Web Resources on
Dialogue, Deliberation, Public Participation
National Coalition for Dialogue & Deliberation
Dialogue to Action Initiative
The Dialogue Community
Institute for Cultural Affairs USa, Canada,
Deliberative Democracy Consortium
Intl Assn for Public Participation
Policy Consensus Initiative
Public Conversations Project
The Co-Intelligence Institute
Study Circles Resource Center
National Issues Forums
Toolkit Citizen Participation
EPA Public Invovlement
Canadian Institute for Public Engagement
Community Building - engaging citizens in the community
The Public Participation Handbook:
Making Better Decisions Through Citizen Involvement
James L. Creighton
The Deliberative Democracy Handbook:
Strategies for Effective Civic Engagement in the Twenty-First Century
John Gastil and Peter Levine, Editors
ISBN: 0-7879-7661-X 320 pages
Date: Thu, 13 Feb 2003 09:00:22 -0800
From: Nicholas Dewar <ndewar@IGC.ORG>
Subject: Re: [GF] Public Participation in Overseas Development Projects
I have received a lot of responses to my request for help. Thank you for
being so generous with your time and your knowledge.
Below is a summary of the suggestions that I received.
Thanks again to all of you
SUGGESTED SOURCES OF INFORMATION ON PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
civic dialogue session in Guatemala
useful links on this subject, including reviews of citizen deliberation
methods, in "A Call to Move Beyond Public Opinion to Public Judgment"
Conference on this subject
General information on PRA through Richard Ford at www.clarku.edu
Also correspondence from Richard Ford (Clark U) to Gayle Gifford
Agencies like the UN agencies have their own publications like the
World Resources Institute.
Participatory Rural Appraisal,
Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA)
Technology of Participation
Open Space Technology by Harrison Owen
You might join
ODNET and search their archives.
Global Work by Mary O'Hara-Devereaux and Robert Johansen,
Multicultural Manners by Norine Dresser
books by Roger E. Axtell
Institute for Development Studies
the International Institute for Environment and Development
the Institute of Cultural Affairs
Silent Cultures: Barbara Pirie, presented a session at an IAF conference,
LEVELS OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
1) International Association for Public Participation (IAP2)'s
"spectrum of public participation"
2) Partnerships' "framework of participation"
3) Sherry Arnstein's pioneering "ladder of participation"
Citizens as Partners Guide: Information, Consultation and
Public Participation in Policy-Making (268 pages)
4b) Engaging Citizens in Policy-making: Information, Consultation and
Public Participation. OECD Public Management Policy Brief No. 10
The OECD version of the spectrum/ladder is the simplest of all:
Information, Consultation, Participation.
VALUES AND PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
International Association for Public Participation,
Community Development Society, and Co-Intelligence Institute.
The OECD offers ten principles in
These blend over into the ten key issues articulated by Partnerships
Date: Wed, 25 Jan 2006 20:11:28 -0500
From: Johnson Cheryl <cheryljay@EARTHLINK.NET>
Subject: [GF] CITIZEN PARTICIPATION MODEL RESOURCES
I am forwarding, to the group, all of the resources people sent my
way on citizen participation models. Again, thanks for your
generous responses. I will keep you posted on the developments. We
are now focusing on creating a neighborhood coalition as a way to
partner with the local elected officials. I am now exploring how to
create a coalition.
1. Google the Kettering Foundation, and perhaps also the Harwood
Institute. Both have long term commitments to participatory and
deliberative democracy, have published many studies, etc. Kettering
fuels the National Issues Forums, which are a mechanism if not a
model for citizen participartion.
2. Take a look at The Diversity Report newsletters, on my website at
www.proseink.com (Articles) and you'll see some of the work that we did
with large groups and citizen participation in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Rather than a one-size-fits-all approach, we created a self-selected
citizen Think Tank that included community-wide surveys, forums and town
hall meetings on a broad range of topics. A lot of great ideas were
generated; just the thing if you're inclined, as I am, towards a "wildly
collaborative model" and that creative edge of chaos.
"Imagine Chicago works in partnership with individuals and local
organizations; schools, museums, churches, businesses, and community
groups. Together, they design and implement innovative civic projects that build
meaningful connections across generations and cultures and have lasting
institutional and community impact."
I would recommend John McKnight's "Building Communities from the
Inside Out". I hope I've worded the title correctly. I am a huge
fan of John's work. There is also resources to do with
"Participatory Decision-making" the you may find helpful. Good luck!
Kamloops, BC Canada
Carolyn Lukensmeyer's group AmericaSpeaks (www.americaspeaks.org ) is
famous for doing large-scale citizen involvement projects.
Suggest you look into The Wisdom Council by Jim Rough.
Jim Rough & Associates, Inc. / Center for Wise Democracy
Appreciative Inquiry Commons
Lisa Heft has a typology:
Check out story of Imagine Chicago and other Imagine Projects:
Appreciative Inquiry Commons
A couple of thoughts that arise as I read this.... "be careful what
you wish for"...
Has this council member given any thought as to what he/she means by "citizen
participation"? This could have many meanings to many different folks. So I would
begin to probe for some clarity on this.... otherwise you could be setting yourself
up for challenges if the council member has one set of expectations and the
"public" has an entirely different set.
The other question that arises for me is..... is this council member really ready to
have a shift in the power of where/how decisions get made (or at least the
perception of that)? Again, depending on their definition of "participation", how
decisions are made could shift a little or a lot. Either way this could cause some
discomfort for those who perceive themselves in postions of power.
Now, having said all that.... here's an interesting approach that I've seen used in a
variety of settings. It produces an amazing amount of energy and generative
conversations.... http://www.theworldcafe.com/ ...... It also does a pretty good
job of helping to build an create a sense of community among those that
participate. How cool would it be to see a city council helping to create community
rather than fighting over simply where the next traffic light should go?!!!!!
Good luck.... /jeff miller
The Seattle Planning Commission did an interesting report in
2000 that also looked at best practices in citizen participation
in other cities, as well as Seattle. http://www.seattle.gov/
UN Habitat also has an excellent best practices site and
database, at http://www.bestpractices.org/bpbriefs/
A recent event, called HabitatJam, brought together people from
all over the world, on line, to discuss issues of urban
sustainability and livability. It has some excellent ideas in
terms of citizen participation and is supposed to be available
generally on line soon. I believe the URL was www.habitatjam.com
The US Conference of Mayors has a best practices database at
The Vancouver Citizens Committee has an interesting handbook
called The Citizen’s Handbook: A Guide to Building Community,
updated in 2005, which includes a list of citizen participation
The E-Governance Institute has a list of fascinating links at
Rosemary Cairns CPF