Mumford Center Sheds New Light on Immigrant Enclaves in Metropolitan
Contact: Mary Fiess, (518) 437-4983
The University at Albany's Lewis Mumford Center for Comparative Urban
and Regional Research today released its latest analyses of census data
that offer new, significantly higher population estimates of specific
Hispanic groups and provide new information on the residential patterns
of racial and ethnic minorities in metropolitan areas.
The report, entitled "Immigrant Enclaves in the American Metropolis,
1990-2000" and available at: http://www.albany.edu/mumford/census/
(click on "Reports"), contains the latest findings by the Mumford Center,
which has been interpreting segregation patterns and tracking other
trends as Census 2000 data is released.
"Census data providing information on specific Hispanic and Asian
nationality groups (such as Chinese and Asian Indians, Mexicans and
Dominicans) show that almost all of these groups are more segregated
from the white majority than is implied by information on Hispanic or
Asian totals," said University at Albany Distinguished Professor of
Sociology John Logan, director of the Mumford Center. "Each group has
its own distinctive residential pattern, and this suggests that their
separate group identities remain strong in their American setting."
The Census Bureau's report of the size of specific Hispanic nationalities
has been, said Logan, "clouded by concerns that its data gathering methodology
seriously undercounted groups such as Dominicans and Colombians."
The Mumford Center developed new estimates for these groups, and these
adjusted figures "are much closer to estimates previously made by local
officials and demographers," he said. In developing its estimates, the
Mumford Center used March 2000 Current Population Survey data and other
publicly available data.
Census 2000 reported 407,473 Dominicans in New York City but the Mumford
Center estimates the number is close to 600,000, about 50 percent higher
than the census figure and representing a growth of 75 percent in the
last decade. In New York City, Census 2000 reported 240,000 South Americans
and 100,000 Central Americans; the Mumford Center estimates 350,000
South Americans and 150,000 Central Americans, both figures again approximately
50 percent higher than census figures.
Using its adjusted counts, the Mumford Center conducted new analyses
of residential segregation for all metropolitan areas for which data
have been made available.
"Both categories, Asian and Hispanic, have remained about equally segregated
from whites over the last decade - Hispanics considerably more segregated
than Asians," the report says. "But looking at specific national origin
groups yields two findings:
1. Most groups taken individually are more segregated from whites than
is their broad racial/ethnic category as a whole. Chinese, Indians,
and Koreans are as much as ten points more segregated, taken as individual
Asian groups, than is the Asian category taken as a whole. Dominicans,
at the extreme, are 20 points more segregated than Hispanics generally,
reaching levels that would be considered unusually high even for black-white
segregation. This means that we should be cautious about our use of
the aggregate categories in evaluating relative levels of segregation.
Differences between the African American situation and that of Dominicans
and Salvadorans, and even Chinese or Indians, are not as great as would
be imagined from figures about Asians and Hispanics.
In fact, there are important social differences among these national
origin groups, revealed in residential segregation among them. Not shown
in these tables, the level of segregation among most Asian groups is
in the moderate range of .40-.55, with somewhat greater segregation
(despite their common language) among Hispanic groups.
2. However, segregation of many groups has dropped in the last ten
years, another trend that is hidden from view if we rely only on indices
for aggregate categories. Segregation of all the major Asian national
origin groups from whites declined by 5 points or more (by nearly 20
points for Filipinos, who are now much less segregated than other Asians).
There was almost no change for Dominicans and Mexicans, but Puerto Rican
and Salvadoran segregation - while still high - dropped by 5-8 points.
"These early results suggest that some real progress is being made
in residential assimilation of many immigrant groups."
The complete report, including detailed statistical analyses, is available
at the Mumford Center's website: http://www.albany.edu/mumford/census.
Professor Logan's phone number is: (518) 442-4656.
July 5, 2001
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