Lance Bosart

Lance Bosart

Researches weather-climate intersection, synoptic-dynamic meteorology, mesoscale meteorology, tropical cyclones, and weather forecasting

The World Within Reach
Lance F. Bosart
Distinguished Professor
 

College of Arts and Sciences
Department: Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences

Address:
ES 227
Phone:
518-442-4564

 

Education

June 1964, B.S. in Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

August 1966, M.S. in Meteorology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

June 1969, Ph.D. in Meteorology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Research Interests

I have broad research interests in planetary-scale, synoptic-scale and mesoscale meteorology. I work on a variety of multiscale (time and space) research problems that relate to the weather and climate of higher- and middle-latitude regions as well as the tropics. Research problems that involve winter storms, hurricanes, organized convective systems and the predictability of individual flow regimes are especially attractive to me. I am especially interested in problems at the weather-climate interface. I am also interested in the weather analysis and forecasting process including forecast verification studies and the measurement and assessment of forecaster skill. My forecast-related activities have stimulated me to pursue numerous synoptic-dynamic research opportunities with my graduate and undergraduate students that have resulted in refereed publications. I like to collaborate on research projects with other University at Albany faculty members in the synoptic-dynamic group and with colleagues at other institutions. Recent external collaborators include Chris Davis and Morris Weisman at NCAR, and Ron McTaggart-Cowan at the Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC).

I have external research support, joint with Professor Daniel Keyser, from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for "Phenomenological Studies of Cool-Season Extreme Weather Events over Central and Eastern North America on Intraseasonal Time Scales." This NSF grant was received in 2014 and is funded for three years.  I also have funding from the NSF for "High Plains Convection: Diurnally Varying Mesoscale-Synoptic Scale Interactions over Complex Terrain during the Mesoscale Predictability Experiment (MPEX)." This grant will run through late 2016 with an approved supplement and no-cost extension.  Support may exist for one new graduate student on these NSF grants beginning in September 2015.

Additional research support is provided by the NOAA/NWS/CSTAR program as part of a joint University at Albany and NWS cooperative research effort targeted at improving the prediction of warm- and cool-season heavy precipitation events over the northeastern US. This CSTAR-supported research effort, for which Prof. Kristen Corbosiero is the PI and I am one of the five Co-PIs, is conducted in close collaboration with a number of NWS offices in the northeastern U.S. and is funded into 2017. As a part of this research effort, I have also established a close working relationship with staff members of the Storm Prediction Center (SPC) in Norman, Oklahoma, centered on understanding the scientific challenges of organized convective storm development and severe weather forecasting. This cooperative effort has enabled me to participate with several of my graduate students in the annual SPC Spring Forecasting Experiment (SFE).  I have been participating in the SFE, which is a part of the NOAA testbed, with my graduate students from 2004 to the present.  

I am also a Co-Investigator on a NOAA Project led by Altug Aksoy and Jason Dunion entitled "Using NOAA UAS Assets and OSSE/DA Capabilities to Improve Sampling Strategies and Numerical Prediction of Tropical Cyclone Track, Intensity, and Structure."  This project is funded from 1 June 2014 to 31 May 2017.  This project will be able to support any new graduate students. 

I am the PI, and Professor Daniel Keyser is the Co-PI on a NOAA-NCEP-WPC proposal that was funded in May 2015 to investigate how to improve the probabilistic forecasting of extreme temperature and precipitation events in the 8-10 day time range.  This funded proposal currently supports a full-time postdoctoral research associate (Dr. Andrew C. Winters). Funding is not available to support a new graduate student.

I am a co-investigator on an NSF proposal in the program for Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE). The project is entitled “Building Extreme Weather Resiliency Through Improved Weather and Climate Prediction and Response Strategies.” The project is led by ASRC Director Dr. Everette Joseph and was funded in September 2015. I will work with co-principal investigator Christopher Thorncroft. We will focus on case studies and composite analyses of terrain-influenced extreme rainfall events in the northeastern U.S. and Taiwan. This project supports two existing graduate students.

I am a Co-PI, along with Co-PI John R. Gyakum (McGill University), on a two-year NOAA-funded proposal led by Dr. Raul Roebber (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee), entitled “Improving Prediction of Large-scale regime changes.” This grant began in September 2016 and will support one existing graduate student.

I have a proposal pending with the NSF entitled “Impacts of Rossby wave breaking and potential vorticity streamer formation on the environment of the tropical and subtropical North Atlantic.” This proposal, if funded (decision expected by late winter 2017), might be able to support one new graduate student for the 2017–2018 academic year.

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My current research projects focus on observational and modeling studies of synoptic and mesoscale phenomena from a multiscale perspective. Specifically, I work with my students on a variety of research projects that seek to: (1) understand the physical processes governing the tropical transition (TT) and extratropical transition (ET) of tropical cyclones (TCs), (2) deduce what physical processes control the evolution and distribution of heavy precipitation associated with landfalling TCs, (3) understand what physical processes govern the TT of cold-core baroclinic systems to warm-core TCs through real-data diagnostic analysis and numerical simulations, (4) document the structure and life cycles of continental and oceanic cyclones and anticyclones with emphasis on polar-midlatitude interactions and explore the extent to which large-scale circulation patterns (e.g., the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the Pacific-North American (PNA) pattern) control the extent and structure of these storms, (5) investigate extreme weather events at the weather-climate interface that significantly impact intraseasonal variability, (6) investigate arctic-midlatitude interactions motivated by the ongoing and accelerating loss of Arctic Ocean sea ice, (7) explore how cutoff cyclones trigger damaging heavy precipitation events, (8) deduce the physical processes that control the evolution of mesoscale substructure within cyclones, (9) conduct detailed analyses of the structure and life cycle of challenging to forecast warm season mesoscale convective weather systems across the U.S., (10) define the environmental conditions associated with a spectrum of severe weather in the northeastern US and determine the impact of regional physiography on storm structure and evolution, and (11) document the nature of convection-dominated warm season heavy precipitation and stratiform-dominated cool season heavy precipitation events in the northeastern US. To the extent possible, the Weather Research Forecast (WRF) model will be used to conduct real-data numerical simulations that are designed to test physical hypotheses for storm development formulated from the diagnostic analysis of these events.

I like to work with graduate students individually or cooperatively with other faculty members on a variety of research problems. Student interests can often dictate new research opportunities and directions. I also like to work with undergraduate students on research projects designed to stimulate their interest in atmospheric science.

Publications

Publications (2000 to present):

Koppel, L. L., L. F. Bosart, and D. Keyser, 2000:  A 25 year climatology of large-amplitude inertia-gravity waves over the conterminous United States.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 51–68.

Bosart, L. F., C. S. Velden, W. E. Bracken, J. Molinari, and P. G. Black, 2000:  Environmental influences on the rapid intensification of Hurricane Opal (1995) over the Gulf of Mexico.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 322–352.

Bracken, W. E., and L. F. Bosart, 2000:  The role of synoptic-scale flow during tropical cyclogenesis over the North Atlantic Ocean.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 353–376.

Lupo, A. R., L. F. Bosart, J. J. Nocera, E. G. Hoffman, and D. J. Knight, 2001:  South American cold surges:  Type, composites, and case studies.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1021–1041.

Bals-Elsholz, T. M., E. H. Atallah, L. F. Bosart, T. A. Wasula, M. J. Cempa, and A. R. Lupo, 2001:  The wintertime Southern Hemisphere split jet:  Structure, variability, and evolution.  J. of Climate, 14, 4191–4215.

Davis, C. A., and L. F. Bosart, 2001:  Numerical simulations of the genesis of Hurricane Diana (1984).  Part I:  Control simulation.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1859–1881.

Richter, H., and L. F. Bosart, 2002:  The suppression of deep moist convection near the southern plains dryline.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 1665–1691.

Davis, C. A., and L. F. Bosart, 2002:  Numerical simulations of the genesis of Hurricane Diana (1984). Part II.  Sensitivity of track and intensity prediction.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 1100–1124.

Wasula, A. C., L. F. Bosart, and K. D. LaPenta, 2002:  The influence of terrain on the severe weather distribution across interior Eastern New York and Western New England.  Wea. and Forecasting, 17, 1277–1289.

Atallah, E. H., and L. F. Bosart 2003: Extratropical transition and precipitation distribution of Hurricane Floyd '99. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 1063–1081.

Bosart, L. F., 2003: Tropopause folding: Upper-level frontogenesis, and beyond. A Half Century of Progress in Meteorology: A Tribute to Richard J. Reed. Meteor. Monogr., Amer. Meteor. Soc. Volume 31, number 53; 13–47.

Bosart, L. F., 2003: Whither the weather analysis and forecasting process? Wea. Forecasting, 18, 520–529.

Davis, C. A., and L. F. Bosart, 2003: Baroclinically induced tropical cyclogenesis. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 2730–2747.

Jones, S. C., P. A. Harr, J. Abraham, L. F. Bosart, P. J. Bowyer, D. E. Hanley, B. N. Hanstrum, F. Lalaurette, M. R. Sinclair, R. K. Smith, and C. Thorncroft, 2003: The extratropical transition of tropical cyclones: Forecast challenges, current understanding and future directions. Wea. Forecasting, 18, 1052–1092.

Pyle, M. E., D. Keyser, and L. F. Bosart, 2004: A diagnostic study of jet streaks: Kinematic signatures and relationship to coherent tropopause disturbances. Mon. Wea. Rev., 132, 297–319.

Davis, C. A., and L. F. Bosart, 2004: The TT problem: Forecasting the tropical transition of cyclones. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85, 1657–1662.

Davis, C., N. Atkins, D. Bartels, L. F. Bosart, M. Coniglio, G. Bryan, W. Cotton, D. Dowell, B. Jewett, R. Johns, D. Jorgensen, J. Knievel, K. Knupp, W.-C. Lee, G. McFarquhar, J. Moore, R. Przbylinski, R. Rauber, B. Smull, R. Trapp, S Trier, R. Wakimoto, M. Weisman, and C. Ziegler, 2004: The Bow Echo and MCV experiment observations and opportunities. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85, 1075–1093.

Novak, D. R., L. F. Bosart, D. Keyser, and J. S. Waldstreicher, 2004: An observational study of cold season banded precipitation in northeast United States cyclones. Wea. Forecasting, 19, 993–1009.

Reasor, P. D., M. T. Montgomery, and L. F. Bosart, 2005: Mesoscale observations of the genesis of Hurricane Dolly (1996). J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 3151–3171.

LaPenta, K. D., L. F. Bosart, T. J. Galarneau Jr., and M. J. Dickinson, 2005: A multiscale examination of the 31 May 1998 Mechanicville, New York, F3 tornado. Wea. Forecasting, 20, 494–516.

Novak, D. R., J. S. Waldstreicher, D. Keyser, and L. F. Bosart, 2006: A forecast strategy for anticipating cold season mesoscale band formation within eastern U.S. cyclones. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 3–23.

McTaggart-Cowan, R., E. H. Atallah, J. R. Gyakum, and L. F. Bosart, 2006: Hurricane Juan (2003). Part I: A diagnostic and compositing lifecycle study. Mon. Wea. Rev., 134, 1725–1747.

McTaggart-Cowan, R., L. F. Bosart, and J. R. Gyakum, 2006: Hurricane Juan (2003). Part II: Forecasting and numerical simulation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 134, 1748–1771.

Davis, C. A., and L. F. Bosart, 2006: The formation of Hurricane Humberto (2001): The importance of extra-tropical precursors. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 132, 2055–2085.

McTaggart-Cowan, R., L. F. Bosart, C. A. Davis, E. H. Atallah, J. R. Gyakum, and K. A. Emanuel, 2006: Analysis of Hurricane Catarina (2004). Mon. Wea. Rev., 134, 3029–3053.

Bosart, L. F., A. Seimon, K. D. LaPenta, and M. J. Dickinson, 2006: Supercell Tornadogenesis over Complex Terrain: The Great Barrington, Massachusetts Tornado on 29 May 1995, Wea. Forecasting, 21, 897–922.

Wasula, A. C., L. F. Bosart, R. S. Schneider, S. J. Weiss, G. S. Manikin, and P. Welch, 2007: Mesoscale aspects of the rapid intensification of a tornadic convective line across central Florida: 22-23 February 1998. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 223–243.

Atallah, E. H., L. F. Bosart, and A. R. Aiyyer, 2007: Precipitation distribution associated with landfalling tropical cyclones over the eastern United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 2185–2206.

Schultz, D. M., K. Seitter, L. F. Bosart, C. Gorski, and C. Iovinella, 2007: Factors affecting the increasing costs of AMS conferences. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88, 6, 408-417.

McTaggart-Cowan, R., L. F. Bosart, J. R. Gyakum, and E. H. Atallah, 2007: Hurricane Katrina (2005), Part I: Complex lifecycle of an intense tropical cyclone. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 3905–3926.

McTaggart-Cowan, R., L. F. Bosart, J. R. Gyakum, and E. H. Atallah, 2007: Hurricane Katrina (2005), Part II: Evolution and hemispheric impacts of a diabatically-generated warm pool. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 3927–3949.

McTaggart-Cowan, R., G. D. Dean, L. F. Bosart, C. A. Davis, and T. J. Galarneau, Jr., 2008: Climatology of tropical cyclogenesis in the North Atlantic (1948-2004). Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 1284–1304.

Junker, N. W., R. H. Grumm, R. Hart, L. F. Bosart, K. M. Bell, and F. J. Pereira, 2008: Use of anomalous fields to anticipate extreme rainfall in the mountains of northern California. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 313–335.

Archambault, H. M., L. F. Bosart, D. Keyser, and A. R. Aiyyer, 2008: Influence of large-scale flow regimes on cool-season precipitation in the Northeast U.S. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 2945–2963.

Bosart, L. F., A. C. Wasula, W. Drag, and K. Meier, 2008: Strong surface fronts over sloping terrain and coastal plains. Fred Sanders Monograph, L. F. Bosart and H. B. Bluestein, Ed., Meteor. Monogr., American Meteorological Society, 33, No. 55, 35–86.

Galarneau, T. J. Jr., L. F. Bosart and A. R. Aiyyer, 2008: A 54-year Global Closed Anticyclone Climatology (1950–2003). Fred Sanders Monograph, L. F. Bosart and H. B. Bluestein, Ed., Meteor. Monogr., American Meteorological Society, 33, No. 55, 349–392.

Galarneau, T. J. Jr., L. F. Bosart, C. A. Davis, and R. McTaggart-Cowan, 2008. Baroclinic transition of a long-lived mesoscale convective vortex. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 2, 562–584.

Srock, A. F., and L. F. Bosart, 2009: Heavy precipitation associated with southern Appalachian cold-air damming and Carolina coastal frontogenesis in advance of weak landfalling tropical storm Marco (1990). Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 2448–2470.

Corbosiero, K. L., M. Dickinson, and L. F. Bosart, 2009: The contribution of Eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones to the rainfall climatology of the Southwest United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 2415–2435.

Steenburgh, W. J., C. R. Neuman, and G. L. West, 2009: Discrete frontal propagation over the Sierra–Cascade Mountains and Intermountain West. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 2000–2020.

Gao, S., Z. Meng, F. Zhang, and L. F. Bosart, 2009: Observational Analysis of heavy rainfall mechanisms associated with severe Tropical Storm Bilis (2006) after its landfall: Observational analysis. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 1881–1897.

McTaggart-Cowan, R., T. J. Galarneau, Jr., L. F. Bosart, and J. A. Milbrandt, 2010a: Development of an Alpine lee Cyclone during MAP D-PHASE. Part I: Case analysis and evaluation of control simulations, Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 2281–2307.

McTaggart-Cowan, R., T. J. Galarneau, Jr., L. F. Bosart, and J. A. Milbrandt, 2010b: Development of an Alpine lee cyclone during MAP D-PHASE. Part II: Orographic influence on the development pathway, Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 2308–2326.

Cordeira, J. M., and L. F. Bosart, 2010: The antecedent large-scale conditions of the "Perfect Storms" of late October and early November 1991, Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 2546–2569.

Metz, N., L. F. Bosart, 2010: Derecho and MCS development, evolution, and multiscale interactions during 3-5 July 2003, Mon Wea. Rev., 138, 3048–3070.

Galarneau Jr., T. J., L. F. Bosart, and R. S. Schumacher, 2010: Predecessor Rain Events Ahead of Tropical Cyclones, Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 3272–3297.

Archambault, H. M., D. Keyser, and L. F. Bosart, 2010: Relationships between large-scale regime transitions and major cool-season precipitation events in the northeastern United States, Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 3454–3473.

Jeglum, M. E., W. J. Steenburgh, T. P. Lee, and L. F. Bosart, 2010: Multi-reanalysis climatology of Intermountain cyclones, Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 4035–4053.

Schumacher, R. S., T. J. Galarneau, Jr., and L. F. Bosart, 2011: Distant effects of a recurving tropical cyclone on rainfall in a midlatitude convective system: A high-impact predecessor rain event. Mon. Wea. Rev., 139, 650-667.

Cordeira, J. M., and L. F. Bosart, 2011: Cyclone interactions and evolutions during the "Perfect Storms" of late October and early November 1991, Mon. Wea. Rev., 139, 1683–1701.

Bosart, L. F., J. M. Cordeira, T. J. Galarneau, Jr., B. Moore, and H. Archambault, 2012: An Analysis of Multiple Predecessor Rain Events Ahead of Tropical Cyclones Ike and Lowell: 10-15 September 2008, Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 1081–1107.

Montgomery, M. T., C. Davis, T. Dunkerton, Z. Wang, C. Velden, R. Torn, S. J. Majundar, F. Zhang, R. K. Smith, L. F. Bosart, M. M. Bell, J. S. Haase, A. Heymsfield, J. Jensen, T. Campos, and M. A. Botthe, 2012: The Pre-Depression Investigation of Cloud Systems in the Tropics (PREDICT) Experiment: Scientific Basis, New Analysis Tools and Some First Results. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 153–172.

Zhou, L., Y. Tian, S. B. Roy, C. Thorncroft, L. F. Bosart, and Y. Hu, 2012: Impacts of wind farms on land surface temperature, Nature Climate Change, 2, 539–543.

Kunkel, K. E., T. R. Karl, H. Brooks, J. Kossin, J. Lawrimore, D. Arndt, L. Bosart, D. Changnon, S. Cutter, N. Doesken, K. Emanuel, P. Y. Groisman, R. W. Katz, T. Knutson, J. O’Brien, C. J. Paciorek, T. Peterson, K. Redmond, D. Robinson, J. Trapp, R. Vose, S. Weaver, M. Wehner, K. Wolter, and D. Wuebbles, 2013: Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extreme Storm Statistics: State of Knowledge. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94, 499–514.

McTaggart-Cowan, R., T. J. Galarneau, Jr., L. F. Bosart, R. W. Moore, and O. Martius, 2013: A global climatology of baroclinically influenced cyclogenesis, Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 1963–1989.

Moore, B. J., L. F. Bosart, D. Keyser, and M. L Jurewicz, 2013: Synoptic-scale environments of predecessor rain events occurring east of the Rocky Mountains in association with Atlantic basin tropical cyclones, Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 1022–1047.

Metz, N. D., H. M. Archambault, A. F. Srock, T. J. Galarneau, Jr., and L. F. Bosart, 2013: A comparison of South American and African preferential pathways for extreme cold events. Mon. Wea. Rev, 141, 2066–2086.

Weisman, M. L., C. Evans, and L. F. Bosart, 2013: The 8 May 2009 Super-derecho: An analysis of a realtime explicit convective forecast. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 863–892.

Archambault, H. M., D. Keyser, and L. F. Bosart, 2013: A climatological analysis of the extratropical flow response to recurving western North Pacific tropical cyclones, Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 2325–2346.

Evans, C., M. L. Weisman, and L. F. Bosart, 2014: Development of an intense, warm-core mesoscale vortex associated with the 8 May 2009 "Super Derecho" convective event, J. Atmos. Sci., 71, 1218–1240.

Ruppert Jr., J. H. and L. F. Bosart, 2014: A case study of the interaction of a mesoscale gravity wave with a mesoscale convective system. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 1403–1429.

Griffin, K. S. and L. F. Bosart, 2014: The extratropical transition of Tropical Cyclone Edisoana (1990). Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 2772–2793.

Galarneau, Jr., T. J., R. McTaggart-Cowan, L. F. Bosart, and C. A. Davis, 2015: Development of North Atlantic tropical disturbances near upper-level potential vorticity streamers. J Atmos. Sci., 72, 572597.

Archambault, H. M., D. Keyser, L. F. Bosart, C.A. Davis, and J. M. Cordeira, 2015: A composite perspective of the extratropical flow response to recurving North Pacific tropical cyclones. Mon. Wea. Rev., 143, 1122–1141.

Weisman, M. L., R. J. Trapp, G. S. Romine, C. Davis, R. Torn, M. Baldwin, L. Bosart, J. Brown, M. Coniglio, D. Dowell, A. C. Evans, T. J. Galarneau, Jr., J. Haggerty, T. Hock, K. Manning, P. Roebber, P. Romashkin, R. Schumacher, C. S. Schwartz, R. Sobash, D. Stensrud, and S. B. Trier, 2015:  The Mesoscale Predictability Experiment (MPEX), Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 2127–2149.

Guastini, C. T., and L. F. Bosart, 2016:  Analysis of a progressive derecho climatology and associated formation environments, Mon. Wea. Rev., 144, 1363–1382.

Bentley, A. M., D. Keyser, and L. F. Bosart, 2016: A dynamically based climatology of subtropical cyclones in the North Atlantic basin, Mon. Wea. Rev., 144, 2049–2068.

Tang, B., M. Vaughan, R. Lazear, K. Corbosiero, and L. Bosart, 2016:  Topographic and boundary influences on the 22 May 2014 Duanesburg, New York, unexpected tornadic supercell, Wea. Forecast, 31, 107–127.

Lamberson, W. S., R. D. Torn, L. F. Bosart, and L. Magnusson, 2016:  Diagnosis of the source and evolution of medium-range forecast errors for extratropical cyclone Joachim, Wea. Forecast., 31, 1197–1214.

Bosart, L. F., B. J. Moore, J. M. Cordeira, and H. M. Archambault, 2016:  Interactions of North Pacific tropical, midlatitude, and polar disturbances resulting in linked extreme weather events over North America in October 2007, Mon. Wea. Rev., In review.

Papin, P. P., L. F. Bosart, and R. D. Torn, 2016:  A climatology of Central American gyres. 2016:  Mon. Wea. Rev., In review.

Bentley, A. M., L. F. Bosart, and D. Keyser, 2016:  Upper-tropospheric precursors to the formation of subtropical cyclones that undergo tropical transition in the North Atlantic basin, 2016:  Mon. Wea. Rev., In review.

Lang, A. L., J. M. Cordeira, L. F. Bosart, and D. Keyser, 2016:  The role of the extratropical transition of TC Dale (1996) on the anomalous 1996–1997 wintertime stratospheric circulation, paper in preparation to be submitted to the Mon. Wea. Rev.