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What Do We Know about Effective Fourth-Grade Teachers and Their Classrooms?

Richard Allington and Peter Johnston


The authors summarize the features associated with exemplary teaching at the upper elementary level drawn from available research. They then compare the results from their own study of the nature of classroom talk, curriculum materials, organization of instruction, and evaluation in 30 fourth-grade classrooms in 24 schools in 5 states. They report substantial convergence between the previous studies and their own. In addition, their analyses show that exemplary teachers produce the kinds of student literacy achievement that is beyond even the most sophisticated standardized tests.

* Learning to Teach Reading: Setting the Research Agenda. C. M. Roller Ed., Newark, DE: International Reading Association, 2001.

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