confucius institute

China’s Grand Strategy under Xi Jinping: Origins, Content, and Implications

Presenter: Prof. Avery Goldstein, UPenn
Date: Friday, November 3rd, 2017
Time: 3:30pm
Location: Massry Center for Business B010

Avery Goldstein is the David M. Knott Professor of Global Politics and International Relations in the Political Science Department at the University of Pennsylvania. His research focuses on international relations, security studies, and Chinese politics. He is the author of Rising to the Challenge: China's Grand Strategy and International Security (Stanford University Press, 2005), Deterrence and Security in the 21st Century: China, Britain, France and the Enduring Legacy of the Nuclear Revolution (Stanford University Press, 2000), and From Bandwagon to Balance of Power Politics: Structural Constraints and Politics in China, 1949-1978 (Stanford University Press, 1991. His other publications include articles in International Security, International Organization, The Journal of Strategic Studies, Security Studies, Orbis, The China Quarterly, Asian Survey, Comparative Politics, and Polity. He is also Associate Director of the Christopher Browne Center for International Politics at Penn and Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia.

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[Abstract] 

Since 1949, China’s Communist Party leaders have embraced two broad grand strategies, each shaped by their regime’s most important interests, the capabilities at its disposal, and the international setting it has faced. China’s leaders have, however, adopted clear variations on these two overarching grand strategies. During the decades of the Cold War, they adopted two versions of a “grand strategy of survival.” Since the end of the Cold War, they have adopted three versions of a “grand strategy of restoration.” Xi Jinping’s grand strategy of restoration (the third of these) builds on the approaches of his predecessors. Its distinctiveness reflects the special challenges currently facing China’s Communist Party, the country’s growing economic and military capabilities, and unanticipated international developments.