The Journal for MultiMediaHistory
Volume 1 Number 1 ~ Fall 1998

Starsites: Celestial Navigation. Vancouver, Canada: DNA Multimedia, 1996. CD-ROM. PC and Macintish. [Detailed technical information is available at the DNA Multimedia Web site:]

Image from DNA Multimedia Starsites
StarSites image from DNA
Multimedia WWW site.
StarSites was published in 1996 by DNA Multimedia. It explores five architectural attempts to link the socio-cultural order of the human world with the astronomic order of the heavens: the pyramids at Giza and Copan, Beijing�s Forbidden City, the pre-Celtic mound at Newgrange, and the Indian astronomy laboratory Jantar Mantar. In describing individual sites, StarSites uses rhetorical strategies, text-based hyperlinks, and aural and graphic design continuities to articulate the CD-ROM�s underlying premise, namely that each site demonstrates a common human fascination with the planets, and expresses the universality of the urge to align human actions in accord with perceived astral systems.

The work explicitly uses the structural form of a hub to organize and move through its material. On its navigation page, four nested, concentric rings are cut, like a pie, into five wedges; the rings simultaneously point to, and act as a repository for, different levels of engagement with architectural environments, while the pie-like segments hold all the material relating to a particular architectural site. Beginning at the center of the hub, users can move out from the general (geographic information) to the specific (often these are distinct material elements of a site, such as ceremonial clothing, carvings, or associated ritual practices).

Image from DNA Multimedia WWW site.
"Entrance Stone" image from StarSites.
Source: DNA Multimedia WWW site.

The more general segments use a relatively uniform visual and graphic vocabulary. The introductions on the first level all use the same visual narrative structure, the second level maps use the same graphic and aural vocabulary, and the third level segments follow a rather standard narrative script pattern; voice-over accompanied by a series of static images. The more specific levels (some sites include a fifth ring not portrayed on the hub/map) use a more diverse set of structures, including games and game-like environments. The games come across awkwardly, however. Their frivolous feel is at odds with the pious gravity that hangs over the rest of the CD-ROM, instilled by such devices as new-age percussive/jungle/"exotic" background soundtracks, solemn voices reading the spoken word segments, and the consistently laudatory presentation of sites and the cultures that built them.

It is unfortunate that the often superficial and mundane quality of the descriptive texts, as well as the hub-dominated syntax by which the work is structurally ordered, means that StarSites is significantly less engaging�both intellectually and structurally�than a generic science museum exhibit. It is unfortunate because much of the graphic images that illustrate the work�the bird�s-eye maps of the sites, and the documenting photographs of specific elements in the sites�are strong and beautiful. But these successes are offset by two weaknesses. First is the architectural structure�s static and heavy-handed presence, which mitigates against the kind of intriguing or provocative narrative production that only CD-ROMs can provide. The work never asks real questions, and thus never produces the kinds of tensions that draw the user to explore investigative paths. Second is the homogenizing effect of the urge to demonstrate and valorize human universals, which obliterates any of the potentially intriguing specificities that might be at work in any one site.

Lastly, intelligent interactivity is hampered by the fact that the cursor does not consistently interact with responsive areas to tell a user that they can make something happen, actually encouraging, at times, wild clicking simply to determine if there�s anything out there to engage with.

Corinna Snyder
Wiley Technologies

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CD-ROM Review of Starsites: Celestial Navigation
Copyright © 1998 by the Journal for MultiMedia History

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Contents: JMMH, Volume 1 Number 1 ~ Fall 1998