Henry Hudson was born in England in the 1570’s. At this time the people who lived in Europe were interested with the Orient because they had spices that made food taste delicious. Explorers, like Henry Hudson were sent on voyages to find a short route to the Orient. He went on a total of four voyages.
For Henry’s first two voyages in 1607 and 1608, he sailed for England on a ship called Hopewell. On these first two voyages he was looking for the Northeast Passage to the Orient. Both voyages failed to discover a water route to the Orient.
On Hudson’s third voyage in 1609, he sailed for the Dutch. This ship was called the Half Moon. This trip was different because Henry sailed in another direction. This time he was looking for the Northwest Passage to the Orient. He landed in Maine and then traveled down the shore. He discovered a beautiful area for the Dutch. It is now called New York City. He then sailed up the river all the way to the area now called Albany. This is where we live! The river he sailed up is now called the Hudson River. The Half Moon sailed back home because they thought this trip was not successful.
Henry’s fourth and last was voyage in 1610. It was on a ship called the Discovery. He was sailing for England again. On this trip he was looking for the Northwest Passage to the Orient again. He went farther North this time and sailed through a small river that was supposed to lead to the Pacific Ocean but it did not. Instead it led to huge bay, which is now called the Hudson Bay. The strait that leads to the Hudson Bay is also named after Henry Hudson. It is called the Hudson Strait.
Henry Hudson failed to find the passage to the Orient, he discovered New York City, the Hudson River, the Hudson Strait, and the Hudson Bay.