Assistive Technology

Visual, motor, hearing, and cognitive disabilities can affect people in different ways at different points in their lives. For example, you may know someone who is gradually losing their sight and/or hearing with age. Assistive technology is a term that encompasses the tools developed to allow individuals with disabilities to maintain their independence.


Focusing on the web specifically, assistive technology refers to the hardware and software created to ensure that users with disabilities can access content. To get a better sense of the diversity of impairments that may impact how users interact with, check out the following list of popular assistive technologies, then take a take a deeper look at how these tools are used by watching assistive technology in action.

Cognitive Impairments

Hearing Impairments

  • Captioning software, like the tools available in YouTube's Video Manager
  • Transcription software, such as Dragon

Motor Impairments

Visual Impairments