**A Phy
335Z Advanced Physics Lab (3)**

Introduction
to the techniques of experimental research in the areas of electronics, electromagnetism
and modern physics. Measurement technique and error analysis are emphasized.
Two three-hour lab periods each week. Prerequisite: A Phy 250 or permission
of instructor. [WI]

**A Phy
340 Electromagnetism I (3)**

Electrostatics
and magnetostatics in vacuum and in materials. Maxwell's equations. Energy and
momentum in the electromagnetic field. Introduction to electromagnetic waves.
Offered fall semester. Prerequisite(s): A Phy 235 and A Phy 250.

**A Phy
350 Electromagnetism II: Optics (3)**

A
further development of the theory of electromagnetic waves and their interactions
with matter. Applications include both geometric and physics optics. The role
of special relativity in electromagnetic theory is discussed. Prerequisite(s):
A Phy 340.

**A Phy
353 Microprocessor Applications (3)**

Applications
of microprocessors to data collection and process control; the capabilities
of typical microprocessors and the techniques used to interface them to external
devices; input/output programming, use of the data and address busses; interrupt
handling, direct memory access, and data communications; characteristics of
peripheral devices such as keyboards, printers, A/D and D/A converters, sensors,
and actuators. Three class periods each week. Prerequisite(s): A Csi 201
or 204 or equivalent. An elementary knowledge of electricity is helpful.

**A Phy
360 Modern Optics (3)**

Matrix
methods of geometrical optics, diffraction theory, optical Fourier transforms,
lasers, holography, Brillouin scattering, and an introduction to nonlinear optics.
The course includes frequent demonstrations. Prerequisite(s): A Phy 250.

**A Phy
415 Electronics (3)**

Transistors
and their characteristics; electronic circuits, field effect transistors and
applications, amplifiers, low and high frequency response; operational amplifiers;
consideration of control-circuit design; fast-switching and counting devices;
integrated circuits and their designs. Two class periods and one three-hour
laboratory each week. Offered fall semester only. Prerequisite: A Phy 150
or 151.

**A Phy
416 Electronics: Projects (3)**

Independent
projects involving laboratory work in the study of electronic circuits using
linear and/or digital devices. (Each student is expected to undertake a project
that requires originality and broadens knowledge of the area.) Special attention
is paid to counters, registers, encoders, decoders, and digital applications.
Offered spring semester only.

**A Phy
440 Quantum Physics I (3)**

Introduction
to non-relativistic quantum mechanics; wave functions, amplitudes and probabilities;
the superposition of quantum states, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Time
evolution: the Schroedinger equation, stationary states, two-state systems.
Motion in one-dimensional potentials: tunneling, particle in a box, harmonic
oscillator. Offered fall semester. Prerequisite: A Phy 250.

**A Phy
450 Quantum Physics II (3)**

Quantum
motion in central potentials; angular momentum and spin; the hydrogen atom.
Identical Particles. The structure of atoms and molecules, the periodic table.
Stationary-state and time-dependent perturbation theory. Scattering theory.
Offered spring semester. Prerequisite: A Phy 440.

**A Phy
454 Microprocessor Applications Laboratory (3)**

Complements
the theoretical development presented in A Phy 353. Centers around practical
laboratory applications in both hardware and software of a particular microprocessor.
Students prototype a minimum system and expanded system. Applications include
keyboard, printer, display, A/D, D/A, and control functions. A knowledge of
a microprocessor and digital logic functions is desirable. Prerequisite(s):
A Phy 315 or permission of instructor or A Phy 353.

**A Phy
460 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics (3)**

Thermodynamic
systems and variables; the laws of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic potentials
and applications, ideal and real gas relations; changes of phase, introduction
to probability theory; elementary kinetic theory of gases; micro and macro-states
of simple quantum-mechanical systems; Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, and Maxwell-Boltzmann
statistics. Three class periods each week. Pre/co-requisite: A Phy 440.
Prerequisite(s): A Mat 214 and A Phy 250.

**A Phy
462 (formerly A Phy 362) Physics of Materials (3)**

The
physics of real materials: the structure of crystalline and amorphous solids;
x-ray diffraction and electron microscopy; the thermodynamics and kinetics of
phase transformations; crystallographic defects and their relation to mechanical
properties. Prerequisite(s): A Phy 250.

**May
not be offered in 2005-2006.A Phy 466 X-ray Optics, Analysis and Imaging
(3)**

A
broad survey of x-ray optics and their uses. Introduction to the theory of x-ray
interaction with matter, including refraction, diffraction, total reflection,
image formation, fluorescence, absorption spectroscopy, and the effects of Compton
scattering, photo-electric absorption, and surface roughness. Applications include
x-ray astronomy, microscopy, lithography, materials analysis and medical imaging.
Prerequisite: A Phy 330.

**A Phy
467 Physics of Semiconductor Devices (3)**

A
survey of state-of-the art semiconductor device manufacture and usage in the
electronics industry. Topics covered include basic semiconductor physics (band
structure, electron transport, phonon, optical, thermal, and high magnetic field
properties) and the operating principles and current manufacturing techniques
of various devices (p-n junctions, transistors, CCD's, photonic devices, and
superlattices). Prerequisite(s): A Phy 330 and A Phy 460; corequisite:
A Phy 450.

**A Phy
468 Introduction to Particle Physics (3)**

Particle
interactions and symmetries. Introduction to classification and the quark model.
Calculation of elementary processes using Feynman diagrams. Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite of A Phy 440 or equivalent or permission of instructor.

**A Phy
469 Physics of Nuclei (3)**

This
course will deal with basic properties of nuclei such as size, shape, and nuclear
force. Nuclear structure based upon shell and collective models, nuclear reactions
induced by nucleons including nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, and nuclear energy.
Prerequisite(s): A Phy 330 or permission of instructor.

**A Phy
497 Research and/or Independent Study (1-3)**

Research
and/or independent study under the direct supervision of a faculty member with
whom the student has made an arrangement. Ambitious students are encouraged
to engage in an activity that broadens their experience considerably beyond
that of conventional course work. A written report is submitted on the work
of each semester. May be repeated for credit. *S/U* graded.

**A Phy
498 Honors Seminar in Physics (3)**

A
seminar specifically designed for students admitted to the department's honors
program. Topics are determined by the Departmental Honors Committee. Prerequisite(s):
admission to honors program.