Physiological Psychology

ORIGINS OF PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY

  1. Describe the behavior of people with split brains, and explain what this phenomenon contributes to our understanding of self-awareness.
  2. Describe the goals of scientific research.
  3. Describe the biological roots of physiological psychology.
  4. Describe the role of natural selection in the evolution of behavioral traits.
  5. Discuss the value of research with animals and ethical issues concerning their care.
  6. Describe career opportunities in neuroscience.

Understanding Human Consciousness: a Physiological Approach

Split Brains

Physiological Psychology

Physiological Psychology

 

 

The Nature of Physiological Psychology

The Goals of Research

Physiological Psychology

recognize a spoken word and the ability to spell it call on related brain mechanisms. Damage to another region of the brain can produce extreme difficulty in reading unfamiliar words by sounding them out, but it does not impair the person’s ability to read words with which he or she is already familiar. This findings suggest that reading comprehension can take two routes: one related to speech sounds and another that is primarily a matter of visual recognition of whole words.

Biological Roots of Physiological Psychology

Physiological Psychology

electrical impulse – we perceive the messages of different nerves in different ways.

Functionalism: Nature Selection and Evolution

Physiological Psychology

basis of various behaviors, we must first understand what these behaviors accomplish. We must therefore understand something about the natural history of the species being studied so that, the behaviors can be seen in context.

Physiological Psychology

 

Ethical Issues in Research with Animals

Careers in Neuroscience

Physiological Psychology

Strategies for Learning

Key Concepts

Understanding Human Consciousness: A physiological approach

Physiological Psychology

  1. Physiological psychologists believe that the mind is a function performed by the brain.
  1. Study of human brain functions has helped us gain some insight into the nature of human consciousness, which appears to be related to the language functions of the brain. This chapter described one example, the effects of the split-brain operation.
  2. The Nature of Physiological Psychology

  3. Scientists attempt to explain natural phenomena by means of generalization and reduction. Because physiological psychologists use the methods of psychology and physiology, they employ both types of explanations.
  4. Descartes developed the first model to explain how the brain controls movement, based on the animated statues in the Royal Gardens. Subsequently, investigators tested their ideas with scientific experiments.
  5. Darwin’s theory of evolution, with its emphasis on function, helps physiological psychologists discover the relations between brain mechanisms, behaviors, and an organism’s adaptation to its environment.
  6. Ethical Issues in Research with Animals

  7. Scientific research with animals has taught us most of what we know about the functions of the body, including that of the nervous system. This knowledge is essential in developing ways to prevent and treat neurological and mental disorders.
  8. Careers in Neuroscience

  9. Physiological psychologists study the physiology of behavior by performing research with animals. They use the research methods and findings of other neuroscientists in pursuit of their particular interests.