EAPS 760: Learning Standards in English Language Arts
at Three Levels

(March l996 Revised Edition)

Professor David Wiles
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STANDARD ONEINFORMATION AND UNDERSTANDING
GENERAL CRITERIA: public, efficient, valid, verifiable, authoritative
ELEMENTARY
Content IntentionPerformance Example
gather information from children's books and from charts, diagramsparaphrase what heard, ask clarifying questions, follow directions of a few steps
present information clearly using "the writing process."write short social studies report with information from two sources, revise early draft, summarize chapters
INTERMEDIATE
Content IntentionPerformance Example
analyze and interpret young adult fiction and text, distinguish fact from opinion,do summary of famous person, give oral report on current event, bibliography
organize according to general to specific or compare/contrast; use standard English in formal presentationwrite essay, participate in panel , survey views and make oral report
COMMENCEMENT
Content IntentionPerformance Example
analyze professional and technical texts, evaluate writing strategies, distinguish relative valuethesis driven research paper, use electronic data base, produce flow charts
present a controlling idea, organize by chronological, logical, cause and effect and compare/contrast, use standard English skillfullyperform intricate task, such as computer program, or lab experiment; write report of scientific inquiry; program notes for artist exhibit or concert.
STANDARD TWOLITERARY RESPONSE AND EXPRESSION
GENERAL CRITERIA: personal, textual, multilayered
ELEMENTARY
Content IntentionPerformance Example
read variety of children's literature; understand genre, setting, character, plot, theme, and point of viewread picture book, recite poem, retell familiar fairy tale
explain meaning beyond literal level; observe conventions of grammar, spelling, punctuationperform dramatic reading, review book write new endings to familiar stories
INTERMEDIATE
Content IntentionPerformance Example
identify metaphor, foreshadowing, symbolism, dialect, rhyme, meter, irony, climaxproduce lists of recommended readings, grouping works by common elements
write stories, poems, literary essays, and plays, use standard English effectivelyclass production of short plays, write reviews of different cultural settings
COMMENCEMENT
Content IntentionPerformance Example
figurative language, imagery, allegory, irony, blank verse, symbolism, stream-of-consciousness; read aloud expressivelydifferent forms of poems, including sonnets, lyrics, elegies, narrative poems, odes;
reference principal features of genre, period, and literary tradition; write original works, use of standard English and individual styleknow Renaissance, neo-Classical, Romantic, Realistic, Naturalistic, Contemporary works; literature from different cultures; produce full length plays.
STANDARD THREECRITICAL ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION
GENERAL CRITERIA: contextualized, flexible, cultural
ELEMENTARY
Content IntentionPerformance Example
judge quality based upon attractiveness, appeal of characters, the logic or believability of an advertisementread several versions of fairy tale, listen to talk book, how false advertising examples.
express opinions in letter to editor, essays, written and oral reviews; adjust presentation to criteria of competent performance; use effective vocabularywrite letter to principal, in writing group critique one another using specific criteria
INTERMEDIATE
Content IntentionPerformance Example
analyze textbooks and public documents; understand different views in group discussion, critique own workcompare magazine article to history book interpretation of same event; show propaganda techniques
show effective use of details and evidence in well developed argument; use standard Englishwrite position paper; give oral review of film, produce advertisement for product
COMMENCEMENT
Content IntentionPerformance Example
technical manuals, professional journals, political speeches and literary criticisms; recognize impact of criteria in framing evaluative judgmentscompare majority and dissenting Supreme Court decisions; compare scientific and popular article accounts of same event.
use of details, evidence , argumentation and presentational strategies; use standard Englishtechnical manual by industry standards review; deliver a "campaign" speech.
STANDARD FOURSOCIAL INTERACTION
GENERAL CRITERIA: interpersonal, immediate, appropriate
ELEMENTARY
Content IntentionPerformance Example
listen attentively and take turns speaking "show and tell" discussions; "circle time" participation, bring message to principal
exchange friendly notes, adjust vocabulary and style to the person receiving the messagewrite thank you notes, pen pal letters
INTERMEDIATE
Content IntentionPerformance Example
express concerns clearly and respectfully in group discussions, use verbal and nonverbal skillshost open house at school, give morning announcements, club meetings
write social notes, letters and electronic messages, discuss communication with other writerswrite letters to friends, send e-mail, send formal invitations
COMMENCEMENT
Content IntentionPerformance Example
engage in conversations and discussions, anticipating listeners needs; use language conventions for variety of social situationsinteract with community members in community service activity; write personal notes; make college application
use variety of print and electronic forms of social communication; study language conventions of informal cultural groups and use in talking. electronic discussion group participation, write entertaining personal notes