Mary Gallant

Mary P. Gallant, PhD, MPH

Studies chronic illness management and health promotion among older adults.

The World Within Reach
Mary P. Gallant, PhD, MPH
Associate Professor

School of Public Health
Department: Health Policy, Management and Behavior

Associate Dean for Academic Affairs



Postdoctoral Fellowship Aging University of Michigan School of Social Work 1995-1996
PhD Health Behavior & Health Education University of Michigan 1995
MPH Health Behavior & Health Education University of Michigan 1990

Research Interests

My research interests include self-care and health behaviors among older adults, psychosocial influences on chronic illness management, physical activity, falls prevention, dissemination of evidence-based interventions into public health practice, and caregiving. Much of my current research focuses on psychosocial influences on the self-care behaviors of older adults and adults with chronic illness. One area of my work examines how family relationships, friendships, and interactions with other informal social network members influence chronic illness self-care among older adults. Other work in this area has focused on understanding individual and community-level factors that promote physical activity, particularly among adults with arthritis and other chronic illnesses. My current research also includes a focus on falls prevention among older adults. I currently collaborate with the Bureau of Injury Prevention at the NYS Department of Health to evaluate the implementation of two evidence-based falls prevention programs for older adults by county health departments. I also conduct research that aims to better understand older adults’ attitudes and beliefs about fall prevention.

Additional Information

Courses Frequently Taught:

HPM 627 Program Development in Health Promotion

HPM 625 Introduction to Public Health and Aging


  • Kahn-Marshall, J.L. & Gallant, M.P. (2012). Making healthy behaviors the easy choice for employees: A review of the literature on environmental and policy changes in worksite health promotion. Health Education and Behavior, advance online access 8/7/12.
  • Gallant, M.P., Spitze, G., & Grove, J. (2010). Chronic illness self-care and the family lives of older adults: A synthetic review across four ethnic groups. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 25, (1), 21-43.
  • Riley-Jacome, M., Gallant, M.P., Fisher, B., Gotschik, F., Strogatz, D. (2010). Enhancing community capacity to support physical activity: The development of a community-based indoor-outdoor walking program. Journal of Primary Prevention, 31, 85-95.
  • Gallant, M.P., Spitze, G., & Prohaska, T. (2007). Help or hindrance? How family and friends influence chronic illness self-management among older adults. Research on Aging, 29, 375-409.
  • Shaw, B.A., Gallant, M.P., Riley-Jacome, M., & Spokane, L.S. (2006). Assessing sources of support for diabetes self-care in urban and rural underserved communities. Journal of Community Health, 31, 393-412.
  • Spitze, G., & Gallant, M.P. (2004). “The bitter with the sweet”: Older adults’ strategies for handling ambivalence in relations with their adult children. Research on Aging, 26, 387-412.
  • Gallant, M.P. (2003). The influence of social support on chronic illness self-management: A review and directions for research. Health Education & Behavior, 30, 170-195.
  • Gallant, M.P. & Connell, C.M. (2003). Neuroticism and depressive symptoms among spouse caregivers: Do health behaviors mediate this relationship? Psychology & Aging, 18, 587-592.
  • Gallant, M.P. & Dorn, G.M. (2001). Gender and race differences in the predictors of daily health practices among older adults. Health Education Research, 16, 21-31.
  • Gallant, M.P., & Connell, C.M. (1998). The stress process among dementia spouse caregivers: Are caregivers at risk for negative health behavior change? Research on Aging, 20, 267-297. (Abstracted in AD Weekly, Dec 1999).
  • Gallant, M.P., & Connell, C.M. (1997). Predictors of decreased self-care among spouse caregivers of older adults with dementing illnesses. Journal of Aging and Health, 9, 373-395.