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Microform & Finding Aids in the University Library

United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation.  Marcus Garvey: F.B.I. Investigation File

Call Number

E 185.97 G3 M36X

United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation.  Marcus Garvey: F.B.I. Investigation File. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources, Inc. 1978.

MIC FLM E 185.97 G3 M36X 2 reels. 35 mm.


            Marcus Garvey was born in Jamaica in 1887. He becameinvolved in labor struggles there and formed the Universal Negro Improvement Association to try to improve working and living conditions. In 1911 he went to  England to raise money for the Association: while in England he was introduced to the writings of Booker T. Washington, which prompted him to move to the United States. Mr. Garvey had worked with an African scholar in England and felt that ties with Africa were very important. He proposed a "Back to Africa" program. To assist this effort, he invested in the Black Star Line, a black steamship company. His methods of selling stock in this company resulted in his being imprisoned in 1925 for using the U.S. mail to defraud investors. In 1927 his sentence was commuted and he was deported to Jamaica. He died in obscurity in England in 1940.

            This collection reproduces the file the Federal Bureau of Investigation kept on Marcus Garvey during its investigation of the Black Star Line. Copies of the advertisements for which he was convicted of defrauding investors are reproduced. Some information on the Universal Negro Improvement Association, including its constitution, is also included.


            As received from the FBI.





            Garvey, Marcus, 1887-1940

            Universal Negro Improvement Association