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Guide to Africana Studies Resources

Africa - Selected Reference Sources

African Americans - Selected Sources

Last Updated: January 13, 2004
This page is maintained by Deborah M. LaFond.

Scope of Guide

Selected reference sources on Africa and the African diaspora in the uptown Main Library Reference area are the primary focus of this guide. Related monographs appear (without annotation) to highlight the variety of topics, range of format and locations in the libraries. Reference sources are often referred to as "tertiary sources" as these tools assist researchers in finding primary and secondary sources on particular topics.

Sources listed in the guide are primarily located at the University Libraries' uptown Main Library, known as the Univerisity Library (ULIB). Examples from the Science Library and the Dewey Library are noted with location designations. One might also consult specific subject encyclopedias, indexes, and bibliographies for coverage of topics in other subject disciplines.

The interdisciplinary nature of Africana Studies may require the use of multiple subjects to cover a topic comprehensively. To access other subject related guides for women's studies, sociology, education, law, political science, and others, use Subject Pages & Guides.

The User Education department of the library provides several detailed instructional guides to assist you in the research process. Use the site index to find a listing of the many resources within this page.

This guide includes sources and collections that directly relate to Africana studies, are cross-disciplinary in nature or represent particular strengths of the collection. The guide focuses on relevant reference sources. Key indexes, abstracts and electronic databases are highlighted. These sources are annotated.The introductory focus of the guide and its selected sources are meant to introduce students to aspects of the research process, highlight key reference tools, and exemplify broad categories and themes within Africana Studies at the University at Albany. Examples of interdisciplinary themes in Africana Studies will be found in a variety of formats, including microform, monographs, and media.

Information can be found in both print and electronic tools noted in this guide. Most electronic sources are accessible by remote access. Please see the following for more information on Using Electronic Resources or Off-Campus Access to Databases and Online Journals. Since more current information is often duplicated in electronic databases, it is important to be aware of a variety of access methods and formats. Information published before 1990 may lead you to print or microform sources which may not have an electronic counterpart.

Example of an important print index not duplicated electronically:
Black Index: Afro Americana in Selected Periodicals, 1907-1949. [E185 Z999 N48X]

Print sources are often duplicated in electronic formats or may have only one format. The following is an example of an electronic book that is also held in print in our libraries, the call number [E 185.6 D797 1989].

The Souls of Black Folk. Click for instructions for off-campus access

Other locations in the Main Library include the Interactive Media Center, Periodicals and Microform.

Call numbers beginning with GovDocs J 85 are found in the Government Documents section of the uptown Main Library on the first floor. For example, an important historical document, published in 1965, is The Negro Family, the Case for National Action also referred to as The Moynihan Report [GovDocs J 85 L 1.2:N 31/3]. This document is also found at [E 185.86 U54 R3] on the third floor.

The United States and Africa: Guide to U.S. Official Documents and Government-Sponsored Publications on Africa, 1785-1975. [GovDocs J 85 LC 1.12/2:AF 8/2/785-975]
Former Africana Librarian of Congress, Julian W. Witherell compiled this very thorough annotated bibliography of U.S. government documents related to Africa.

Librarians are scheduled to assist you at the Reference Desk with selection and search strategies. Please ask questions.

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Tips for Locating Books and Journals on Your Topic

Finding Books and Journal Titles in ADVANCEWeb (ONLINE PUBLIC ACCESS CATALOG)

Materials owned by the University Libraries include books, journal titles, videos, CD's, newspapers, and microform. They are indexed and are often directly accessible via the ADVANCEWeb online local catalog.

Interlibrary Loan Service - If you cannot locate a resource in the the University at Albany ADVANCEWeb Catalog, requests can be made to borrow a resource from another library. Use the ILLIAD system found on the Interlibrary Loan page to set up your account. The process of ordering from another library takes approximately 2-3 weeks (sometimes faster). Please allow for this in planning your research.

How to Search ADVANCEWeb - To locate titles of books, journals, or other resources when you know the title, use the "exact search" option in ADVANCEWeb. When using exact search, the computer assumes you know the exact order of the term or phrase you enter.

If you are not sure of the exact title or subject, click on the "Keyword" button to set the database to look for the words you enter in any order.

Call numbers are provided for each entry in the catalog. Relevant titles on a subject are not necessarily found in the same areas. Subdivisions of the broader Library of Congress Classification System are used to catalog books. Therefore, book or journal titles with a variety of subjects may not all be found in the same call number area despite having one subject in common.

ADVANCEWeb can be accessed remotely or at computer terminals found on each floor of the library. ADVANCWeb is the Web based version of the catalog. ADVANCE is the telnet (text-based) version of the catalog and is better to use for combined searches. Both contain the same information, but have different search capabilities.

The ADVANCEWeb catalog entries indicate the shelf location of the item (call number) and the library location for all three libraries: Dewey Library, the University Library and the Science Library. The notation "DEWEY" indicates materials are in the Downtown Dewey Library. Records listing "ULIB" in the call number will be found in the University Library. Resources marked "SCIENCE" are in the Science Library. "CCBW" indicates items are in the library storage facility and must be picked up at the Science Library. ADVANCE also notes whether an item is on order or on loan (and when it is due back).

Locating Periodicals

ADVANCEWeb library catalog includes titles of the journals owned by the library, but will also include Web sites for journals that the library has subscribed to electronically or to those that are freely available. Print journals do not circulate outside the library, but articles can be photocopied from the journal. It is important to remember that some journals are available online with the full-text of the journal article, but not always.

Examples of print journals found in the Periodicals Room:

Please do not hesitate to ask for help or instructions at the reference desk (442-3556) when searching for information on your topics.

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Locating Books

Search the on-line catalog for books using either the author, title, subject, series, and exact search or keyword search options. When searching for books, subject search terms may be found by using either the Library of Congress Subject Headings controlled vocabulary (the red books near the reference desk) or by searching with natural language (keywords) found from a variety of sources.

If you need a book which is on loan, you may request that it be returned for your use through the "recall" process. If a book is "missing", please go to the Circulation Desk and place a "search". Select Request Forms on the University Libraries homepage to find out more about this or stop by the Circulation desks for assistance.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

ADVANCEWeb can help you find library materials the University at Albany owns and also provides call numbers to find where they are located on the shelf.

When searching ADVANCEWeb for books, it is useful to know that the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) provides standardized terms that most academic libraries use to catalog books on a topic. Often associated call numbers are listed with broad topics. The Library of Congress Subject Headings bound volumes are located in the Reference Area.

Books are often catalogued with three or more subject headings to assist the researcher in locating topics that are complex or interdisciplinary. For example, the book African American Intellectual-Activists: Legacies in the Struggle by Dia N.R. Sekayi, [E 185.86 S45 1997] was catalogued with the following subject headings:

  • African American intellectuals--Interviews
  • African American intellectuals--Biography
  • Political activists--United States--Interviews
  • Political activists--United States--Biography
  • African Americans--Civil rights--History--20th century
  • Black nationalism--United States--History--20th century
  • Self-perception
  • The Library of Congress uses the subject heading African American or African Americans before other subheadings. However, other headings may need to be used to capture sources from a variety of topics or historical periods. For example, you may also have to search "Afro-Americans", or "Blacks" as a subject heading. The term Blacks is used when describing specific elements of the population. "Black race" is used to describe works from an anthropological point of view.

    Examples of Library of Congress Subject Headings:

    • Africa -- Politics and government
    • Africa Relations--United States
    • African Diaspora
    • Anti-imperialist Movements
    • Apartheid--South Africa--History--20th Century
    • Blacks in Literature
    • Colonies or Colonialism or Decolonization
    • Developing Countries -- Colonial Influence
    • Imperialism
    • Language Policy -- Africa
    • Nationalism
    • Publishers and Publishing -- Africa
    • Reparations or Restorative Justice
    • South Africa. Truth and Reconciliation Commission
    • United States--Foreign Economic Relations
    • Women--Africa--Bibliography
    • Women in Politics--Africa
    • Women Landowners--Africa
    • Affirmative Action Programs
    • African-American abolitionists
    • African-American Women Artists
    • African-American Women--Social Conditions
    • African-Americans
    • African-Americans--Bibliography
    • African-Americans--History --Slavery-- United States
    • African-Americans --Race Identity
    • African-Americans--Sources--Racism
    • African-Americans in Mass Media
    • Afrocentrisim
    • Black Power-- United States
    • Civil rights--United States
    • Race Discrimination
    • School Integration--United States
    • United States--Race Relations--History
    The following source lists LCSH terms specifically used for African studies topics.

    African Studies Thesaurus: Subject Headings For Library Users. [Z 695.1 A37 O85 1992]
    This source provides an explanation of how subject headings are developed using the African History classification outline as an example. Subject headings related to sub-Saharan Africa are indexed. To more easily identify terms from broad and narrow categories, the author added many cross-references based upon the 14th edition of the Library of Congress Subject Headings and other sources in the bibliography.

    If you obtain zero results on a particular search in ADVANCEWeb or any other database, please see a Reference Librarian to assist you in finding appropriate terms for your topics.

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    Searching For Journal Articles by Topic

    There are several methods one can use to identify journal articles by topic. Currently, there is not one large database covering all information for Africana Studies. This can be frustrating since there are many places to look. Selection of articles may depend on whether you are looking for popular or scholarly articles. Academic books often include bibliographies listing articles, as do published bibliographies, print indexes and abstracts. Print indexes and abstracting tools have been duplicated or developed into electronic indexes and abstracts.

    There are several places one might have to search to find articles.

  • Journal articles could be listed in general or "aggregator database indexes" like EBSCO Academic Search Premier or Contemporary Women's Issues
  • Articles can be found in "electronic journals" only available on the Internet, (by scholarly associations) such as the Electronic Journal of Africana Bibliography.

  • Full-text articles can be searched by topic from particular databases.

  • Some databases will list citations and possibly abstracts but may not include full-text, which will lead you back to ADVANCEWeb to locate the journal.
  • Full-text articles appear in on-line journal collections such as JSTOR or Project MUSE (See description below).

  • Full-text articles can be searched from "aggregator" databases such as EBSCO Academic Search Premier, Contemporary Women's Issues or International Index to Black Periodicals. Aggregator databases selectively index journals so you may access some articles of a particular journal but not necessarily all article titles.
  • The following are examples of scholarly databases with citations: African Studies, Sociological Abstracts, Women's Studies International, International Political Science Abstracts. After finding the citations in print or electronic indexes, bibliographies, or reference sources, you must then check our ADVANCEWeb catalog to determine if we own the journal title in print or electronic format.
  • What is SFX?
    For those journals that have full-text articles accessible, ADVANCEWeb now provides a direct SFX link from the journal title in ADVANCEWeb to a menu of possible databases that may provide the full-text article.

    "YES, this can be very confusing! Please feel free to call (442-3556) or ask for assistance at the Reference Desk!"

    If you already know of a journal you want to search, you may want to ask where it is indexed. For example, The Crisis [MIC PER E 185.5 C92] is an important African American periodical. The print index, Analytical Guide and Indexes to the Crisis, 1910-1960 [MIC PER E 185.5 C923 R67 1975] [ OVER (*) E 185.5 C923 R67 1975 BldgOnly] lists topics found within The Crisis. The index can be found in two places in the library. This periodical is also selectively indexed in the Kaiser Index (below).

    Ulrich's International Periodicals Directory provides information on individual periodicals. However, for this magazine (The Crisis), Ulrich's did not list indexing sources.

    JAKE (jointly administered knowledge environment) is a good place to start looking when you want to find out where a particular journal is indexed in larger electronic indexes. For example, JAKE shows that the The Crisis is also indexed in the Social Sciences Abstracts from October 1982-1986, not the earlier years. However, JAKE does not list several subject focused databases for the field of Africana Studies.

    International Index to Black Periodicals (not found in JAKE) appears to have the best indexing for index The Crisis, from 1910-1990 and 1998 to the present.

    The University Libraries has a wide selection of electronic resources and they are accessible via the University Libraries' Web Site. For off-campus access, you may have to enter your password and campus identification information, however, once on the campus this is not necessary.

    Online databases can be accessed from one large list under Database Finder. One can search by title for a known database or an on-line journal collection. The Database Finder will not find articles by topics. You must go to a specific subject index, abstract, or full-text journal collection database such as JSTOR to search by topic.

    Go directly to Subject Pages & Guides to select an electronic index or abstract. Choose Africana Studies (or other subject) and click on "Key Resources" to find the list of key resources recommended by a Subject Librarian/Bibliographer. Unless a database is described as only being available in the library, you can access from any Web accessible computer. Use the "About" button to find out more about each of the databases listed.

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    Searching by Keyword: Breaking Down Concepts Using Boolean Logic

    Many databases have a keyword option and include the use of boolean logic. Using this, you are likely to retrieve more results. Also, if you do not know specific subject headings, keywords can be searched throughout the record or within the full-text of an article. These options vary depending on the database.

    Example of a simple keyword subject search or keyword title search using the boolean "and" operator:

    "I am interested in finding an ethnographic study on African kinship."

    ethnograph* and kinship and afr*

    Here we have three separate concepts intersected with the "and" operator. The asterisk * acts as a wild card (truncation) and looks for any word/s with that root. So afr* will also find the words African Americans and Africans as well as Afro-American.

    Using the asterisk will take more time since the computer is searching every variation of the root word, so judicious use of the asterisk is important. Not all databases have truncation symbols. Try using the database finder listed on the Anthropology Subject page first.

    Keyword Search Example of a broad combined topic search on African Americans and Civil Rights using both the boolean logic operators "and" & "or":

    "I am interested in African American involvement in civil rights movements."

    Place synonyms of one concept in parentheses separating words with "or". Then intersect the concepts represented in each parentheses with the boolean operator "and". This allows you to add like or related terms. Intersecting the sets of related terms with "and" allows one to search for multiple topics, while locating at least one of the "like terms" from each of the sets. Try using databases on the Africana Studies page.

    (afr* or blacks or race or racial or ethnic* or minorit*) and (civil rights or discrimination or segregation or boycotts or riots or protest or social movements)

    Article citations can be found in a number of print and electronic sources. For electronic indexes and abstracts or full-text sources, please use Database Finder or Subject Pages & Guides to find a specific subject database to search for articles by topic.

    Two citations were selected from this search in the database International Index to Black Periodicals (IIBP).

    Author: Suber, Glenda:
    Article Title: African-American Politics in Constancy and Change: Thoreauvian Theater Impacting
    American Politics: Martin Luther King's Media and His Leadership
    Publication: The National Political Science Review 7 [1999] p.154-172 (No print, full-text in IIBP.)

    Author: Holland, Robert & Soifer, Don:
    Article Title: Essay: How School Choice Benefits the Urban Poor
    Publication: Howard Law Journal 45:2 [Winter 2002] p. 337-374 (Available at Dewey in print and linked to Lexis-Nexis through ADVANCEWeb)
    Once you identify a journal article and citations of interest, you can go directly to ADVANCEWeb catalog to search the catalog by title of the journal or publication. Journal titles(not article titles) are listed in the catalog.

    Please consult with Reference librarians, especially if you have difficulty retrieving results.

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    Selected Abstracts, Indexes, Databases: Electronic and Print Formats

    Africa Bibliography. 1984-2001. [DT 3 Z999 A37X]
    Lists articles and book chapters from UK major research libraries by broad discipline breakdown within African regions. Not annotated. Author index and list of sources included.

    African American Studies. Click for instructions for off-campus access (CIS History Universe, Lexis-Nexis product)
    Primary and secondary source materials, key legislation on race, selective full-text articles, book chapters, and photographs. Includes on-line guide to the Papers of the NAACP and other guides to microform collections.

    African Studies. Click for instructions for off-campus access 19th century +.
    A combination of databases providing access to multidisciplinary information on Africa. Coverage includes sources gathered by Africans, Europeans and North Americans.

    AIDSearch. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1980+.
    Broad range of resources on AIDS.

    Alternative Press Index. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1991+. [REF AI 3 Z999 A48]
    Indexes periodicals that address non-mainstream points of view.

    America: History and Life. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1982+. [E 11 Z999 A44]
    Includes abstracts of articles on U.S. and Canadian history.

    Analytical Guide and Indexes to the Crisis, 1910 - 1960. 1975. [OVER (*) E 185.5 C923 R67 1975] and [MIC PER E 185.5 C923 R67 1975]
    A selective index to the Crisis Magazine designed for users focusing on social change and reform.

    Anthropology Bibliography.1866-1998. CD-ROM. [REF GN 316 Z999 T695X 1998]
    A collection of non-article records in the discipline of Anthropology. The database contains more than 100,000 entries for books, monographs, manuscripts and maps.

    Anthropological Literature. 1900+. CD-ROM. [REF ReadyRef GN 25 Z999 A57X]
    Index to periodical articles and essays published in colloquia, festshcriften, symposia and collections received at the Tozzer Library, Harvard University.

    ArchivesUSA. Click for instructions for off-campus access
    Information of more than 4,800 repositories. Indexes to over 109,000 special collections.

    Article First. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1990+.
    An electronic index of items listed in the tables of contents of approximately 12,500 journals on a broad range of topics. Updated daily, so it has current info not contained in other databases.

    Bibliography of Native North Americans. CD-ROM. [REF ReadyRef D 20 A23X]
    Citations to works published from the 16th century through 1993, including monographs, essays, journal articles and government documents.

    Biography and Genealogy Master Index. Click for instructions for off-campus access [Z 5305 U5 B56XA]
    Index of names and their biographical sources, including biographical dictionaries, subject encyclopedias and literary criticism.

    Black Studies On Disc. CD-ROM. 1988-2000. [REF Readyref Z1039 B56 B62] (Access on stand-alone terminals in Reference Area)
    Contains information on materials by and about African Americans, Africa and peoples of African ancestry. It is based on the holdings of the New York Public Library's Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. It also indexes and abstracts journal articles previously indexed in "Index to Black Periodicals" from 1989 to the present .

    Contemporary Women's Issues. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1992+.
    Offers full-text coverage from mainstream periodicals, alternative press, hard to find newsletters and NGO research reports. Focuses on the critical issues and events that influence women, including health, the workplace, parenting, human rights, reproductive rights and legal issues.

    The DIALOG service has a large range of databases and is a fee-based service which is absorbed by the Libraries up to a certain amount for students. Consider signing up for a DIALOG search by one of our expert searchers if you need to search a range of databases simultaneously or if you need to make sure you have covered the literature, particularly at the advanced stages of a literature review or thesis. Make a Computer Search Service (CSS) appointment at the Reference Desk.

    Digital Dissertations. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1861+. Indexing dissertations; 1980+ Abstracting dissertations; 1988+ Abstracting Theses; 1997+ Full-text of first 24 pages and thesis. [ULIB Z 5055 U5 A53] [DEWEY REF Z 5055 U5 A53] [MIC Film Z 5055 U5 A53]
    International coverage of author submitted theses and dissertations accepted at accredited institutions. Collection of indexed and abstracted dissertations covers a complete range of academic subjects. Access to full-text dissertations can be obtained through Interlibrary Loan.

    e-HRAF-Human Relations Area File. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1991+.
    Covers information on all aspects of social and cultural life from selected cultures around the world.

    EBSCO Academic Search Premier . Click for instructions for off-campus access
    Primarily indexes popular magazines, but does also index some scholarly articles (especially in the humanities and social sciences) from over 4,400 journals and magazines. Includes some abstracts and the full-text of some articles.

    EconLit. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1969+ Indexing. 1984+ Abstracting (selected).
    Indexes economics literature. Very useful for economic research on Africa.

    ERIC. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1966+.
    Complete database of educational materials from the Education Resources Information Center covering education literature from preschool to higher and adult education. The database is derived from the print publications Current Index to Journals in Education and Resources in Education.

    Essay and General Literature Index. Click for instructions for off-campus access [REF AI 3 E752] [STORAGE CCBW 2002 AI 3 E752]
    An author, subject index to essays published in anthologies and literature collections, with particular emphasis on materials in the humanities and social sciences. Entries cover philosophy, religion, social and political science, economics, law, education, linguistics, science, the various arts, literature and history.

    Ethnic NewsWatch. Click for instructions for off-campus access Mid-1980s+.
    U.S. ethnic newspapers. Full-text coverage.

    Expanded Academic ASAP. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1980+.
    General database covering astronomy, religion, law, history, psychology, humanities, current events, sociology, communications and the general sciences.

    GenderWatch. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1970+.
    Full-text database of publications focusing on gender issues, Gay & Lesbian studies, sociology, history, public policy. Includes organizational newsletters and some refereed journal articles.

    Geobase. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1980+.
    Index and abstracts to worldwide literature on geology, geography and ecology. This database is particularly useful for social issues and gender studies within cultural geography.

    Historical Abstracts. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1982+. [D 299 H5]
    Indexes citations of books, book chapters, reviews and scholarly articles on history outside of the United States and Canada. Full-text link to JSTOR articles when available.

    Humanities Abstracts. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1984+. Indexing. 1994+ Abstracting. 1974+ (print). [REF AI 3 H86X]
    Subject fields indexed include archeology and classical studies, area studies, folklore, history, language and literature, performing arts, philosophy, religion and theology and related subjects.

    Index Islamicus, 1906-1955: A Catalogue of Articles on Islamic Subjects in Periodicals and Other Collective Publications. [REF DS 36 Z999 I53]

    Index to Black Periodicals. 1950-1998. [REF AI 3 O4]
    Indexes African American periodicals of general and scholarly interest. Coverage extends back to 1950, found in previous title, Index to Periodical Articles By and About Blacks.

    International African Bibliography. 1975+. [REF Z 3501 I58X]
    Indexes current books, articles and papers in African Studies. Selectively annotated.

    International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences Click for instructions for off-campus access
    Covers all areas of the social sciences. Includes almost 4,000 signed articles, 90,000 bibliographical references and 150 biographical entries.

    International Index to Black Periodicals. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1988+.
    Includes current and retrospective bibliographic citations and abstracts from over 150 scholarly and popular journals, newspapers and newsletters from the U.S., Africa and the Caribbean and full text coverage of 31 core Black Studies periodicals. Coverage is international in scope and multidisciplinary, spanning cultural, economic, historical, religious, social and political issues of importance to Black Studies.

    International Political Science Abstracts. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1989+. [JA 36 I5] [STORAGE CCBED JA 36I5] [DEWEY Index JA 36 I5]
    Abstracts to the world's literature in international affairs. Extremely useful to locate academic articles on international topics.

    JSTOR. Click for instructions for off-campus access
    Fully searchable text and page images major journal. Increasing coverage of African and African American studies including American Historical Review, Journal of American History, Journal of Modern History, and William and Mary Quarterly, among others (doesn't include most recent years).

    The Kaiser Index to Black Resources, 1948-1986. [REF ReadyRef Z 1361 N39 K34]
    An important source to consult for information on individual African Americans, history and culture. This source indexes material for the period for periodicals such as the Crisis, and newspapers such as Bilalian News (Baltimore), Afro American, Chicago Defender, Pittsburgh Courier, New York Age, New York Amsterdam News, and Muhammad Speaks. Material was collected from a file compiled at the Schomburg Center for Research on Black Culture of the New York Public Library. Also consult Black Studies On Disc.

    Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts. Click for instructions for off-campus access
    Important database for African language study. Covers international literature in all aspects of the study of language (including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics) and linguistics (including descriptive, historical, comparative, theoretical and geographical linguistics).

    Lexis-Nexis. Click for instructions for off-campus access
    Full-text law review articles. Daily world and foreign language news.

    MLA Bibliography. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1963+. [REF PB 1 Z999 M53]
    Key index to literary study. Indexes citations of articles and book chapters, reviews for language and literature. Print index from 1921 to the present.

    New York Times Index. 1851+. [REF AI 21 N453] [DEWEY Index AI 21 N453]
    Print index to the New York Times newspaper from 1851 to the present.

    Popline. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1970+, with selected material back to 1886.
    Provides worldwide coverage of population, family planning, and related health issues, including family planning technology and programs, fertility, and population law and policy. In addition, Popline focuses on particular developing country issues, including demography, AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, maternal and child health, primary health care communication, and environment. This database is available on the free Grateful Med site sponsored by the National Library of Medicine.

    Public Affairs International Service (PAIS). Click for instructions for off-campus access 1972+. [REF H 1 Z999 P83] [DEWEY REF H 1 Z999 P83]
    Includes some books and government documents, as well as periodical articles. Covers all subjects that bear upon international (U.S. included), contemporary public issues and the making of public policy, irrespective of source or traditional disciplinary boundaries.

    PsycINFO. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1887+. (Psychological Abstracts. 1927-2001. [PER BF 1 P65] Compact Shelving area [MIC Film BF 1 P65] [STORAGE CCBW2002 BF 1 P65]
    Covers the international literature in psychology and related behavioral and social sciences including psychiatry, sociology, anthropology, education, pharmacology and linguistics.

    Readers' Guide Abstracts. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1983+. (Readers Guide to Periodical Literature. 1890+. [REF AI 3 R48]).
    Popular periodicals published in the U.S. and Canada. Includes current events and news, fine arts, fashion, education, business, sports, health and nutrition, consumer affairs, and others. Useful for tracking down primary source materials from the 19th and 20th centuries.

    Sage Race Relations Abstracts. 1975-2002. [REF GN 320 R23XA]
    Some electronic coverage on the Ingenta interface. Guide to current race relations literature. Includes summaries and evaluations of European, Scandinavian, American and Latin American material.

    Sociometrics Social Science Electronic Data Library. Click for instructions for off-campus access [IMC CMEDIA H 62.5 U5 S27X]
    Six topically focused data archives which provide a source of high-quality health and social science data and documentation.

    Social Sciences Abstracts. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1983+ Indexing. 1994+ Abstracting. (Social Sciences Index [REF AI 3 S63X] [DEWEY REF A1 3 S63X])
    Covers the fields of anthropology, area studies, community health and medical care, economics, family studies, geography, gerontology, international relations, law and criminology, planning and public administration, political science and corrections, policy studies, political science, psychiatry, psychology, social work and public welfare, sociology, and urban studies.

    Social Work Abstracts. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1977+. [DEWEY REF HV1 N37XA]
    Covers journals and dissertations in social work and related disciplines from the National Association of Social Work (NASW).

    Sociological Abstracts. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1974+. 1953+ (print). [HM 1 S67]
    Electronic index to literature on social behavior of individuals, small groups, large organizations, communities, institutions, and societies.

    Studies on Women and Gender Abstracts. [REF HQ 1180 S78X]
    Search capability for a wide range of disciplinary journals that address topics on women and gender. While there is some overlap in journals indexed in other sources, it does provide some international coverage on women.

    Women's Studies International. Click for instructions for off-campus access 1972+.
    Electronic index which includes bibliographic information for journals and books drawn from a variety of women's studies sources and essential databases from 1972 to the present. The database provides electronic access to Women's Studies Abstracts, Women's Studies Database, Women's Studies Librarian, Women of Color and Southern Women: A Bibliography of Social Science Research, and Women's Health and Development: An Annotated Bibliography.

    Women Studies Abstracts. [REF HQ 1101 W64X] [DEWEY MIC Fiche HQ 1101 W64X]
    Index for scholarly and radical women's journals. Citations also available on Women's Studies International.

    Women's Studies Index. 1989+. [REF HQ 1101 W68X]
    Print Index includes a wide range of women's publications, including both popular and scholarly titles.

    World Bank Africa database. CD-ROM. [REF ReadyRef HC 800 A1 A3562X]

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    Africa - Selected Reference Sources


    Africa Bibliography. 1984+. [DT 3 Z999 A37X]

    African Book Publishing Record. 1975+. [REF Z 857 A1 A37] and [OVER (*) Z 857 A1 A37]
    Sources on new and relevant publishing on Africa and within Africa.

    Africa South of the Sahara: A Bibliography for Undergraduate Libraries. 1971. [Z 1009 N54 NO.12]

    A Current Bibliography on African Affairs. 1962+. [REF DT 3 Z999 C87]
    Annotated selections of articles and books organized under discipline headings. Includes a subject index, an author index and an introductory essay for each issue.

    International African Bibliography. 1975+. [REF Z 3501 I58X]
    Indexes articles and books (monographs) for topics on language and many others. Includes special terms, authors, and personalities.

    The Media in Africa and Africa in the Media: An Annotated Bibliography. [P 92 A4 Z992 1996]

    Reference Guide to Africa: A Bibliography of Sources. Click for instructions for off-campus access [REF DT 4 Z999 K35 1999]
    A key annotated source citing reference tools for the study of Africa (by Alfred Kagan and Yvette Scheven). Includes category "survey" with citations to sources that broadly cover a particular topic.

    Sub-Saharan African Films and Filmmakers, 1987 - 1992: An Annotated Bibliography. [PN 1993.5 A357 Z991 1994]

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    Dictionaries and Biographical Sources

    Africa South of the Sahara. [REF DT 351 A37 2001]
    Regional surveys of countries in Africa with essays on economy, agriculture, geography. Important first stop source.

    African Historical Dictionaries Series.
    The University Libraries have over 90 volumes in this valuable series which is searchable by country. Individual titles are held in Reference as well as in the Main library collection, call numbers vary.

    African Acronyms and Abbreviations: A Handbook. [REF DT 2 H35 1996]
    An exhaustive list of abbreviations and their meanings for the entire African continent.

    Dictionary of African Historical Biography. [REF DT 352.6 L56 1986]
    The focus of this work is on major political leaders from colonial and independence eras in Africa.

    Dictionary of Black African Civilization. Dictionnaire des civilisations africaines. 1974. [REF DT 352.4 D5213 1974]
    African cultural perspectives include coverage of major ethnic groups, interpretation of the body, blood, fashion, heaven, kinship, and migration. Illustrated.

    Dictionary of Development: Third World Economy, Environment, Society. [REF HC 59.7 D513 1990] [DEWEY REF HC 59.7 D513]
    Lists organizations, dealing with development issues in general, and development organizations in specific countries. Included are the names, addresses and brief descriptions of each organization's function. Covers issues such as global warming, the environment, culture, and debt. Includes country information.

    Dictionary of Race and Ethnic Relations. [REF GN 496 C37 1996]
    Introductory scholarly essays on race in global context and affiliated social issues. Useful for identifying key terms. Includes bibliographies at the end of the essays.

    The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary. [REF GN 645 O47 1996]
    This dictionary provides brief descriptions of most of the major ethnic groups in Africa. Primary and sub-group identification for each ethnic group is documented. See also: Encyclopedia of World Cultures. [REF GN 307 E53 1991 v.9]

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    Encyclopedias, Guides, Handbooks

    Africa: A Guide to Reference Material. [REF DT 3 Z999 M3 1993] [DT 3 Z999 M3 1993]
    Selected as 1998 winner of the Conover Porter Award in Africana Reference books, John Mcilwaine's guide includes material in any language for the past 100 years, retaining older sources of value with a cut-off date of 1991.

    The African Studies Companion: A Resource Guide & Directory. [DT 19.8 Z45 1997]

    Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. [REF DT 14 A37435 1999]
    Forwarded to carry on W.E.B. Dubois's vision of creating a "comprehensive compendium of "scientific" knowledge about the history, cultures and social institutions of people of African descent", this work seeks to unite the African diaspora and correct negative myths and distortions of African peoples. On-going debate and criticism of this work exists within the Africanist scholarly community. This source provides brief excerpts on African history, politics, art and social life of African modern nations. Background on what occurred in territories before nation-state development is also emphasized. Provides authored essays and cross-references to related topics, a selective bibliography, maps, and photographs.

    Area Handbook Series. (Search for individual country within this series.)

    The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Africa.[REF DT 3 C35 1981]
    Useful for historical background on topics listed under "African continent" and "The African past before European colonization". Good Illustrations.

    Encyclopedia of Africa South of the Sahara. [REF DT 351 E53 1997]
    This is a four volume set covering East West, Central and South Africa. Range of topics include religion, political figures, literacy, development, art and cultural symbols. A bibliography is provided after each entry.

    Encyclopedia of African History and Culture. [REF DT 3 P27 2001]
    Focus on Ancient Africa and Pre-history. Brief entries and references.

    Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa: Archaeology, History, Languages, Cultures, and Environments. [REF DT 2 E53 1997]
    This work focuses on archaeology, but also provides insight and interpretation of environmental, political and cultural histories of Africa. Social phenomenon, such as urbanization, migration, language patterns, and political development, are discussed using archaeological foundations as evidence.

    Encyclopedia of the Third World. [REF HC 59.7 K87 1992 v.1-3]
    A general dictionary offering coverage of Africa as well as many of the countries inhabited by African people within the African diaspora. Arranged alphabetically by country, it offers information on issues such as religion, language, history, government, manufacturing and agriculture.

    Encyclopedia of World Cultures. [REF GN 307 E53 1991 v.9]
    This is a general encyclopedia which offers regional coverage. Volume 9 focuses on ethnic groups within Africa. Includes a list of all the major ethnic and sub ethnic groups by country as well as detailed discussion of history, cultural traditions, geographical locations, and languages. See also: The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary. [REF GN 645 O47 1996]

    Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: Africa [REF ML 100 G16 1998]
    Introductory survey and profiles of African music in social context for a variety of geographic areas. Includes glossary, regional case studies, bibliography and a guide to recordings.

    Guide to African Cinema. [REF PN 1993.5 A35 R87 1998]
    Provides filmographies, bibliographies, description and background on African films.

    Handbook of American Resources for African Studies. [DT 3 A12 Z991 1986]

    Macmillan Encyclopedia of World Slavery. [REF HT 861 M24 1998]
    This source focuses on both U.S. and "world slavery", distinguishing forms of enslavement based upon race from those forms that do not relate to race or ethnicity. The introduction and the sections "Historical Approaches to Slavery" and "Historiography of Slavery" provide an entry point for research on this topic. Includes conceptual outlines, legal issues, relevant figures, maps of the slave trades, and authored entries with references.

    Northern Africa: A Guide to Reference and Information Sources. [DT 185 Z999 S57 2000]
    Research often involves determining what is included or excluded in a given topic. Cultural and political studies are difficult to classify in terms of territorial borders. Scholars disagree about these determinations but one must have a place to begin. This source recognizes the sometimes arbitrary geographical de-limiters but classifies "North Africa" for the purpose of the bibliography to address the African regions "touching on the Mediterranean and the North Atlantic, rimming the great Sahara, and forming the eastern spur known as the Horn of Africa." Broken down by broad topic and by country and region, this source lists annotated bibliographies, Internet sources, reference works, academic and professional organizations and journals pertinent to the study of Northern Africa.

    Political and Economic Encyclopedia of Africa. [REF DT 20 A75X 1993]
    Contains alphabetically arranged entries on countries, organizations and individuals. Provides an overview of problems or topics common to a number of countries or the region as a whole. Includes a chronology of important political events.

    Political and Economic Encyclopedia of South America and the Caribbean. [REF F 1410 P69 1991]
    Detailed coverage of organizations. Political Parties and international alliances particular to the region, such as CARICOM, are described. Lists political leaders and various colloquialisms. Includes demographics, statistical information and brief country descriptions.

    The Student Africanist's Handbook: A Guide to Resources. 1974. [Z 3501 H27]

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    History, Politics, Sociology

    Africa. [REF DT 31 B395 1996]
    Provides an analysis of various factors affecting African life on the continent. Policies originating from the International Monetary Fund, structural re-adjustment programs, class conflict, urbanization, population increase, imperialism as well as the effects of colonialism are discussed. Brief country coverage and demographics are also given.

    Africa Contemporary Record. 1971-1998. [REF DT 1 L43]
    Annual surveys. Important historical scholarly essays on social conditions and factual information on African countries.

    African Political Facts Since 1945. [REF DT 30 C594 1991]
    A compilation of major political facts related to the African continent from 1945-1990. The unique aspect of this work is the attention given to political parties, foreign affairs, conflicts, coup d'etat facts, and treaties. The work is divided into subject categories, under which individual countries are discussed. Includes a limited index and bibliography.

    African Stability and Integration: Regional, Continental and Diasporic Pan-African Realities. [HC 800 A887 2000]

    Black Africa: A Comparative Handbook. [REF DT 352.8 M67 1989]
    Contains illustrated tables ranked by country. Table criteria includes language, ecology, geographical area, urbanization, economic and social development, and political violence. Includes country profile.

    Black Chronology: From 4000 B.C. to the Abolition of the Slave Trade. [REF DT 17 D5 1983]
    Sizeable range of years covered. Discussions of civilizations and dynasties from Ancient Egypt, West, Central, and South Africa. Covers the years 1520-1865 with primary focus on the on issues concerning the enslavement of African people.

    Chronology of World Slavery. [REF HT 861 R63 1999]
    Another work that focuses on the worldwide institution of slavery and abolitionism from the ancient world to the present. This one provides key documents, focuses on theories of slavery, and provides brief descriptions of relevant chronological events. Includes authored sidebar essays and bibliography.

    Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History. [REF DT 29 E53 2003]
    This work attempts to place critical interpretations of twentieth-century African history in the context of larger historiographical debate by surveying several forces which have shaped relationships within Africa and between Africa and the rest of the world. Includes a thematic entry list and essays with references for further reading.

    General History of Africa (UNESCO) 1978-1993. [DT 20 G45]

    Global Dimensions of the African Diaspora. [DT 14 G56 1982]

    Guns and Gandhi in Africa: Pan-African Insights on Nonviolence, Armed Struggle and Liberation. [DT 352.8 S88 2000]

    A Historical Guide to World Slavery. [REF HT 861 H59 1998]
    Introduction provides distinctions between forms of slavery and abolitionism. A variety of related concepts are explored and emphasis is placed upon "patterns of relationships and production, [or to elucidate] long-term changes and cumulative effects" in Europe, United States, Africa, Latin America. Entries are authored by invited scholars and include references. See also A Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery.

    Ideologies of Liberation in Black Africa, 1956 – 1970: Documents on Modern African Political Thought From Colonial Times to the Present. [DT 353 L33]

    Imagining Home: Class, Culture, and Nationalism in the African Diaspora. [DT 16.5 I4 1994]

    In Search of Africa. [E 184 A24 D53 1998]

    Key Events in African History: A Reference Guide. [REF DT 20 F35 2002]
    Timeline of historical events (40,000 B.C to 2001 A.D.) with brief essays on topics corresponding to key events in African history, beginning with the pre-historic past to the fall of Apartheid and the advent of Nelson Mandela's government. Includes maps, notes and suggestions for further reading.

    Latin America and Caribbean Contemporary Record. [REF F 1401 L3253 v.1-8, 1981-1989]
    This multi volume set provides bi-yearly coverage on Latin America and the Caribbean. Includes excerpts of speeches given by political leaders, statistical data by country (on education, labor force, and population), political election (information including the vote count), as well as economic data and external debt. There are also analytical essays provided by scholars on Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as information about their areas of interest. Includes brief bibliographies.

    New African Yearbook. 1978-1996. [DT 1 N58X]
    Political coverage of African countries. This work gives the reader a description of the history, economics and politics for each country from independence to the present. Gives details of internal political factionalism, resulting conflicts and changes in leadership. Also provides demographic information.

    Rethinking Africa's 'Globalization': Volume 1: The Intellectual Challenges. [DT 19.8 Z445 2003 v.1]

    Speaking Out: Women, AIDS, and Hope [videorecording]. [IMC VidCas RA 643.86 M42 S64V 2002]

    West Africa Annual. 1962+. [REF DT 471 W394]
    Provides a descriptive economic analysis on West African economic climates. Includes initiatives being implemented or discussed. Statistical tables for each country are found on pages 462-542.

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    Africa's 100 Best Books of the 20th Century.
    A listing published by the Zimbabwe International Book Fair that intends to celebrate the African literary tradition through the commemoration of the best 100 books over the past hundred years.

    African Authors: A Companion to Black African Writing. [REF PL 8010 H38 1973]
    Discusses a variety of authors from the African continent, including literary and presidential authors. A list of the author's major works is provided after each entry, as well as author photographs and some book jacket reproductions.

    African Literature and Its Times. 2000. [REF PN 50 M68X 2000 v. 2] In World Literature and Its Times: Profiles of Notable Literary Works and the Historical Events that Influenced Them.
    This source reconstructs the historical contexts of literary works and provides information on the reviews and reception accorded to the works. Chronologies, essays, biographical information on key personalities, and bibliographies are included.

    African Writers. [REF PL 8010 A453 1997]
    Provides detailed biographical essays about cited authors. Analysis on the life context of the authors, writing styles in their major works are discussed.

    Encyclopedia of African Literature. [REF PL 8010 E63 2003]
    Provides brief entries on African writers, not limited to one linguistic tradition. Includes Arabic literature in the modern period and suggestions for further reading.

    Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. [REF PR 9205 A52 F54 1986]
    This work is rare because it provides a list of authors that are very central to the Caribbean literary experience, but who are commonly missing from other works. For each author entry there is biographical information as well as an analysis of the author's work, honors received and a list of the author's works. Authors such as Louise Bennet (Ms. Lou) are represented. There is also a very detailed index.

    In Their Own Voices: African Women Writers Talk. [PR 8340.5 I68X 1990]

    Nadine Gordimer: A Bibliography of Primary and Secondary Sources. [PR 9369.3 G6 Z991 1994]
    Nadine Gordimer, recipient of Nobel Prize for Literature in 1991, is acclaimed for placing South African writing in an international context. This bibliography includes a chronology of Ms. Gordimer, her work, as well as criticism and reviews of criticism on Gordimer’s work. Her work includes fiction, non-fiction, short stories, drama, and anthologies. Also cited are names of reviewers, interviews with Gordimer and documentary films.

    Twentieth Century Caribbean and Black African Writers. [REF PS 129 D53X v.125, v.157]
    This volume is a part of the multi volume Dictionary of Literary Biography (D.B.) set. It offers detailed essays about each author and their work. Each major work is summarized and briefly analyzed to provide a view of the contextual reality of each author. The bibliography cites books, periodical articles, and other works, such as films and documentaries. Provides illustrations and author photographs as well as reproduced book jackets. There is also a list of references used in the compilation of the entry. 2nd & 3rd Series.

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    Pan-African Chronology: A Comprehensive Reference to the Black Quest For Freedom in Africa, the Americas, Europe and Asia, 1400-1865. [REF DT 17 J46 1996]
    Text provides a year by year chronology of events occurring from 1400-1865. Focus is on external contact of Africans with Asians and Europeans. Detailed index.

    Examples of Related Monographs In the Collection

    Africa and the Disciplines: The Contributions of Research in Africa to the Social Sciences and Humanities. [DT 19 A3 1993]

    Africa in World Politics: A Pan-African Perspective. [DT 30.5 M275 2000]

    Africans at the Crossroads: Notes For An African World Revolution. [DT 31 C527X 1991]

    The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. [CB 235 G55 1993]

    Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa.[E 185.61 F836 1995]

    Classical Black Nationalism: From the American Revolution to Marcus Garvey. [E 184.6 C62 1996]

    Ethcaste: Pan-African Communalism and the Black Middleclass. [E 185.86 D377 2001]

    Migrating Words and Worlds: Pan-Africanism Updated. [PL 8010 M54 1999]

    Pan-Africanism: Exploring the Contradictions, Politics, Identity and Development in Africa and the African Diaspora. [DT 16.5 A27 1999]

    Pan-Africanism in the African Diaspora: An Analysis of Modern Afrocentric Political Movements. [DT 16.5 W35 1993]

    Pan-Africanism: The Idea and Movement, 1776 – 1963. [DT 30 E77 1982]

    Political Re-mapping of Africa: Transnational Ideology and the Re-definition of Africa in World Politics. [DT 31 L86 1994]

    Walter Rodney’s Intellectual and Political Thought. [F 2380.6 R63 L49 1998]

    West Indians in West Africa, 1808 – 1880: The African Diaspora In Reverse. [DT 516.45 W47 B59 2000]

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    Statistical and Map Sources

    African Development Indicators (2000-2003)- World Bank Africa Database. CD-ROM. [REF ReadyRef HC 800 A1 A3562X]
    Annual statistics published by the United Nations in print and electronic formats.

    African Development Report 1990-. 1998+. [HC 800 A1 A354] [REF HC 800 A1 A354]
    The 2002 issue focuses upon rural development for poverty reduction in Africa. Includes regional economic profiles, economic and social statistics on Africa with tables with data.

    African Statistical Yearbook. Annuaire Statistique pour l'Afrique. 1974-. [HA 1955 U5] [REF HA 1955 U5]
    This work is a series which provides the most recent United Nations data, in a multi part set, by region. Statistical coverage is provided in categories of information for Part I of each volume; data in Part II is given by country.

    Atlas of World Development. [REF G 1046 E1 U5 1994]
    Statistical maps, essays and bibliographies by topic.

    Human Development Report. (Annual report). [HD 72 H85X 1998]

    International Historical Statistics: Africa, Asia & Oceania, 1750 - 2000. [REF HA 4675 M58X 2003]
    This work is divided into categories, population, and vital statistics. Statistical coverage under some categories go back as far as 1826. Statistics are provided by geographical region, and then listed by country. Topics include: population, labor force, agriculture, industry, education, external trade, transportation, communication, prices, national accounts, and finance.

    Index to International Statistics (IIS). 1983+. [REF HA I54 I53X] [REF Fiche IIS]
    This annual publication provides references to international sources containing statistical information on a wide variety of topics. Many of the referenced documents are available in either print and/or microfiche format in the University Libraries.

    The State of Health Atlas (Survey of World Health). [REF G 1046 E5 M3 1993]
    Graphic tables and maps integrating social indicators and statistics by region.

    The State of Women in the World Atlas. [REF HQ 1154 S34 1997]

    Third World Atlas. [REF HC 59.7 C76X 1994] [DEWEY REF HC 59.7 C76X 1994]
    Individual graphs, tables and maps by topic, such as the "The Rise of Islam" and "The Scramble for Africa". Useful for developing presentations.

    Wistat Women's Indicators and Statistics Database. [REF ReadyRef HQ 1154 U545X}

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    African Americans - Selected Reference Sources


    Bibliographies help researchers identify books and articles already gathered on a specific topic. Some bibliographies include short descriptions called annotations. Bibliographies can be found in Reference, on the Web, and throughout the collection.

    African-American Newspapers and Periodicals: A National Bibliography. [REF PN 4882.5 Z999 A37 1998]
    Lists 6500 newspaper titles by and about African Americans located between 1989-1998. Entries provide newspaper title with coverage dates, frequency, what the source features as well as library holding information. Extremely useful for historical research and potential primary source documents. Includes a brief history of the project, list of libraries, publisher index, subject and features index and editors index.

    The African American Woman: Social and Economic Conditions: A Bibliography. 1993. [HN 17.5 Z999 C53X No. 32]
    Contains citations for books, pamphlets, dissertations, government documents, and works from small presses and activist organizations on topics such as: female headed families, education, health, AIDS, crime, violence against African American women, teen pregnancy, male/female relationships, families, feminism, and politics.

    African American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide For The Study of Black History and Culture. 1993. [GovDocs J85 LC 1.6/4: AF 8]
    Produced by the Library of Congress, this is a collection of (book) bibliographies in essay form that covers topics such as slavery, the Antebellum period, Civil War, Reconstruction, World War I and World War II, as well as "The Great Migration" and the Civil Rights Era.

    African Americans, Social and Economic Conditions: A Bibliography. 1992. [HN 17.5 Z999 C53X No. 27]
    A collection of bibliographies on a current topics such as: education, social conditions, crime and criminal justice, health, AIDS, substance abuse, environmental issues, women, men, family, youth, and statistics.

    Afro-American Folk Culture: An Annotated Bibliography of Materials From North, Central, and South America, and the West Indies. 1978. [REF GR 103 Z999 S95X]
    Covers writings on black culture from North, Central and South America, as well as the West Indies in this two volume set.

    Afro-American History: A Bibliography. [REF E 185 Z999 S56X]
    This is a two volume set containing approximately 7,000 abstracts of journal articles from America: History and Life (1954-78).

    The Afro-American Periodical Press, 1838-1909. [PN 4882.5 B8]

    Afro-Americans and Africa: Black Nationalism at the Crossroads. 1977. [Z 3507 A45 N.S. no.3]
    Contains 400 entries on this subject.

    American Black Women in the Arts and Social Sciences. [E 185.86 Z999 W55X 1994]
    Features works by or about African American women in the arts and social sciences.

    Bibliographic Checklist of African American Newspapers. [REF PN 4882.5 Z999 H45X 1995]
    Barbara Henritze identified over 5500 newspapers from over one hundred listed sources including books, libraries and repositories. This source is not a union list, but does often provide location information. Knowing the existence of these sources, as well as the frequency dates, could provide clues to further research.

    Bibliographic Guide to Black Studies. 1975-1998. [REF E 185 Z999 S36X]
    A compilation of selected sources with diasporic emphasis from the New York Public Library and the Library of Congress with imprint dates between 1990-2002. Selectively annotated. Provides useful LC subject headings under a variety of topics. Serves as a supplement to the Dictionary Catalog of the Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and History.

    Black Adolescence: Current Issues and Annotated Bibliography. [REF E 185.86 Z999 B528X 1990]
    Covers the topics of psycho-social development, psychological health, physical health, drug abuse, suicide, academic performance, education and occupational choice, teen pregnancy, adolescent relationships, and sexuality.

    Black Bibliography: A Selected List of Books on Africa, Africans, and Afro-Americans. 1969. [Z 1361 N39 C18]

    The Black Family in the United States: A Revised, Updated, Selectively Annotated Bibliography. [E 185.86 Z999 D39X 1986]
    Includes books, articles and dissertations on the state of the Black family from slavery to contemporary times.

    Black Labor in America, 1865-1983: A Selected Annotated Bibliography. [HD 8081 A65 Z991 1986]
    Bibliographies and indexes in Afro American and African studies; no. 11.

    Black Music in the United States: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Reference and Research Materials. [ML 128 B45 F6 1983]

    The Black Press in America: A Guide. [Z 6944 N39 L3 1972]
    Historical information on Black publishing organizations.

    Black Rhetoric: A Guide to Afro-American Communication. [E 185 Z999 G44X 1976]
    Focuses on speeches and essays by African Americans (1760 to 1973), as well as articles and books.

    Black Separatism and Social Reality: Rhetoric and Reason. [OVER (*) E 185.6 B63 1976]
    Includes works that explore both the historical and contemporary dimensions of black separatism in the US.

    Black Women in Television: An Illustrated History and Bibliography. [PN 1992.8 A34 H55 1990]
    This book spans 50 years (1939-1989) of television history and highlights the exceptional contributions black women have made to the medium. Contains extensive bibliographies broken down into subject such as "Personalities," "Programs," "News/Sports," "Off Camera," and others.

    Black Women in United States History. [E 185.86 B543]
    This sixteen volume series, published in 1990, includes more than 10,000 entries on black women's history. Many of the entries utilize primary resource material. There is a "comprehensive guide" at the end of each volume which divides the volumes by monograph titles, such as "To Better Our World: Black Women in Organized Reform, 1890-1920" and "Daughters of Sorrow: attitudes toward Black Women." Sometimes the contents of each monograph title are listed and sometimes one must actually look at the particular monograph to determine what the contents are. There is also an author and subject index at the back, indexing that specific volume. Included are historic illustrations, extensive notes and excellent bibliographies.

    Blacks in America: Bibliographical Essays. 1971. [Z 1361 N39 B56]
    Combines narrative and interpretation of African American history and culture.

    Blacks in the Humanities, 1750-1984: A Selected Annotated Bibliography. [E 185 Z999 J68X 1986]

    Civil Rights Movement: References and Resources. [E 185. 615 Z999 M87 1993]
    Gathers significant published studies about the civil rights movement in the southern United States between 1955 and 1968 (from the arrest of Rosa Parks to the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr).

    The History of Blacks in Canada: A Selectively Annotated Bibliography. [F 1035 N3 Z991 2003]

    The Progress of Afro-American Women: A Selected Bibliography and Resource Guide. 1980. [E 185.86 Z999 S54X]
    Remains one of the most comprehensive works covering the experience of black women in the U.S. Non print as well as printed materials are included.

    U.S. News Coverage of Racial Minorities: A Sourcebook, 1934-1996. [REF PN 4888 M56 N48 1997]
    Assembles and organizes multidisciplinary materials on news coverage of Americans of African, Native, Asian, Hispanic or Pacific Islander origin in the U.S. mainstream media. Excellent historical essays include sources. A selected bibliography is found at the end of each chapter.

    Women of Color and Southern Women: A Bibliography of Social Science Research, 1975 o 1988. [HQ 1421 Z999 W65 1988]
    Cites social science research on women of color between 1975 and 1988.

    Women of Color in the United States: A Guide to the Literature. [HQ 1410 Z999 R43X 1989]
    Concentrates on recent (1975+) scholarly works on African American and other women of color. Along with the previous bibliography, it is the most current source on women cited here.

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    Dictionaries and Biographical Resources

    Biographical and dictionary sources can help you locate information about living persons as well as individuals in history. This information can be found on the Web, in encyclopedias, biography databases, as well as in the following print sources.

    African American Biographies: Profiles of 558 Current Men and Women. [REF E 185.96 H38 1992]

    African American Generals and Flag Officers: Biographies of Over 120 Blacks in the United States Military. [REF E 181 H38 1993]
    Biographies of over 120 Blacks in the United States Military, with an emphasis on contemporary officers. Included are all African American officers who have attained the rank of general or its naval equivalent. Navy Flag officers are those ranking about captain.

    Afro-American Biographies: A Bibliography. [REF E 185.96 Z999 A47 2000]
    An extensive list of biographies particularly for science, arts, performers, sports, civil rights, and women. Brief summaries, Library of Congress subject headings and numerical classifications. Also check biography sources with earlier dates such as African American Biographies: Profiles of 558 Current Men and Women, 1992.

    Black Americans in Congress, 1870-1989. [REF E 185.96 R25 1990]
    Brief biographical sketches with photographs and suggested reading lists.

    Black Biography, 1790-1950: A Cumulative Index. [REF Desk Z1361.N39 B52 1991, vols. 1 3]; An index to the Black Biographical Dictionaries microfiche [mfiche 1182]
    Contains over 30,000 names of historical figures, authors, religious personages, sports legends, and representatives of every conceivable aspect of African American culture and society.

    Black Biographical Sources: An Annotated Bibliography. 1970. [Z1361 N39 B46]

    Black Firsts: 2,000 Years of Extraordinary Achievement. [E 185 B574 1994]
    A collection of nearly 3,000 most significant firsts achieved by blacks, with an emphasis on African American efforts.

    The Color of Words: An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Ethnic Bias in the United States. [REF E 184 A1 H466 1997]
    Descriptive entries of terms that may reflect ethnic or "racial" bias or bear controversial meanings.

    Contemporary Black Biography. 1992+. [REF E 185.96 C66]
    This series provides informative biographical profiles of the important and influential persons of African heritage who form the international black community - men and women who have changed today's world and are shaping tomorrow's.

    Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery. [REF E 441 D53 1988]
    This is the most comprehensive work of its kind, including a chronology and articles on events, people, laws, and subjects related to slavery in the US. References to the best published sources on each subject are appended.

    Dictionary of American Negro Biography. [REF E 185.96 D53 1982]
    Provides articles on more than 7,000 significant African Americans spanning three centuries (until 1970).

    Dictionary of Literary Biography. [REF PS 129 D53X]
    Has several volumes that focus on black writers working in different genres and eras. (see volumes 33, 38, 41, 50, 51, 76). Also see volume 8 of the Dictionary of Literary Biography Documentary Series [REF PS 129 D48].

    Distinguished African American Scientists of the 20th Century. [SCIENCE REF Q 141 D535 1996]
    This volume contains 100 articles about different scientists, ranging from George Washington Carver to Mae Jemison, practicing research in different fields (mathematics, chemistry, physics, biology, geology, engineering, and anthropology).

    Juba to Jive: A Dictionary of African American Slang. [REF PE 3727 N4 M34 1994]
    Contains definitions, etymologies, and cross references for common and obscure African American expressions.

    Freedom's Lawmakers: A Directory of Black Officeholders During Reconstruction. [E 185.96 F64 1996]
    Eric Foner, distinguished Africana scholar, compiled this comprehensive list and presentation of biographical information about black officials during Reconstruction. Contains 1,465 entries on major state officials, members of constitutional conventions, and legislators.

    Harlem: Renaissance and Beyond: Literary Biographies of 100 Black Women Writers, 1900-1950. [REF PS 153 N5 R65 1989]

    Harriet Tubman, The Moses of Her People. 1961. [E 444 T894]

    In Black and White: Afro-Americans in Print. [REF E 185 Z999 S65X 1976]
    A guide to Africans and Americans who have made contributions to the United States of America. A two volume index to publications about 15,000 black individuals and groups.

    In Black and White: Race and Sports in America. [GV 706.32 S48 1996]

    Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin. [E 185.97 R93 D46 2003]

    Notable Black American Women. [REF E 185.96 N68 1992, 1996]
    Contains 500 biographies of African American women, ranging from colonial times (1700's) to the present (1990's).

    On the Trail of the Buffalo Soldier: Biographies of African Americans in the U.S. Army, 1866-1917. [OVER (*) U 52 O5 1994]
    Contains numerous biographical entries, some detailed, some sketchy, on the Black Soldiers who fought for the 9 and 10th cavalries.

    Penguin Dictionary of Critical Theory. [REF PN 44.5 M27 2001]
    This dictionary (and others like these) provide brief descriptions of persons related to a particular debate, definitions and/or background on concepts and terms. Often references and bibliographies are provided for further reading. The “goal of this source is to provide information about a number of theorists and theories relating to the domains of literature, philosophy, psychoanalysis, and the visual arts, historiography, and sexual politics” during the twentieth century.

    St. James Guide to Black Artists. [REF N 40 S78 1997]
    Publication of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Biographical information on diasporan artists along with lists of their work and exhibitions. An art medium index is included.

    Who's Who Among African Americans. 1996+. [REF E 185.96 W52] [E 185.96 W52]
    Contains entries on over 17,000 living professionals. Latest 2 volumes in Reference, earlier editions in the stacks

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    Encyclopedias, Guides, Handbooks, Directories, and Sourcebooks

    Encyclopedias and Handbooks can provide useful descriptions, overviews, and in-depth essays submitted by scholars in the field. Often a list of recommended reading on a topic is included after each entry.

    The African-American Almanac. [REF E 185 N385 2000].
    Includes significant documents, a list of "Black Firsts," essays on history, art, film, the military, and organizations.

    African American Almanac: Day-By-Day Black History. [REF E 185 R815 1997]
    Chronological listing of significant events for African Americans. Appendix listing "Inventors and Their Patents".

    African American Desk Reference. [REF E 185 A2528 1999]
    Developed from questions originating at the New York Public Library Reference Desks. Includes important first stop information on legal history, statistical information, African American organizations, a historical chronology and bibliographies.

    The African American Encyclopedia. [E 185 A253 1993]
    A six volume set on the subject of African American life, contains bibliographies and essays on variety of topics. Broader in scope than the Encyclopedia of Black America (below).

    The African American Theatre Directory, 1816-1960: A Comprehensive Guide to Early Black Theatre Organizations, Companies, Theatres and Performing Groups. [REF PN 2270 A35 P48 1997]
    Index and descriptions of organizations and theatres. Useful bibliography for further research.

    Afro-American Reference: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Resources. [REF E 185 Z999 D38 1985]
    Focuses on all aspects of African American studies: covers bibliographies, bibliographical guides, indexes, dictionaries, almanacs, or directories.

    Black American Colleges & Universities: Profiles of Two-Year, Four-Year & Professional Schools. [REF LC 2781 H54 1994]
    This source profiles two-year, four-year and professional schools.

    Black Americans. 1990+. [E 185.5 B512] [REF E 185.5 B512] [DEWEY REF E 185.5 B512]
    Provides an extensive collection of tables which display information on a wide variety of topics; population, education, health, crime, government, employment, and income are included.

    Black Americans Information Directory. [REF E 185.5 B513]
    Contains approximately 5,300 information resources for and about African Americans, including non profit associations, scholarships and awards, broadcast media, religious and cultural organizations, and publishers and publications.

    Chronology of African American History: Significant Events and People From 1619 to the Present. [REF E 185 H64 1991]
    Entries are arranged chronologically by year and then by month and day and include important births and deaths, thumbnail biographies, rebellions, demonstrations, elections, and awards.

    Civil Rights: A Current Guide to the People, Organizations, and Events. [JC 599 U5 B85 1974]

    Encyclopedia of African-American Civil Rights: From Emancipation to the Present. [REF E 185.61 E54 1992]
    Contains over 800 short articles on a wide variety of individuals, organizations, events, and court cases focusing on the period since emancipation.

    Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. [REF E 185 E54 1996]
    This 5 volume set covers all aspects of the African American experience. It contains biographic essays, entries on events, legal cases, areas of cultural achievement (music, architecture, the visual arts), professions, sports, and places.

    Encyclopedia of African-American Education. [REF LC 2717 E53 1996]
    Contains extensive essays, concepts, and critical surveys of social issues in education and documents key legal history.

    Encyclopedia of African-American Heritage. [REF E 185 A455 2000]
    Brief entries with diasporic focus, but on lesser known figures. Egyptian dynastic history on page 100. Key documents in history and definitions.

    Encyclopedia of African American Religions. [REF BR 563 N4 E53 1993]
    Covers African American religious leaders and groups, and major issues raised by the development of African American religious life. Contains a chronology and a directory.

    Encyclopedia of Black America. 1980. [REF E 185 E55]
    A comprehensive resource to all aspects of African American life: contains articles and brief biographical entries. "Bibliographies/Biographies/Guides" (pp. 174-179) cites many useful sources.

    Encyclopedia of Civil Rights in America. [REF E 185.61 E544 1998]
    Brief entries discussing a variety of topics including sit-ins, leading figures, and legal topics, such as the 14th and 15th amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

    Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. [REF F 209 E53 1989]
    Includes a chapter on "Black Life" in the South.

    Facts on File Encyclopedia of Black Women in America. [REF E 185.96 F2 1997]
    An 11 volume series of brief entries on individual Black women. Includes chronology and final bibliography, but no suggested references after each entry.

    Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. [REF E 184 A1 G14 2000]
    Individual entries describe ethnic group and cultural group language, religion, and organizations in America.

    The Harlem Renaissance: A Historical Dictionary for the Era. [REF NX 511 N4 H37 1984]
    A source book of important people, works of art, places and other facets of this 1920's period.

    Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups. [REF E 184 A1 H35]
    A 17 page essay on "Afro-Americans" is among the over 60 essays on ethnic groups and definitions represented published in 1980. Includes thematic maps and tables.

    Reference Library of Black America. [REF E 185 R44 1997]
    Very general focus. Brief entries noting a variety of figures and events.

    Voices of Multicultural America: Notable Speeches Delivered by African, Asian, Hispanic and Native Americans 1790-1995. [REF PS 663 M55 V64 1996]
    Includes important speeches. Brief timeline from 1754-1995.

    The Negro Almanac: A Reference Work on the Afro-American. [OVER (*) E 185 N385 1989] [DEWEY REF 185 N385 1989]

    The State of Black America. 1989+. [REF E 185.5 N317] [E 185.5 N317]
    Published by the National Urban League, this annual publication provides essays and references on current topics such as public policy, family, criminal justice, affirmative action, and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered (LGBT) family members.

    We the People: An Atlas of America's Ethnic Diversity. [OVER (*) G 1201 E1 A4 1988]
    Surveys people from Africa as well as the Caribbean. Excellent demographic maps.

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    History, Politics, Sociology

    Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia. [REF E 185.86 B542 1993]
    Darlene Clark-Hine edited this two volume set which contains scholarly biographies of individual African American women. Documents organizations and social participation of these women. Topics which played a central role in black women's history include "Sexual Harassment," "Religion," and "Beauty Culture." Entries are submitted by major scholars in African American History and Women's Studies. Bibliographies include key primary source references.

    The Harvard Guide to African-American History. [REF E 185 H326 2001]
    This exceptional guide includes state and local studies under the topics slavery and race relations. It highlights repositories, historiography, bibliographies, key primary and secondary sources and collections. Most importantly, it is indexed chronologically from 1492 to present by topic. Starting here can lead you directly to key sources related to a particular period.

    Related Monographs

    African Presence in the Americas. [E 29 N3 A53 1995]

    Africans in the Americas: A History of the Black Diaspora. [E 29 N3 C68 1994]

    Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. [HQ 1426 C633 2000]

    Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa. [E 185.61 F836 1995]

    Classical Black Nationalism: From the American Revolution to Marcus Garvey. [E 184.6 C62 1996]

    Fighting Words: Black Women and the Search for Justice. [E 185.86 C5817 1998]

    On the Morning Tide: African Americans, History and Methodology in the Historical Ebb and Flow of Hudson River Society. [F 127 H8 W577 2003]

    The Pan-African Idea in the United States, 1900 – 1919: African American Interest in Africa and Interaction with West Africa. [E 185.625 F54 1993]

    The Pan-African Movement: A History of Pan-Africanism in America, Europe, and Africa. [DT 31 G5513]

    The Ties That Bind: African-American Consciousness of Africa. [E 185.625 M83 1987]


    A Bibliographical Guide to African-American Women Writers. [PS 153 N5 J677X 1993]
    Focuses on both the creative products of black women and the critical citations about the writers. Covers writers from 1746 to 1991.

    Black American Writers: Bibliographical Essays. 1978. [PS 153 N5 B55]
    Covers criticism and works by major black writers.

    Black American Writers Past and Present: A Biographical and Bibliographical Dictionary. [REF E 185 Z999 R87X 1975]
    An extremely useful source, provides documentation of author's work and criticism.

    Black Literature Criticism: Excerpts From Criticism of the Most Significant Works of Black Authors Over the Past 200 Years. [REF PS I53 N5 B556 1992]

    Contemporary African American Fiction: The Open Journey. [PS 374 N4 B78 1998]

    Dictionary of Literary Biography. [REF PS 129 D53x]
    Has several volumes that focus on black writers working in different genres and eras (see volumes 33, 38, 41, 50, 51, 76). Also see volume 8 of the Dictionary of Literary Biography Documentary Series [PS 129 D48 1982 vol. 8].

    Forgotten Readers: Recovering the Lost History of African-American Literary Societies. [PS 153 N5 M36 2002]

    Harlem Renaissance and Beyond. [REF PS 153 N5 R65 1989]
    Literary Biographies of 100 Black Women Writers, 1900-1950.

    Masterpieces of African-American Literature. [REF PS 153 N5 M264 1992]
    Contains 149 essays on works of literature by African American Authors, arranged alphabetically by title.

    Oxford Companion to African-American Literature. [REF PS 153 N5 O96 1997]
    An excellent first stop for almost any topic within African American literature. Provides detailed, scholarly essays which analyze genres and influences in African American literature. The literary history section begins with coverage of the colonial and early national eras to the present day. Excellent coverage of anthologies.

    Parable of the Talents. [Grenander Spe PS 3552 U827 P38 1998] Science Library - Special Collections

    With Pen and Voice: A Critical Anthology of Nineteenth Century African-American Women. [PS 663 N4 W5 1995]

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    Statistical Sources

    African American Education Data Book. [LC 2717 N47x 1997] Tables with statistics on African American educational achievement, financial aid and many other categories. Compiled from a variety of studies and sources.

    American Statistics Index. [REF Z 7554 U5 A46] [DEWEY REF Z 7554 U5 A46]
    This annual publication provides references to U.S. government publications containing statistical information. Many of the referenced documents are available in either print and/or microfiche format in the University Libraries. (Government Documents Microfiche set)

    The Black Population in the United States. 1996. [GOVDOC J 85 C 3.186:P-20/442]
    These tables present data on the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the Black population in the United States from the March 1995 supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS). Topics covered include geographic distribution, marital status, educational attainment, family and household type, labor force status, occupational distribution, earnings, family income, and poverty status.

    Historical Statistics of Black America. [REF E 185 H543 1995]
    Comprehensive coverage of topic and regions. Compiled from "U.S. government information as well as publications originating at African American institutions or from African American authors".

    Negro Population 1790-1915. 1918. [REF HA 205 A33]
    Topical tables developed from census information estimating the numbers of enslaved persons within the United States as well as free African Americans ("free colored") from 1790-1915.

    Statistical Abstract of the United States. prepared by the chief of the Bureau of Statistics,Treasury Department. [REF ReadyRef HA 202] [DEWEY REF HA 202] [SCIENCE REF 202]
    First stop source for statistical information. Contains statistics on population and race and gender correlated with social and economic indicators within the United States. Includes selected international data. Also provides information about statistics available from other Federal agencies, including the Census Bureau, and private sources. Topics in the index are listed with the entry number, not the page number.

    Statistical Record of Black America. [REF E 185.86 S745X] [OVER (*) E 185.86 S745X] [DEWEY REF E 185.86 S745X]
    Tables and figures from both public and private sources.

    Statistical Reference Index (SRI). [REF HA 195 Z999 S78X] [DEWEY REF HA 195 Z999 S78X]
    A selective guide to statistical publications from private organizations and state and government sources.

    1990 Census of Population. Subject Summary Tape File (SSTF) 21: Characteristics of the Black Population. [GovDocs CMEDIA J 85 C 3.286:CD 90 SSTF 21 C]

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    Primary Sources

    Finding and Interpreting Historical Threads and Patterns through Archival Research (a University at Albany faculty member's Web page) provides a context specific discussion of primary, secondary, and tertiary sources related to African American history as well as descriptions of local and regional primary source collections with a focus on Underground Railroad research sources.

    Primary and Secondary Sources Discussion of terms.

    Afro American History: Primary Sources. [E 184.6 A35 1988]


    Historical Newspaper & Magazine Sources

    New York Age (New York Age Defender) [MIC PER MIC NEWS]

    African American Newspapers: 19th Century. Click for instructions for off-campus access
    Contains partial electronic full-text access to the original source materials written by African Americans for African Americans. (Print or microfilm version coverage after call number listed.)Covers many aspects of 19th century cultural life and history. Includes content from four major African American newspapers:

    Newspapers on Microfilm

    Atlanta Constitution. June 1868-Dec. 1900; Jan. 1971-Dec. 1989; Jan. 1997-Nov. 2001. [MIC PER MIC NEWS]

    Frederick Douglass Newspaper June 1847-1855, 1859-1863.

    The New York Times (see chronological print index [REF AI 21 N453] in Reference for current and past . For current on-line access, also indexed with some full-text access in Lexis-Nexis database under News/New York. )

    Examples of Indexes to African American Newspapers:

    Antebellum Black newspapers: Indices to New York Freedom's Journal (1827-1829), The Rights of All (1829), The Weekly Advocate (1837), and The Colored American (1837-1841)
    [E 185.5 J33]

    Bibliographic Checklist of African American Newspapers. [REF PN 4882.5 Z999 H45X 1995]

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    Primary Sources in Monograph Format

    Black Women Oral History Project: From the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe College. [E 185.86 B545 1991]
    This source includes a guide to oral histories as well as the printed texts of actual oral histories. The index and the oral histories are shelved together.

    Primary Sources in Microform Format

    Afro-Americans and the Race Problem. [MIC Film E 185 P38 1920A]

    Charlotte Eugenia (Hawkins) Brown, 1883-1961: Papers, 1900-1961. [MIC Film LA 2317 B66 C43X 1984]

    The Crisis. [MIC PER E 185.5 C92] [PER E 185.5 C92]

    Federal Surveillance of Afro-Americans, (1917-1925): The First World War, the Red Scare, and the Garvey Movement. [MIC Film E185.2 F43X 1985]

    Ku Klux Klan: Official, Unofficial & Anti-Klan Sources. [MIC Film HS 2330 K63 K82X]

    Papers of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). [MIC Film E 185.61 N23X 1982]
    An extensive collection of 22 parts with a wide variety of topics. Guide is available in print near microfilm and also on-line through the African American Studies database.

    Records of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs 1895-1992. [MIC Film E 185.86 R37X]
    Guide is available in print near microfilm and also on-line through the African American Studies database.

    Records of the Women's Bureau of the U.S. Dept. of Labor, 1918-1965. [MIC Film HD 6095 U62X 1986]

    The Slave Trade, 1858-1892. [MIC Film HT 1162 S53X 1977Z]

    Women and Law: Microfilm Edition of the Women's Law Library of the Women's History Research Center. Section VI. Black and Third World Women and Law. [MIC Film KF 478 W64X]

    Works of Frederick Douglass. [MIC Film E 185 D68X]

    Primary Sources in Special Collections and Archives

    Resources for African American History M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, Web page by Brian Keough

    For more information on these resources, refer to the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives home page at The Special Collections Reading Room is open 9-5 Monday-Friday and Tuesday and Wednesday evenings until 9:00 p.m. Special Collections is located in the Science Library. Please contact University Archivist, Geoffrey Williams at 442-3541.

    Selected Special Collections at the University at Albany

    Alice P. Green, Papers. Dr. Alice Green (1946- ) is known for her work as a criminal justice activist in Albany and New York State.

    Business and Professional Women's Clubs: 1934-82.

    Capital District Coalition Against Apartheid and Racism: 1981-1985.

    Caucus on Women's Rights at SUNY, Albany Chapter: 1972-76.

    Empire State Federation of Women's Clubs: 1938-87.

    Isabella Beacher Hooker Project (women's suffrage).

    M.C. Lawton Civic and Cultural Club: 1921-87.

    NAACP, Albany Branch: 1968-87.

    National Organization for Women, New York State: 1966-88.

    Versatile Club of Troy: 1936-1989.

    Women's Press Club of New York State: 1984-89

    Women's Studies Department, SUNYA 1972- and SUNYA Women's Club 1953-81, 1984, 1987

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    Accessing Other Special Research Collections

    ArchivesUSA. Access to holdings and contact information of more than 4,800 repositories. Indexes to over 109,000 special collections. Database is derived from the Directory of Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the United States (DAMRUS), the National Union Catalogue of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC) and the National Inventory of Documentary Sources in the United States (NIDS)

    African Americans Information Directory. [REF E 185.5 B513 1998] [DEWEY REF E 185.5 B513 1998]
    Guide to organizations, agencies, institutions, awards, and publications concerned with Black American life and culture.

    Black Americans Information Directory. [REF E185.5 B513 1993]
    A guide to the archives of the Hampton Institute. Bibliographies and indexes in Afro-American and African studies; no. 5 [CD 3569 H364 M35 1985]

    Dictionary Catalog of the Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and History. [REF HT 1581.5 N39]
    This catalog contains the Schomburg collection catalog records to 1962.

    Gateways to the Past: A Guide to Published Sources (electronic and paper) for Locating Unpublished Archival and Manuscript Materials in the Greater Capital District, 1993. [REF CD 3404 W55X 1993]

    Guide to Records in the New York State Archives. [REF CD 3404 N47X 1993]
    No section on African Americans but collections may hold sources. The Web page for the Archives is more specific to African American collections.

    Directory of Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the United States. [REF CD 3020 D49 1988] [DEWEY REF 3020 D49 1988] [GRENANDER SPE OVER (*) CD 3020 D49 1988] Science Library
    University at Albany Archivist, Geoffrey Williams compiled this source. Only a few specific sources are mentioned on African Americans. However, the Special Collections Website has much more.

    Directory of Repositories. 1995. [GRENANDER SPE CD 3400 D57X] Science Library-Special Collections

    Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project at Stanford University
    The MLK Bibliography file contains over 2700 references to works focusing on the life and work of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights movement that are now being prepared for publication by the Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project. A printed version, a Guide to Research on Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Black Freedom Struggle, is also available at [E185.97 K5 Z992 1989].

    Internet Resources and Evaluation Tips

    African Studies Internet Resources

    Evaluating Internet Sources

    Differences between the World Wide Web, databases and libraries

    "The Web is not a database and it is not a library.

    A database is a compilation of information that is organized into fields and can be searched logically, with dependable results. Databases may be library catalogs, indexes, or bibliographies, or they may be collections of statistics, directories of addresses, or inventories of merchandise stock. The common element is organization and reliable searchability.

    A library is a collection of full text resources in many formats that have been selected for their quality and utility. Libraries are arranged to facilitate research and use databases to provide access to their collections.

    The World Wide Web is an electronic means of accessing any information that anyone wants to put on it academic or frivolous, commercial, altruistic, polemic. Anything goes and does! The Web can be searched, and the fill in the blank search screen looks much like its equivalent for a database. But search results on the Web can be puzzling because the Web is not set up to be searched logically. Indeed, some Web enthusiasts still militate against any kind of logical organization because it inhibits the Internet's free spirit..." Statement by Gretchen Walsh, Boston University

    Compiled by
    Deborah M. LaFond
    Social Sciences Bibliographer
    University Libraries

    Created October 2003 Updated December 2003, January 2004, February 2004

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