Soil Study in
Federal Nature Preserve Kamennaya Steppe (~5232 ha) is
located in the Talovsky district of Voronezh region in the
watershed of rivers
Bitug and Khoper (tributaries of Don River).
The study of Kamennaya Steppe soils begun in 1892 by the
foundedr of Russian soil science
Vasily Vasil’evich Dokuchaev. Since 1911 the work of
first Dokuchaev’s expedition was continued by various
research institutions of Russia. In 1956 Russian Academy of
Agricultural Sciences established in Kamennaya Steppe
Dokuchaev’s Institute of Agriculture in the Chernozem Region of
Unique features of Kamennaya
Kamennaya Steppe has the longest
in Russia records of
ground water level. The first "Dokuchaev's"
well was established in 1892. At present total number of
active wells is 150.
Kamennya Steppe has the longest
in the World record of reforestation history. Before the first
Dokuchaev’s expedition the entire area of Kamennaya Steppe was
covered with native tall steppe grasses such as sage and feather
grass. At present about 10% of the entire Kamennaya Steppe
watershed (~5232 ha) is
covered with trees (mostly oak and maple). About 4 ha of
this watershed is preserved for native steppe vegetation (nature
preserves #1 and 2, see the
There are number of archived
soil samples collected in Kamennaya Steppe during the last 100
first sample were
collected by Dokuchaev’s expedition.
Later samples were collected by a
number of researches, including scientists from the
Central Dokuchaev's Soil Museum.