Aural History Productions
The Radio Archive ~ July - December, 2009
[Last week and this week, Talking History was on vacation. We offer you a selection from our past broadcasts here, a 2004 program]
Segment 1: "White Boy: A Conversation with Historian Mark Naison (part 2 of 2)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 32:15.
This is part 2 of an interview of historian Mark Naison conducted by Talking History's Gerald Zahavi The interviews reviews his life and career as a specialist in African American history -- and his participation in some of the most significant social and political movements in recent American history: the Civil Rights Movement, the Anti-War Movement, SDS, and the Weathermen. See last week's entry for more details. This interview was originally conducted for the Journal for MultiMedia History and will appear in the next issue of that on-line journal. Segment 2: From the Archives: "David Ben Gurion on the Jews and Palestine" (1947).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 6:17
London Speech by David Ben Gurion (1886-1973), probably delivered before the Jewish Agency for Palestine, and used on the jointy produced ABC/Town Hall New York radio forum titled "America's Town Meeting of the Air" (it migrated to television in 1948). This address was broadcast on June 12, 1947, as part of series of broadcasts on the "Palestine problem." In his address, Ben Gurion argues the case for a Jewish homeland. The following year, the state of Israel was established. At the time he delivered this address, Ben Gurion was the Chairman of the Exectuive Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, an organization founded in 1929 and devoted to promoting and protecting the rights of the Jewish community in British-occupied Palestine. When Israel became a nation in 1948, many of the leaders of the Jewish Agency became overnight leaders of the new state. For a short biography of Ben Gurion, go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Ben-Gurion. For more information about this recording contact Talking History/University at Albany, or the National Archives' Motion Picture, Sound, and Video Records LICON, Special Media Archives Services Division, College Park, MD. Segment 3: "Federalism and the Founding Fathers."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 16:32
Talking History/OAH Bryan Le Beau begins a four-week series on "The Founders and the Constitution," with an interview with David Marion on the early history of U.S. federalism. "The Founders and the Constitution" series is a collaborative effort with the Bill of Rights Institute. Produced: September, 2004.
[This week and last week, Talking History was on vacation. We offer you a selection from our past broadcasts here, a 2004 program]
Segment 1: "White Boy: A Conversation with Historian Mark Naison (part 1 of 2)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 30:17.
Mark Naison is Professor of African and African-American Studies and Director of the Urban Studies Program at Fordham University. He is the author of White Boy: A Memoir (Temple University Press, 2002), Communists in Harlem During the Depression (University of Illinois Press, 1983), co-author of The Tenant Movement in New York City, 1940-1984 (Rutgers University Press, 1986), and the author of several articles on African-American culture and contemporary urban issues, including "Outlaw Culture in Black Culture" (Reconstruction, Fall 1994). Naison's study of Buffalo's African-American community appeared in the Urban League's anthology, African-Americans and the Rise of Buffalo's Post-Industrial City (1990) and he was one of the historians asked to contribute his story to Historians and Race: Autobiography and the Writing of History (1996). He is now working on a major study of the history of African-Americans in the Bronx, in collaboration with the Bronx Historical Society. For much of his life, race has been a major concern for Naison both academically and personally. In this interview, conducted by Talking History's Gerald Zahavi, Naison reviews his life and career as a specialist in African American history -- and his participation in some of the most significant social and political movements in recent American history: the Civil Rights Movement, the Anti-War Movement, SDS, and the Weathermen. This is part 1 of a 2-part interview. We will air part 2 next week. This interview was originally conducted for the Journal for MultiMedia History and will appear in the next issue of that on-line journal. Segment 2: From the Archives: "William Faulkner's Noble Prize Acceptance Speech (12-10-1950)." (1955)
Real Media. MP3. Time: 2:56
William Cuthbert Faulkner, the winner of the 1949 Noble Prize in Literature, was born in New Albany, Mississippi on September 25, 1897. He is the author of several volumes of short stories and a number of novels firmly rooted in Southern region and culture, many set in a fictional place he named Yoknapatawpha County. aulkner's works include Sartoris (1929), The Sound and the Fury (1929), As I Lay Dying (1930), Sanctuary (1931), Light in August (1932), Absalom Absalom (1936), The Hamlet (1940) and Intruder in the Dust (1948). William Faulkner died on July 6, 1962. This recording of Faulkner's Noble Prize acceptance speech was made on December 10, 1950, when he was awarded the 1949 Noble Prize in Literature (Bertrand Russell was awarded the Noble Prize in Literature for 1950 at the same time). For more information about this recording contact Talking History/University at Albany, or the National Archives' Motion Picture, Sound, and Video Records LICON, Special Media Archives Services Division, College Park, MD. Segment 3: "Bleeding Kansas."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 15:26
Talking History/OAH Jim Madison discusses the ideological origins of the Civil War in the Kansas Territory with historian Nicole Etcheson of the Department of History, University of Texas at El Paso. Etcheson is the author of Bleeding Kansas: Contested Liberty in the Civil War (University Press of Kansas, 2004). Produced: September, 2004.
December 17, 2009
Segment 2: "Thomas Jefferson's First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801." (A LibriVox reading).
Segment 2: "Thomas Jefferson's First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801." (A LibriVox reading).
December 10, 2009
Segment 2: "Walter Reuther on Profit Sharing and the Post-War American Auto Industry (1-25-1958)."
Segment 2: "Walter Reuther on Profit Sharing and the Post-War American Auto Industry (1-25-1958)."
December 3, 2009
Segment 2: "Nixon and Rockefeller on Attica (September 14, 1971)."
Segment 2: "Nixon and Rockefeller on Attica (September 14, 1971)."
Thanksgiving 2009 ~ No Show.
We took the day off. If you're interested in listening to a program about the historical roots of our contemporary Thanksgiving celebrations, check out the Backstory ~ American History Guys' Web site at: http://www.backstoryradio.org/.
Segment 1 and 3: "Malaga Island: A Story Best Left Untold" (2009).
PART 1: Real Media. Time: 34:33. [MP3 Unavailable by request of producer].
PART 2: Real Media. Time: 24:24. [MP3 Unavailable by request of producer].
Malaga Island: A Story Best Left Untold, comes to us from Rob Rosenthal, WMPG, and Maine's Salt Insitute for Documentary Studies. "In 1912, the state of Maine evicted a mixed-race community of about forty-five people from Malaga Island, just off the coast of Phippsburg. It was an act of racism, eugenics, and political retribution. Eight islanders were committed to the Maine School for the Feeble-Minded. The rest managed as best they could. The state moved the island school to another island. Then they dug up the graves and reburied the remains in the graveyard at the Maine School. The Malaga community was erased. For generations, descendents feared to speak about what happened to their families because of the local stigma of mixed-blood and feeble-mindedness. Others in Phippsburg would rather forget the incident - a story best left untold, some say. This is that story." For more information on Malaga Island, see: http://www.malagaislandmaine.org/
Segment 2: "Margaret Sanger on Birth Control" (1957).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 1:56.
On September 21, 1957, feminist and birth control advocate Margaret Sanger, appeared on The Mike Wallace Interview. During their half-hour conversation, Sanger and Wallace discussed how and why Sanger became an advocate of birth control, her views on world over-population, the role and power of the Catholic Church, and various moral issues. Here we offer a few snipets of that interview; for the full video and audio interview, go to this University of Texas at Austin's Harry Ranson Center Web site: http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/multimedia/video/2008/wallace/sanger_margaret_t.html.
November 12, 2009
Segment 2: "Just Before the Battle, Mother" (1912).
November 5, 2009
Segment 2: "From the Archives: Buchanan Campaign Song, 1856" (1999).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 27:51.
From the Vault contributes two selections from a pair of 1959 recordings "on the occasion of the 100th Anniversary of the publication of Charles Darwin's classic work on evolution On The Origins of Species. This work, published in 1859, established Evolution as the dominant scientific explanation for the diversity in nature. Beginning in the early 1950's the American science community began planning the Darwin Centennial Celebration. The effort resulted in a 5 day event from November 24th through the 25th, 1959 at the University of Chicago and featured lectures and panel discussions with many of the the days' great minds of Science, including Darwins' grandson, Sir Charles Darwin. Pacifica Station KPFA was present to record one of the other notable participants Sir Julian Huxley, who gave this Darwin Centennial Address a few weeks later at the Monterrey Peninsula College on December 18th 1959." The second selection, is of Julian Huxley's famous brother, "author and futurist Aldous Huxley, known for his novel Brave New World, moderating a Darwin Centennial panel on the impact of Darwin's theories in the modern world. The panel includes Dr. George Beadle winner of the 1958 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discovering the role of genes in regulating biochemical events within cells. Also on the panel were Garrett Hardin and James Walter. Our records show this event taking place on October 23, 1959, a month before the University of Chicago event."
Segment 1 and 3: "From the Vault: They Remember Dvorak." (1970; 2009).
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 30:55.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 26:11.
This week we feature another contribution from Pacifica Radio's From The Vault series, a re-broadcast of part of Pacifica Radio's 1970 Award-Winning program, "They Remember Dvorak." Here is FTV's summary of the documentary: "Dvorak was more than happy living in Eastern Europe and presenting his grand Symphonies around Europe. But in 1892, he was invited to move to America, an offer which he originally scoffed at. Why would he put his family in harms way from the savage American Indians and the hostile seas? By the end of his 3 years living in America he befriended Algonquin Indians and African Americans and began cataloging bird and nature sounds. Indian singing, Negro Spirituals and sounds of nature would become recurring themes in Dvorak's music. The idea for this program came in 1967 when then-KPFK Music Director, William Malloch, met someone who actually knew Dvorak. It inspired William to look for more and would end up recording the reminiscences of 8 others who knew Dvorak and artfully wove these stories into a three hour special. On this program we will only cover the time Dvorak spent in America from 1892-1895, but first a little about Antonin Dvorak.
Born on September 8th, 1841 in The Austrian Empire now known as the Czech Republic, Dvorak would become one of the most prolific composers of all time. By the 1870's he was already considered a significant composer, ultimately gaining the respect and friendship of both Johannes Brahms and Pyotr Illych Tchaikovsky. As his notoriety ascended to worldwide status he would be invited to Premiere his Symphony no. 7 in London in 1885. Then in 1892, American socialite Jeanette Thurber would invite Dvorak to be the Director of the National Conservatory of Music in New York City. Our story today will deal with the 3 years Dvorak would spend in America and his music inspired by his exposure to the Native American culture and his experiences in The New World."
Segment 2: "From the Archives: Arnold Schönberg ('Pierrot Lunaire')." (1912; 1940 ~ selection).
IF above link does not work, download MP3 directly from WNYC's server at: http://audio.wnyc.org/ranews/WaltWhitman_SongOfMyself.mp3
This week we bring you a documentary on Walt Whitman, originally produced by WNYC back in 2005 -- on the 150th anniversary of the publication of Whitman's Leaves of Grass. Here's the producers full description of the piece: "One hundred and fifty years have passed since Walt Whitman first published Leaves of Grass, a collection of twelve poems that irrevocably altered the development of poetry and literature. His magnum opus shattered existing notions of poetry, breaking all existing conventions in terms of subject matter, language, and style. Leaves of Grass opened the door not only for poets, but writers, artists, musicians, and thinkers to break down barriers in their own work; despite never reaching a mass audience during the artist's lifetime, its tremendous impact is being felt a century and a half later. Today, we are still trying to understand who Whitman was, what he was saying, and what he was styling himself to be. Hosted by Carl Hancock Rux, "Walt Whitman: Song of Myself" explores how a 36-year old freelance journalist and part-time house-builder living in Brooklyn created his outrageous, groundbreaking work. We join Whitman on a walk through the urban streets, imagining the sights, sounds and music, from Stephen Foster to Italian opera, that profoundly affected him and indelibly shaped his poetry. The city transformed Whitman, and Whitman in turn transformed the wild diversity and intensity of the city into a radical, passionate vision for America. In his poetry, he refused to be censored: he celebrated the body and sexuality; he embraced the invisible and the disenfranchised, from women to slaves to prostitutes. His hopes to heal the country of its deep political divisions through his poetry were dashed by the Civil War, but his work lives on as a vital life-affirming force. In this hour-long special, Rux speaks with writers, poets, musicians, and scholars who tell the story of this extraordinary, self-styled celebrity. Guests include writers Michael Cunningham and Phillip Lopate; poets Martin Espada, hailed by some as a contemporary Whitman, and Ishle Yi Park, Queens poet laureate; composers John Adams and Ned Rorem; choreographer Bill T. Jones; Whitman scholars Karen Karbiener and David Reynolds; and many, many others. Actors including Jeffrey Wright and Paul Giammatti share readings of Whitman's poetry, which, one hundred and fifty years on, still astonishes."Segment 2: "Ralph Waldo Emerson on Self Reliance (1841)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 2:56
One who inspired and strongly supported Walt Whitman and his revolutionary literary work was Ralph Waldo Emerson. Here is a sampling of Emerson's writing, read by Robert Scott for LibriVox. For the full reading, go to: http://librivox.org/three-great-virtues-three-essays-by-emerson-by-ralph-waldo-emerson/. For a wealth of information on Whitman, go to: http://www.whitmanarchive.org/.
Real Media. MP3. Time: 31:37
Chad Pearson of the University at Albany, SUNY, interviews Marxist historian Theodore W. Allen, author of the The Invention of the White Race: Vol. 1: Racial Oppression and Social Control (London: Verso, 1994) and The Invention of the White Race: Vol. 2: The Origin of Racial Oppression in Anglo-America (London: Verso, 1997). This is part 1 of a 2 part interview. See next week's show for part 2. Segment 2: "Theodore W. Allen Interview on the Invention of the White Race, part 2."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 28:34
Chad Pearson of the University at Albany, SUNY, concludes his interview with Marxist historian Theodore W. Allen, author of the The Invention of the White Race: Vol. 1: Racial Oppression and Social Control (London: Verso, 1994) and The Invention of the White Race: Vol. 2: The Origin of Racial Oppression in Anglo-America (London: Verso, 1997). This is part 2 of a 2 part interview.
Segment 1 and 3: "Backstory: The History of U.S. Health Care." (2009).
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 31:47.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 18:53.
In this segment of Backstory with the American History Guys, we examine the history of health care in America:"'What Germany has done in the way of old-age pensions or insurance should be studied by us, and the system adapted to our uses.' Thus declared Teddy Roosevelt in 1912, making him the first U.S. presidential candidate to advocate for a nationalized health insurance system. But arguments about the government’s responsibility for keeping Americans healthy go back a lot further than that. On this episode of BackStory, the History Guys look at the way these arguments have played out through almost four centuries of American life. Beginning with the current debate, they move backwards in time, reflecting on a century’s worth of failed reform efforts, as well as the 17th, 18th, and 19th century foundations of our current health care system. Together with special guests and callers, they tackle questions fundamental to understanding today’s situation. How did we wind up with a health care system that looks so different from that of other industrialized countries? Do the repeated failures of reform efforts have more to do with cultural factors, or economic ones? How have advances in medical technology changed the tenor of our social and political debates? Do we think about health care more individualistically than previous generations of Americans did? Highlights include: Jacob Hacker, creator of the “public option” plan now being considered by Congress, explains why lobbyists have historically wielded disproportionate influence in discussions about health policy. Producer Catherine Moore visits Mt. Malado, the first public hospital in English North America. Reporter Nate DiMeo tells the story of how the practice of inoculation came to the New World." For more infomation about Backstory, go to: www.backstoryradio.org.
Segment 2: "From the Archives: President Harry S. Truman Dedicates the Everglades Nation Park" (1947).
Segment 1 and 3: "The Resistance of the Maya." 1981.
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 23:51.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 13:56.
Here is another contribution -- slightly edited for length by us -- from the Pacifica Radio Archives' From the Vault program, a re-broadcast of a 1981 documentary titled The Resistance of the Maya: "This program examines the history of the 500 year resistance of the Maya against foreign rule, starting with the arrival of the Spanish, up to the current threat against the Lacandon-Maya, the last of the traditional Mayans. Independent radio producer John Walsh does an outstanding job surveying the Maya by presenting scholars who trace the civilization from 2500 B.C. through their contact with the Spanish Conquistadors. Then, Walsh reports on the Mayans living in the Lacandon jungle of Chiapas, Mexico – despite threats from the Mexican government and multi-national corporations seeking to exploit the natural resources."
Segment 2: "Biography in Sound: Meet Ernest Hemingway." 1954.
Segment 1: "The Last Dutch Outpost: The Enduring Legacy of New Netherland." 2007.
Real Media. [MP3 version unavailable by request of producers]. Time: 29:30.
"Two hundred and fifty years ago, a minor military skirmish in a remote corner of the colonial New World snowballed into what some have described as a World War. One of the casualties was the Dutch culture of the town of Albany in New York State – previously New Netherland. So, what happened to the Dutch of Dutch Albany? Although there are few physical remains from the Dutch colonial period, a modern revival of interest seems to be gathering steam. Laura Durnford visits some historic sites in Albany and hears about the tenacious tradition of Dutch culture there." Our thanks to Radio Netherlands http://www.rnw.nl for permission to air and archive this production on our site. Segment 2: "From the Archives: Hernando De Soto." (1938).
Real Media. MP3. Time: 05:10.
"The World is Yours" was a series that was broadcast by the National Broadcasting Company, Inc. (NBC) radio network but produced in conjunction with the Smithsonian Institution. The half-hour weekly programs "covering the entire range of the Smithsonian Institution's collections and research. The series featured the 'Oldtimer' as the audience's guide to 'the wonders of that unique establishment, the Smithsonian Institution -- dedicated to the increase and diffusion of knowledge.'" The series ran m ran from June 1936 to May 1942. This segment focuses on Hernando De Soto's explorations of the American South and the Mississippi. Segment 3: "A Propitious Misadventure: Part 1 of A History of the 17th Century Dutch Colony of New Netherland." (2009)."
Real Media Time: 16:53.
[MP3 version unavailable by request of producers]. Time: 02:26.
A Propitious Misadventure is the first part of a Radio Netherlands series focusing on the 17th century Dutch colony of New Netherland. This episode focuses on Henry Hudson: "400 years ago, in 1609, English explorer Henry Hudson set off on a Dutch ship called the Half Moon. This 'propitious misadventure' would result in a Dutch colony called New Netherland in the uncharted wilds of North America." Our thanks to Radio Netherlands http://www.rnw.nl for permission to air and archive this production on our site.
Segment 1 and 3: "Backstory: Schooldays ~ A History of American Public Education" (2009).
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 32:00.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 18:58.
This week, we bring you another episode of BackStory. In this segment, "the History Guys explore the history of public education, and look at the changing expectations we’ve placed on our schools through the 18th 19th, and 20th centuries. What did education look like in the colonial period, and what did the founders have to say about it? How did reformers in the 1830s succeed in establishing taxpayer-funded schools, when Thomas Jefferson had failed at the same mission? Did industrialization and immigration change the ways we think about schools’ purpose? How did public education go from local to state control, and when did the feds get involved? How have children’s attitudes about school changed over time? It’s clear that we’ve steadily moved closer to the ideal of universal education, but what have been the costs associated with increased access to education for all Americans? These are some of the question on the table as the History Guys go back to school." Guests include education historian Jon Zimmerman and Virginia school board president.
Segment 2: "From the Archives: John Dewey's Educational Philsophy ('My Pedagogic Creed')." (1897; 2008; selections).
Segment 1 and 3: "A Profile of the Life and Career of Lillian Hellman" (1975; 2009).
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 29:01.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 28:12.
This week, we bring you another program from Pacifica Radio Archives' From the Vault -- focusing on "the indelible writer Lillian Hellman, whose life was as dramatic as the plays she penned." This profile of Hellman examines her life growing up in both New York City and New Orleans, and her chance meeting with mystery writer Dashiell Hammett, who helped inspire her to write — by featuring audio taken from the recently restored Pacifica Radio Archives program Sweetest Smelling Baby in New Orleans: Lillian Hellman. Hellman’s illustrious career includes the American classic plays The Children’s Hour, The Little Foxes, Toys in the Attic, and Pentimento, which she had just completed at the time of the original Pacifica Radio broadcast in 1975."
Segment 2: "Helen Hayes on Women in Service after World War II" (circa. 1947).
Segment 1 and 3: "The Story of the GI Bill" (2005).
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 30:43.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 26:03.
Hosted by KALW News (San Francisco) director Holly Kernan, this radio documentary -- originally aired on KALW, 91.7 FM in San Francisco on May 8, 2005 -- explores the origins and important social and economic impacts of the GI Bill. "As World War II came to a close, the United States began mobilizing to support those who had honorably served the nation, offering returning soldiers a remarkable set of benefits. The Story of the GI Bill examines that extraordinary package of educational and financial support affectionately - and often reverently - known as the GI Bill. Signed into law as the war ended, the GI Bill propelled millions of Americans into the middle class. It helped push the nation's economic growth to levels that were simply unimaginable when the war began and was a crucial factor in the longest period of sustained prosperity in the nation's history. In this radio documentary [ . . . ] the history of the GI Bill is explored by some of its first recipients: the men and women who, raised in the Great Depression and transformed by the war, returned home and became part of a changing America. They include beat poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti, philanthropist Bill Gates Sr., and former Congressional Black Caucus chairman Ronald Dellums. Their stories and others illuminate just how central the GI Bill was to the creation of modern America."
Segment 2: "Karl Marx's Das Kapital" (1867; 2008).
Segment 1 and 3: "Backstory: A History of Leisure." 2009.
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 31:04.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 18:49.
As we near the end of the summer, Backstory and the American History Guys examine leisure: "T-G-I-F? four of the most beloved letters in the alphabet? but who'd be thankful if Saturday weren't a day off? In fact, it wasn't officially part of the American weekend until 1940 (although 'St. Monday' was often reserved for nursing hangovers). In this episode: The history of time-off. When did leisure become something for the masses? What are the origins of the weekend? And why does relaxation involve so much?work? Cindy Aron reveals the beginnings of the modern American vacation, and Tom Lutz provides a cultural history of slacking."
Segment 2 (Archival Audio): "Address by John D. Rockefeller Jr., circa 1918."
Segment 1 and 3: "Les Paul." 2009.
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 26:48.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 29:35.
From From the Vault, we present a special tribute to Les Paul (1915-2009), who recently died. Show description: "KPFK Music Director Maggie LePique interviewed then-92 year old Les Paul before his weekly performance at the Iridium Club in New York City on April 7th, 2008. On a chilly Monday afternoon before his first set, Les was in great form: what started out as a friendly conversation becomes a whirlwind overview of this legendary guitar player and inventor. From his early hard body electric guitar invention to the Les Pulverizer to his first ever multi-track recording to his blistering guitar technique, Les Paul is the original Guitar Hero." Segment 2 (Archival Audio): "Eveybody wants a Key to My Cellar"
Real Media. MP3. Time: 03:13.
Ninety years ago, the passage of the 18th Amendment -- prohibition -- stimulated the composition of a number of songs. Here's one of them, "Eveybody wants a Key to My Cellar" (Ed. Rose / Billy Baskette / Lew Pollace, 1919). This version was sung by Al Bernard and distributed in 1919 on an Edison Blue Amberol cylinder.
1st Verse: Down in my cellar, down in my cellar, I've been changing everything around, I've a secret hidden there, I'll guard it with my life, There's only one mistake I made I told it to my wife.
2nd Verse: Down in my cellar, down in my cellar, I've been having parties every night, People that I never knew come up and talk to me, They're trying hard to find out where I hang my cellar key.
Chorus: Now everybody wants a key to my cellar, my cellar, my cellar, People who before wouldn't give me a tumble, Even perfect strangers are beginning to grumble, 'Cause I won't let them have a key to my cellar, They'll never get in just let them try. They can have my money, They can have my car, They can have my wife If they want to go that far, But they can't have the key that opens my cellar, If the whole darn world goes dry.
Segment 1: "Historical Memory and the Woodstock Legacy." 2009.
Real Media. MP3. Time: 29:05.
Geoffrey Storm produced this documentary to examine how Woodstock was commemorated and remembered in the years after the 1969 concert -- particularly how the concert's 30th anniversary was celebrated in a concert that failed to recreate the spirit of the original. Segment 2: "Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee Reading Langston Hughes' Poem 'Ode to Dinah.' (1963)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 02:26.
This is a 1963 reading by Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee of a selection from one of Langston Hughes's latter poetic works, Ask Your Mama: 12 Moods for Jazz (1961). The segment read is titled "Ode to Dinah." Hughes wrote Ask Your Mama with musical accompaniment in mind and in fact notes on how to score the piece in the text. He anticipated that bassist Charles Mingus, who had orchestrated another "musical" poem by Hughes, Weary Blues, would compose the music for Ask Your Mama. Unfortunately, Hughes would not live to see his poem scored. He died in 1967. Segment 3: "Ben Kiernan on the History of World Genocide." (2007)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 21:04.
Bennedit Kiernan, the author of Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide, is interviewed by Jerry Fowler at the United Stated Holocaust Memorial Museum about the world history of genocide. Kiernan is the A. Whitney Griswold Professor of History at Yale University and is the founding director of Genocide Studies at Yale Center for International and Area Studies. The discussion focuses on Kiernan's 2007 book, Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocideand Extermination from Sparta to Darfur. Our thanks to the United States Holocaust Museum for access to this program. EXTRA SEGMENT (aired 8-9 am): "Back to the Garden ~ Woodstock Remembered, Part 2." 2009.[Only available as a streaming RealMedia file, by request of producer.]
Segment 1 (of part 2): Real Media. Time: 31:24.
Segment 2 (of part 2): Real Media. Time: 25:27
Here is the conclusion -- part 2 -- of a 2-part documentary produced by Paul Ingles in association with Joel Makower, author of Woodstock: The Oral History (SUNY Press, 2009). Part 1 was aired two weeks ago; see the entry for July 30, 2009 for a full description of the program.
Segment 1 and 3: "Footlight Parade: Brother Can You Spare a Dime ~ The Social Conscience of the American Musical." 2009.
PART 1: Real Media. Time: 26:50. [MP3 version unavailable by producer request].
PART 2: Real Media. Time: 26:58. [MP3 version unavailable by producer request].
Footlight Parade: Sounds of the American Musical, hosted by Bill Rudman, is a weekly radio series "showcasing the best of Broadway and Hollywood -- songs from the turn of the 20th century to today." In this edition of Talking History, we bring you a recent segment from that series, titled "Brother Can You Spare a Dime The Social Conscience of the American Musical." It examines more than 75 years of socially and politically engaged songs from well-known and lesser-known musicals. Footlight Parade is produced by The Musical Theater Project (TMTP), a nonprofit organization "formed to help keep this uniquely American art form alive, and to help foster its development for the pleasure of future generations." Segment 2: "Nazim Hikmet Recalls Hiroshima: "The Little Girl" or "I Come and Stand at Every Door" [Read by Hema Manicka, 2007].
Real Media. MP3. Time: 01:07.
Many events in American and world history have stimulated the composition of commemorative songs and poems. On this anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima, we look back at one event and how writers and poets reacted to it -- through a close examination of ONE poem/song: "The Little Girl." Here is a recitation by Hema Manicka of an English translation of the anti-war verse written by Turkish Communist poet Nazim Hikmet in the 1950s, originally titled "Kiz Çocugu" ("The Little Girl"). It is aso known in English by various other titles, including "Hiroshima Girl" and "I come and Stand at Every Door." Nazim Hikmet (1901-1963) was one of Turkey's best know modern poets ane novelists; he was also a Communist and a political activist. In the 1940s, he was imprisoned in Turkey for his political activities, but freed in 1950s after a world-wide campaign on his behalf. Soon afterward he left Turkey and lived in exile in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe for the rest of his life. In the mid-1950s, he wrote the poem/song "The Little Girl." The best account we've found for the origins of this work comes from a listserv entry from Rice University (http://www.cs.rice.edu/~ssiyer/minstrels/poems/742.html: "The first English version of the song I found was in Masses and Mainstream, monthly, New York, June 1955. It printed three songs of Nazim Hikmet, under the title "Poems for Peace," with the following note: 'These three songs of peace were written for the World Assembly of Peace by the famous Turkish poet, Nazim Hikmet. They were set to music by Czech composers, and the music as well as literal translations of the Turkish original was sent to Paul Robeson and Howard Fast in New York. What follows are the texts which Howard Fast wrote to the Czech music, basing himself as nearly as possible within the musical framework upon Nazim Hikmet's original version. They will be recorded by Paul Robeson, whose voice will be heard in Helsinki by the men women of the world assembly.'
The song, as rendered by Howard Fast, in the following:
THE LITTLE DEAD GIRL
A little girl is at your door,
And for me, there will never be
My hair was first to feel the flame,
Stranger, what can you do for me,
A little dead child, burned by strife,
The World Peace Council was at that time trying to get hundreds of millions of signatures for an "appeal for peace." That's why the reference to the "scroll" towards the end. I do not know how the song was redone since then. Nazim Hikmet himself might have revised the song and there might have been a new translation. The other two "songs for peace" were: 'The Japanese Fishermen' and 'The Clouds.'" For more information about Hikmet, see: http://www.nazimhikmetran.com/english/index.htmlSegment 4: "Pete Seeger and "I come and Stand at Every Door" (1962)."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 00:46.
Dozens of singers have translated and personalized Nazim Hikmet's Hiroshima-inspired "The Little Girl" since the 1950s. Here is a selection from one of the most famous versions, recorded by Pete Seeger in 1962, using the tune of "The Great Silkie." [We can't include the entire song for copyright reasons.]
Seeger describes the story behind his version of the song in his Where Have All the Flowers Gone: A Singer's Stories, Songs, Seeds, Robberies (A Musical Autobiography) (1993): "In the late '50's I got a letter: 'Dear Pete Seeger: I've made what I think is a singable translation of a poem by the Turkish poet, Nazim Hikmet. Do you think you could make a tune for it? (Signed), Jeanette Turner.' I tried for a week. Failed. Meanwhile I couldn't get out of my head an extraordinary melody put together by an Massachusetts Institute of Technology student who had put a new tune to a mystical ballad The Great Silkie from the Shetland Islands north of Scotland. Without his permission I used his melody for Hikmet's words. It was wrong of me. I should have gotten his permission. But it worked. The Byrds made a good recording of it, electric guitars and all." The full credits for Seeger's song now read: "Original Turkish poem by Natzim Hikmet; English translation by Jeanette Turner; Music by James Waters ("The Great Silkie"); Adaptation by Pete Seeger (1962)."
Segment 1 and 3: "Backstory: Lokking for Work ~ A History of Unemployment." 2009.
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 31:34.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 25:17.
Here's another segment from Backstory and the American History Guys titled, "Looking for Work: A History of Unemployment."
SUMMARY: "With the unemployment rate at a 25-year high, BackStory is exploring the phenomenon of joblessness throughout American history. How has the changing nature of employment shaped the experience of not having a job? Have the moral connotations of work evolved? What has it meant for American workers that there are always new immigrants - or poor migrants - who are willing to work for less? Over the course of the hour, the History Guys speak with historian Alex Keyssar, take calls from BackStory listeners, and hear an imagined testimonial from an itinerant worker in the "New Northwest" at the turn of the 20th century." Segment 2: "John Sweeney on the Problem of Unemployment. (1973)"
Real Media. MP3. Time: 02:58.
Apropos of today's main segment, we look back at what major labor leaders had to say about the unemployment problem in the U.S. Here is a short edited selection from AFL-CIO leader John J. Sweeney's 2003 remarks on the unemployment problem during the George W. Bush administration. For more information on these remarks -- and additional statements by Sweeney -- see: http://www.aflcio.org/mediacenter/resources/a-jjs-unemployment-05-03.cfm. EXTRA SEGMENT (aired 8-9 am): "Back to the Garden ~ Woodstock Remembered, Part 1." 2009.[Only available as a streaming RealMedia file, by request of producer.]
Segment 1 (of part 1): Real Media. Time: 30:38.
Segment 2 (of part 1): Real Media. Time: 28:15
Here is part 1 of a 2-part documentary produced by Paul Ingles in association with Joel Makower, author of Woodstock: The Oral History (SUNY Press, 2009). We'll be bringing you part 2 in two weeks: "Woodstock organizers, musicians and audience members recall the 1969 music festival that rocked the world in more ways than one. Music and memories from the historic event include interviews with with Woodstock organizers Michael Lange, Joel Rosenman, and the late John Roberts, artists Richie Havens, Roger Daltrey and Joe Cocker, and audience members Ron Petras, Vivian Goodman and Danny Diamond. Music performances from many of the artists are featured: Jefferson Airplane, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Joe Cocker, CSNY, The Who, Arlo Guthrie, Joan Baez and many more."
Segment 1: "The San Francisco General Strike, 1934." [Rebroadcast]
Real Media. MP3. Time: 8:10.
Marking the 75th anniversary of the San Francisco General Strike of 1934, we bring you this selection from a Pacifica Radio Archives 1964 documentary on the San Francisco Waterfront strike. That strike grew out of broader West Coast initiatives by longshoremen and sailors seeking union recognition, a general labor contract, and union-run hiring halls. It lasted 83 days and, after bloody confrontations with police, led to a four day general strike. For more information about the strike, see David F. Selvin, A Terrible Anger: The 1934 Waterfront and General Strikes in San Francisco; Bruce Nelson, Workers on the Waterfront, Seamen, Longshoremen and Unionism in the 1930s; Howard Kimeldorf, Reds or Rackets, The Making of Radical and Conservative Unions on the Waterfront; Charles Larrowe, Harry Bridges, The Rise and Fall of Radical Labor in the U.S.. For briefer coverage, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1934_West_Coast_Longshore_Strike.
Segments 2 & 4: "Sam Adams Darcy on the San Francisco Strike of 1934."
Real Media. MP3. Time: 00:58.
On the 40th anniversary of the first human landing on the Moon, we look back at the role of Wernher von Braun (1912-1977) in the U.S. Apollo program. Von Braun was a pivotal force in the development of modern rocketry. During World War II, he led the team that developed the V-2 ballistic missile for the Nazis. Following the war, he and his fellow Nazi rocket team were sent to America where they worked on rockets for the U.S. Army, perfecting America's ballistic missile program -- first at White Sands Proving Ground in New Mexico and then at Redstone Arsenal near Huntsville, Alabama. In 1960, von Braun was attached to NASA and placed in charge of Saturn rocket program. He became director of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and his team of scientists and engineers helped design the Saturn V rocket, the vehicle that made possible the six successful Apollo landings on the moon.
Segment 1: Alexandros Mallias on the Greek Classics."
RealMedia. MP3. Time: 27:50.
George Liston Seay interviews Alexandros Mallias, Greek Ambassador to the United States, in this segment, from Dialogue. The two discuss the influence of the classics on past and contemporary politics: "The history of the Peloponnesian Wars and the works of Plato, Aristotle and Homer have guided the actions of Western statesmen for ages. The plays of Sophocles and other Greek playwrights influenced the leadership philosophy of Martin Luther King. The classic texts of ancient Greece have endured precisely because they continue to inspire. Their utility rests upon the timeless brilliance of understanding the human condition. Alexandros Mallias, Greek Ambassador to the United States, explain why the classics are immortal."
Segment 2: "Giovani Boccaccio's The Decameron." (A LibriVox reading)
Real Media. MP3. Time: 20:39.
John Kelly is the author of The Great Mortality: An Intimate History of the Black Death, the Most Devastating Plague of All Time (2005) and, most recently, has completed a work focusing on the Irish famine of the mid-19th century: The Graves Were Walking (2009). Kelly is also author of more than ten books on science. This talk by him, presented in association with the academic conference "Rhetorics of Plague: Early/Modern Trajectories of Biohazard," and sponsored by the University at Albany Department of English and the College of Arts and Sciences, was recorded and edited by University at Albany Documentary Studies students Shanna Goldenberg and Tim Mahr.
Segments 1 and 3: "The Beats of San Francisco." (1979; 2009)
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 32:24.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 14:46.
Here is an examination of "the last great literary revolution in America" in a From the Vault re-broadcast of a 1979 Pacifica Radio production, 'The Beats of San Francisco' (slightly edited for length). This broadcast also includes a discussion between Joanne Griffith and Beats scholar Nancy Grace, professor of English at the College of Wooster in Wooster Ohio, about the origins and the legacy of the Beat Poets.
Segment 2: "Thomas Wolfe and You Can't Go Home Again" (1955).
Segments 1 and 3: "Backstory: July 4 ~ Independence Daze." (2009)
PART 1: Real Media. MP3. Time: 31:24.
PART 2: Real Media. MP3. Time: 18:59.
In this Backstory episode, the History guys (Ed Ayers, Peter Onuf, and Brian Balogh) try to answer such questions as: "How did the Fourth become the holiest day on our secular calendar? What exactly happened on 7/4/76, and why do we celebrate it with explosions, hot dogs, and mattress sales? Everybody knows that July Fourth celebrates our nation’s beginnings. But for the first 94 years of our existence, the Fourth wasn’t an official holiday at all. The Declaration of Independence itself sat untended in a dusty archive for 150 years. So how did Independence Day become the holiest day on our secular calendar? And why do we observe it with hot dogs, fireworks and mattress sales? In this hour, the History Guys explore the origins and curiosities of July Fourth. They reveal the holiday’s radical roots, and look how the Declaration’s meaning has changed over time. They also consider how the Declaration’s messages about liberty and equality have been embraced by the descendents of slaves. And as always, they take calls from BackStory listeners looking to the past to understand the America of today. Highlights Include: * Historian Pauline Maier (American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence) contrasts the sections of the Declaration of Independence that mattered to the Founders with the sections that matter today. * July 4th chronicler James Heintze (The Fourth of July Encyclopedia) recounts the early days of celebrating independence, with a special focus on explosives. * Historian David Blight (Frederick Douglass’ Civil War: Keeping Faith in Jubilee) analyzes Frederick Douglass’ 1852 speech, 'The Meaning of the Fourth of July for the Negro,” widely known as one of the greatest Abolitionist speeches ever.' For more information about Backstory, and for more information about the themes explored in this episode, go to Backstory's Web site at http://www.backstoryradio.org/.
Segment 2: "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)."