• Dwyer, Jim, Peter Neufeld, and Barry Scheck. Actual Innocence: When Justice Goes Wrong and How to Make It Right. New York: New American Library, 2003. Print.
  • Garrett, Brandon. Convicting the Innocent: Where Criminal Prosecutions Go Wrong. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2011. Print.
  • Petro, Jim, and Nancy Petro. False Justice: Eight Myths that Convict the Innocent. New York, NY: Kaplan Pub., 2010. Print.
  • Warden, Rob, and Steven A. Drizin. True Stories of False Confessions. Evanston, IL: Northwestern UP, 2009. Print.
  • Vollen, Lola, and Dave Eggers. Surviving Justice: America's Wrongfully Convicted and Exonerated. San Francisco: McSweeney's, 2005. Print.


  • Cassell, P. G. (1999). The Guilty and the Innocent: An Examination of Alleged Cases of Wrongful Conviction from False Confessions. Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, 22(2), 523.
  • Meyer, J. R., & Reppucci, N. (2007). Police Practices and Perceptions Regarding Juvenile Interrogation and Interrogative Suggestibility. Behavioral Sciences & The Law, 25(6), 757-780.
  • Ofshe, R. J., & Leo, R. A. (1997). The Social Psychology of Police Interrogation: The Theory and Classification of True and False Confessions. Studies in Law, Politics & Society, 16 189-251.
  • Perillo, J., & Kassin, S. (2011). Inside Interrogation: The Lie, The Bluff, and False Confessions. Law & Human Behavior (Springer Science & Business Media B.V.), 35(4), 327-337.


  • Conviction (2010) – Based on a true story, the working-class sister of a man convicted of murder becomes a lawyer in order to appeal her brother’s conviction.
  • The Exonerated (2005) – This film, adapted from an award winning play, tells the stories of six people who were wrongfully convicted of murder and sentenced to death.
  • The Hurricane (1999) – A fictionalized account of Rubin “Hurricane” Carter who spent more than two decades in prison after he was wrongfully convicted of murder.
  • Shawshank Redemption (1999) – A modern class film, based on a Stephen King novella, follows the life of a man wrongfully convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
  • The Wrong Man (1956) – Alfred Hitchcock shot this film in semi-documentary style. The film tells the tale of a musician wrongfully accused of robbery. It is Hitchcock’s only film based entirely on real life events.


  • After Innocence (2005) – A documentary film about seven men exonerated by DNA evidence and their struggles to return to normal society.
  • The Thin Blue Line (1988) – This documentary helped to overturn the conviction of a man wrongly convicted for the murder of a police officer.
  • Witch Hunt (2008) – Lives are destroyed when a dozen people are wrongfully convicted of child molestation in a California community during the early 1980s.