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9) Illustration to the Admonitions to the Court Ladies. Attributed to Ku K'ai-chih (c.344-406). Detail of handscroll, probably a ninth or tenth century copy. Ink and color on silk. This long handscroll illustrates a book of instructions for female Court members. In the scene at left, the emperor sits on the bed of a concubine and casts a doubtful took at her. The text to the right reads, "If the words that you utter are good, all men for a thousand leagues around will make response to you. But if you depart from this principle, even your bedfellow will distrust you." In other words: always tell the truth, or even the person you sleep with, will not trust you. The scene at right shows a Court lady having her hair done. Note how the text serves to separate the two visually related scenes. The slight use of shading, as in the bed curtains, for instance, is an example of outside influence on Chinese painting and came to China with Buddhism from India.

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