William J. Milne, President from 1889 to 1914, led the institution through a quarter century of substantial change. The Normal School became the New York State Normal College in 1890 and focused on teaching the foundations of education. In 1905 a new plan was adopted, under the guidance of the state Commissioner of Education (Andrew Draper), that provided for a four-year course of study with a strong liberal arts core. In 1914 the College became known officially as the New York State College for Teachers.