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Conversation in the Middle School Classroom: Developing Reading, Writing and Other Language Abilities

Janet Angelis


Among the challenges faced by middle level educators is that of providing curriculum and instruction that engage young adolescents.  Overall, CELA researchers have found that when three key elements of conversation are present and academic demands are high for all students, they make achievement gains in literacy. These three elements are dialogic instruction orchestrated to support envisionment-building classrooms centered around substantive and sustained curricular conversations.

* Middle School Journal, 34(3), 2003.

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