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Northeast Anthropology Guide for Authors
Editorial Policy

Northeast Anthropology is a biannual, peer-reviewed journal that publishes papers on anthropological topics of the Northeast. Authors should submit an original and three (3) copies of each article, with an abstract, to the general editor, Dr. Sean Rafferty, Department of Anthropology, University at Albany, SUNY, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222.

Please also include an electronic copy in MS Word format. All figures must be submitted as 600 dpi greyscale tiff files.

Each manuscript will be reviewed by at least two referees. The editor may reject or return a manuscript for revision. Revisions may be required for either content or stylistic reasons. The Chicago Manual of Style is the principal guide in matters of style.

Manuscript Preparation

The manuscript should be ordered as follows:
1. Abstract: 100-150 word single paragraph
2. Text (with title, author(s), institutional affiliation or address)
3. Acknowledgments
4. References cited
5. Tables (with captions)
6. Figures (separate page to contain figure captions)

All manuscripts are to be double-spaced, with a 1-inch margin on all sides of the page, on one side of good quality 8½-x-11 inch paper. Each page should be numbered in the upper right corner. Two spaces should follow the period at the end of a sentence. Underlining should be used only where the material is to be set in italics, and then only if an italics font is not available. End notes are not encouraged, but can be inserted between the text and acknowledgments if required. Footnotes and appendices are to be avoided. If material is important enough to be included, it should be incorporated into the text.

Upon acceptance for publication, authors are to submit the final version of the paper on computer disks. We prefer DOS/Windows formatted disks, although Macintosh system disks can also be accommodated. We use Microsoft Word for Windows as our primary word-processing software, but our IBM-compatible equipment can read all popular word processing files. Please do not submit disks in lieu of the required original manuscript and two copies.

Headings. Primary heads should be flush left and typed in all capital letters. Secondary heads should be flush left, with initial capital letters on all significant words, and set in italics. Tertiary heads should be part of the paragraph, indented, with initial capital letters on all significant words, and italicized.

Metric System. All measurements must be in metric units. Specific measurements should be abbreviated without periods (6 km). If used to begin a sentence, or in general terms, measurements are written out. Some metric measurements, such as hectares and kilometers, remain obscure to many readers. If English equivalents (e.g., acres and miles) seem required for clarity, they should be indicated parenthetically following their appearance as metric measures.

Numbers and Dates. Numbers from one to twenty are spelled out in the text. Numbers from 21 upwards are written as numerals except for numbers used in an approximate sense, or when beginning a sentence. Ordinal numbers (first, second, etc.) are always spelled out. These rules are modified to impose consistency in sentences where their strict application would lead to a mixture of forms. Dates should be expressed in the following forms: 1980s, twentieth century, 1980-1990, January 13, 1990. Mathematical notations and radiocarbon dates are to be given according to the style used by American Antiquity, except that B.P. dates will be allowed as substitutes for B.C. dates so long as the conversion of 1950 years is used. Lab numbers must always accompany radiocarbon dates and any corrections made to the date(s) reported by the laboratory must be listed in addition to (not instead of) the reported date(s). Old Style (Julian) dates must be accompanied by New Style (Gregorian) equivalents.

Quotations. Quotations of five lines or more should usually be set off from the text and indented. Shorter quotations should not be set off. Authors are responsible for accuracy, correct attribution, and legal permissions to publish any material submitted. In other matters concerning quotations, the uses of italics, capitalization, hyphenation, abbreviations, ellipses, and accents, refer to The Chicago Manual of Style.

Special Usages. Northeast Anthropology will adopt the practice of referring to individuals of tribal, ethnic, or linguistic groups by the normal English plural (e.g., "six Penobscots"). When used as adjectives or when referring to the proper names of such entities, they may remain in singular form. Foreign words are italicized, but foreign words that have come into common usage in English (e.g., in situ) are not. Foreign place names are not italicized. Insert a comma before the "and" in a series of three or more.

Citations in Text. Citations must appear parenthetically, as has become the custom in anthropological literature. If two or more citation dates appear together for one author, separate them in calendrical order with commas. If two or more references by the same author(s) are listed with the same year, use a, b, c, etc. to distinguish them. If three or more authors are listed, use "et al." following the first author's name. If two or more citations appear within one set of parentheses, separate them with semicolons, listing authors alphabetically first, and chronologically, second: (Able 1984:23; Baker 1983, 1985; Clinton 1996). Use a colon to separate date of publication from additional information, such as pages, figures, or tables specified. Provide the date of completion for an unpublished manuscript, rather than using "n.d." Provide the date of submission for a manuscript that is in press. Works submitted but not accepted should be treated as unpublished manuscripts. Personal communications should be cited as such, with a date if possible. However, they are not listed in the reference section.

Tables. A short descriptive title or heading should be placed above each table. Any explanatory material essential to the understanding of the table should be incorporated into the text or placed as footnotes in the table, using superscripts a, b, c, etc. All tables must be mentioned in the text and numbered sequentially in the order cited in the text.

Figures. All illustrative material will be designated figures and numbered consecutively. All figures must be mentioned in the text. Figure numbers and captions must be submitted on separate sheets to allow typesetting. Both photographs and line drawings must be of high quality. Freehand or typewritten lettering is not acceptable. Authors are responsible for supplying both photographs and line drawings at sizes that will allow them to be printed with a caption in an area no larger than 6 x 8 inches. Photographs must be submitted with a glossy finish. Line drawings should be reduced to the required format by photographic, photostatic, or other high-quality means. Authors not having access to reducing equipment may submit original drawings for reduction by special arrangement with the editor. The figure number should be printed lightly, in pencil, on the back of each illustration. Notations should be made in the left hand margin of the text as to the preferred location of figures.

References Cited. Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references cited. All references cited in the text (except for personal communications) must be included in the list, and all references in the list must be cited in the text. Alphabetize the list by the author's last name. Use initials for first and middle names. Two or more works by the same author(s) should be listed chronologically, the earliest first. Two or more works by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed in the order they are referred to in the text and differentiated by lower case letters following the year. When referring to authors, use last name and initials. When referring to publishers, do not include words such as "Company, Inc., Publishers." If the city of publication is not well known, include the state. Use initial capital letters on all significant words in a title. Capitalization of foreign titles follows the custom of the language of the citation. Place of publication is always in English.

1. Book with single author.

Trigger, B.G.
1985 Natives and Newcomers: Canada’s "Heroic Age" Reconsidered. McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal.

2. Book with multiple authors.

Haviland, W.A., and M.W. Power
1994 The Original Vermonters: Native Inhabitants, Past and Present (revised and expanded edition). University Press of New England, Hanover, NH.

3. Edited book (editor as author).

Morrison, R.B., and C.R. Wilson (editors)
1986 Native Peoples: The Canadian Experience. McClelland and Stewart, Toronto.

4. Translated book.

Lévi-Strauss, C.
1963 Totemism. Translated by R. Needham. Beacon Press, Boston.

5. Reprinted book.

Willoughby, C.C.
1973 Antiquities of the New England Indians. Reprinted. AMS Press, New York. Originally published 1935, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge, MA.

6. Group authorship: under the name of the group responsible for writing or publishing the volume.

Indian Chiefs of Alberta
1970 Citizens Plus. Indian Association of Alberta, Edmonton.

7. Multi-volume sets: give total number of volumes here (reference in text to give specific volume(s) cited).

Hackluyt, R.
1965 The Principall Navigations, Voiages, and Discoveries of the English Nation 1589. 2 vols. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Extensive and frequently cited series of published archival documents are treated as special cases. In these exceptional cases, the following method is acceptable. Parenthetical citations need contain only the abbreviation, volume, and page numbers (e.g., JR 13:155-157).

JR=Thwaites, R.G. (editor)
1959 The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents 1610-1791. 73 vols. Pageant, New York.

NYCD=O'Callaghan, E.B. (editor)
1853-1887 Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New York. 15 vols. Weed, Parsons, Albany.

8. Titled volume in a series.

Petersen, J.B.
1991 Archaeological Testing at the Sharrow Site: A Deeply Stratified Early to Late Holocene Cultural Sequence in Central Maine. Occasional Publications in Maine Archaeology 8. Maine Archaeological Society and Maine Historic Preservation Commission, Augusta, ME.

9. Article in journal.

Snow, D.R.
1997 The Architecture of Iroquois Longhouses. Northeast Anthropology 53:61-84.

10. Article in edited book.

Rogers, E.S.
1983 Cultural Adaptations: The Northern Ojibwa of the Boreal Forest 1670-1980. In Boreal Forest Adaptations: The Northern Algonkians, edited by A.T. Steegman, pp. 85-141. Plenum Press, New York.

11. Article in edited volume in a series.

Funk, R.E.
1996 Forty Years in Archaeology: or What Happened to the Good Old Days? In A Golden Chronograph for Robert E. Funk, edited by C. Lindner and E.V. Curtin, pp. 7-35. Occasional Publications in Northeastern Anthropology, No. 15. Archaeological Services, Bethlehem, CT.

Bourque, B.J.
1994 Evidence for Prehistoric Exchange on the Maritime Peninsula. In Prehistoric Exchange Systems in North America, edited by T.G. Baugh and J.E. Ericson, pp. 23-46. Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology, M. Jochim, general editor. Plenum Press, New York.

When a volume is individually titled the title is italicized; otherwise the series is italicized.

12. Paper presented at a meeting.

Boisvert, R.A.
1997 Three New Paleoindian Sites in New Hampshire. Paper presented at the 37th Northeastern Anthropological Association Meetings, Montebello, Quebec.

13. Book review.

Benison, C.
1997 Review of "Native People of Southern New England: 1500-1650" by K.J. Bragdon. Northeast Anthropology 53:89-90.

14. Contracted and proprietary reports.

Hartgen Archaeological Associates, Inc.
1996 Phase IA Literature Review and Phase IB Archaeological Investigations for the Dormitory Authority of the State of New York Office Building-Broadway and Maiden Lane, City of Albany, New York. Prepared for the the Dormitory Authority of the State of New York, Albany.

15. Dissertation or thesis.

Bamann, S.E.
1993 Settlement Nucleation in Mohawk Iroquois Prehistory: An Analysis of a Site Sequence in the Lower Otsquago Drainage of the Mohawk Valley. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, State University of New York at Albany. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, MI.

16. Manuscript for book or journal in press (only if MS has been accepted for publication).

Author, I.M.
1998 Title of Article. Northeast Anthropology. In Press.

17. Unpublished manuscript.

Warrick, G.A.
1982 The Fonger Site: A Prehistoric Neutral Community. MS on file at the Ministry of Communications and Culture, Toronto.

Do not use n.d. unless absolutely necessary. If manuscript is in the author's possession, state "MS in the author's possession."

Book Reviews

A reviewer's principal responsibility is to provide the reader with a concise summary of the book's content. Within this context the reviewer may elect to critique various aspects of the book author's stated goals, methodology, and/or conclusions. Such critiques should relate directly to the book under review. A sample heading for a book review is given below and includes the types of information that must be included:

HOLOCENE HUMAN ECOLOGY IN NORTHEASTERN NORTH AMERICA. George P. Nicholas, editor. Plenum Press, New York, 1988. xxi + 319 pp., maps, figures, index, bibliography. $45.50.

The reviewer's name should be flush left below the book review heading. The reviewer's institution should be flush left below the reviewer's name and in italics or underlined. All references cited in the text of the review must be placed in a section headed References Cited; this section must follow the format employed by Northeast Anthropology. Under normal circumstances, the text of the written review (exclusive of the book review heading and the References Cited section) should not exceed 800 words.

Accepted Manuscripts
Proofs. Proofs will be sent to authors for correction of typographical and editorial errors. The latter do not include copy editing changes made in the manuscript to bring it into conformity with the specific style requirements of Northeast Anthropology. No changes or additions in content may be made. Corrected proofs must generally be returned to the editor within one week of receipt.

Reprints. Up to 20 reprints may be purchased by authors at a cost of $.10 per page. Most leaves count as two pages, and the number of pages per article will be multiplied times the number of reprints requested in calculating charges. An opportunity to order reprints is provided when page proofs are returned.