University at Albany
 

Physics Faculty

William A. Lanford
Professor of Physics
Ph.D. University of Rochester

Office: Physics 110
Telephone: (518) 442-2561
Email: lanford@albany.edu

Google Scholar search "W. A. Lanford"



Academic History:
  • B.S. Physics, University of Rochester (1966)
  • Ph.D. Physics, University of Rochester (1972)
  • Postdoctoral, Assistant Professor, Michigan State University (1971-1973)
  • Associate Professor, Assistant Professor of Physics, Yale University (1973-1979)
  • Joint appointment in Classics, SUNY Albany (1998-2002)
  • Professor, Associate Professor of Physics, SUNY Albany (1979-present)
Research Interests:

Research interests have concentrated on the physics of materials including: ion beam analysis, hydrogen in materials, use of copper for microelectronic metallization, ion beam modification of materials, effects of cosmic rays on electronic devices, physics analysis in art and archaeology, and novel application of ion beam analysis in atmospheric chemistry.

Scholorship:
  • Over 230 research papers in refereed journals (6 of these papers cited more than 100 times each), including major advances in understanding the chemistry of glass surfaces, methods of ion beam analysis, role of hydrogen in various thin-film materials, effects of cosmic rays on microelectronics. Four of these papers published in Science or Nature.
  • Over 50 invited talks at national or international scientific meetings.
  • 6 patents issued.
  • 2 books (edited).
  • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship.
  • Semiconductor Research Corporation Inventor Recognition Award (1994, 1996, 1997)
  • University of Helsinki, Finland, "Medal of the University" 2003.
  • Nobel Committee for Physics and Chemistry of the Swedish Royal Academy, Guest Researcher.
  • Presidents Award for Excellence in Research.
  • Service on external review committees for Chalk River National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and University of Texas.
Grants:

Continuous external research funding for the first 22 years at Albany

Albany Infrastructure Grants Received

  • Grant to upgrade University at Albany Accelerator (U. S. Army)
  • Arranged gift from IBM of Tandem Accelerator to Albany
  • Grant to advance undergraduate physics education at Albany (NSF, sole PI)
  • Proposal to create Center for Advanced Technology at Albany (NYS Science and Technology Foundation, principal author and Director)
  • Major Equipment Grant for High Resolution Spectrometer (NSF, sole PI)
Publications:

207.     Processing, Characterization and Reliablity of Silica Xerogel Films for Interlayer Dielectric Applications.

A. Jain, S. Rogojevic, Feng Wang, W. N. Gill, P. C. Wayner, J. L. Plawsky, A. Haberl and W. A. Lanford.  Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 612 (2000)25.

208.     Hydrogen Ion Implantation into GaAs

G. Gawlik, R. Ratajczak, A. Toros, J. Jagielski, S. Bedell and W. A. Lanford, Vacuum 63(2001)697

209.     Investigation of Blistering and Layer Transferal of Hydrogen Implanted Crystals.

S. Bedell and W. A. Lanford, Journal of Applied Physics90(2001)1138.

210.     Interactions Between Silica Xerogel and Tantalum.

S. Rogojevic, A. Jain, F. Wang, W. Gill, p. Wayner, J. Plawsky, T-M. Lu, G-R. Yand, W. A. Lanford, A. Kumar, H. Bakhru and A. N. Roy, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B19(2001)354.

211.     Interfacial Segregation and Barrier Layer Formation in Cu-Al Alloy Films on SiO2.

P. I. Wang, S. P. Murarka, S. J. Amadon, W. A. Lanford, Y. C. Chen and K. Rajan, Journal of Electrochemical Society (submitted).

212.     Surface Segregation of Al of the Bi-layers of Pure Cu and Cu-Al Alloy Films.

P. I. Wang, S. P. Murarka, D. A. Kaminski, S. Bedell and W. A. Lanford.  Journal of Electrochemical Society 148(2001)481.

213.     Effects of Process Variables on Optical Properties and Composition of a-Si:C:H films. I. L. Moskowitz, W. A. Lanford, and S. V. Babu.   Journal of Materials Research  (2003),  18(1),  129-138. 

214.     RBS Analysis of Trace Gas Uptake on Ice.

T. Huthwelker, U. K. Krieger, U. Weers, Th. Peter and W. A. Lanford, presented at International Ion Beam Analysis Conference, Cairns, Australia, July15-20, 2001 Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B190 (2002) 47.

215.     Use of Reference Samples for More Accurate RBS Analysis.

W. A. Lanford, P. Pelicon, B. Zorko and M. Budnar, presented at International Ion Beam Analysis Conference, Cairns, Australia, July15-20, 2001, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B190 (2002) 410.

216.     Rutherford backscattering to study the near-surface region of volatile liquids and solids.

U. K. Krieger, T. Huthwelker, C. Daniel, U. Weers, Th. Peter and W. A. Lanford.

Science 295 (2002)1048

217.     Phosphorous Atomic Layer Promoting the Chemisorption of Highly Polorizable Transition Metallorganics.

Jay J. Senkevich, G. R. Yang, T. M. Lu, T. S. Cale, C. Jezewski and W. A. Lanford, Advanced Materials 14 (2002)189.

218.     The Application of RBS to Investigate the Diffusion of HCl Into the Near Surface Region of Ice.

T. Huthwelker, U. K. Krieger, Th. Peter and W. A. Lanford, presented at 17th International Conference on the Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry, November 12-16, 2002, Denton, Texas and accepted for publication Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research (2003).  AIP Conference Proceedings 680 (2003)400-403

219.     Substrate Independent Palladium Atomic Layer Deposition.

Senkevich, Jay J.; Tang, Fu; Rogers, Diana; Drotar, Jason T.; Jezewski, Christopher; Lanford, William A.; Wang, Gwo-ching; Lu, Toh-Ming.   Chemical Vapor Deposition 9(5), (2003) 258-264. 

220.     Characterization of Methyl-doped Silicon-oxide Films Deposited Using Flowfill Chemical Vapor Deposition.

H. Q. Lu, H. Cui, s. Murarka, W. A. Lanford, W. J. Hsia, and W. D. Li, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology 20 (2002)828.

221.     Nonstoichiometric Dissolution of Biotitle - A Preliminary RBS Study.

M. E. Malmstrom, T. Huthwelker and W. A. Lanford, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 66 (2002) 479.

222.     Hydride Compressor Sorption Cooler and Surface Contamination Issues.

R. C. Bowman, J. W. Reiter, M. Prina, J. G. Kulleck and W. A. Lanford, Presented at the International Workshop on Hydrogen in Materials and Vacuum Systems, November 11-13, 2002, Newport News, VA. .    AIP Conference Proceedings (2003),  671(Hydrogen in Materials and Vacuum Systems),  275-291. 

223.     Hydroxylapatite and titanium: Interfacial reactions.

Celaletdin Ergun, R. Doremus and W. A. Lanford, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 65A (2003) 336-343.

224.     Hydrogen uptake by high purity niobium studied by nuclear analytical methods.      Paul, Rick L.; Chen-Mayer, H. Heather; Myneni, Ganapati Rao; Lanford, William A.; Ricker, Richard E.     Materiaux & Techniques (Paris, France)  (2003),  91(7-8-9),  23-27

225.     Increased osteoblast adhesion on titanium-coated hydroxylapatite that forms CaTiO3.     Thomas J. Webster, Ergun Celaletdin, Robert H. Doremus, William A. Lanford.  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A  (2003),  67(3),  975-80.

226.     Molecular Caulk: A pore sealing technology for ultra-low k dielectrics.      Senkevich, Jay J.; Jezewski, Christopher; Lu, Deli; Lanford, William A.; Wang, Gwo-Ching; Lu, Toh-Ming.  Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings  (2004),  812(Materials, Technology and Reliability for Advanced Interconnects and Low-k Dielectrics--2004),  3-12. 

227.     Interface reaction/diffusion in hydroxylapatite-coated SS316L and CoCrMo alloys.      Ergun, C.; Doremus, R. H.; Lanford, W. A. Acta Materialia  (2004),  52(16),  4767-4772.

 

228.     Substrate-independent sulfur-activated dielectric and barrier-layer surfaces to promote the chemisorption of highly polarizable metalorganics.     Senkevich, J. J.; Yang, G. R.; Tang, F.; Wang, G. C.; Lu, T. M.; Cale, T. S.; Jezewski, C.; Lanford, W. A. Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing  (2004),  79(7),  1789-1796.

229.    AlGaN/InGaN HEMTs for RF current collapse suppression.     Lanford, W.; Kumar, V.; Schwindt, R.; Kuliev, A.; Adesida, I.; Dabiran, A. M.; Wowchak, A. M.; Chow, P. P.; Lee, J.-W.    Electronics Letters  (2004),  40(12),  771-772. 

230.    Molecular caulking. A pore sealing CVD polymer for ultralow k dielectrics.      Jezewski, Christopher; Wiegand, Christopher J.; Ye, Dexian; Mallikarjunan, Anupama; Liu, Deli; Jin, Chowming; Lanford, William A.; Wang, Gwo-Ching; Senkevich, Jay J.; Lu, Toh-Ming.   Journal of the Electrochemical Society  (2004),  151(7),  F157-F161. 

231.    Effective pore sealing of ultralow-k dielectrics.      Jezewski, Christopher J.; Lanford, William A.; Wiegand, Christopher J.; Senkevich, Jay J.; Lu, Toh-Ming.    University at Albany,  USA.    Semiconductor International  (2004),  27(5),  56-59.

232.    Inductively coupled hydrogen plasma-assisted Cu ALD on metallic and dielectric surfaces.      Jezewski, Christopher; Lanford, W. A.; Wiegand, Christopher J.; Singh, J. P.; Wang, Pei-I.; Senkevich, Jay J.; Lu, Toh-Ming.  Journal of the Electrochemical Society  (2005),  152(2),  C60-C64.

233.    Plasma-assisted atomic layer deposition of palladium.      Ten Eyck, Gregory A.; Senkevich, Jay J.; Tang, Fu; Liu, Deli; Pimanpang, Samuk; Karaback, Tansel; Wang, Gwo-Ching; Lu, Toh-Ming; Jezewski, Christopher; Lanford, William A.  Chemical Vapor Deposition (2005),  11(1),  60-66.

234.    He stopping power and straggle in Al, Ti, Co, Cu, Ag, Ta and Au from 1.5 to 4MeV.      Amadon, S.; Lanford, W. A..    Department of Physics,  University at Albany SUNY,  Albany,  NY,  USA.    Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms  (2006),  249  34-37.  

235.     Bromine Enrichment in the Near-Surface Region of Br-Doped NaCl Single Crystals Diagnosed by Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry.     Hess, M.; Krieger, U. K.; Marcolli, C.; Huthwelker, T.; Ammann, M.; Lanford, W. A.; Peter, Th.    Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science,  ETH Zurich,  Zurich,  Switz.    Journal of Physical Chemistry A  (2007),  111(20),  4312-4321. 

236.     Diffusion constants of Br in NaCl measured by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry.    M. Hess, U. K. Krieger, C. Marcolli, Th. Peter, R. H. Doremus, and W. A. Lanford, Journal of Applied Physics, 105(2009)1063.

237.     Nuclear Reaction Analysis for Hydrogen.  W. A. Lanford (invited), inNew Handbook of Ion Beam Analysis, ed. by M. Nastasi and Y. Q. Wang, MRS to be published 2009.

238.     Hydrogen Nuclear Reaction Data.  W. A. Lanford (invited), in New Handbook of Ion Beam Analysis, ed. by M. Nastasi and Y. Q. Wang, MRS to be published 2009.

239.     Grazing Angle 2 MeV RBS from the surface of a liquid with atomic layer depth resolution.  M. Hess, U. K. Krieger, U. Weers, E. Hausmmann, Th. Peter and W. A. Lanford, Invited for oral presentation at 19th International Conference on Ion Beam Analysis, September 7-12, 2009, Cambridge, England.

240.     Comparing PIXE with Scanning XRF Using a Radioactive Source:  Applications in Art History, W. A. Lanford, L. Methot, K. Tracey, A. Haberl and W. Skala, accepted for presentation at 19th International Conference on Ion Beam Analysis, September 7-12, 2009, Cambridge, England.

241.     Uptake of Nitric Acid on NaCl Single Crystals Measured by Backscattering Spectrometry, M. Hess, U. K. Krieger, C. Marcolli, Th. Peter and W. A. Lanford, accepted for presentation at 19th International Conference on Ion Beam Analysis, September 7-12, 2009, Cambridge, England.