Malcolm X: Surveillance File. United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1978.
MIC FLM E 185.97 L5 M35X 2 reels. 35 mm.
Malcolm Little, later known as Malcolm X, was born in Michigan in 1925, but moved to Harlem in his teens. In 1946 he was sent to prison on a burglary charge. In prison, he became acquainted with the Black Muslim teachings of Elijah Muhammad. Malcolm X was paroled in 1952, joined Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam and became an active an vocal campaigner for Black Muslims. Elijah Muhammad suspended Malcolm X from the movement in 1963, whereupon he established the organization of Afro-American Unity in 1963. He was assassinated by three Black Muslims in 1965.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation began a file on Malcolm X in 1952 which was maintained until 1971; the last six years contain information about his assassins, international reactions to his death, and any memorial of commemorative services held. These records were obtained by the publisher through the Freedom of Information Act.
As received from the FBI, roughly chronological.
X, Malcolm, 1925-1965