Transitional Care for HIV and AIDS from Adolescence to Adulthood
Originally presented on October 20, 2011
Jeffrey M. Birnbaum, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Public Health, SUNY Downstate Medical Center
Executive Director, HEAT Program (Health & Education Alternatives for Teens)
Adolescents and young adults are an increasing proportion of the HIV-infected population. In 2008, 17.6% of new HIV cases in New York State were in the 13- to 24-year-old age group. In addition, more perinatally infected patients have entered this age group. The HIV-infected adolescent population comprises a mixed group of 1) perinatally infected adolescents who are now surviving into adulthood, and 2) behaviorally infected adolescents, most of whom were infected sexually.
As HIV-infected adolescents grow into adulthood, it becomes necessary for them to transfer to adult care settings and take responsibility for their own health and disease management. This broadcast will provide information about the transition process and ways to ensure that HIV-infected adolescents are successfully and seamlessly integrated into adult care settings.
After watching this broadcast participants will be able to:
- Define transitional care for HIV/AIDS
- List some of the key hallmarks of adolescent development and how they affect adolescents living with HIV
- Describe data trends among perinatally-infected adolescents
- Describe clinical differences and similarities between perinatally-infected and behaviorally infected adolescents living with HIV
- Describe psychosocial differences and similarities between perinatally-infected and behaviorally infected adolescents living with HIV
- List ways in which HIV clinical care for youth differs from adult care
- Describe barriers to successfully transitioning from pediatric to adult HIV care