Scott Miller

Surface exchange processes. How heat, momentum, and trace gases (e.g., CO2) are transferred between the earth's surface and the atmosphere

The World Within Reach
Scott D. Miller
Research Associate

College of Arts and Sciences
Department: Atmospheric Sciences Research Center

Adjunct Professor
Department of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences



State University of New York at Buffalo  Mechanical Engineering  B.S. 1991
University of California at Irvine   Engineering   M.S. 1994
University of California at Irvine  Engineering   Ph.D. 1998
University of California at Irvine   Earth System Science      Postdoc, 1998-2003

Research Interests

Surface exchange processes, or the way that things like heat, momentum, and trace gases (e.g., CO2) are transferred between the earth's surface and the atmosphere.  These fluxes are driven to a large degree by atmospheric turbulence, and we measure them directly using techniques such as eddy covariance.  My research is field-oriented, meaning that we deploy scientific instruments in field settings, including forests, lakes and rivers, and the ocean.  These data can be used to improve the understanding of processes controlling surface exchange, and then be used in climate models to address questions about current and future biogeochemical cycles and climate.

Additional Information

Miller Research Lab


40. Butterworth, B. J., and S. D. Miller, 2016a: Air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide in the
Southern Ocean and Antarctic marginal ice zone. Geophys. Res. Lett., accepted.

39. Butterworth, B. J., and S. D. Miller, 2016b: Automated underway eddy covariance system for
air-sea momentum, heat, and CO2 fluxes in the Southern Ocean. J. Atmos. Ocean.
Technol., doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0156.1.

38. Bell, T. G., W. De Bruyn, C. a. Marandino, S. D. Miller, C. S. Law, M. J. Smith, and E. S. Saltzman (2015), Dimethylsulfide gas transfer coefficients from algal blooms in the Southern Ocean, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15(1), 1783–1794, doi:10.5194/acp-15-1783-2015.

37. Landwehr, S., S. D. Miller, M. J. Smith, E. S. Saltzman, and B. Ward (2014), Analysis of the PKT correction for direct CO2 flux measurements over the ocean, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14(7), 3361–3372, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3361-2014.

36. Tedford, E. W., S. MacIntyre, S. D. Miller, and M. J. Czikowsky (2014), Similarity scaling of turbulence in a small temperate lake during fall cooling, JGR-Oceans, 119(8), 4689–4713, doi:10.1002/2014JC010135.

35. Baker, I.T., A.B. Harper, H.R. da Rocha, A.S. Denning, A.C. Araujo, L.S. Borma, H.C. Freitas, M.L. Goulden, A.O. Manzi, S.D. Miller, A.D. Nobre, N. Restrepo-Coupe, S.R. Saleska, R. Stockli, C. von Randow, S.C. Wofsy (2014): Surface ecophysiological behavior across vegetation and moisture gradients in tropical South America, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 182–183, 15 December 2013, 177–188, DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.11.015.

34. Edson, J. B., V. Jampana, R. A. Weller, S. P. Bigorre, A. J. Plueddemann, C. W. Fairall, S. D. Miller, L. Mahrt, D. Vickers, and H. Hersbach (2013), On the Exchange of Momentum over the Open Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43(8), 1589–1610, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-12-0173.1.

33. Bell, T.G., W. De Bruyn, S.D. Miller, B. Ward, K. Christensen and E.S. Saltzman. Air/sea DMS gas transfer in the North Atlantic: evidence for wave-induced damping of interfacial gas exchange at high wind speed (2013): Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 11073-11087, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11073-2013.

32. Restrepo-Coupe, N., H.R. da Rocha, L.R. Hutyra, A.C. da Araujo,L.S. Borma, B. Christoffersen, O.M.R. Cabral, P.B. de Camargo, F.L. Cardoso, A.C. Lola da Costa, D.R. Fitzjarrald, M.L. Goulden, B. Kruijt, J.M.F. Maia, Y.S. Malhi, A.O. Manzi, S.D. Miller, A.D. Nobre, C.von Randow, L.D.A. Sá, R.K. Sakai, J. Tota, S.C. Wofsy, F.B. Zanchi, S.R. Saleska (2013): What drives the seasonality of photosynthesis across the Amazon basin? A cross-site analysis of eddy flux tower measurements from the Brasil flux network, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol 182–183, 15 December 2013, 128–144, DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2013.04.031.

31. Miller, S.D., M.L. Goulden, L.R. Hutyra, M. Keller, S.R. Saleska, S.C. Wofsy, A.M.S. Figueira, H.R. da Rocha, P.B. de Camargo (2011): Reduced Impact Logging Minimally Alters Tropical Rainforest Carbon and Energy Exchange, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: doi: 10.1073/pnas.1105068108.

30. MacIntyre, S., A. Jonsson, M. Jansson, J. Aberg, D. E. Turney, and S.D. Miller (2010): Buoyancy flux, turbulence, and the gas transfer coefficient in a stratified lake Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L24604, doi:10.1029/2010GL044164.

29. Miller, S. D., C. Marandino, and E. S. Saltzman (2010): Ship-based measurement of air-sea CO2 exchange by eddy covariance, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D02304, doi:10.1029/2009JD012193.

28. Fisher, J.B., Y. Malhi, A.C. de Araújo, D. Bonal, M. Gamo, M.L. Goulden, T. Hirano, A.R. Huete, H. Kondo, T. Kumagai, H.W. Loescher, S.D. Miller, et al. (2009): The land-atmosphere water flux in the tropics, Global Change Biology 15:11, 2694-2714 ,doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01813.x.

27. Miller, S.D., C.A. Marandino C.A., W.J.De Bruyn, and E.S. Saltzman (2009): Air-Sea Gas Exchange of CO2 and DMS in the North Atlantic by Eddy Covariance, Geophys. Res. Lett, 36, L15816, doi:10.1029/2009GL038907.

26. da Rocha, H.R., A.O. Manzi, O.M. Cabral, S.D. Miller, et. al. (2009): Patterns of water and heat flux across a biome gradient from tropical forest to savanna in Brazil. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D20, 10.1029/2007JG000640.

25. Juárez, R.I.N., H. R. da Rocha, A.M.S. Figueira, M.L. Goulden, and S.D. Miller (2009): An improved estimate of leaf area index based on the histogram analysis of hemispherical photographs. Agr. Forest Meteorol. 149, 6-7: 920-928, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.11.012.

24. Marandino C.A., W.J.De Bruyn, S.D. Miller, and E.S. Saltzman (2008): DMS air/sea flux and gas transfer coefficients from the North Atlantic summertime coccolithophore bloom. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L23812, doi:10.1029/2008GL036370.

23. Marandino C.A., W.J.De Bruyn, S.D. Miller, and E.S. Saltzman (2008): Open ocean DMS air/sea fluxes over the eastern South Pacific Ocean. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Dis. 8, 3: 12081-12114, doi:10.5194/acpd-8-12081-2008.

22. Figueira, A. M. e S., S. D. Miller, C. A. D de Sousa, M. C. Menton, A. R. Maia, H. R. da Rocha, and M. L. Goulden (2008): Effects of selective logging on tropical forest tree growth, J. Geophys. Res., 113, G00B05, doi:10.1029/2007JG000577.

21. Baker, I. T., L. Prihodko, A. S. Denning, M Goulden, S.D. Miller, and H. R. da Rocha (2008), Seasonal drought stress in the Amazon: Reconciling models and observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, G00B01, doi:10.1029/2007JG000644.

20. Miller, S.D., T.S. Hristov, J.B. Edson, and C.A. Friehe (2008): Platform Motion Effects on Measurements of Turbulence and Air-Sea Exchange Over the Open Ocean, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 25(9), 1683–1694, doi:10.1175/2008JTECHO547.1.

19. Marandino C.A., W.J.De Bruyn, S.D. Miller, and E.S. Saltzman (2007): Eddy correlation measurements of the air/sea flux of Dimethylsulfide Over the North Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 112, doi:10.1029/2006JD007293.

18. Miller, S.D., M.L. Goulden, H.R. da Rocha (2007): The Effect of canopy gaps on subcanopy ventilation and scalar fluxes in a tropical forest, Agr. Forest Meteorol. 142:25-34, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.10.008.

17. Goulden, M. L., M. Litvak, and S.D. Miller (2007): Factors that control Typha marsh evapotranspiration, Aquatic Botany, 86(2), 97-106, doi:10.1016/j.aquabot.2006.09.005.

16. Bruno, R.D., H.R. da Rocha, H. Freitas, M. Goulden, and S.D. Miller (2006): Soil moisture dynamics in an eastern Amazonian tropical forest. Hydrol. Process. 20:2477-2489, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6211.

15. Doughty, C.E., M.L. Goulden, S.D. Miller, H.R. da Rocha (2006): Circadian rhythms constrain leaf and canopy gas exchange in an Amazonian forest, Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, doi:10.1029/2006GL026750.

14. Goulden, M.L., S.D Miller, and H.R. da Rocha (2006): Nocturnal cold air drainage and pooling in a tropical forest, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 111, D08S04, doi:10.1029/2005JD006037.

13. Marandino, C.A., W.J. De Bruyn, S.D. Miller, M.J. Prather, and E.S. Saltzman (2005): Oceanic uptake and the global atmospheric acetone budget. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L15806, doi:10.1029/2005GL023285.

12. Miller, S.D., M.L. Goulden, et al. (2004): Biometric and micrometeorological measurements of tropical forest carbon balance. Ecol. Appl. 14(4):S114 –S126, doi:10.1890/02-6005.

11. Goulden, M.L., S.D. Miller, M.C. Menton, H.R. da Rocha, and H.C. Freitas (2004): Diel and seasonal patterns of tropical forest CO2 exchange. Ecol. Appl. 14(4):S42 –S54, doi:10.1890/02-6008.

10. Rocha, H.R., M.L. Goulden, S.D. Miller, et al. (2004): Seasonality of water and heat fluxes over a tropical forest in eastern Amazonia. Ecol. Appl. 14(4): S22 –S32, doi:10.1890/02-6001.

9. Keller, M., A. Alencar, G.P. Asner et al. (2004): Ecological research in the Large-scale Biosphere-Atmosphere experiment in Amazonia: early results. Ecol. Appl., 14(4):S3-16, doi:10.1890/03-6003.

8. Saleska, S.R., Miller, S.D., Matross, D.M., Goulden, M.L., Wofsy, S., Rocha, H.R., Camargo, P.B., Crill, P., Daube, B.C., Freitas, H.C., Hutyra, L., Keller, M., Kirchhoff, V., Menton, M., Munger, J.W., Hammond Pyle, E., Rice, A.H., and Silva, H. (2003): Carbon in Amazon Forests: Unexpected Seasonal Fluxes and Disturbance-Induced Losses. Science 302:1554-1557, DOI: 10.1126/science.1091165.

7. Hristov, T.S., S.D. Miller, C.A. Friehe (2003): Wind and ocean surface waves: dynamics of coupling. Nature, March 7, 2003, doi:10.1038/nature01382.

6. Litvak, M., S.D. Miller, S. Wofsy, and M. Goulden (2002): Effect of stand age on whole ecosystem CO2 exchange in Canadian boreal forest. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 108 (D3): 8225, doi:10.1029/2001JD000854.

5. Grachev, A.A., C.W. Fairall, J.E. Hare, J.B. Edson, and S.D. Miller (2003): Wind stress vector over waves. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 33(11):2408–2429, doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<2408:WSVOOW>2.0.CO;2.

4. Hristov, TS, S.D. Miller, and C.A. Friehe (2000): Linear time-invariant compensation of cup anemometer and vane inertia. Bound-Lay Meteorol. 97(N2):293-307, DOI: 10.1023/A:1002742508203.

3. Shirer, H., G. Young, R. Wells, A. Rogers, J. Rishel, R. Mason, L. Suciu, N. Winstead, H. Henderson, D. Rinker, J. Rohrbach, J. Edson, C. Friehe, S. Wetzel, S.D. Miller, T. Hristov (1999): Identifying coherent structures in the marine atmospheric boundary layer, in Air-Sea Exchange: Physics, Chemistry and Dynamics, ed. G.L. Geernaert, Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, Chapter 18, pp 507-539.

2. Hristov, T., C. Friehe, and S.D. Miller, 1998: Wave-coherent fields in air flow over ocean waves: Identification of cooperative behavior buried in turbulence. Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(23):5245-5248, 10.1103/PhysRevLett.81.5245.

1. Miller, S.D., C.A. Friehe, T.S. Hristov, and J.B. Edson, 1997: Wind and turbulence profiles in the surface layer over ocean waves. Wind-Over-Wave Couplings-Perspectives and Prospects, Chapter 10, Oxford University Press.