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49) Tung Ch i-ch ang (1555-1636). Hanging scroll; ink on paper. An enthusiastic connoisseur, collector, and critic, as well as painter himself, Tung Ch i-ch ang dominated the world of orthodox painting at the end of the Ming dynasty. He devised a history of Chinese painting, classifying the old masters into northern and southern schools and did much to reinforce the notions of literati versus professional painters. He advocated for literati painting and belittled the professional painters, especially of the Che School. His opinions in these matters have remained in force virtually to the present. This scroll continues the tradition of literati monochrome landscape and is rooted in the past styles of Tung Yuan (fuzzy hills) and Ni Tsan.

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