What is Bioinstrumentation?
Bioinstrumentation refers to high-tech, often costly instrumentation used to conduct cutting edge research in the biological sciences.
Biological research has been revolutionized in the last 15-20 years, in large part by advances in Bioinstrumentation. These advances have provided the capacity to increase the scope and throughput of research activities. This expansion in scope has resulted in the development of new fields of study. For example, molecular biologists have long been interested in understanding the structure and function of genes and proteins, but due to technological limitations were restricted to studying one or at most a few genes or proteins during the course of their careers.
Advances in instrumentation for techniques such as DNA sequencing and quantitative PCR, microarray analysis and High Throughput Sequencing, and 2D gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry now allow scientists to simultaneously study all of the genes and proteins of an organism, and have resulted in the new fields of genomics and proteomics.
The continued evolution and refinement of this instrumentation now places the ability to perform such studies within the reach of most research laboratories, and thus individuals pursuing careers in technical research will likely be frequently utilizing instrumentation of this type during their careers.