Department of Sociology
Graduate Student Program Handbook
Doctor of Philosophy in Sociology
Overview of Program Requirements
The doctoral program emphasizes sociological theory, research methodology, and the development of two specialization areas. The requirements for the Ph.D. include a minimum of 60 credits of formal course work, a comprehensive examination in research methods and in two specialization areas, a research tool, a teaching tool requirement, and a dissertation. All doctoral students are expected to perform teaching, research, and other professional duties as part of their training in the program, whether or not they receive financial support from the University. The University also requires two semesters of full-time study and continuous registration until the degree is completed.
Requests for exceptions to University or department requirements and regulations are to be submitted in writing to the Graduate Committee through the Graduate Director.
Degree Requirements, Policies, and Procedures:
Course Requirements (60 credits minimum)
- Required Sociology Courses (15 Credits)
Supporting courses as advised (45 Credits)
- Soc 509 Research Methods (3)
- Soc 510 Sociological Theories 1 (3)
- Soc 511 Sociological Theories 11 (3)
- Soc 522 Intermediate Statistics (3)
- Soc 590A Orientation to Sociology*
- Soc 590B Orientation to Sociology*
- Soc 609 Multivariate Analysis (3)
*Attendance is mandatory.
The required courses guide students toward expertise in the areas of methods and theory. In addition, students are expected to take courses which will help them develop their own areas of specialization. The first year of study includes the required sequence of courses: SOC 509, SOC 510, and SOC 590A are offered in the fall semester; SOC 511, SOC 522, and SOC 590B are offered each spring. Students generally take the remaining required course, Multivariate Analysis (SOC 609), in the third semester. The orientation course for first year students, taught by the Graduate Director, meets one hour a week. During the fall semester, the focus is on acquainting students with university and department resources that support graduate study, specifically computing and libraries. In the spring semester, students are introduced to many of the faculty and their respective areas of specialization.
Course work is planned in consultation with the Director of Graduate Studies or another faculty member. Courses may be taken outside the department as long as they make a contribution to the student's program of study. No more than 6 credits in independent study and directed readings may count toward the 60 required credits without special permission of the Graduate Committee. Dissertation credits (SOC 899) do not count toward the 60 required credits.
Advanced Standing and Course Waivers:
Of the 60 credits required for the degree, 30 credits must be completed at this university. Students who have completed graduate work elsewhere may apply for advanced standing credits. The term “advanced standing,” is used to denote credits earned for graduate courses or programs taken elsewhere. A student who has completed a master's program in sociology elsewhere may receive up to 30 credits of advanced standing; this credit may or may not include credit for required courses. It is also possible for a student, with or without a master's in sociology, to receive advanced standing for one or more courses in a related discipline.
A waiver is granted when the Graduate Committee deems that a student has satisfied a specific requirement by some means other than taking the required course. A waiver is granted for a required course when the committee determines that a student's course record, graduate and/or undergraduate, meets the formal course requirements. A waiver for a course does not carry credit. For example, a student who receives a waiver of SOC 510, would be exempt from taking this course, but would still have to complete a total of 60 credits of course work.
Evaluation of a student's application for advanced standing or waivers is conducted only after a student has accepted admission to the program. The following basic requirements must be met for advanced standing:
- Courses must be graduate courses which have been earned at an accredited institution authorized to grant graduate degrees.
- Courses presented for credit must be related to the program.
- A grade of B or better is required.
- Program requirements such as theses and examinations may not be satisfied by courses taken at other institutions.
- Courses accepted for credit may not be used to balance grades awarded to courses taken at Albany.
- A course evaluated to be the equivalent of a required course will be recorded as such on the notification of advanced standing.
Waivers are granted and evaluated on a case-by-case basis; therefore, no specific requirements are noted here.
Procedures for petitioning for advanced standing credits:
- Upon accepting admission to the doctoral program, the student submits a petition to the Director of Graduate Studies. The petition should include the following information and materials:
- The number of credits (maximum of 30) of advanced standing for which the student is applying.
- The course number, the institution where the course was completed, the semester in which the course was completed, a transcript, and a description of the course for which the student seeks credit. (A course syllabus and reading list is helpful to the committee).
- if the student wishes to receive credit for a specific Albany course, the student should make reference to it in the materials referred to above. Courses which do not have exact equivalents at Albany may by awarded elective credit.
- The student must arrange for an official transcript or transcripts to be sent directly to the Office of Graduate Studies.
- The Graduate Director and Committee review the petition and consult with faculty who can assist in determining whether or not advanced standing should be awarded for a course.
- The Office of Graduate Studies is notified of the Committee's decision.
- The student is informed of the Committee's decision in writing and receives a copy of the form forwarded to the office noted above.
- Once the official transcript has been received by the Office of Graduate Studies and the Office of the Registrar receives the form approving advanced standing, a notation of the number of hours awarded is made on the student's permanent record (transcript).
- Students seeking a waiver for a required course must also petition the Committee and present all relevant documentation to justify the award of a waiver. The student is notified of the Committee's decision in writing, and a memo is sent to the Office of Graduate Studies to be placed in the student's permanent file for use when the student's record is checked for the completion of requirements.
Teaching Tool Requirement:
This departmental requirement is based on the recognition that teaching skills are useful and necessary for all Ph.D. students, whether they enter academic or research positions. To meet this requirement, students need to register for Soc 606, which will be taught as a graduate seminar each spring. Students are also required to complete a co-teaching internship by signing up with a particular faculty member to teach a specific course. The co-teaching can be accomplished in the same semester as the pedagogy course or in an earlier one. If the co-teaching is not completed before or concurrently with the course, the student will receive an incomplete in Soc 606 until the co-teaching is completed. It is expected that co-teaching be completed by the end of the third year at the latest. Successful completion of the teaching tool requirement is one of the criteria used for teaching appointment.
Procedures for petitioning for the coteaching internship:
- The student determines with whom and in what course they wish to meet this requirement.
- Once a faculty member has agreed to sponsor the student, the student and faculty member determine the responsibilities each will have during the semester. Minimum faculty and student responsibilities are listed in the Co-teaching Contract. The contract form is available in the Sociology Department Main Office, AS-351.
- The completed, signed contract is submitted to the Graduate Director for approval.
- Upon approval, the student receives a letter of notification and instructions for registering for SOC 606.
- The faculty sponsor is required to formally provide the student with feedback at least three times per year.
- A petition for a waiver of registration in SOC 606 must be submitted to the Director of Graduate Studies for approval by the Graduate Committee and must be accompanied by supporting documents which attest to a teaching experience comparable to that provided by the co-teaching internship.
- When a waiver of SOC 606 is granted, the student is notified, and notification is forwarded to the Office of Graduate Studies for placement in the student's file.
Research Tool Requirement:
The University requires all doctoral students to demonstrate through examination at this University a reading knowledge of at least one foreign language and/or the demonstration at this University of competence in another appropriate research tool. This requirement is to be completed as part of the 60 credits of course work required in the sociology doctoral program. The research tool requirement may be fulfilled with a reading knowledge in a language other than English or competence in one special methodological area. Foreign language skills are tested by appropriate examinations or certification. Research tool options not involving foreign languages are typically satisfied by passing appropriate courses with a grade of B or better. International students may petition to use their first language to meet this requirement.
The non-foreign language option for the research tool can be satisfied through an advanced or specialized methods course in or out of the department, as approved by the Graduate Committee. Courses in programming, qualitative or historical methods, biostatistics, or econometrics would be considered. Required courses, SOC 509, 522, 609, and equivalent courses in other departments will not be approved.
Courses commonly accepted to fulfill the research tool include, but are not restricted to:
- SOC 535 Qualitative Research Techniques
- SOC 552 Demographic Techniques
- SOC 622 Selected Topics in Multivariate Analysis
- SOC 626 Survey Design and Analysis
- SOC 708 Selected Topics in Methodology
- WSS 590 Research Seminar in Women's Studies
- PAD 636 Cultural Analysis of Organization
Special topics methodology courses in psychology or criminal justice are also used to fulfill this requirement.
Procedures for petitioning for the research tool:
- The student submits a petition to the Graduate Committee through the Graduate Director. The petition should include the proposed research tool and the method of evaluation.
- Students whose first language is English, who wish to use a foreign language to fulfill their research tool requirement, must be specific as to the manner in which their reading proficiency in a foreign language will be demonstrated: e.g., ETS Graduate School Foreign Language Test, University at Albany language department exam, sociology department examination, course work, etc.
- When formal course work is involved, the student should seek approval prior to registering for the course.
- The student receives notification of the Committee's decision.
- Once competency is demonstrated in the research tool (completion of the tool demonstrated by a grade of B or better on the transcript or reports of an examination committee, etc.), the Office of the Registrar is notified by the department that this requirement has been satisfied and the relevant notation is entered on the student's transcript.
Comprehensive Examination in Research Methods Requirement:
Students can fulfill the methods requirement if their combined grades in the first two required methods courses (SOC 509 and SOC 522) averages 3.5 or better.
Students who do not have the required average of 3.5 must take a written examination in methods by October 1st of their third semester. Students required to take the examination are notified by the Director of Graduate Studies, after the end of their second semester when the Graduate Committee conducts its end of the year review. The Graduate Director sets the date of the examination and students must confirm their availabitliy for the date fo the examination with the graduate secretary.
The methods comprehensive exam is a closed book exam lasting no more than four hours. Students whose first language is not English may request one extra hour on the exam. The methods comprehensive examination committee is selected by the Graduate Director and consists of three sociology faculty members, with one person serving as chair. This committee makes up the exam, grades it, and notifies the Graduate Director of the exam results. The Graduate Director then notifies the student by letter. Appeals of grades on the methods comp follow the procedures for appealing grades on specialty exams (see number 9 below in the section on “Procedures for taking a specialty comprehensive exam”).
Students must satisfy the research methods requirement (including a second attempt) no later than the beginning of their fourth semester. Those who fail to pass the methods comprehehsive exam on their second attempt will not be allowed to continue in the Ph.D. program. The student will remain eligible to complete the Master’s degree.
Preparing for the comprehensive examinations:
All Ph.D. students are required to take two specialty area comprehensive examinations. These are take-home open-book exams to be completed within a seventy-two hour period. The first must be taken no later than the start of a student’s sixth semester and the second no later than the start of a student’s seventh semester. A student who fails a comprehensive examination can retake it once in the semester following the first attempt. Thus, re-examinations, if needed, would have to be taken no later than the start of the eighth or ninth semester. A student who fails to take the comprehensive examinations by the deadlines, or to pass them on their second attempt, will not be allowed to continue in the Ph.D. program. The student will remain eligible to complete the Master’s degree.
Students must pick a substantive area for each of their comprehensive examinations, ask three faculty (one of whom needs to be designated as the committee chair) to serve on the committee for each exam, and formulate a reading list which is to be approved by all three committee members.
Students may register for SOC 693 and 793 (both variable credit courses) in the semester immediately before or during the one in which they intend to take each comprehensive examination. These two courses do not meet formally, rather, they provide credit for students’ independent study for the comprehensive examinations. Students receive a passing grade for those courses when they pass the exam.
Areas for comprehensive examinations:
Areas must be chosen from the list of sociological area specialties listed in the American Sociological Association’s Guide to Graduate Departments.
The following are areas in which three or more department faculty list an area of specialization. If a student petitions for one of these areas and their committee is made up of three of the faculty listed under this area, the Graduate Director will give automatic approval to the student’s request:
Aging/Social Gerontology: Loscocco, Ward, Gubernskaya
Children and Youth: Brandon, Dreby, Kaufman, Trent
Collective Behavior/Social Movements: Jacobs, Lachmann, Seidman
Comparative/Historical Sociology: Popp Berman, Bose, Jacobs, Lachmann, Major
Criminology/Deviance: Kaufman, Messner, Ward
Cultural Sociology: Popp Berman, Jacobs, Lachmann, Seidman
Demography: Brandon, Deane, Denton, Friedman, Horton, Liang, South, Trent, Strully, Gubernskaya, Yang
Development/Globalization/World Systems: Bose, Lachmann, Liang, Raffalovich
Economic Sociology: Popp Berman, Brandon, Lachmann, Loscocco, Major, Raffalovich, Zetka
Family: Brandon, Dreby, Loscocco, South, Spitze, Strully, Trent, Ward, Gubernskaya
Gender: Bose, Dreby, Loscocco, Seidman,Wagner, Ward
History of Sociology/Social Thought: Jacobs, Lachmann, Zetka
Medical Sociology/Mental Health: Strully, Ward, Yang
Migration and Immigration: Brandon, Chung, Dreby, Denton, Friedman, Horton, Liang, South, Gubernskaya
Occupations/Professions: Popp Berman, Bose, Loscocco, Zetka
Organizations: Popp Berman, Lachmann, Zetka
Political Sociology: Popp Berman, Jacobs, Lachmann, Major
Qualitative Sociology: Chung, Popp Berman, Dreby, Lachmann, Loscocco, Seidman
Quantitative Methods: Brandon, Deane, Liang, Raffalovich, South, Gubernskaya, Yang
Race/Ethnic/Minority Relations: Bose, Chung, Denton, Friedman, Horton, Jacobs, Loscocco
Science/Technology: Wagner, Zetka, Popp Berman
Sexuality: Bose, Kaufman, Jacobs, Loscocco, Seidman, Wagner
Sociological Theory: Popp Berman, Jacobs, Lachmann, Seidman, Wagner
Stratification/Mobility: Bose, Horton, Loscocco, Raffalovich, Strully
Urban Sociology: Chung, Dreby, Denton, Friedman, Horton, Liang, Jacobs, South
Work/Labor Markets: Popp Berman, Bose, Brandon, Loscocco, Strully, Zetka
If a student wishes to select one of the above areas, but would like to choose a faculty member from this or another department who is not included on the above list, they must attach an explanation as to why that faculty member would be appropriate for their committee. All such requests will be considered by the Graduate Committee.
The following is a list of those areas from the Guide to Graduate Departments which only two members of the department faculty have listed as areas in which they are competent to examine students. If a student chooses to be examined in one of these areas, they must use both faculty members listed and select one additional faculty person from this or another department. In the student’s letter requesting to be examined in this area they must attach an explanation as to why the non-listed faculty person would be appropriate for their committee. All such requests will be considered by the Graduate Committee.
Rural Sociology: Horton, Yang
Social Psychology: Kaufman, Wagner
Students have the option of petitioning to take an exam in an area listed in the ASA Guide to Graduate Departments which is not included in the above lists. Among those areas are the following, which only one faculty member lists as a specialization. Students who want to take an exam in one of these areas must find two other faculty members willing to examine in this area, at least one of whom must be a member of the department. In a student’s letter requesting to be examined in this area they must attach an explanation as to why the non-listed faculty person would be appropriate for their committee. All such requests will be considered by the Graduate Committee.
Social Networks: Lachmann
Procedures for taking a specialty comprehensive exam:
- After the methods comprehensive requirement is satisfied, a student chooses specialty examination committees. The committee must consist of a minimum of three faculty members, two of whom must be members of the Sociology Department. The chair of the committee must be a member of the Sociology Department.
- The student submits a petition to the Director of Graduate Studies to accept the specialty area and the examining committee, specifying who will serve as chair. The Graduate Director circulates the petition to members of the Graduate Committee for approval.
- The student is notified of the Graduate Committee's action on the petition.
- The student consults with their committee members to develop an appropriate reading list. The reading list must be approved by all committee members. When the student and the chair of the specialty examination committee agree the student is ready to take the exam, the student selects an examination date from among those scheduled by the department. This date should be agreed upon by all committee members.
- There are three examination periods scheduled throughout the year for the administration of specialty examinations: two weeks immediately prior to the beginning of the fall semester, two weeks during the intersession, and two weeks immediately following the spring semester. A student may take an examination, regardless of area, during any of these periods. Exams will not be offered on any date other than those in the official schedule.
- In order to take the exam, the student must choose a seventy-two hour date within the two-week examination period, complete the exam form, and return it to the Graduate Secretary by the specified deadline for that examination period. The form must be signed by all members of the student’s committee.
- The chair of the examination committee notifies the Graduate Director of the exam results. The Graduate Director then notifies the student by letter.
- Upon the successful completion of all examinations, the Office of the Registrar is notified, and the information is recorded on the student's transcript.
- If a student wishes to appeal a grade given by the original examination committee, the following procedures must be followed:
- The student must specify, in writing, the reason(s) for appealing the grade. This statement should be addressed to the Director of Graduate Studies who, in turn, will send it to the members of the examination committee.
- The examination committee is then asked to reread the exam and either reaffirm or change the original grade.
- If the student is still dissatisfied with the outcome, they may again appeal to the Graduate Committee (specifying in detail the reason(s) for the appeal). The Graduate Committee will then appoint a new committee to read the exam.
- The determination of the committee is final.
Full-time Study in Residence:
Each doctoral student must engage in full-time study beyond the Master's degree or equivalent at the University for at least one academic year after admission to the program. A year of full-time study is a requirement designed to ensure the student a sustained period of intensive intellectual growth. Students who enter with a Master's degree and have been awarded advanced standing should plan on beginning to meet this University requirement within their first year of study at Albany. Students admitted to the doctoral program with a bachelor’s degree should plan on meeting this requirement after completing thirty credits.
A student will enroll in full-time study (12 credits) taken in each of two sessions, or in a regular session and a summer session, not necessarily consecutive, which must be completed satisfactorily, except as indicated here:
- Students authorized to register for work on a dissertation may meet this 12 credit per session requirement by satisfactorily completing a minimum of 8 earned course credits and registering for work on the dissertation for load credits.
- Graduate assistants holding a full assistantship may meet the residency requirement by completing one academic year in such a position, including the satisfactory completion of a minimum of 18 registered credits during the year plus satisfactory completion of assigned duties.
Procedures for waiver of the full-time study in residence requirement:
- Petitions, with ample justification, should be submitted to the department' s Graduate Committee.
- The Committee forwards the petition, along with its recommendation, to the Office of Graduate Studies for presentation to the Graduate Advisory Committee (GAC).
- A waiver of this requirement is not pro forma. GAC meets once a month during the academic year, and the petition is first reviewed by one of its standing committees. It is strongly recommended that students who plan to seek a waiver submit their petition well enough in advance to permit the student to plan according to the Council's decision.
- Both the department and the student are notified of the GAC determination.
The department recommends a student be admitted to candidacy (ABD, all but dissertation) for the Doctor of Philosophy upon completion of the following:
- Satisfactory record in course and seminar study;
- Satisfactory completion of the research tool and teaching tool requirements;
- Completion of the University residence requirement;
- Satisfactory completion of the comprehensive examination in methods or meeting the performance criterion in required methods courses;
- Satisfactory completion of two specialty examinations.
The department nominates the student for candidacy. With the approval of the Dean of Graduate Studies, a student is admitted to candidacy. Students must hold this status for at least one semester, exclusive of a summer session, before the acceptance of their dissertation.
The Doctoral Dissertation:
A dissertation based on independent research is required. The dissertation should constitute a significant and potentially publishable professional contribution to the field of sociology. The student must successfully propose and defend the dissertation in oral examinations before the department.
Procedures for completing the doctoral dissertation:
- The candidate selects a dissertation committee of at least three full-time faculty members.
- The majority of the committee, including the chair, must be faculty members of the Sociology Department. A faculty member may continue as chair of a dissertation committee after leaving the University.
- After faculty members have agreed to serve and a topic has been approved by the dissertation committee, the candidate is required to petition the Graduate Committee for final approval of the dissertation committee and topic. The candidate submits the petition to the Director of Graduate Studies. The petition should include the names of the committee members with the committee chair identified, a tentative title, and a brief summary of the topic.
- The candidate is notified of the Graduate Committee's action on the petition.
- When the dissertation committee chair agrees, the candidate requests the Graduate Secretary to set a time and place for a public defense of the dissertation proposal. This must be done at least two weeks prior to the defense.
- The candidate submits an abstract and full proposal for departmental reading to the Graduate Secretary one week prior to the presentation. The Graduate Secretary publicizes the defense.
- Since an accepted dissertation proposal represents a contract between the student and the dissertation committee, the proposal should include a detailed statement of the theoretical framework, the methodology, and importance of the topic.
- The candidate presents the proposed research at an open meeting. The chair of the dissertation committee solicits comment and questions from the committee and others in attendance.
- The dissertation committee either "approves," "approves pending revisions," or "rejects" the proposal, and notifies the candidate, in writing, the reason(s) for taking the latter two actions. A Report on the Outcome of the Dissertation Proposal Defense form is completed, signed by the committee members and the student, and returned to the Graduate Secretary.
- If the dissertation committee "approves pending revisions" the candidate resubmits a redrafted proposal within a time period fixed by the dissertation committee. The dissertation committee may then:
If the dissertation committee "rejects" on the first or second attempt, the candidate must
- Call for another public defense
proceed as though preparing a first presentation (steps 1-9).
The student proceeds with the dissertation upon approval of the proposal by the dissertation committee. The student registers for the section of SOC 899 for which the dissertation committee chair is instructor of record; the instructor provides the student with a Permission Number. SOC 899 carries load (ungraded) credit. A student registers for the number of credits appropriate to the student's program during that semester. There is no specified number of dissertation load credits required. A set of guidelines for the preparation of the dissertation and other relevant policies for the submission of the dissertation is available on the website of the Office of Graduate Studies (see http://www.albany.edu/gradstudies/doctoral_dissertation.php).
Upon completion of the dissertation and with the agreement of the dissertation committee, the student sets the date and time of the oral defense. The candidate requests the Graduate Secretary to reserve the department conference room for the dissertation defense. This should be done at least two weeks before the date of the oral defense.
The candidate submits an abstract and full dissertation to the Graduate Secretary one full week prior to the dissertation defense. On behalf of the dissertation committee, the Graduate Secretary extends an invitation to others to attend the defense and makes the dissertation available for review.
The candidate presents the dissertation research and answers questions from the committee and others in attendance.
Three signatures, two of which must be those of the Sociology Department faculty, are required for the acceptance of a dissertation. If the candidate's committee accepts the dissertation, the committee chair will notify the Graduate Director. The dissertation committee may accept the dissertation pending minor revisions. In that case, the student must complete those changes before the dissertation committee signs the transmittal form. When the dissertation is in final form, the department chair signs the transmittal form and the dissertation can then be submitted to the University as the final requirement for the Ph.D. degree.
The final, typed, error-free dissertation presented to the Office of Graduate Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the doctoral degree must be the version approved by the dissertation committee and the department chair.
The original dissertation and one copy, the approval form, receipt for microfilming and binding, the survey of earned doctorates, and the signed UMI agreement must be filed on-line (see www.albany.edu/graduate/dissertation-thesis-submission.php). The recommendation for the degree is then prepared for the department chair's signature, and all required documents and the dissertation are delivered to the Dean of Graduate Studies. Students receive a copy of all relevant forms.
The student must apply for the award of the degree on-line via that Office of the Registrar’s website (see www.albany.edu/registrar/degree-application.php). The deadline date for application for the degree and the deadline date for completion of all requirements for the award of the degree in a given semester appear in the academic calendar for that semester. The academic calendar is printed in the Schedule of Classes and can be found on-line.
Except for periods of official leaves of absence, all doctoral students must be continuously registered for a minimum of three credits for fall and spring semesters from admission to the program until all requirements prior to the dissertation are satisfied. During the time the student is registering for dissertation load credits (SOC 899), they may be registered for one credit per semester. Summer session registration may not be substituted for fall or spring registration. A student who does not register for a fall or spring semester and who has not received approval for a leave of absence is subject to termination.
Statute of Limitations:
All requirements for the doctoral program must be completed within eight calendar years from the date of initial registration in the program. This policy applies equally to all students who enter with or without advanced standing and to students who formally change their areas of specialization after admission and study in the program. Extensions to the statute of limitations may be authorized by the Assistant Dean of Graduate Studies. Petitions for an extension to the statute of limitations should be submitted to the Graduate Director.
Leaves of Absence:
A doctoral student may be granted an official leave of absence from the program for appropriate academic or personal reasons up until they reach candidacy.. A leave of absence must be approved by the department, college, and the Dean of Graduate Studies. Normally, a leave for up to one year is granted. However, a student may be granted up to four semesters, not necessarily consecutive, in leave of absence status. While on a leave of absence, a student is not entitled to use University facilities and faculty resources exclusively afforded to students. Periods of authorized leave are not counted among those charged against the statute of limitation.
Model Timetable for Completion of the Ph.D. degree:
Students arriving with graduate credits and who receive advanced standing or waivers should see the Graduate Director to modify this timetable:
SOC 509, 510, 590A, one elective = 9 credits
SOC 522, 511, 590B, one elective = 9 credits
[Take Methods Comprehensive Exam, if needed]
SOC 609 and two electives = 9 credits
SOC 606 Co-teaching Internship (meets teaching tool requirement and makes student eligible for summer and academic year teaching positions)
Plus Two electives = 9 credits
SOC 693, two electives = 9 credits
Take first Specialty Exam
SOC 793, two electives = 9 credits
Take second specialty exam
Two electives = 6 credits (60 credits Ph.D. requirement met)
Take course if still needed to meet research tool requirement
Student is admitted to candidacy (is now at the ABD “All But Dissertation” stage)
Submit and defend Dissertation Proposal
--- July 2014