Northeast Anthropology Guide for Authors
Northeast Anthropology is a biannual, peer-reviewed
journal that publishes papers on anthropological topics of
the Northeast. Authors should submit an original and
three (3) copies of each article, with an abstract,
to the general editor, Dr. Sean Rafferty, Department of Anthropology,
University at Albany, SUNY, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany,
Please also include an electronic copy in MS Word format.
All figures must be submitted as 600 dpi greyscale tiff files.
Each manuscript will be reviewed by at least two referees.
The editor may reject or return a manuscript for revision.
Revisions may be required for either content or stylistic
reasons. The Chicago Manual of Style is the principal
guide in matters of style.
The manuscript should be ordered as follows:
1. Abstract: 100-150 word single paragraph
2. Text (with title, author(s), institutional affiliation
4. References cited
5. Tables (with captions)
6. Figures (separate page to contain figure captions)
All manuscripts are to be double-spaced, with a 1-inch margin
on all sides of the page, on one side of good quality 8½-x-11
inch paper. Each page should be numbered in the upper right
corner. Two spaces should follow the period at the end of
a sentence. Underlining should be used only where the material
is to be set in italics, and then only if an italics font
is not available. End notes are not encouraged, but can be
inserted between the text and acknowledgments if required.
Footnotes and appendices are to be avoided. If material is
important enough to be included, it should be incorporated
into the text.
Upon acceptance for publication, authors are to submit the
final version of the paper on computer disks. We prefer DOS/Windows
formatted disks, although Macintosh system disks can also
be accommodated. We use Microsoft Word for Windows as our
primary word-processing software, but our IBM-compatible equipment
can read all popular word processing files. Please do not
submit disks in lieu of the required original manuscript and
Headings. Primary heads should be flush left and typed
in all capital letters. Secondary heads should be flush left,
with initial capital letters on all significant words, and
set in italics. Tertiary heads should be part of the paragraph,
indented, with initial capital letters on all significant
words, and italicized.
Metric System. All measurements must be in metric
units. Specific measurements should be abbreviated without
periods (6 km). If used to begin a sentence, or in general
terms, measurements are written out. Some metric measurements,
such as hectares and kilometers, remain obscure to many readers.
If English equivalents (e.g., acres and miles) seem required
for clarity, they should be indicated parenthetically following
their appearance as metric measures.
Numbers and Dates. Numbers from one to twenty are
spelled out in the text. Numbers from 21 upwards are written
as numerals except for numbers used in an approximate sense,
or when beginning a sentence. Ordinal numbers (first, second,
etc.) are always spelled out. These rules are modified to
impose consistency in sentences where their strict application
would lead to a mixture of forms. Dates should be expressed
in the following forms: 1980s, twentieth century, 1980-1990,
January 13, 1990. Mathematical notations and radiocarbon dates
are to be given according to the style used by American Antiquity,
except that B.P. dates will be allowed as substitutes for
B.C. dates so long as the conversion of 1950 years is used.
Lab numbers must always accompany radiocarbon dates and any
corrections made to the date(s) reported by the laboratory
must be listed in addition to (not instead of) the reported
date(s). Old Style (Julian) dates must be accompanied by New
Style (Gregorian) equivalents.
Quotations. Quotations of five lines or more should
usually be set off from the text and indented. Shorter quotations
should not be set off. Authors are responsible for accuracy,
correct attribution, and legal permissions to publish any
material submitted. In other matters concerning quotations,
the uses of italics, capitalization, hyphenation, abbreviations,
ellipses, and accents, refer to The Chicago Manual of Style.
Special Usages. Northeast Anthropology will adopt
the practice of referring to individuals of tribal, ethnic,
or linguistic groups by the normal English plural (e.g., "six
Penobscots"). When used as adjectives or when referring
to the proper names of such entities, they may remain in singular
form. Foreign words are italicized, but foreign words that
have come into common usage in English (e.g., in situ) are
not. Foreign place names are not italicized. Insert a comma
before the "and" in a series of three or more.
Citations in Text. Citations must appear parenthetically,
as has become the custom in anthropological literature. If
two or more citation dates appear together for one author,
separate them in calendrical order with commas. If two or
more references by the same author(s) are listed with the
same year, use a, b, c, etc. to distinguish them. If three
or more authors are listed, use "et al." following
the first author's name. If two or more citations appear within
one set of parentheses, separate them with semicolons, listing
authors alphabetically first, and chronologically, second:
(Able 1984:23; Baker 1983, 1985; Clinton 1996). Use a colon
to separate date of publication from additional information,
such as pages, figures, or tables specified. Provide the date
of completion for an unpublished manuscript, rather than using
"n.d." Provide the date of submission for a manuscript
that is in press. Works submitted but not accepted should
be treated as unpublished manuscripts. Personal communications
should be cited as such, with a date if possible. However,
they are not listed in the reference section.
Tables. A short descriptive title or heading should
be placed above each table. Any explanatory material essential
to the understanding of the table should be incorporated into
the text or placed as footnotes in the table, using superscripts
a, b, c, etc. All tables must be mentioned in the text and
numbered sequentially in the order cited in the text.
Figures. All illustrative material will be designated
figures and numbered consecutively. All figures must be mentioned
in the text. Figure numbers and captions must be submitted
on separate sheets to allow typesetting. Both photographs
and line drawings must be of high quality. Freehand or typewritten
lettering is not acceptable. Authors are responsible for supplying
both photographs and line drawings at sizes that will allow
them to be printed with a caption in an area no larger than
6 x 8 inches. Photographs must be submitted with a glossy
finish. Line drawings should be reduced to the required format
by photographic, photostatic, or other high-quality means.
Authors not having access to reducing equipment may submit
original drawings for reduction by special arrangement with
the editor. The figure number should be printed lightly, in
pencil, on the back of each illustration. Notations should
be made in the left hand margin of the text as to the preferred
location of figures.
References Cited. Authors are responsible for the
accuracy and completeness of the references cited. All references
cited in the text (except for personal communications) must
be included in the list, and all references in the list must
be cited in the text. Alphabetize the list by the author's
last name. Use initials for first and middle names. Two or
more works by the same author(s) should be listed chronologically,
the earliest first. Two or more works by the same author(s)
in the same year should be listed in the order they are referred
to in the text and differentiated by lower case letters following
the year. When referring to authors, use last name and initials.
When referring to publishers, do not include words such as
"Company, Inc., Publishers." If the city of publication
is not well known, include the state. Use initial capital
letters on all significant words in a title. Capitalization
of foreign titles follows the custom of the language of the
citation. Place of publication is always in English.
1. Book with single author.
1985 Natives and Newcomers: Canada’s "Heroic Age"
Reconsidered. McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal.
2. Book with multiple authors.
Haviland, W.A., and M.W. Power
1994 The Original Vermonters: Native Inhabitants, Past and
Present (revised and expanded edition). University Press of
New England, Hanover, NH.
3. Edited book (editor as author).
Morrison, R.B., and C.R. Wilson (editors)
1986 Native Peoples: The Canadian Experience. McClelland and
4. Translated book.
1963 Totemism. Translated by R. Needham. Beacon Press, Boston.
5. Reprinted book.
1973 Antiquities of the New England Indians. Reprinted. AMS
Press, New York. Originally published 1935, Peabody Museum
of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge, MA.
6. Group authorship: under the name of the group responsible
for writing or publishing the volume.
Indian Chiefs of Alberta
1970 Citizens Plus. Indian Association of Alberta, Edmonton.
7. Multi-volume sets: give total number of volumes here
(reference in text to give specific volume(s) cited).
1965 The Principall Navigations, Voiages, and Discoveries
of the English Nation 1589. 2 vols. Cambridge University Press,
Extensive and frequently cited series of published archival
documents are treated as special cases. In these exceptional
cases, the following method is acceptable. Parenthetical citations
need contain only the abbreviation, volume, and page numbers
(e.g., JR 13:155-157).
JR=Thwaites, R.G. (editor)
1959 The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents 1610-1791.
73 vols. Pageant, New York.
NYCD=O'Callaghan, E.B. (editor)
1853-1887 Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the
State of New York. 15 vols. Weed, Parsons, Albany.
8. Titled volume in a series.
1991 Archaeological Testing at the Sharrow Site: A Deeply
Stratified Early to Late Holocene Cultural Sequence in Central
Maine. Occasional Publications in Maine Archaeology 8. Maine
Archaeological Society and Maine Historic Preservation Commission,
9. Article in journal.
1997 The Architecture of Iroquois Longhouses. Northeast Anthropology
10. Article in edited book.
1983 Cultural Adaptations: The Northern Ojibwa of the Boreal
Forest 1670-1980. In Boreal Forest Adaptations: The Northern
Algonkians, edited by A.T. Steegman, pp. 85-141. Plenum Press,
11. Article in edited volume in a series.
1996 Forty Years in Archaeology: or What Happened to the Good
Old Days? In A Golden Chronograph for Robert E. Funk, edited
by C. Lindner and E.V. Curtin, pp. 7-35. Occasional Publications
in Northeastern Anthropology, No. 15. Archaeological Services,
1994 Evidence for Prehistoric Exchange on the Maritime Peninsula.
In Prehistoric Exchange Systems in North America, edited by
T.G. Baugh and J.E. Ericson, pp. 23-46. Interdisciplinary
Contributions to Archaeology, M. Jochim, general editor. Plenum
Press, New York.
When a volume is individually titled the title is italicized;
otherwise the series is italicized.
12. Paper presented at a meeting.
1997 Three New Paleoindian Sites in New Hampshire. Paper presented
at the 37th Northeastern Anthropological Association Meetings,
13. Book review.
1997 Review of "Native People of Southern New England:
1500-1650" by K.J. Bragdon. Northeast Anthropology 53:89-90.
14. Contracted and proprietary reports.
Hartgen Archaeological Associates, Inc.
1996 Phase IA Literature Review and Phase IB Archaeological
Investigations for the Dormitory Authority of the State of
New York Office Building-Broadway and Maiden Lane, City of
Albany, New York. Prepared for the the Dormitory Authority
of the State of New York, Albany.
15. Dissertation or thesis.
1993 Settlement Nucleation in Mohawk Iroquois Prehistory:
An Analysis of a Site Sequence in the Lower Otsquago Drainage
of the Mohawk Valley. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology,
State University of New York at Albany. University Microfilms,
Ann Arbor, MI.
16. Manuscript for book or journal in press (only if MS
has been accepted for publication).
1998 Title of Article. Northeast Anthropology. In Press.
17. Unpublished manuscript.
1982 The Fonger Site: A Prehistoric Neutral Community. MS
on file at the Ministry of Communications and Culture, Toronto.
Do not use n.d. unless absolutely necessary. If manuscript
is in the author's possession, state "MS in the author's
A reviewer's principal responsibility is to provide the reader
with a concise summary of the book's content. Within this
context the reviewer may elect to critique various aspects
of the book author's stated goals, methodology, and/or conclusions.
Such critiques should relate directly to the book under review.
A sample heading for a book review is given below and includes
the types of information that must be included:
HOLOCENE HUMAN ECOLOGY IN NORTHEASTERN NORTH AMERICA. George
P. Nicholas, editor. Plenum Press, New York, 1988. xxi + 319
pp., maps, figures, index, bibliography. $45.50.
The reviewer's name should be flush left below the book review
heading. The reviewer's institution should be flush left below
the reviewer's name and in italics or underlined. All references
cited in the text of the review must be placed in a section
headed References Cited; this section must follow the format
employed by Northeast Anthropology. Under normal circumstances,
the text of the written review (exclusive of the book review
heading and the References Cited section) should not exceed
Proofs. Proofs will be sent to authors for correction
of typographical and editorial errors. The latter do not include
copy editing changes made in the manuscript to bring it into
conformity with the specific style requirements of Northeast
Anthropology. No changes or additions in content may be made.
Corrected proofs must generally be returned to the editor within
one week of receipt.
Reprints. Up to 20 reprints may be purchased by authors
at a cost of $.10 per page. Most leaves count as two pages,
and the number of pages per article will be multiplied times
the number of reprints requested in calculating charges. An
opportunity to order reprints is provided when page proofs