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Health Policy, Management & Behavior

Student Learning Objectives Health Policy, Management & Behavior

Master of Public Health (MPH)-- Social Behavior & Community Health

MPH Core Competencies – for all MPH concentrations

BIOSTATISTICS

  • Describe the roles biostatistics serves in the discipline of public health.
  • Describe basic concepts of probability, random variation and commonly used statistical probability distributions.
  • Describe preferred methodological alternatives to commonly used statistical methods when assumptions are not met.
  • Distinguish among the different measurement scales and the implications for selection of statistical methods to be used based on these distinctions.
  • Apply descriptive techniques commonly used to summarize public health data.
  • Apply common statistical methods for inference.
  • Apply descriptive and inferential methodologies according to the type of study design for answering a particular research question.
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation.
  • Interpret results of statistical analyses found in public health studies.
  • Develop written and oral presentations based on statistical analyses for both public health professionals and educated lay audiences.

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES

  • Describe the direct and indirect human, ecological and safety effects of major environmental and occupational agents
  • Describe genetic, physiologic and psychosocial factors that affect susceptibility to adverse health outcomes following exposure to environmental hazards.
  • Describe federal and state regulatory programs, guidelines and authorities that control environmental health issues.
  • Specify current environmental risk assessment methods.
  • Specify approaches for assessing, preventing and controlling environmental hazards that pose risks to human health and safety.
  • Explain the general mechanisms of toxicity in eliciting a toxic response to various environmental exposures.
  • Discuss various risk management and risk communication approaches in relation to issues of environmental justice and equity.
  • Develop a testable model of environmental insult.

EPIDEMIOLOGY

  • Identify key sources of data for epidemiologic purposes.
  • Identify the principles and limitations of public health screening programs.
  • Describe a public health problem in terms of magnitude, person, time and place.
  • Explain the importance of epidemiology for informing scientific, ethical, economic and political discussion of health issues.
  • Comprehend basic ethical and legal principles pertaining to the collection, maintenance, use and dissemination of epidemiologic data.
  • Apply the basic terminology and definitions of epidemiology.
  • Calculate basic epidemiology measures.
  • Communicate epidemiologic information to lay and professional audiences.
  • Draw appropriate inferences from epidemiologic data.
  • Evaluate the strengths and limitations of epidemiologic reports.

HEALTH POLICY & MANAGEMENT

  • Identify the main components and issues of the organization, financing and delivery of health services and public health systems in the US.
  • Describe the legal and ethical bases for public health and health services.
  • Explain methods of ensuring community health safety and preparedness.
  • Discuss the policy process for improving the health status of populations.
  • Apply the principles of program planning, development, budgeting, management and evaluation in organizational and community initiatives.
  • Apply principles of strategic planning and marketing to public health.
  • Apply quality and performance improvement concepts to address organizational performance issues.
  • Apply "systems thinking" for resolving organizational problems.
  • Communicate health policy and management issues using appropriate channels and technologies.
  • Demonstrate leadership skills for building partnerships.

SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

  • Identify basic theories, concepts and models from a range of social and behavioral disciplines that are used in public health research and practice.
  • Identify the causes of social and behavioral factors that affect health of individuals and populations.
  • Identify individual, organizational and community concerns, assets, resources and deficits for social and behavioral science interventions.
  • Identify critical stakeholders for the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions.
  • Describe steps and procedures for the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions.
  • Describe the role of social and community factors in both the onset and solution of public health problems.
  • Describe the merits of social and behavioral science interventions and policies.
  • Apply evidence-based approaches in the development and evaluation of social and behavioral science interventions.
  • Apply ethical principles to public health program planning, implementation and evaluation.
  • Specify multiple targets and levels of intervention for social and behavioral science programs and/or policies.

PUBLIC HEALTH BIOLOGY

  • Specify the role of the immune system in population health.
  • Describe how behavior alters human biology.
  • Identify the ethical, social and legal issues implied by public health biology.
  • Explain the biological and molecular basis of public health.
  • Explain the role of biology in the ecological model of population-based health.
  • Explain how genetics and genomics affect disease processes and public health policy and practice.
  • Articulate how biological, chemical and physical agents affect human health.
  • Apply biological principles to development and implementation of disease prevention, control, or management programs.
  • Apply evidence-based biological and molecular concepts to inform public health laws, policies, and regulations.
  • Integrate general biological and molecular concepts into public health.

    Social Behavior and Community Health Concentration competencies

  • Analyze the role of social and behavioral determinants of health and develop strategies for addressing them to solve public health problems.
  • Assess community needs and assets for the purpose of designing an intervention that addresses a public health problem.
  • Develop a theory- and evidence-based health promotion intervention using a systematic program planning process.
  • Develop and carry out a comprehensive plan for evaluating a public health program or policy.
  • Identify health issues unique to different stages of the life cycle and describe how public health strategies can be tailored to meet such needs.
  • Analyze specific highly prevalent health problems/conditions to determine social, community, and behavioral risk factors that are key to target in an intervention.
  • Apply theory and strategy-based communication principles across different settings and audiences.
  • Demonstrate effective written and oral skills for communicating with different audiences in the context of professional public health activities.
  • Describe the roles of history, power, privilege, and structural inequality in producing health disparities.
  • Explain how professional ethics and practices relate to equity and accountability in diverse community settings.
  • Explain why cultural competence alone cannot address health disparity.
  • Use the basic concepts and skills involved in culturally appropriate community engagement and empowerment with diverse communities.
  • Apply the principles of community-based participatory research to improve health in diverse populations.
  • Differentiate among availability, acceptability, and accessibility of health care across diverse populations.
  • Differentiate between linguistic competence, cultural competency, and health literacy in public health practice.
  • Cite examples of situations where consideration of culture-specific needs resulted in a more effective modification or adaptation of a health intervention.
  • Develop public health programs and strategies responsive to the diverse cultural values and traditions of the communities being served.
  • Describe alternative strategies for collaboration and partnership among organizations focused on public health goals.
  • Engage in dialogue and learning from others to advance public health goals.
  • Demonstrate team building, negotiation, and conflict management skills.
  • Use collaborative methods for achieving organizational and community health goals.
  • Apply social justice and human rights principles when addressing community needs.
  • Develop strategies to motivate others for collaborative problem solving, decision-making, and evaluation.
  • Analyze determinants of health and disease using an ecological framework.
  • Appreciate the importance of working collaboratively with diverse communities and constituencies.
  • Describe how social, behavioral, environmental, and biological factors contribute to specific individual and community health outcomes.
  • Describe the tasks necessary to assure that program implementation occurs as intended.
  • Explain how the findings of a program evaluation can be used.
  • Explain the contribution of logic models in program development, implementation, and evaluation.
  • Differentiate among goals, measurable objectives, related activities, and expected outcomes for a public health program.
  • Differentiate the purposes of formative, process, and outcome evaluation.
  • Differentiate between qualitative and quantitative evaluation methods in relation to their strengths, limitations, and appropriate uses, and emphases on reliability and validity.
  • Prepare a program budget with justification.
  • In collaboration with others, prioritize individual, organizational, and community concerns and resources for public health programs.
  • Assess evaluation reports in relation to their quality, utility, and impact on public health.

Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)-- Social Behavior & Community Health

DrPH Core Competencies – for all DrPH concentrations

ADVOCACY

  • Present positions on health issues, law and policy.
  • Influence health policy and program decision-making based on scientific evidence, stakeholder input, and public opinion data.
  • Utilize consensus-building, negotiation, and conflict avoidance and resolution techniques.
  • Analyze the impact of legislation, judicial opinions, regulations, and policies on population health.
  • Establish goals, timelines, funding alternatives, and strategies for influencing policy initiatives.
  • Design action plans for building public and political support for programs and policies.
  • Develop evidence-based strategies for changing health law and policy.  

COMMUNICATION

  • Discuss the inter-relationships between health communication and marketing.
  • Explain communication program proposals and evaluations to lay, professional, and policy audiences.
  • Employ evidence-based communication program models for disseminating research and evaluation outcomes.
  • Guide an organization in setting communication goals, objectives, and priorities.
  • Create informational and persuasive communications.
  • Integrate health literacy concepts in all communication and marketing initiatives.
  • Develop formative and outcome evaluation plans for communication and marketing efforts.
  • Prepare dissemination plans for communication programs and evaluations.
  • Propose recommendations for improving communication processes.

COMMUNITY/CULTURAL ORIENTATION

  • Develop collaborative partnerships with communities, policy makers, and other relevant groups.
  • Engage communities in creating evidence-based, culturally competent programs.
  • Conduct community-based participatory intervention and research projects.
  • Design action plans for enhancing community and population-based health.
  • Assess cultural, environmental, and social justice influences on the health of communities.
  • Implement culturally and linguistically appropriate programs, services, and research.

CRITICAL ANALYSIS

  • Apply theoretical and evidence-based perspectives from multiple disciplines in the design and implementation of programs, policies, and systems.
  • Interpret quantitative and qualitative data following current scientific standards.
  • Design needs and resource assessments for communities and populations.
  • Develop health surveillance systems to monitor population health, health equity, and public health services.
  • Synthesize information from multiple sources for research and practice.
  • Evaluate the performance and impact of health programs, policies, and systems.
  • Weigh risks, benefits, and unintended consequences of research and practice.

LEADERSHIP

  • Communicate an organization’s mission, shared vision, and values to stakeholders.
  • Develop teams for implementing health initiatives.
  • Collaborate with diverse groups.
  • Influence others to achieve high standards of performance and accountability.
  • Guide organizational decision-making and planning based on internal and external environmental research.
  • Prepare professional plans incorporating lifelong learning, mentoring, and continued career progressions strategies.
  • Create a shared vision.
  • Develop capacity-building strategies at the individual, organizational, and community level.
  • Demonstrate a commitment to personal and professional values.

MANAGEMENT

  • Implement strategic planning processes.
  • Apply principles of human resource management.
  • Use informatics principles in the design and implementation of information systems.
  • Align policies and procedures with regulatory and statutory requirements.
  • Deploy quality improvements methods.
  • Organize the work environment with defined lines of responsibility, authority, communication, and governance.
  • Develop financial and business plans for health programs and services.
  • Establish a network of relationships, including internal and external collaborators.
  • Evaluate organizational performance in relation to strategic and defined goals.

PROFESSIONALISM AND ETHICS

  • Manage potential conflicts of interest encountered by practitioners, researchers, and organizations.
  • Differentiate among the administrative, legal, ethical, and quality assurance dimensions of research and practice.
  • Design strategies for resolving ethical concerns in research, law, and regulations.
  • Develop tools that protect the privacy of individuals and communities involved in health programs, policies, and research.
  • Prepare criteria for which the protection of the public welfare may transcend the right to individual autonomy.
  • Assess ethical considerations in developing communications and promotional initiatives.
  • Demonstrate cultural sensitivity in ethical discourse and analysis.

Social Behavior and Community Health Concentration

  • Identify effective approaches for addressing the cause of social and behavioral factors that affect health of individuals and populations.
  • Understand, interpret, and apply theories, concepts and models from social and behavioral disciplines in design and implementation of public health interventions.
  • Describe sources of evidence in social & behavioral science, and use evidence-based approaches in the development and evaluation of public health interventions.
  • Advocate effectively for social and behavioral science interventions and policies through funding proposals, legislative advocacy, and community leadership.

Master of Public Health (MPH)-- Health Policy & Management

MPH Core Competencies – for all MPH concentrations

BIOSTATISTICS

  • Describe the roles biostatistics serves in the discipline of public health.
  • Describe basic concepts of probability, random variation and commonly used statistical probability distributions.
  • Describe preferred methodological alternatives to commonly used statistical methods when assumptions are not met.
  • Distinguish among the different measurement scales and the implications for selection of statistical methods to be used based on these distinctions.
  • Apply descriptive techniques commonly used to summarize public health data.
  • Apply common statistical methods for inference.
  • Apply descriptive and inferential methodologies according to the type of study design for answering a particular research question.
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation.
  • Interpret results of statistical analyses found in public health studies.
  • Develop written and oral presentations based on statistical analyses for both public health professionals and educated lay audiences.

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES

  • Describe the direct and indirect human, ecological and safety effects of major environmental and occupational agents
  • Describe genetic, physiologic and psychosocial factors that affect susceptibility to adverse health outcomes following exposure to environmental hazards.
  • Describe federal and state regulatory programs, guidelines and authorities that control environmental health issues.
  • Specify current environmental risk assessment methods.
  • Specify approaches for assessing, preventing and controlling environmental hazards that pose risks to human health and safety.
  • Explain the general mechanisms of toxicity in eliciting a toxic response to various environmental exposures.
  • Discuss various risk management and risk communication approaches in relation to issues of environmental justice and equity.
  • Develop a testable model of environmental insult.

EPIDEMIOLOGY

  • Identify key sources of data for epidemiologic purposes.
  • Identify the principles and limitations of public health screening programs.
  • Describe a public health problem in terms of magnitude, person, time and place.
  • Explain the importance of epidemiology for informing scientific, ethical, economic and political discussion of health issues.
  • Comprehend basic ethical and legal principles pertaining to the collection, maintenance, use and dissemination of epidemiologic data.
  • Apply the basic terminology and definitions of epidemiology.
  • Calculate basic epidemiology measures.
  • Communicate epidemiologic information to lay and professional audiences.
  • Draw appropriate inferences from epidemiologic data.
  • Evaluate the strengths and limitations of epidemiologic reports.

HEALTH POLICY & MANAGEMENT

  • Identify the main components and issues of the organization, financing and delivery of health services and public health systems in the US.
  • Describe the legal and ethical bases for public health and health services.
  • Explain methods of ensuring community health safety and preparedness.
  • Discuss the policy process for improving the health status of populations.
  • Apply the principles of program planning, development, budgeting, management and evaluation in organizational and community initiatives.
  • Apply principles of strategic planning and marketing to public health.
  • Apply quality and performance improvement concepts to address organizational performance issues.
  • Apply "systems thinking" for resolving organizational problems.
  • Communicate health policy and management issues using appropriate channels and technologies.
  • Demonstrate leadership skills for building partnerships.

SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

  • Identify basic theories, concepts and models from a range of social and behavioral disciplines that are used in public health research and practice.
  • Identify the causes of social and behavioral factors that affect health of individuals and populations.
  • Identify individual, organizational and community concerns, assets, resources and deficits for social and behavioral science interventions.
  • Identify critical stakeholders for the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions.
  • Describe steps and procedures for the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions.
  • Describe the role of social and community factors in both the onset and solution of public health problems.
  • Describe the merits of social and behavioral science interventions and policies.
  • Apply evidence-based approaches in the development and evaluation of social and behavioral science interventions.
  • Apply ethical principles to public health program planning, implementation and evaluation.
  • Specify multiple targets and levels of intervention for social and behavioral science programs and/or policies.

PUBLIC HEALTH BIOLOGY

  • Specify the role of the immune system in population health.
  • Describe how behavior alters human biology.
  • Identify the ethical, social and legal issues implied by public health biology.
  • Explain the biological and molecular basis of public health.
  • Explain the role of biology in the ecological model of population-based health.
  • Explain how genetics and genomics affect disease processes and public health policy and practice.
  • Articulate how biological, chemical and physical agents affect human health.
  • Apply biological principles to development and implementation of disease prevention, control, or management programs.
  • Apply evidence-based biological and molecular concepts to inform public health laws, policies, and regulations.
  • Integrate general biological and molecular concepts into public health.

    Health Policy and Management Concentration competencies

  • Implement systems thinking for health organizations through design or evaluation of specific managerial interventions.
  • Conduct policy and economic analysis around a health care or public health issue that produces a set of decision choices.
  • Be able to prepare, implement or evaluate a complete strategic plan for a health care or public health organization.
  • Develop initiatives in the area of quality and medical management that that are rooted in evidence-based approaches.
  • Conduct financial analysis for health care organizations or public health organizations around specific budgetary issues.
  • Prepare and present formal management and policy plans/proposals through oral and written communications.
  • Develop, implement, and evaluate management and policy interventions through the use of quantitative and qualitative approaches.
  • Make managerial and policy decisions in a manner that stands up to legal and ethical scrutiny.
  • Identify factors that influence health policy and the health status of individuals and populations.
  • Understand the interrelationship between private and public sector in health care delivery.
  • Describe the attributes of leadership in public health.
  • Articulate an achievable mission set of core values, and vision.
  • Analyze the impact of global trends and interdependencies on public health related problems and systems.

Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)-- Health Policy & Management

DrPH Core Competencies – for all DrPH concentrations

ADVOCACY

  • Present positions on health issues, law and policy.
  • Influence health policy and program decision-making based on scientific evidence, stakeholder input, and public opinion data.
  • Utilize consensus-building, negotiation, and conflict avoidance and resolution techniques.
  • Analyze the impact of legislation, judicial opinions, regulations, and policies on population health.
  • Establish goals, timelines, funding alternatives, and strategies for influencing policy initiatives.
  • Design action plans for building public and political support for programs and policies.
  • Develop evidence-based strategies for changing health law and policy.  

COMMUNICATION

  • Discuss the inter-relationships between health communication and marketing.
  • Explain communication program proposals and evaluations to lay, professional, and policy audiences.
  • Employ evidence-based communication program models for disseminating research and evaluation outcomes.
  • Guide an organization in setting communication goals, objectives, and priorities.
  • Create informational and persuasive communications.
  • Integrate health literacy concepts in all communication and marketing initiatives.
  • Develop formative and outcome evaluation plans for communication and marketing efforts.
  • Prepare dissemination plans for communication programs and evaluations.
  • Propose recommendations for improving communication processes.

COMMUNITY/CULTURAL ORIENTATION

  • Develop collaborative partnerships with communities, policy makers, and other relevant groups.
  • Engage communities in creating evidence-based, culturally competent programs.
  • Conduct community-based participatory intervention and research projects.
  • Design action plans for enhancing community and population-based health.
  • Assess cultural, environmental, and social justice influences on the health of communities.
  • Implement culturally and linguistically appropriate programs, services, and research.

CRITICAL ANALYSIS

  • Apply theoretical and evidence-based perspectives from multiple disciplines in the design and implementation of programs, policies, and systems.
  • Interpret quantitative and qualitative data following current scientific standards.
  • Design needs and resource assessments for communities and populations.
  • Develop health surveillance systems to monitor population health, health equity, and public health services.
  • Synthesize information from multiple sources for research and practice.
  • Evaluate the performance and impact of health programs, policies, and systems.
  • Weigh risks, benefits, and unintended consequences of research and practice.

LEADERSHIP

  • Communicate an organization’s mission, shared vision, and values to stakeholders.
  • Develop teams for implementing health initiatives.
  • Collaborate with diverse groups.
  • Influence others to achieve high standards of performance and accountability.
  • Guide organizational decision-making and planning based on internal and external environmental research.
  • Prepare professional plans incorporating lifelong learning, mentoring, and continued career progressions strategies.
  • Create a shared vision.
  • Develop capacity-building strategies at the individual, organizational, and community level.
  • Demonstrate a commitment to personal and professional values.

MANAGEMENT

  • Implement strategic planning processes.
  • Apply principles of human resource management.
  • Use informatics principles in the design and implementation of information systems.
  • Align policies and procedures with regulatory and statutory requirements.
  • Deploy quality improvements methods.
  • Organize the work environment with defined lines of responsibility, authority, communication, and governance.
  • Develop financial and business plans for health programs and services.
  • Establish a network of relationships, including internal and external collaborators.
  • Evaluate organizational performance in relation to strategic and defined goals.

PROFESSIONALISM AND ETHICS

  • Manage potential conflicts of interest encountered by practitioners, researchers, and organizations.
  • Differentiate among the administrative, legal, ethical, and quality assurance dimensions of research and practice.
  • Design strategies for resolving ethical concerns in research, law, and regulations.
  • Develop tools that protect the privacy of individuals and communities involved in health programs, policies, and research.
  • Prepare criteria for which the protection of the public welfare may transcend the right to individual autonomy.
  • Assess ethical considerations in developing communications and promotional initiatives.
  • Demonstrate cultural sensitivity in ethical discourse and analysis.

Health Policy & Management Concentration competencies

  • Organize and lead public health or health care efforts to ensure community health, safety, and preparedness.
  • Design and implement policies for improving the health status of populations.
  • Lead a strategic planning effort.
  • Conduct quality and performance improvement programs to address organizational performance issues.
  • Develop and implement marketing strategies to improve community health.
  • Formulate policies, strategies, or interventions based on the results of public health studies.
  • Communicate health policy and management issues using appropriate channels and technologies.
  • Analyze and compare public health policies and programs from an economic perspective.