Where's Super Woman?
"KENYA: Helping Women to End Sex-for-fish Culture." IRINnews. N.p., 19 Dec. 2011. Web. 29 Apr. 2014.
This source gives a summary of what Sex-For-Fish is and how this practice is affecting African women in many parts of the continent, especially in Kenya. Additionally, Sex-For-Fish has also been one of the main factors that can be associated with the high levels of HIV/AIDS that has been spreading across Africa. Lastly, this source talks about the initiatives that the U.S. Peace Corps have done in order to spread awareness of this epidemic and prevent this practice from continuously occurring amongst many African women.
Lowen, Mark. "Kenya's Battle to End 'sex for Fish' Trade." BBC News . BBC News, 16 Feb. 2014. Web. 10 Apr. 2014. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-26186194
This article titled “ Kenya's battle to end 'sex for fish' trade” was written by Mark Lowen who is a known BBC news reporter, in February of 2014. He tells the story of the heartbreak going on in Lake Victoria in Western Kenya of selling ‘sex for fish'. This encompasses women who sell their bodies in exchange for fish they otherwise cannot afford. Lowen includes a brief, yet filling video of scenes and interviews at the scene of this devastation.
Dixon, Ruth B. “Women in Agriculture: Counting the Labor Force in Developing Countries.” Population and Development Review 8.3 (1982): 539-66. Print.
The author discusses women in the labor force and the undercounted number of women working in agriculture. The author accounts this to the correlation between women as homemakers and the assumption that agricultural work is not money earning employment. The results of such assumptions regarding women and agricultural work lead to the invisibility of women and variations in regional planning in relation to its labor value. Since agricultural labor is mostly food production, women are the majority of laborers in this field but are not considered members of the labor force for various reasons including assumed gender roles, the availability of agricultural land, and the division of labor.
This site talks about the political and social issues surrounding rice. It is a huge piece of the global economy as well as being important to local Asian countries. The work that goes into rice is outlined and described on this site as well.
Ueno, Chizuko. “The Position of Japanese Women Reconsidered.” Current Anthropology 28.S4 (1987): S75. Print.
The author discusses the impact of Japanese culture on Japanese women such as household responsibilities, the importance of motherhood, and the independence of women. The author declares that the role of women in Japanese society, as strong mothers and separate from the male dominate world have lead to conflicting understandings about Japanese traditions and cultures. Women are responsible for the homes and also seek authority there because they are not seen as participants in the business/professional world. The author mentions that the status of Japanese women is similar to women in other nations but the differences lie in cultural and historical traditions.
World Bank. "From Field to Lab and Back." Women in Rice Farming Systems. World Bank. Web. 27 April, 2014. < http://www.worldbank.org/html/cgiar/publications/gender/field.pdf >.
This article contains data collected by CGIAR (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research) and focuses on the production of rice and conditions endured by women in Asia. Several case studies are provided to depict the lives of women supporting families by rice farming while their husbands acquire better paying jobs away from their homes in urban areas.
This source talks about Japan's dependence on rice and how women work long hours in factories just to obtain rice. Rice is one of the biggest food sources for Asian countries and the intensive labor that goes into obtaining it is vital to their diet.
THE MIDDLE EAST
Hassan, R. M. (2014). UNHCR The UN Refugee Agency. Retrieved 2014, from Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Jordan: http://www.refworld.org/docid/47387b6b39.html
This article discusses the Middle East, particularly, Jordan and the impact it has on women that live and abide by the Jordanian government. It explains that although women's lives are improving from the stern Middle Eastern reign and they are entitled to healthcare, some education, a little participation in politics and employment within in certain work forces there is still much room for improvement. The women in Jordan face gender discrimination and are still seen as property to their husbands. Women are denied national and citizenship rights that equal to their men counterparts. There is issues with gender bias of family law and receiving social security benefits, as well as, are highly recommended to stand clear of political activities. There is also a high percentage of violence among women in Jordan and scarce protection and awareness to stop this issue.
Sullivan, Kevin. "Saudi Arabia Struggles to Employ Its Most-educated Women." The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media, 13 Nov. 2012. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.
Saudi Arabia: We got most of the information about the “modern” Saudi women through this article. The article states that King Abdullah is providing women with more government scholarships in order for them to attend school and graduate with a college degree. However, the job market in Saudi Arabia is still a conservative place, 34% of women in 2012 with a college degree were unemployed in Saudi Arabia.
"The Middle Eastern Marriage Crisis." PBS. PBS, 11 July 2008. Web. 21 Apr. 2014. Marriage Crisis: Even though this interview did take place in 2008, unemployment in the Middle East is still a concern in 2014. The information taken from this interview is that many younger people in the Middle East are holding off on marriage; they are waiting until they have a job and can provide for their future families. This puts a strain on the cultural implications put on the younger generation, they are expected to get married as a rite into adulthood, but they cannot afford the marriage.
Duenwald, Mary. "BODY AND IMAGE; One Size Definitely Does Not Fit All." New York Times [New York City] 22 JUN 2003, n. pag. Print. <http://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/22/health/body-and-image-one-size-definitely-does-not-fit-all.html?pagewanted=2>.
While women are affected everyday by unrealistic body image expectations, the general population is still not seeing this as a health emergency. In recent years, an “us or them” mentality has arisen which makes “skinny” girls into the problem and “curvey” girls the heroines. Furthermore, body image issues stem from two ideas: that a body can be shaped at will, so that ''the only thing that lies between any woman and perfection is effort,'' and that an imperfect body reflects an imperfect person. ''Superimposed on these wrong assumptions is the highly unrealistic body ideal,'' he said. ''It leads women into conflict with their own body.'' Body image issues are only getting worse and affecting larger populations of women.
Gjerdingen, Dwenda, Patricia McGovern, Marrie Bekker, Ulf Lundberg, and Tineke Willemsen. " Women's Work Roles and Their Impact on Health, Well-Being, and Career: Comparisons Between the United States, Sweden, and The Netherlands, Women & Health” Women & Health . 31.4 (2000): 1-20. Web. 27 Apr. 2014.
This article examines women's work roles and their impact on health, well-being, and careers. Over recent decades women have become more assimilated into the workforce, however, women from dual career households not only continue to do a larger share of the housework and childcare, but they also tend to carry the primary responsibility for these tasks. In the United States women spend more than twice as much time as men when it comes to household chores. As a result, the total workload is greater for women and they end up working 5 to 10 hours more per week than men. In order to compensate for the heavy workload, many women cut down on their paid working hours or search for a less demanding job. It has a negative effect on their careers and may also lead to a reduced job status. This is likely one of the main reasons that women remain underrepresented in administrative and managerial positions and are overrepresented in clerical and service occupations. The study examines the United States, Sweden, and The Netherlands and the same trends could be seen in all three countries.
“Section Two: Workplace Exploitation: Immigrant Women Powerless in the Face of Abuses” Southern Poverty Law Center . Southern Poverty Law Center, November 2011. Web. 4 April 2014. <http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/publications/injustice-on-our-plates/section-two-workplace-exploitation-immigrant-women>
This article describes the conditions that women have to work in the agricultural industry. Many of the women are undocumented immigrants who have very little to no ways to make a living to support their selves and family. They often have no knowledge of labor laws in America and what is appropriate pay and benefits. Because of this, companies take advantage of these women by having them work long hours in the fields, sometimes underpaying them or not at all, offering them no benefits, such as sick days, vacation time or even emergency days off for when their children or the women are sick. They also give no type of health insurance and women who get sick on the job either have two choices: work with their illness or ask about health insurance and get fired. Their offspring often suffer the consequences through birth defects. Even in America, we profit from undocumented workers hard days just so we can have our tomatoes, meat and fruits at the end of the day.
Enloe, Cynthia. “Carmen Miranda on My Mind: International Politics of the Banana.” Bananas, Beaches, & Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989. 124-150. Print.
In this chapter, Enloe discusses the international politics of the banana and US imperialism. Included in this discussion is the way Carmen Miranda contributed to this process, the way Western imperialism has impacted banana republics, and the gender politics involved. The gender politics involved range from women's role at home and their role in the banana factories, to sexual harassment and sex work.
Kruschewsky, Gabriela. "Brazilian Women Bare All To Remind Nation They Don't 'Deserve To Be Raped' (NSFW)." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 29 Mar. 2014. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. < http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/29/brazilian-women-rape-culture-online-protest_n_5052364.html >.
In these few short video clips, it covers how the women of brazilian are taking to social media and the streets to “Bare All” and remind the people of brazil that just because they dress a certain way, they still don't deserve to be raped. “65% of Brazilians believed that women who dress provocatively deserve to be attacked and raped” This study has brought an outrage to the women of brazil and has created a social media phenomenon in which women and taking photos of themselves, dressed or not dressed with the words #NãoMereçoSerEstuprada, which translates to '#IDon'tDeserveToBeRaped written across their bodies.