More Information on Epidemiology & Biostatistics

Student Learning Objectives Epidemiology & Biostatistics

Biostatistics

Master of Science

  • Describe the roles biostatistics serves in the discipline of public health.
  • Describe basic concepts of probability, random variation and commonly used statistical probability distributions.
  • Describe preferred methodological alternatives to commonly used statistical methods when assumptions are not met.
  • Distinguish among the different measurement scales and the implications for selection of statistical methods to be used based on these distinctions.
  • Apply descriptive techniques commonly used to summarize public health data.
  • Apply common statistical methods for inference.
  • Apply descriptive and inferential methodologies according to the type of study design for answering a particular research question.
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation.
  • Interpret results of statistical analyses found in public health studies.
  • Develop written and oral presentations based on statistical analyses for both public health professionals and educated lay audiences.
  • Capability to build statistical model over real health data.
  • Estimate and compare efficiency of models.
  • Use statistical software to analyze health –related data.
  • Be able to explain the advantages of a Bayesian data analysis.
  • Perform univariate data analysis for continuous and categorical variables.
  • Interpret inferential findings within Bayesian thinking (e.g. credible intervals, hypothesis testing).Conduct inference via posterior simulation and simulations tool.

Master of Public Health (MPH)

MPH Core Competencies – for all MPH concentrations

BIOSTATISTICS

  • Describe the roles biostatistics serves in the discipline of public health.
  • Describe basic concepts of probability, random variation and commonly used statistical probability distributions.
  • Describe preferred methodological alternatives to commonly used statistical methods when assumptions are not met.
  • Distinguish among the different measurement scales and the implications for selection of statistical methods to be used based on these distinctions.
  • Apply descriptive techniques commonly used to summarize public health data.
  • Apply common statistical methods for inference.
  • Apply descriptive and inferential methodologies according to the type of study design for answering a particular research question.
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation.
  • Interpret results of statistical analyses found in public health studies.
  • Develop written and oral presentations based on statistical analyses for both public health professionals and educated lay audiences.  

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES

  • Describe the direct and indirect human, ecological and safety effects of major environmental and occupational agents
  • Describe genetic, physiologic and psychosocial factors that affect susceptibility to adverse health outcomes following exposure to environmental hazards.
  • Describe federal and state regulatory programs, guidelines and authorities that control environmental health issues.
  • Specify current environmental risk assessment methods.
  • Specify approaches for assessing, preventing and controlling environmental hazards that pose risks to human health and safety.
  • Explain the general mechanisms of toxicity in eliciting a toxic response to various environmental exposures.
  • Discuss various risk management and risk communication approaches in relation to issues of environmental justice and equity.
  • Develop a testable model of environmental insult.

EPIDEMIOLOGY

  • Identify key sources of data for epidemiologic purposes.
  • Identify the principles and limitations of public health screening programs.
  • Describe a public health problem in terms of magnitude, person, time and place.
  • Explain the importance of epidemiology for informing scientific, ethical, economic and political discussion of health issues.
  • Comprehend basic ethical and legal principles pertaining to the collection, maintenance, use and dissemination of epidemiologic data.
  • Apply the basic terminology and definitions of epidemiology.
  • Calculate basic epidemiology measures.
  • Communicate epidemiologic information to lay and professional audiences.
  • Draw appropriate inferences from epidemiologic data.
  • Evaluate the strengths and limitations of epidemiologic reports.

HEALTH POLICY & MANAGEMENT

  • Identify the main components and issues of the organization, financing and delivery of health services and public health systems in the US.
  • Describe the legal and ethical bases for public health and health services.
  • Explain methods of ensuring community health safety and preparedness.
  • Discuss the policy process for improving the health status of populations.
  • Apply the principles of program planning, development, budgeting, management and evaluation in organizational and community initiatives.
  • Apply principles of strategic planning and marketing to public health.
  • Apply quality and performance improvement concepts to address organizational performance issues.
  • Apply "systems thinking" for resolving organizational problems.
  • Communicate health policy and management issues using appropriate channels and technologies.
  • Demonstrate leadership skills for building partnerships.

SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

  • Identify basic theories, concepts and models from a range of social and behavioral disciplines that are used in public health research and practice.
  • Identify the causes of social and behavioral factors that affect health of individuals and populations.
  • Identify individual, organizational and community concerns, assets, resources and deficits for social and behavioral science interventions.
  • Identify critical stakeholders for the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions.
  • Describe steps and procedures for the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions.
  • Describe the role of social and community factors in both the onset and solution of public health problems.
  • Describe the merits of social and behavioral science interventions and policies.
  • Apply evidence-based approaches in the development and evaluation of social and behavioral science interventions.
  • Apply ethical principles to public health program planning, implementation and evaluation.
  • Specify multiple targets and levels of intervention for social and behavioral science programs and/or policies.

PUBLIC HEALTH BIOLOGY

  • Specify the role of the immune system in population health.
  • Describe how behavior alters human biology.
  • Identify the ethical, social and legal issues implied by public health biology.
  • Explain the biological and molecular basis of public health.
  • Explain the role of biology in the ecological model of population-based health.
  • Explain how genetics and genomics affect disease processes and public health policy and practice.
  • Articulate how biological, chemical and physical agents affect human health.
  • Apply biological principles to development and implementation of disease prevention, control, or management programs.
  • Apply evidence-based biological and molecular concepts to inform public health laws, policies, and regulations.
  • Integrate general biological and molecular concepts into public health.

    MPH – Biostatistics Concentration competencies

  • Use statistical software to analyze health–related data.
  • Build a statistical model over real health data.
  • Estimate and compare efficiency of models.
  • Describe preferred methodological alternatives to commonly used statistical methods when assumptions are not met.
  • Perform univariate data analysis for continuous and categorical variables.
  • Analyze a dataset with categorical variables and explain the theoretical underpinnings that lead to choosing the appropriate analysis methodology.
  • Interpret inferential findings within Bayesian thinking (e.g. credible intervals, hypothesis testing).
  • Conduct inference via posterior simulation and simulations tool.
  • Explain the advantages of a Bayesian data analysis.
  • Analyze a dataset with censored outcome and explain the theoretical underpinnings that lead to choosing the appropriate analysis methodology.

Ph.D.

  • Describe the roles biostatistics serves in the discipline of public health.
  • Describe basic concepts of probability, random variation and commonly used statistical probability distributions.
  • Describe preferred methodological alternatives to commonly used statistical methods when assumptions are not met.
  • Distinguish among the different measurement scales and the implications for selection of statistical methods to be used based on these distinctions.
  • Apply descriptive techniques commonly used to summarize public health data.
  • Apply common statistical methods for inference.
  • Apply descriptive and inferential methodologies according to the type of study design for answering a particular research question.
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation.
  • Interpret results of statistical analyses found in public health studies.
  • Develop written and oral presentations based on statistical analyses for both public health professionals and educated lay audiences.
  • Capability to build statistical model over real health data.
  • Estimate and compare efficiency of models.
  • Use statistical software to analyze health –related data.
  • Be able to explain the advantages of a Bayesian data analysis.
  • Perform univariate data analysis for continuous and categorical variables.
  • Interpret inferential findings within Bayesian thinking (e.g. credible intervals, hypothesis testing).
  • Conduct inference via posterior simulation and simulations tool.

Epidemiology

Master of Science

  • Epidemiology MPH Core Competencies.
  • Biostatistics MPH Core Competencies.
  • Be able to define epidemiologic study designs-ecologic (correlational), cross-sectional, cohort, case-control, and experimental (intervention) studies-and compare their strengths and weaknesses.
  • Be able to define and discuss the relationship of random error, systematic error, bias, the types of bias-selection, information, and confounding bias-and methods of bias control.
  • Be familiar with the concept of effect modification and how it differs from confounding.
  • Be able to define, contrast, and apply the concepts of validity and generalizability while reviewing epidemiologic studies.
  • Be able to define and apply the epidemiologic criteria of causality and be able to distinguish between a measure of association and evidence of causality.
  • Begin to be able to make an epidemiologic decision on a public health issue, even if given conflicting research results, exercising your critical judgment based on what you have learned in this course.
  • Be familiar with the ethical issues pertinent to epidemiological studies.
  • Describe public health as a system, including its unique and important features and their role within it, to general audiences.
  • Apply measures of population health and illness, including risk factors, to community health improvement initiatives.
  • Identify and distinguishing public health and prevention strategies from curative strategies for prevalent health problems.
  • Describe the role of law and government in promoting and protecting the health of the public and identifying specific functions and roles of governmental public health agencies in assuring population health.
  • Describe the public health role, and their own level of participation, in emergency responses for a range of contingencies that might arise.
  • Identify and explaining how various occupations, professions, and careers contribute to carrying out public health’s core functions and essential services.
  • Identify and describing key challenges facing public health workers in the early 21st century.
  • Apply descriptive techniques commonly used to summarize public health data.
  • Develop written and oral presentations based on statistical analyses for both public health professionals and educated lay audiences.
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation.
  • Use statistical software to analyze public health data.
  • Use information technology to access, evaluate, and interpret public health data.
  • Identify key sources of data for epidemiologic purposes.
  • Draw appropriate inferences from epidemiologic data.
  • Comprehend basic ethical and legal issues pertaining to epidemiologic data.
  • Distinguish between population and individual ethical considerations in relation to the benefits, costs, and burdens of public health programs.
  • Solve problems under emergency conditions.
  • Facilitate collaboration with internal and external emergency response partners.
  • Apply statistical methods of estimation and hypothesis testing and explain the basics of correlation and regression for the purpose of analyzing the health of populations.
  • Apply knowledge of statistical software and database management for the purpose of conducting research on the health of populations.
  • Have a working knowledge of statistical software and database management.
  • Conduct independent research in epidemiology
  • Plan and execute, with considerable independence, original and extensive laboratory research on a significant problem in epidemiology.
  • Demonstrate advanced communication skills, both verbal and written, to disseminate the results of research.

Master of Public Health (MPH)

MPH Core Competencies – for all MPH concentrations

BIOSTATISTICS

  • Describe the roles biostatistics serves in the discipline of public health.
  • Describe basic concepts of probability, random variation and commonly used statistical probability distributions.
  • Describe preferred methodological alternatives to commonly used statistical methods when assumptions are not met.
  • Distinguish among the different measurement scales and the implications for selection of statistical methods to be used based on these distinctions.
  • Apply descriptive techniques commonly used to summarize public health data.
  • Apply common statistical methods for inference.
  • Apply descriptive and inferential methodologies according to the type of study design for answering a particular research question.
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation.
  • Interpret results of statistical analyses found in public health studies.
  • Develop written and oral presentations based on statistical analyses for both public health professionals and educated lay audiences.

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES

  • Describe the direct and indirect human, ecological and safety effects of major environmental and occupational agents
  • Describe genetic, physiologic and psychosocial factors that affect susceptibility to adverse health outcomes following exposure to environmental hazards.
  • Describe federal and state regulatory programs, guidelines and authorities that control environmental health issues.
  • Specify current environmental risk assessment methods.
  • Specify approaches for assessing, preventing and controlling environmental hazards that pose risks to human health and safety.
  • Explain the general mechanisms of toxicity in eliciting a toxic response to various environmental exposures.
  • Discuss various risk management and risk communication approaches in relation to issues of environmental justice and equity.
  • Develop a testable model of environmental insult.

EPIDEMIOLOGY

  • Identify key sources of data for epidemiologic purposes.
  • Identify the principles and limitations of public health screening programs.
  • Describe a public health problem in terms of magnitude, person, time and place.
  • Explain the importance of epidemiology for informing scientific, ethical, economic and political discussion of health issues.
  • Comprehend basic ethical and legal principles pertaining to the collection, maintenance, use and dissemination of epidemiologic data.
  • Apply the basic terminology and definitions of epidemiology.
  • Calculate basic epidemiology measures.
  • Communicate epidemiologic information to lay and professional audiences.
  • Draw appropriate inferences from epidemiologic data.
  • Evaluate the strengths and limitations of epidemiologic reports.

HEALTH POLICY & MANAGEMENT

  • Identify the main components and issues of the organization, financing and delivery of health services and public health systems in the US.
  • Describe the legal and ethical bases for public health and health services.
  • Explain methods of ensuring community health safety and preparedness.
  • Discuss the policy process for improving the health status of populations.
  • Apply the principles of program planning, development, budgeting, management and evaluation in organizational and community initiatives.
  • Apply principles of strategic planning and marketing to public health.
  • Apply quality and performance improvement concepts to address organizational performance issues.
  • Apply "systems thinking" for resolving organizational problems.
  • Communicate health policy and management issues using appropriate channels and technologies.
  • Demonstrate leadership skills for building partnerships.

SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

  • Identify basic theories, concepts and models from a range of social and behavioral disciplines that are used in public health research and practice.
  • Identify the causes of social and behavioral factors that affect health of individuals and populations.
  • Identify individual, organizational and community concerns, assets, resources and deficits for social and behavioral science interventions.
  • Identify critical stakeholders for the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions.
  • Describe steps and procedures for the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health programs, policies and interventions.
  • Describe the role of social and community factors in both the onset and solution of public health problems.
  • Describe the merits of social and behavioral science interventions and policies.
  • Apply evidence-based approaches in the development and evaluation of social and behavioral science interventions.
  • Apply ethical principles to public health program planning, implementation and evaluation.
  • Specify multiple targets and levels of intervention for social and behavioral science programs and/or policies.

PUBLIC HEALTH BIOLOGY

  • Specify the role of the immune system in population health.
  • Describe how behavior alters human biology.
  • Identify the ethical, social and legal issues implied by public health biology.
  • Explain the biological and molecular basis of public health.
  • Explain the role of biology in the ecological model of population-based health.
  • Explain how genetics and genomics affect disease processes and public health policy and practice.
  • Articulate how biological, chemical and physical agents affect human health.
  • Apply biological principles to development and implementation of disease prevention, control, or management programs.
  • Apply evidence-based biological and molecular concepts to inform public health laws, policies, and regulations.
  • Integrate general biological and molecular concepts into public health.

    Epidemiology Concentration Competencies

  • Define and manipulate the basic statistical concepts of rates, ratios, odds, and proportions, and be able to do simple standardization.
  • Define, and manipulate mathematically, the epidemiologic concepts of prevalence, incidence (including both incidence density and cumulative incidence), ratio and difference measures of association, attributable risk percent, population attributable risk, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values.
  • Understand the sources of epidemiologic data, and strengths and limitations of different data sources.
  • Define epidemiologic study designs-ecologic (correlational), cross-sectional, cohort, case-control, and experimental (intervention) studies-and compare their strengths and weaknesses.
  • Assess and choose appropriate study designs to evaluate public health issues.
  • Define and discuss the relationship of random error, systematic error, bias, the types of bias-selection, information, and confounding bias-and methods of bias control.
  • Understand the concept of effect mediation and distinguish it from confounding.
  • Define, contrast, and apply the concepts of validity and generalizability while reviewing epidemiologic studies.
  • Define and apply the epidemiologic criteria of causality and be able to distinguish between a measure of association and evidence of causality.
  • Read a study in a field you are familiar with, from the point of view of an epidemiologist, and discuss it with other professionals and lay audiences.
  • Be familiar with the definition, process, strengths, and weaknesses of disease surveillance in public health.
  • Describe public health as a system, including its unique and important features and their role within it, to general audiences.
  • Apply measures of population health and illness, including risk factors, to community health improvement initiatives.
  • Identify and distinguish public health and prevention strategies from curative strategies for prevalent health problems.
  • Describe the role of law and government in promoting and protecting the health of the public and identifying specific functions and roles of governmental public health agencies in assuring population health.
  • Describe the public health role in emergency responses for a range of contingencies, and solve problems under emergency conditions
  • Identify and explaining how various occupations, professions, and careers contribute to carrying out public health’s core functions and essential services.
  • Identify and describe key challenges facing public health workers in the early 21st century.
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation.
  • Use statistical software to analyze public health data.

Doctor of Public Health (DrPH)

DrPH Core Competencies – for all DrPH concentrations

ADVOCACY

  • Present positions on health issues, law and policy.
  • Influence health policy and program decision-making based on scientific evidence, stakeholder input, and public opinion data.
  • Utilize consensus-building, negotiation, and conflict avoidance and resolution techniques.
  • Analyze the impact of legislation, judicial opinions, regulations, and policies on population health.
  • Establish goals, timelines, funding alternatives, and strategies for influencing policy initiatives.
  • Design action plans for building public and political support for programs and policies.
  • Develop evidence-based strategies for changing health law and policy.  

COMMUNICATION

  • Discuss the inter-relationships between health communication and marketing.
  • Explain communication program proposals and evaluations to lay, professional, and policy audiences.
  • Employ evidence-based communication program models for disseminating research and evaluation outcomes.
  • Guide an organization in setting communication goals, objectives, and priorities.
  • Create informational and persuasive communications.
  • Integrate health literacy concepts in all communication and marketing initiatives.
  • Develop formative and outcome evaluation plans for communication and marketing efforts.
  • Prepare dissemination plans for communication programs and evaluations.
  • Propose recommendations for improving communication processes.

COMMUNITY/CULTURAL ORIENTATION

  • Develop collaborative partnerships with communities, policy makers, and other relevant groups.
  • Engage communities in creating evidence-based, culturally competent programs.
  • Conduct community-based participatory intervention and research projects.
  • Design action plans for enhancing community and population-based health.
  • Assess cultural, environmental, and social justice influences on the health of communities.
  • Implement culturally and linguistically appropriate programs, services, and research.

CRITICAL ANALYSIS

  • Apply theoretical and evidence-based perspectives from multiple disciplines in the design and implementation of programs, policies, and systems.
  • Interpret quantitative and qualitative data following current scientific standards.
  • Design needs and resource assessments for communities and populations.
  • Develop health surveillance systems to monitor population health, health equity, and public health services.
  • Synthesize information from multiple sources for research and practice.
  • Evaluate the performance and impact of health programs, policies, and systems.
  • Weigh risks, benefits, and unintended consequences of research and practice.

LEADERSHIP

  • Communicate an organization’s mission, shared vision, and values to stakeholders.
  • Develop teams for implementing health initiatives.
  • Collaborate with diverse groups.
  • Influence others to achieve high standards of performance and accountability.
  • Guide organizational decision-making and planning based on internal and external environmental research.
  • Prepare professional plans incorporating lifelong learning, mentoring, and continued career progressions strategies.
  • Create a shared vision.
  • Develop capacity-building strategies at the individual, organizational, and community level.
  • Demonstrate a commitment to personal and professional values.

MANAGEMENT

  • Implement strategic planning processes.
  • Apply principles of human resource management.
  • Use informatics principles in the design and implementation of information systems.
  • Align policies and procedures with regulatory and statutory requirements.
  • Deploy quality improvements methods.
  • Organize the work environment with defined lines of responsibility, authority, communication, and governance.
  • Develop financial and business plans for health programs and services.
  • Establish a network of relationships, including internal and external collaborators.
  • Evaluate organizational performance in relation to strategic and defined goals.

PROFESSIONALISM AND ETHICS

  • Manage potential conflicts of interest encountered by practitioners, researchers, and organizations.
  • Differentiate among the administrative, legal, ethical, and quality assurance dimensions of research and practice.
  • Design strategies for resolving ethical concerns in research, law, and regulations.
  • Develop tools that protect the privacy of individuals and communities involved in health programs, policies, and research.
  • Prepare criteria for which the protection of the public welfare may transcend the right to individual autonomy.
  • Assess ethical considerations in developing communications and promotional initiatives.
  • Demonstrate cultural sensitivity in ethical discourse and analysis.

DrPH – Epidemiology Concentration Competencies

  • Manage data from surveillance, investigation, or other sources.
  • Analyze data from epidemiologic investigation or study.
  • Make appropriate use of laboratory resources in support of epidemiologic activities.
  • Oversee surveillance activities.
  • Oversee investigation of acute and chronic conditions or other adverse outcomes in the population.

Ph.D.

  • Epidemiology MPH Core Competencies
  • Biostatistics MPH Core Competencies
  • Be able to define epidemiologic study designs-ecologic (correlational), cross-sectional, cohort, case-control, and experimental (intervention) studies-and compare their strengths and weaknesses.
  • Be able to define and discuss the relationship of random error, systematic error, bias, the types of bias-selection, information, and confounding bias-and methods of bias control.
  • Be familiar with the concept of effect modification and how it differs from confounding.
  • Be able to define, contrast, and apply the concepts of validity and generalizability while reviewing epidemiologic studies.
  • Be able to define and apply the epidemiologic criteria of causality and be able to distinguish between a measure of association and evidence of causality.
  • Begin to be able to make an epidemiologic decision on a public health issue, even if given conflicting research results, exercising your critical judgment based on what you have learned in this course.
  • Be familiar with the ethical issues pertinent to epidemiological studies.
  • Describe public health as a system, including its unique and important features and their role within it, to general audiences.
  • Apply measures of population health and illness, including risk factors, to community health improvement initiatives.
  • Identify and distinguishing public health and prevention strategies from curative strategies for prevalent health problems.
  • Describe the role of law and government in promoting and protecting the health of the public and identifying specific functions and roles of governmental public health agencies in assuring population health.
  • Describe the public health role, and their own level of participation, in emergency responses for a range of contingencies that might arise.
  • Identify and explaining how various occupations, professions, and careers contribute to carrying out public health’s core functions and essential services.
  • Identify and describing key challenges facing public health workers in the early 21st century.
  • Apply descriptive techniques commonly used to summarize public health data.
  • Develop written and oral presentations based on statistical analyses for both public health professionals and educated lay audiences.
  • Apply basic informatics techniques with vital statistics and public health records in the description of public health characteristics and in public health research and evaluation.
  • Use statistical software to analyze public health data.
  • Use information technology to access, evaluate, and interpret public health data.
  • Identify key sources of data for epidemiologic purposes.
  • Draw appropriate inferences from epidemiologic data.
  • Comprehend basic ethical and legal issues pertaining to epidemiologic data.
  • Distinguish between population and individual ethical considerations in relation to the benefits, costs, and burdens of public health programs.
  • Solve problems under emergency conditions.
  • Facilitate collaboration with internal and external emergency response partners.
  • Apply statistical methods of estimation and hypothesis testing and explain the basics of correlation and regression for the purpose of analyzing the health of populations.
  • Apply knowledge of statistical software and database management for the purpose of conducting research on the health of populations.
  • Have a working knowledge of statistical software and database management.
  • Conduct independent research in epidemiology
  • Plan and execute, with considerable independence, original and extensive laboratory research on a significant problem in epidemiology.
  • Demonstrate advanced communication skills, both verbal and written, to disseminate the results of research.