SPH Alumna Publishes Article on Injuries in The New England Journal of Medicine
University at Albany School of Public Health alumna Dr. Olive Kobusingye published an article, Injuries, in the May 2, 2013 edition of The New England Journal of Medicine. The study reports injuries account for about one in every 10 deaths throughout the world each year, and account for more deaths each year than HIV-AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combined.
The study explored the variation in injury rates in relation to incidence and deaths across geographic regions and levels of wealth and highlighted the limited attention provided injuries in the traditional health care system. Persons in low- and moderate-income countries are more likely to sustain a higher number of injury-causing deaths than people in higher-income countries, including injuries from road-traffic injuries, drowning, poisoning and intentional injuries, specifically interpersonal violence and including war. Self-harm causes a disproportionate share of injury-related deaths among people in high-income countries. The variation in the types of injury by group is attributed to prevention efforts, better health care systems, and better levels of first response. Overall, road-traffic incidents are the leading cause of injury and it is anticipated as low- and moderate-income countries become motorized, rates of injury from road-traffic incidents will increase.
The study concludes the need to more accurately define the burden of injury on the health care system. As low and moderate income countries become more motorized, rates of injury are expected to rise, further burdening existing health care systems. The authors advocate for education and practice founded on evidence-based strategies for prevention and management of injuries, particularly in low and moderate income countries. They stress the need for training in medical school, public health schools and allied-health programs.
Dr. Kobusingye earned her MPH with a concentration in Epidemiology from the School of Public Health in 2005. She is a Ugandan surgeon and injury epidemiologist, and a graduate of Makerere University and The University of London.