DIRECTIONS: This is an open book, open note exam. You may consult any or all of the books assigned in class and the notes from lecture, but you are limited to 120 minutes, so use your time wisely. Please write your answers in the blue book provided.

PART I: Short answer. Answer the following questions in 3-5 sentences each (10 pts. each).

1. What are setsuwa? Which work (that we read in class) falls into this category?

2. In Tales of Times Now Past, how do the Buddhist tales from China differ from those from Japan?

3. What imagery does Kamo no Chomei use to refer to the transitory nature of the world? Give examples of passages in which this imagery is employed.

4. What are the origins of haikai poetry?

5. Where does Basho not compose a poem (there is more than one place)? How does this affect the tone of his work?

PART II: Essay. Select two of the following questions and answer them (25 pts. each). The more specific you can be, the better (e.g., do not say "doing what he did was wrong," say "refusing to help the old man violated the Confucian laws to which he supposedly adhered.")

1. Compare and contrast the humor in Tales of Times Now Past to the humor in Basho's travelogues. Be analytical, not just descriptive.

2. How does the portrayal of Buddhism change in the first three sections of Tales of Times Now Past? Why does it change like this? What can you say about the compilers as a result of this observation?

3. What was Kamo no Chomei's objective in writing An Account of My Hut? Does he achieve that objective? Why or why not?

4. What are the essential elements of haikai poetry? Use Basho's poetry as examples, and be as specific as you can in your analysis.