Sections

Persons under correctional supervision

This section presents statistics on persons on probation and parole, jails and jail inmates, characteristics of State and Federal prison populations, juveniles in custody, prisoners with HIV, persons serving a military prison sentence, prisoners serving a death sentence, and prisoners executed.


Adults under correctional supervision

National estimates

  • Adults on probation, in jail or prison, and on parole, United States 1980-2011
    • Updated! Table 6.1.2011 -- PDF

States

  • Adults under correctional supervision, by type of supervision, region, and jurisdiction 2003

Community supervision

Adults on parole

  • Rate (per 100,000 adult residents) of adults on parole, United States 1981-2009
    • Table 6.65.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Adults on probation, in jail or prison, and on parole, United States 1980-2011
    • Updated! Table 6.1.2011 -- PDF
  • Adults on probation and parole under State and Federal jurisdiction, by region and jurisdiction, yearend 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2009
    • Table 6.0005.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Adults on parole under State and Federal jurisdiction, by region and jurisdiction
    • 2003 Table 6.66 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2004 Table 6.66.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2005 Table 6.66.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.66.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2009 Table 6.66.2009 -- PDF -- CSV

Adults on probation

  • Adults on probation under State and Federal jurisdiction, by region and jurisdiction 2009
    • Table 6.3.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Adults on probation and parole under State and Federal jurisdiction, by region and jurisdiction, yearend 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2009
    • Table 6.0005.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Adults on probation, in jail or prison, and on parole, United States 1980-2011
    • Updated! Table 6.1.2011 -- PDF
  • Adults on probation under State and Federal jurisdiction, by region and jurisdiction
    • 2003 Table 6.3 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2004 Table 6.3.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2005 Table 6.3.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.3.2006 -- PDF -- CSV

Educational attainment and participation in education programs

  • Educational attainment for those in State and Federal prisons, in local jails, on probation, and in the general population, United States, selected years
  • Participation in education programs for those in State and Federal prisons, in local jails, and on probation, by type of program, United States, selected years

Federal offenders under community supervision

  • Federal offenders under community supervision, by offense, United States
    • fiscal year 2001 Table 6.4 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2002 Table 6.4.2002 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2003 Table 6.4.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2004 Table 6.4.2004 -- PDF -- CSV

Federal probationers terminating supervision

  • Federal probation terminations, by outcome and offense, United States
    • fiscal year 2001 Table 6.8 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2002 Table 6.8.2002 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2003 Table 6.8.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2004 Table 6.8.2004 -- PDF -- CSV

Federal supervised release and parole terminations

  • Federal supervised release terminations, by outcome and offense, United States
    • fiscal year 2001 Table 6.70 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2002 Table 6.70.2002 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2003 Table 6.70.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2004 Table 6.70.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Federal parole terminations, by outcome and offense, United States
    • fiscal year 2001 Table 6.71 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2002 Table 6.71.2002 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2003 Table 6.71.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2004 Table 6.71.2004 -- PDF -- CSV

Parolees returned to incarceration

  • Parolees returned to incarceration, by region and jurisdiction 2006
    • Table 6.0018.2006 -- PDF -- CSV

Persons under supervision of the Federal Probation System

  • Persons received for supervision by the Federal Probation System, by type of supervision 1975-2010
    • Table 6.5.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Movement of persons under supervision of the Federal Probation System
    • fiscal year 2003 Table 6.6 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2004 Table 6.6.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2005 Table 6.6.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2006 Table 6.6.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2007 Table 6.6.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2008 Table 6.6.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2009 Table 6.6.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2010 Table 6.6.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Persons under supervision of the Federal Probation System and probation officers, United States 1975-2010
    • Table 6.7.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

State parole discharges

  • Percent of State parole discharges successfully completing supervision, by method of release from prison, United States 1990-99

Death row

Murders, death sentences, and executions: trends

  • Number of murders and nonnegligent manslaughters, prisoners under sentence of death, executions, and other death sentence dispositions, United States 1972-2012
    • Updated! Table 6.79.2012 -- HTML

Hispanic and female prisoners under sentence of death

  • Hispanic and female prisoners under sentence of death, by State
    • 2002 and 2003 Table 6.83 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2003 and 2004 Table 6.83.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2004 and 2005 Table 6.83.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2005 and 2006 Table 6.83.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 and 2007 Table 6.83.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2007 and 2008 Table 6.83.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2008 and 2009 Table 6.83.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2009 and 2010 Table 6.83.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Methods of execution

  • Methods of execution in States authorizing the death penalty, by State
    • 2003 Table 6.87 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2004 Table 6.87.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2005 Table 6.87.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.87.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2007 Table 6.87.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2008 Table 6.87.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2009 Table 6.87.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2010 Table 6.87.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Prisoners executed

  • Prisoners executed under civil authority, by region and jurisdiction 1930-2012
    • Table 6.85.2012 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners executed, by jurisdiction
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2003 (aggregate) Table 6.84 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2004 (aggregate) Table 6.84.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2005 (aggregate) Table 6.84.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2006 (aggregate) Table 6.84.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2007 (aggregate) Table 6.84.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2008 (aggregate) Table 6.84.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2009 (aggregate) Table 6.84.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2010 (aggregate) Table 6.84.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2011 (aggregate) Table 6.84.2011 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 1930-Dec. 31, 2012 (aggregate) Table 6.84.2012 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners executed under civil authority, by race, Hispanic origin, and offense, United States 1930-2010
    • Table 6.86.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Prisoners under sentence of death

  • Prisoners under sentence of death, by race, ethnicity, and jurisdiction
    • on July 1, 2005 Table 6.80.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on July 1, 2006 Table 6.80.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Jan. 1, 2007 Table 6.80.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Jan. 1, 2008 Table 6.80.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on July 1, 2009 Table 6.80.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Jan. 1, 2010 Table 6.80.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on July 1, 2011 Table 6.80.2011 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Apr. 1, 2012 Table 6.80.2012 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners under sentence of death, by demographic characteristics, prior felony conviction history, and legal status, United States on Dec. 31, 1996-2009
    • Table 6.81.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners under sentence of death, by race, region, and jurisdiction
    • on Dec. 31, 2002 and 2003 Table 6.82 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Dec. 31, 2003 and 2004 Table 6.82.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Dec. 31, 2004 and 2005 Table 6.82.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Dec. 31, 2005 and 2006 Table 6.82.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Dec. 31, 2006 and 2007 Table 6.82.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Dec. 31, 2007 and 2008 Table 6.82.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Dec. 31, 2008 and 2009 Table 6.82.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Dec. 31, 2009 and 2010 Table 6.82.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners sentenced to death and outcome of the sentences, by year of sentencing, United States 1973-2011
    • New! Table 6.0002.2011 -- HTML

Time from sentencing to execution

  • Average number of months from imposition of death sentence to execution, United States 1977-2011
    • New! Table 6.0024.2011 -- HTML

Federal prisoners

Admissions and releases

  • Sentenced prisoners admitted to and released from the jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by region and jurisdiction 2000 and 2004-2010
    • Table 6.0009.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement detainees

  • Detainees under Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) jurisdiction, by type of facility Dec. 31, 1995, 2000-2008
    • Table 6.61.2008 -- PDF -- CSV

Characteristics

  • Prisoners under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, by selected facility and demographic characteristics selected years 1990-2013
    • New! Table 6.0022.2013 -- HTML
  • Characteristics of Federal prisoners, United States, yearend 1995, 1999-2003
  • Characteristics of Federal prisoners, by type of facility, United States, yearend 2003
  • Security level of facilities housing Federal prisoners, by sex and race of prisoner, United States, yearend 2002

Deaths and AIDS-related deaths

  • Number and rate (per 100,000 prisoners) of deaths among State and Federal prisoners, by cause of death, United States 2001-2004
    • Table 6.76.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number and rate (per 100,000 prisoners) of AIDS-related deaths among State and Federal prisoners, United States 1991-2008
    • Table 6.77.2008 -- PDF -- CSV

Educational attainment and education programs

  • Educational attainment for those in State and Federal prisons, in local jails, on probation, and in the general population, United States, selected years
  • Participation in education programs for those in State and Federal prisons, in local jails, and on probation, by type of program, United States, selected years

Female

  • Number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. resident female population) of female prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by region and jurisdiction on Dec. 31, 1990, 1995, 2000-2010
    • Table 6.41.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Estimated number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. resident population in each group) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age group, United States 2010
    • Table 6.33.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, by selected facility and demographic characteristics selected years 1990-2013
    • New! Table 6.0022.2013 -- HTML

HIV/AIDS

  • State and Federal prisoners known to be positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), by region and jurisdiction 1995-2008
    • Table 6.74.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Confirmed AIDS cases among State and Federal prisoners, by region and jurisdiction selected years 1993-2008
    • Table 6.0025.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
  • State and Federal prisoners known to be positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), by sex, region, and jurisdiction
    • 2001 Table 6.75 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2002 Table 6.75.2002 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2003 Table 6.75.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2004 Table 6.75.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2005 Table 6.75.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.75.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2007 Table 6.75.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2008 Table 6.75.2008 -- PDF -- CSV

Housed in private facilities and local jails

  • State and Federal prisoners housed in private facilities, by region and jurisdiction on Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2009
    • Table 6.32.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • State and Federal prisoners housed in local jails, by region and jurisdiction
    • on Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2009 Table 6.0021.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2010 Table 6.0021.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Immigration offenders

  • Immigration offenders in Federal prison and average time to be served, United States 1985-2000

Incarceration rates

  • Rate (per 100,000 resident population) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities on December 31, by region and jurisdiction 1980, 1984-2012
    • Updated! Table 6.29.2012 -- PDF

Non-U.S. citizens

  • Non-U.S. citizens in State and Federal prisons, United States, at midyear 1998-2011
    • Table 6.42.2011 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, by selected facility and demographic characteristics selected years 1990-2013
    • New! Table 6.0022.2013 -- HTML

Number

  • Number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. residents) of persons in State and Federal prisons and local jails, United States 1985, 1990-2011
    • Updated! Table 6.13.2011 -- HTML
  • Prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by region and jurisdiction Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2010
    • Table 6.30.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners in Federal, State, and private adult correctional facilities, by type of facility and sex of prisoner, United States June 30, 1995 and 2000
  • State and Federal prisoners housed in private facilities, by region and jurisdiction on Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2009
    • Table 6.32.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • State and Federal prisoners housed in local jails, by region and jurisdiction on Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2009
    • Table 6.0021.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Characteristics of Federal prisoners, United States, yearend 1995, 1999-2003
  • Characteristics of Federal prisoners, by type of facility, United States, yearend 2003
  • Security level of facilities housing Federal prisoners, by sex and race of prisoner, United States, yearend 2002

Offenders returning to Federal prison

  • Offenders returning to Federal prison within 3 years of release, United States 1986-97
  • Offenders returning to Federal prison within 3 years of release, by demographic characteristics, conviction offense, and type of release, United States 1986-97 (aggregate)

Offenses

  • Prisoners under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, adjudication status, type of offense, and sentence length selected years 1990-2013
    • New! Table 6.0023.2013 -- HTML
  • Type of commitment offense among Federal prisoners, by sex and race of prisoner, United States yearend 2003
  • Federal prison population, and number and percent sentenced for drug offenses, United States 1970-2004

Possessing firearms during offense

  • State and Federal prisoners reporting prior possession of firearms, by type of firearm, United States 1997
  • State and Federal prisoners reporting possession of firearms during current offense, by type of offense, United States 1991 and 1997
  • State and Federal prisoners reporting possession of firearms during current offense, by offense, United States 1997
  • Source of firearms possessed by State prisoners during current offense, United States 1991 and 1997

Sexual violence

  • Number and rate (per 1,000 inmates) of allegations and substantiated incidents of sexual violence reported by correctional authorities, by type of correctional facility, United States 2005 and 2006
    • Table 6.0016.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number and percent distribution of outcomes of investigations into allegations of sexual violence reported by correctional authorities, by type of correctional facility, United States 2006
    • Table 6.0017.2006 -- PDF -- CSV

Time served

  • Time served to first release by Federal prisoners, by offense, United States
    • fiscal year 2001 Table 6.58 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2002 Table 6.58.2002 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2003 Table 6.58.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Mean time served to first release by Federal prisoners, by offense and characteristics, United States
    • fiscal year 2001 Table 6.59 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2002 Table 6.59.2002 -- PDF -- CSV
    • fiscal year 2003 Table 6.59.2003 -- PDF -- CSV

Veterans

  • Veterans and nonveterans in State and Federal prisons, by selected characteristics, United States 1997 and 2004
    • Table 6.0007.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Current offense and criminal history of veterans and nonveterans in State and Federal prisons, United States 1997 and 2004
    • Table 6.0008.2004 -- PDF -- CSV

Jail inmates

Characteristics

  • Jail inmates, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and conviction status, United States 1990-2012
    • Updated! Table 6.17.2012 -- HTML
  • Characteristics of jail inmates, by conviction status, United States 1983, 1989, 1996, and 2002
  • Family background of jail inmates while growing up, United States 1996 and 2002
  • Jail inmates, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, region, and jurisdiction June 30, 1999

Deaths and AIDS-related deaths

  • Deaths of inmates in local jails, by cause of death 2000-2007
    • Table 6.0012.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number of deaths and mortality rate of State prisoners and local jail inmates, by cause of death 2001-2007 (aggregate)
    • Table 6.0026.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Deaths of inmates in the 50 largest jail jurisdictions 2000-2006
    • Table 6.0013.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Deaths and AIDS-related deaths among local jail inmates, by region and State, July 1, 1998 to June 30, 1999

Drug and alcohol use

  • Percent of jail inmates reporting drug use, by type of drug and frequency of use, United States 1996 and 2002
  • Percent of jail inmates reporting alcohol use, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and most serious offense, United States 1996 and 2002

Educational attainment and education programs

  • Educational attainment for those in State and Federal prisons, in local jails, on probation, and in the general population, United States, selected years
  • Participation in education programs for those in State and Federal prisons, in local jails, and on probation, by type of program, United States, selected years

Fifty largest jail jurisdictions

  • Average daily population and percent of capacity occupied in the 50 largest jail jurisdictions, United States 2005-2010
    • Table 6.0019.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

HIV/AIDS

  • Jail inmates known to be positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), by region and State June 30, 1993 and 1999

In Indian country

  • Jails and jail inmates in Indian country, by selected characteristics, United States, midyear 1998-2004 and 2007-2010
    • Table 6.25.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Number and incarceration rates

  • Number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. residents) of jail inmates, average daily population, rated capacity, and percent of capacity occupied, by legal status and sex, United States 1983-2012
    • Updated! Table 6.14.2012 -- PDF
  • Number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. residents) of persons in State and Federal prisons and local jails, United States 1985, 1990-2011
    • Updated! Table 6.13.2011 -- HTML
  • Number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. residents) of jail inmates, by region and jurisdiction June 30, 2005
    • Table 6.0003.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Persons under jail supervision, by confinement status and type of program, United States 1995-2012
    • Table 6.15.2012 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Jail inmates, by confinement status, region, and jurisdiction June 30, 1999

Offenses

  • Most serious current offense of jail inmates, by conviction status, United States 1983, 1989, 1996, and 2002
  • Most serious current offense of jail inmates, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin, United States 2002

Sexual violence

  • Number and rate (per 1,000 inmates) of allegations and substantiated incidents of sexual violence reported by correctional authorities, by type of correctional facility, United States 2005 and 2006
    • Table 6.0016.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number and percent distribution of outcomes of investigations into allegations of sexual violence reported by correctional authorities, by type of correctional facility, United States 2006
    • Table 6.0017.2006 -- PDF -- CSV

Supervision programs

  • Persons under jail supervision, by confinement status and type of program, United States 1995-2012
    • Table 6.15.2012 -- PDF -- CSV

Juveniles

Deaths in juvenile facilities

  • Deaths of youths in State juvenile correctional facilities, by cause of death and selected characteristics 2002-2005
    • Table 6.0014.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Deaths of youths in State juvenile correctional facilities, by region and State 2002-2005
    • Table 6.0015.2005 -- PDF -- CSV

In residential custody facilities

  • Number and rate (per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through upper age of jurisdiction) of juveniles in public and private residential custody facilities, by State selected years 1997-2010
    • Table 6.9.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Juveniles in public and private residential custody facilities, by race, ethnicity, and offense, United States
    • on Oct. 24, 2001 Table 6.10 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2003 Table 6.10.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.10.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2010 Table 6.10.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Juveniles in public and private residential custody facilities, by age and sex, United States
    • on Oct. 24, 2001 Table 6.11 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2003 Table 6.11.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.11.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2010 Table 6.11.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Juveniles in public and private residential custody facilities, by sex, race, ethnicity, and State
    • on Oct. 24, 2001 Table 6.12 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2003 Table 6.12.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.12.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2010 Table 6.12.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Prisoners under age 18 in State prisons

  • Prisoners under age 18 in State prisons, by sex, United States, midyear 1990, 1995, and 1999-2011
    • Updated! Table 6.39.2011 -- HTML
  • Prisoners under age 18 in State and private adult correctional facilities, by type of facility, security level, and region, United States June 30, 2000

State prisoners

Admissions and releases

  • Sentenced prisoners admitted to and released from the jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by region and jurisdiction 2000 and 2004-2010
    • Table 6.0009.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Characteristics

  • Rate (per 100,000 U.S. resident population in each group) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age group, United States
    • 2003 Table 6.33 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2004 Table 6.33.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2005 Table 6.33.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.33.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Estimated number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. resident population in each group) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age group, United States
    • 2007 Table 6.33.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2008 Table 6.33.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2009 Table 6.33.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2010 Table 6.33.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners in Federal, State, and private adult correctional facilities, by race and Hispanic origin of prisoner, and region, United States June 30, 2000

Current offense

  • Estimated number and percent distribution of prisoners under jurisdiction of State correctional authorities, by offense, sex, race, and Hispanic origin, United States
    • 2002 Table 6.0001.2002 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2003 Table 6.0001.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2004 Table 6.0001.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2005 Table 6.0001.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.0001.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2007 Table 6.0001.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2008 Table 6.0001.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2009 Table 6.0001.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2010 Table 6.0001.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Deaths and AIDS-related deaths

  • Deaths of prisoners in State correctional facilities, by cause of death and selected prisoner characteristics 2001-2006
    • Table 6.0010.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Deaths of prisoners in State correctional facilities, by region and State 2001-2006
    • Table 6.0011.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number of deaths and mortality rate of State prisoners and local jail inmates, by cause of death 2001-2007 (aggregate)
    • Table 6.0026.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number and rate (per 100,000 prisoners) of deaths among State and Federal prisoners, by cause of death, United States 2001-2004
    • Table 6.76.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number and rate (per 100,000 prisoners) of deaths among State prisoners, by region and State 1995 and 2001-2007
    • Table 6.78.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number and rate (per 100,000 prisoners) of AIDS-related deaths among State and Federal prisoners, United States 1991-2008
    • Table 6.77.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number and rate (per 100,000 prisoners) of AIDS-related deaths among State prisoners, by region and State 1995 and 2001-2007
    • Table 6.0006.2007 -- PDF -- CSV

Educational attainment and education programs

  • Educational attainment for those in State and Federal prisons, in local jails, on probation, and in the general population, United States, selected years
  • Participation in education programs for those in State and Federal prisons, in local jails, and on probation, by type of program, United States, selected years

Female

  • Number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. resident female population) of female prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by region and jurisdiction on Dec. 31, 1990, 1995, 2000-2010
    • Table 6.41.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

HIV/AIDS

  • State and Federal prisoners known to be positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), by region and jurisdiction 1995-2008
    • Table 6.74.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Confirmed AIDS cases among State and Federal prisoners, by region and jurisdiction selected years 1993-2008
    • Table 6.0025.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
  • State and Federal prisoners known to be positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), by sex, region, and jurisdiction
    • 2001 Table 6.75 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2002 Table 6.75.2002 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2003 Table 6.75.2003 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2004 Table 6.75.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2005 Table 6.75.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.75.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2007 Table 6.75.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2008 Table 6.75.2008 -- PDF -- CSV

Housed in private facilities and local jails

  • State and Federal prisoners housed in private facilities, by region and jurisdiction
    • on Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2009 Table 6.32.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • on Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2010 Table 6.32.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • State and Federal prisoners housed in local jails, by region and jurisdiction on Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2009
    • Table 6.0021.2009 -- PDF -- CSV

Incarceration rates

  • Number and rate (per 100,000 resident population in each group) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities on December 31, by sex, United States 1925-2012
    • Updated! Table 6.28.2012 -- PDF
  • Rate (per 100,000 resident population) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities on December 31, by region and jurisdiction 1980, 1984-2012
    • Updated! Table 6.29.2012 -- PDF
  • Rate (per 100,000 U.S. resident population in each group) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age group, United States
    • 2003 Table 6.33 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2004 Table 6.33.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2005 Table 6.33.2005 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2006 Table 6.33.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Estimated number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. resident population in each group) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age group, United States
    • 2007 Table 6.33.2007 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2008 Table 6.33.2008 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2009 Table 6.33.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
    • 2010 Table 6.33.2010 -- PDF -- CSV

Non-U.S. citizens

  • Non-U.S. citizens in State and Federal prisons, United States, at midyear 1998-2011
    • Table 6.42.2011 -- PDF -- CSV

Number

  • Number and rate (per 100,000 U.S. residents) of persons in State and Federal prisons and local jails, United States 1985, 1990-2011
    • Updated! Table 6.13.2011 -- HTML
  • Prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities, by region and jurisdiction Dec. 31, 2000 and 2002-2010
    • Table 6.30.2010 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Prisoners in Federal, State, and private adult correctional facilities, by type of facility and sex of prisoner, United States June 30, 1995 and 2000

Possessing firearms during offense

  • State and Federal prisoners reporting prior possession of firearms, by type of firearm, United States 1997
  • State and Federal prisoners reporting possession of firearms during current offense, by type of offense, United States 1991 and 1997
  • State and Federal prisoners reporting possession of firearms during current offense, by offense, United States 1997
  • Source of firearms possessed by State prisoners during current offense, United States 1991 and 1997

Prison population growth

  • Number and rate (per 100,000 resident population in each group) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities on December 31, by sex, United States 1925-2012
    • Updated! Table 6.28.2012 -- PDF
  • Rate (per 100,000 resident population) of sentenced prisoners under jurisdiction of State and Federal correctional authorities on December 31, by region and jurisdiction 1980, 1984-2012
    • Updated! Table 6.29.2012 -- PDF

Recidivism

  • Characteristics of prisoners released in 1994 from prisons in 15 States
  • Recidivism rates of prisoners released in 1994 from prisons in 15 States, by amount of time after release recidivism occurred and outcome
  • Recidivism rates of prisoners released in 1994 from prisons in 15 States, by selected prisoner characteristics
  • Recidivism rates of prisoners released in 1994 from prisons in 15 States, by most serious offense for which released
  • Rearrest rates of prisoners released in 1994 from prisons in 15 States, by most serious offense for which released and charge at rearrest
  • Recidivism rates of State prisoners released in 1983 and 1994, by offense type

Sexual violence

  • Number and rate (per 1,000 inmates) of allegations and substantiated incidents of sexual violence reported by correctional authorities, by type of correctional facility, United States 2005 and 2006
    • Table 6.0016.2006 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Number and percent distribution of outcomes of investigations into allegations of sexual violence reported by correctional authorities, by type of correctional facility, United States 2006
    • Table 6.0017.2006 -- PDF -- CSV

Time served

  • Sentence length and time served for first releases from State prison, by offense 2009
    • Table 6.0027.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Mean maximum sentence, mean time served, and percent of sentence served for violent offenders, by State 1993, 1996, and 1999
  • Mean sentence length and mean time served for first releases from State prison, by offense, United States 1990 and 1999

Under age 18

  • Prisoners under age 18 in State prisons, by sex, United States, midyear 1990, 1995, and 1999-2011
    • Updated! Table 6.39.2011 -- HTML
  • Prisoners under age 18 in State and private adult correctional facilities, by type of facility, security level, and region, United States June 30, 2000

Veterans

  • Veterans and nonveterans in State and Federal prisons, by selected characteristics, United States 1997 and 2004
    • Table 6.0007.2004 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Current offense and criminal history of veterans and nonveterans in State and Federal prisons, United States 1997 and 2004
    • Table 6.0008.2004 -- PDF -- CSV

Other

Drug and alcoholism treatment facilities and clients

  • Drug and alcoholism treatment facilities, by jurisdiction 1998, 2000, 2002-2009
    • Table 6.62.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Clients in drug and alcoholism treatment facilities, by jurisdiction 1998, 2000, 2002-2009
    • Table 6.0004.2009 -- PDF -- CSV
  • Clients under 18 years of age in drug and alcoholism treatment facilities, by jurisdiction 1998, 2000, 2002-2009
    • Table 6.0020.2009 -- PDF -- CSV

Mental health treatment in prisons

  • State correctional facilities providing mental health screening and treatment, by region and State June 30, 2000
  • Prisoners receiving mental health treatment in State correctional facilities, by region and State June 30, 2000

Military correctional authorities

  • Prisoners under jurisdiction of U.S. military authorities, by branch of service Dec. 31, 1996-2011
    • Table 6.64.2011 -- PDF -- CSV

State sex offender registries

  • Offenders in State sex offender registries, by State 1998 and 2001