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17) Landscape.o Waiting for a Chess Game in the Mountains. Hanging scroll. Ca. 986. Ink and color on silk. One of the earliest surviving examples of landscape painting in the hanging scroll format, this work was recently excavated from a tomb in Liaoning in northeastern China. It is therefore an undoubtedly genuine example of tenth-century landscape art, probably done by an local painter of the Liao dynasty, then in control of this region. Althouth somewhat crude in design and execution, the work shows that regional and local traditions contributed to background of the the masterpieces of Northern Sung landscape painting (Nos. 18-20 below). The subject matter of the work is uncertain, but since it was found in a tomb, some scholars have suggested a religious backgound: the mountainous landscape represents an idyllic afterworld into which the deceased (the figure at the base of the mountains) makes his way.

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