48) T ang Yin (1470-1523). Handscroll, ink and color on silk; dated 1523 T ang Yin, one of the most gifted of Ming painters, is another figure who straddles the literati and professional worlds. A brilliant student, he passed his first examination at age fifteen, but his career came to an abrupt end when he was involved in a subsequent scandal. Like, Wen Cheng-ming, he was a native of Su-chou; but, unlike Wen, he was not rich enough to support himself without working. He lived between the literati and professional worlds, maintaining contact with Su-chou literati circles, but selling his paintings to support an often profligate lifestyle. The virtuoso use of color in this handseroll reveals the professional aspect of his painting, since Ming literati paintings rarely made extensive use of color, reserving it mainly to embellish their ink monochrome paintings. Here the blue-green and red-brown washes give substantial body to the rocks, especially the large bolder to the left, which is rendered in the ax-cut strokes originated by Li T ang of the Southern Sung Academy (see No. 24 above). Generally speaking, T ang Yin shows a greater interest in natural textures than was usual in Ming painting, and the modeling of the rocks in this slide is a good example. The drawing is fluid and elegant. T ang Yin was also prized in his own day as a portrait painter, especially of courtesans and beautiful women.

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