Aiguo Dai

Aiguo Dai

Examines the global water cycle, drought, climate variability and climate change

The World Within Reach



PhD, 1996, Atmospheric Science, Columbia University, New York, USA

M.S., 1988, Atmospheric Science, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

B.S., 1985, Atmospheric Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

Research Interests

Climate variability and change, future climate change, the global water cycle, hydroclimate, drought, Asian monsoons, and climate data analysis



One of world's ~3000 Highly Cited Researchers (top 1%) in all fields (one of the 4-6 scholars from the whole SUNY system) based on analyses of citations done by Thomson Reuters in 2014, 2015 and 2016.

Total citations =21942, H index=59, ~3600 citations per year as of Feb. 1, 2017 based on Google Scholar

Areas covered: precipitation variability, climate change, drought, streamflow, hydrometeorology, climate model evaluation, future climate change, climate data analysis, Asian monsoons, diurnal variability, atmospheric tides, ocean circulation, the carbon cycle, methane emissions. 

Refereed Articles: For updates, see

    Years 2015-2017: 

115. Dai, A., R.M. Rasmussen, C. Liu, K. Ikeda, and A.F. Prein, 2017: Changes in precipitation characteristics over North America by the late 21st century simulated by a convection-permitting model. Climate Dynamics, revised. 

114. Chen*, D., and A. Dai, 2017: Dependence of estimated precipitation frequency and intensity on data resolution. Climate Dynamics, revised.  

113. Luo, D., Y. Yao, A. Dai, and I. Simmonds, 2017: Increased quasi-stationarity and persistence of Ural blocking and Eurasian extreme cold events in response to Arctic warming. Part II: A dynamical explanation. J. Climate, in press. 

112. Ma*, S., T. Zhou, D. A. Stone, D. Polson, A. Dai, P. A. Stott, H. von Storch, Y. Qian, C. Burke, P. Wu, L. Zou, and A. Ciavarella, 2017: Detectable anthropogenic shift toward heavy precipitation over eastern China. J. Climate, DOI:,  in press. 

111. Jiang, Z., F. Huo*, H. Ma, J. Song, and A. Dai, 2017: Impact of Chinese urbanization and aerosol emissions on the East Asian summer monsoon.  J. Climate30, 1019-1039. DOI:   

110. Dong*, B, and A. Dai, 2016: The uncertainties and causes of the recent changes in global evapotranspiration from 1982-2010. Climate Dynamicsdoi:10.1007/s00382-016-3342-x.  

109. Liu C, Ikeda K, Rasmussen RM, Barlage, M,  Newman AJ, Prein AF, Chen F, Chen L,  Clark M,  Dai A, Dudhia J, Eidhammer T, Gochis D, Gutmann E, Kurkute S, Li Y, Thompson G, and Yates D, 2016: Continental-scale convection-permitting modeling of the current and future climate of North America. Climate Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3327-9

108. Wang, L., A. Dai, S. Guo,  and J. Ge, 2016: Establishment of the South-Asian High over the Indo-China Peninsula during late spring to summer. Adv. Atms. Sci., doi:10.1007/s00376-016-6061-7, in press. 

107. Dai, A. and T. Zhao, 2016: Uncertainties in historical changes and future projections of drought. Part I: Estimates of historical drought changes. Climatic Change,  DOI: 10.1007/s10584-016-1705-2, published online on 27 May 27 2016.

106. Zhao, T. and A. Dai, 2016: Uncertainties in historical changes and future projections of drought. Part II: Model-simulated historical and future drought changes. Climatic ChangeDOI 10.1007/s10584-016-1742-x,  published online on 19 July 2016.

105. Wang, J. A. Dai, and C. Mears 2016: Global water vapor trend from 1988-2011 and its diurnal asymmetry based on GPS, radiosonde, and microwave satellite measurements.  J. Climate, 29, 5205-5222. DOI:

104. Covey, C., P. J. Gleckler, C. Doutriaux, D. N. Williams, A. Dai, J. Fasullo, K.E. Trenberth, and A. Berg, 2016: Metrics for the diurnal cycle of precipitation: Toward routine benchmarks for climate models. J. Climate, 29, 4461-4471.  DOI:

103.  Luo, D., Y. Xiao*, Y. Yao, A. Dai,  I. Simmonds, and C.L.E. Franzke, 2016: Impact of Ural blocking on winter warm Arctic-cold Eurasian anomalies. Part I: Blocking-induced amplification. J. Climate,  29, 3925-3947, doi:

102. Luo, D., Y. Xiao*, Y. Diao*, A. Dai, C.L.E. Franzke, and I. Simmonds, 2016: Impact of Ural blocking on winter warm Arctic-cold Eurasian anomalies. Part II: The link to the North Atlantic Oscillation. J. Climate29, 3949-3971, doi:

101. Dai. A., 2016: Historical and Future Changes in Streamflow and Continental Runoff: A Review. Chapter 2 of Terrestrial Water Cycle and Climate Change: Natural and Human-Induced Impacts, Geophysical Monograph 221, edited by Qiuhong Tang and Taikan Oki, AGU, John Wiley & Sons, pp. 17-37.

100. Dong*, L., T. Zhou , A. Dai , F. Song* , B. Wu , and X. Chen, 2016: The footprint of the Inter-decadal Pacific Oscillation in Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures. Scientific Reports,6: 21251, DOI: 10.1038/srep21251.  

99.  Dai, A., 2016: Future warming patterns linked to today's climate variability. Scientific Reports6: 19110, doi:10.1038/srep19110.

98.  Yao*, Y., D. Luo, A. Dai, and S. B. Feldstein, 2016: The positive North Atlantic Oscillation with downstream blocking and Middle East snowstorms: Impacts of Atlantic jet.  J. Climate, 29, 1853-1876. DOI:

97. Ma, H., Z. Jiang, J. Song, A. Dai, X. Yang, and F. Huo*, 2016: Effects of urban land-use change in east China on the east Asian summer monsoon based on the CAM5.1 model. Climate Dynamics46, 2977-2989. DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2745-4

96.  Luo, D., Y. Yao*, A. Dai, and S. B. Feldstein, 2015: The positive North Atlantic Oscillation with downstream blocking and Middle East snowstorms: The Large-scale environments.  J. Climate,28, 6398-6418. DOI:

95. Zhao, T., J. Wang*, and A. Dai, 2015: Evaluation of atmospheric precipitable water from reanalysis products using homogenized radiosonde observations.  J. Geophys. Res.120, 10,703–10,727, doi:10.1002/2015JD023906.

94. Ma*, S., T. Zhou, A. Dai, and Z. Han*, 2015:Observed changes in the distributions of daily precipitation frequency and amount over China from 1960–2013. J. Climate28, 6960–6978. doi:

93. Dong*, B., and A. Dai, 2015: The influence of the Inter-decadal Pacific Oscillation on temperature and precipitation over the globe. Climate Dynamics45, 2667–2681. DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2500-x.

92. Hegerl, G.C., and 26 Co-authors (including A. Dai), 2015: Challenges in quantifying changes in the global water cycle. Bull. Am. Met. Soc.96, 1097–1115. doi:

91. Zhao, T., and A. Dai, 2015: The magnitude and causes of global drought changes in the 21st century under a low-moderate emissions scenario. J. Climate28, 4490–4512. doi:

90. Dai, A., J.C. Fyfe, S.-P. Xie, and X. Dai, 2015: Decadal modulation of global surface temperature by internal climate variability. Nature Climate Change,  5, 555-559. doi:10.1038/nclimate2605.

89. Luo, D., Y. Yao*, and A. Dai, 2015: Decadal relationship between the European blocking and North Atlantic Oscillation. Part I: Atlantic conditions. J. Atmos. Sci.72, 1152–1173. DOI:

88. Luo, D., Y. Yao*, and A. Dai, 2015: Decadal relationship between the European blocking and North Atlantic Oscillation. Part II: A theoretical model study. J. Atmos. Sci.72, 1174-1199. DOI:

     Years 2013-2014 

87.Covey, C., A. Dai, R. S. Lindzen, and D. March, 2014: Atmospheric tides in the latest generation of climate models. J. Atmos. Sci., 71, 1905-1913.DOI:

86. Rasmussen, R., K. Ikeda, C. Liu,  D. Gochis M. Clark, A. Dai, E. Gutmann, J. Dudhia, F. Chen, M. Barlage, and D. Yates, 2014: Impacts of climate change on the water balance of the Colorado headwaters: High resolution regional climate model simulations. J. Hydrometeorol., 15, 1091-1116. doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-13-0118.1

85.Luo, D., L. Zhong, J. Cha, and A. Dai, 2014: A nonlinear multi-scale interaction model for atmospheric blocking: The eddy-blocking matching mechanism.  Q. J. Roy.Meteorol. Soc., 140, 1785-1808. DOI: 10.1002/qj.2337

84. Trenberth, K.E., A. Dai, G. van der Schrier, P.D. Jones, J. Barichivich, K.R. Briffa, and J. Sheffield, 2014: Global warming and changes in drought. Nature Climate Change, 4, 17-22. doi:10.1038/nclimate2067

 83. Dai, A., H. Li, Y. Sun, L.-C. Hong, LinHo, C. Chou, and T. Zhou, 2013: The relative roles of upper and lower tropospheric thermal contrasts and tropical influences in driving Asian summer monsoons J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres, 118, 7024-7045, doi:10.1002/jgrd.205065.

82. Wang, J., L. Zhang, A. Dai, F. Immler, M. Sommer, and H. Vomel, 2013: Radiation dry bias correction of Vaisala RS92 humidity data and its impacts on historical radiosonde data. J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech. 30: 197-214.

81. Dai, A., 2013: The influence of the Inter-decadal Pacific Oscillation on U.S. precipitation during 1923-2010. Climate Dynamics, 41: 633-646. DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1446-5. 

80. Jia, B., Z. Xie, A. Dai, C. Shi, and F. Chen, 2013: Evaluation of satellite and reanalysis products of downward surface solar radiation over East Asia: Spatial and seasonal variations. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118: doi:10.1002/jgrd.50353. 

       79. Dai, A., 2013: Increasing drought under global warming in observations and models. Nature Climate Change. 3: 52-58.        

             doi:10.1038/nclimate1633, (available here).

Years 2011-2012 

78. Dunn, R.H.J., K.M. Willett, P.W. Thorne, E.V. Woolley, I. Durre, A. Dai, D. E. Parker, and R.E. Vose, 2012: HadISD: A quality-controlled global synoptic report database for selected variables at long-term stations from 1973-2011. Clim. Past, 8, 1649-1678, doi: 10.5194/cp-8-1649-2012. 

77.  Shiu, C.-J., S.C. Liu, S.C, C. Fu, A. Dai and Y. Sun, 2012: How much do precipitation extremes change in a warming climate? Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L17707, doi:10.1029/2012GL052762.  

76.  Bacmeister, J. T., P. H. Lauritzen, A. Dai and J. E. Truesdale, 2012: Assessing possible dynamical effects of condensate in high resolution climate simulations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L04806, doi:10.1029/2011GL050533.

75.  Zhao, T., A. Dai, and J. Wang, 2012: Trends in tropospheric humidity from 1970-2008 over China from a homogenized radiosonde dataset. J. Climate, 25: 4549-4567. 

74.  Dai, A., 2011: Characteristics and trends in various forms of the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) during 1900-2008. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D12115, doi:10.1029/2010JD015541. (PDSI Data) 

73.  Willett, K., A. Dai, and D. Berry, 2011: Surface humidity. In: State of the Climate in 2010. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 92, S40-S41. 

72.  Wang, L., Q. Huang, A. Dai, Z. Guan, J. He, and Z. Wu, 2011: Inhomogeneous distributions of Meiyu rainfall in the Jiang-Huai basin, and associated circulation patterns. Climate Res., 50, 203-214. 

71.  Monahan, A., Y. He, N. McFarlane, and A. Dai, 2011: The probability distribution of land surface wind speeds. J. Climate, 24: 3892-3909. 

70.  Dai, A., J. Wang, P.W. Thorne, D.E. Parker, L. Haimberger, and X.L. Wang, 2011: A new approach to homogenize daily radiosonde humidity data. J. Climate, 24, 965-991.

69.  Covey, C., A. Dai, D. Marsh, and R. S. Lindzen, 2011: The surface-pressure signature in atmospheric tides in modern climate models. J. Atmos. Sci., 68: 495-514. 

68.  Dai, A., 2011: Drought under global warming: A review. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 2, 45-65. DOI: 10.1002/wcc.81. 

Years 2009-2010:

67.   Tian, X., Z. Xie, A. Dai, B. Jia, and C. Shi, 2010: A microwave land data assimilation system: Scheme and preliminary evaluation over China. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D21113, doi:10.1029/2010JD014370. 

66.  Tian, X., Z. Xie, and A. Dai, 2010: An ensemble conditional nonlinear optimal perturbation approach: Formulation and applications to parameter calibration. Water Resour. Res., W09540, doi:10.1029/2009WR008508.

65.  Zhou, L., R. E. Dickinson, A. Dai, and P. Dirmeyer, 2010: Detection and attribution of anthropogenic forcing to diurnal  temperature range changes from 1950 to 1999: Comparing multi-model simulations with observations. Climate Dynamics, 35, 1289-1307. (Paper)

64.  He, Y., A. H. Monahan, C. G. Jones, A. Dai, S. Biner, D. Caya, and K. Winger, 2010: Probability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D04103, doi:10.1029/2008JD010708. (Paper)

63.Sun, Y., Y. Ding, and A. Dai, 2010: Changing links between South Asian summer monsoon circulation and tropospheric land-sea thermal contrasts under a warming scenario.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L02704, doi:10.1029/2009GL041662. (Paper)

62.  Li, H., A. Dai, T. Zhou, and J. Lu, 2010: Response of East Asian summer monsoon to historical SST and atmospheric forcing during 1950-2000. Climate Dynamics, 34, 501-514. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0482-7. (Paper)

61.  Tian, X., Z. Xie , A. Dai , C. Shi , B. Jia , F. Chen , K. Yang, 2009: A dual-pass variational data assimilation framework for estimating soil moisture profiles from AMSR-E microwave brightness temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D16102, doi:10.1029/2008JD011600. (Paper)

60.  Schubert, S., D. Gutzler, H. Wang, A. Dai, T. Delworth, C. Deser, K. Findell, R. Fu, W. Higgins, M. Hoerling, B. Kirtman, R. Koster, A. Kumar, D. Legler, D. Lettenmaier, B. Lyon, V. Magana, K. Mo, S. Nigam, P. Pegion, A. Phillips, R. Pulwarty, D. Rind, A. Ruiz-Barradas, J. Schemm, R. Seager, R. Stewart, M. Suarez, J. Syktus, M. Ting, C. Wang, S. Weaver, and N. Zeng, 2009: A USCLIVAR project to assess and compare the responses of global climate models to drought-related SST forcing patterns: Overview and results. J. Climate, 22, 5251-5272. (Paper) 

59.  Dai, A., T. Qian, K. E. Trenberth, and J. D Milliman, 2009: Changes in continental freshwater discharge from 1948-2004. J. Climate, 22, 2773-2791. (Paper, Data.News)

58.  Zhou, L., R. E. Dickinson, P. Dirmeyer, A. Dai, and S.-K. Min, 2009: Spatiotemporal patterns of changes in maximum and minimum temperatures in IPCC AR4 multi-model simulations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L02702, doi:10.1029/2008GL036141. (Paper)

57.  Zhou, L. A. Dai, Y. Dai, R. S. Vose, C.-Z. Zou, Y. Tian, and H. Chen, 2009: Spatial Dependence of Diurnal Temperature RangeTrends on Precipitation from 1950 to 2004. Climate Dynamics, 32, 429-440 (Paper).

    Years 2007-2008:

56.  Tian X., Z. Xie and A. Dai, 2008, An ensemble-based explicit four-dimensional variational assimilation method. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D21124, doi:10.1029/2008JD010358. (Paper)

55.  Tian, X., Z. Xie, and A. Dai, 2008: A land surface soil moisture data assimilation system based on the dual-UKF method and the Community LandModel. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D14127, doi:10.1029/2007JD009650. (Paper)

54.  Dai, A., 2008: Temperature and pressure dependence of the rain-snow phase transition over land and ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L12802, doi:10.1029/2008GL033295 (Paper)

53.  Hobbins, M. T., A. Dai, M. L. Roderick, and G. D. Farquhar, 2008: Revisiting potential evapotranspiration parameterizations as drivers of long-term water balance trends. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L12403, doi:10.1029/2008GL033840 (Paper)

52.  Zhou, T., R. Yu, H. Chen, A. Dai, and Y. Pan, 2008: Summer precipitation frequency, intensity, and diurnal cycle over China : A comparison of satellite data with raingauge observations. J. Climate, 21, 3997-4010. (Paper)

51.  Oleson, K. W., G.-Y. Niu, Z.-L. Yang, D.M. Lawrence, P. E. Thornton, P.J. Lawrence, R. Stockli, R.E. Dickinson, G.B. Bonan, S. Levis, A. Dai and T. Qian, 2008: Improvements to the Community Land Model and their impact on the hydrological cycle. J. Geophys. Res., 113, G01021, doi:10.1029/2007JG000563. (Paper)

50.  Trenberth, K. E. and A. Dai, 2007: Effects of Mount Pinatubo volcanic eruption on the hydrological cycle as an analog of geoengineering. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L15702, doi:10.1029/2007GL030524. (Paper) (News)

49.  Dai, A., X. Lin, and K.-L. Hsu, 2007: The frequency, intensity, and diurnal cycle of precipitation in surface and satellite observations over low- and mid-latitudes.Climate Dynamics, 29, 727-744. (Paper)

48.   Tian, X., A. Dai, D. Yang, and Z. Xie, 2007: Effects of precipitation-bias corrections on surface hydrology over northern latitudes. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres,112, D14101, doi:10.029/2007JD008420. (Paper)

47.  Trenberth, K. E., L. Smith, T. Qian, A. Dai and J. Fasullo, 2007: Estimates of the global water budget and its annual cycle using observational and model data. J. Hydrometeorology, 8, 758-769. (Paper)

46.  Wang, J., L. Zhang, A. Dai, T. Van Hove, and J. Van Baelen, 2007: A near-global, 2-hourly data set of atmospheric precipitable water from ground-baded GPS measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D11107, doi:10.1029/2006JD007529. (Paper)

45.  Sun, Y., S. Solomon, A. Dai, and R. Portmann, 2007: How often will it rain? J. Climate, 20, 4801-4818 (Paper)

44.  Qian, T., A. Dai, and K. E. Trenberth, 2007: Hydroclimatic Trends in the Mississippi River Basinfrom 1948-2004. J. Climate, 20, 4599-4614. (Paper) .

    Years 2005-2006: 

43.  Qian, T., A. Dai, K. E. Trenberth, and K. W. Oleson, 2006: Simulation of global land surface conditions from 1948-2004. Part I: Forcing data and evaluation.  J. Hydrometeorology, 7, 953-975. (Paper, Dataset)

42.  Dai, A., 2006: Precipitation characteristics in eighteen coupled climate models. J. Climate, 19, 4605-4630. (Paper)

41.  Dai, A., 2006: Recent climatology, variability and trends in global surface humidity. J. Climate, 19, 3589-3606. (Paper)

40.  Rasch, P. J., M. J. Stevens, L. Ricciardulli, A. Dai, A. Negri, R. Wood, B. A. Boville, B. Eaton, and J. J. Hack, 2006: A characterization of tropical transient activity in the CAM3 atmospheric hydrologic cycle. J. Climate, 19, 2222-2242.(Paper)

39.  Sun, Y., S. Solomon, A. Dai, and R. Portmann, 2006: How often does it rain? J. Climate, 19, 916-934. (Paper)

38.  Liang, X.-Z., J. Pan, J. Zhu, K. E. Kunkel, J. X. L. Wang, and A. Dai, 2006: Regional climate model downscaling of the U.S. summer climate and future change. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D10108, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006685. (Paper)

37.  Dai, A., T. R. Karl, B. Sun, and K. E. Trenberth, 2006: Recent trends in cloudiness over the United States : A tale of monitoring inadequacies. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 87, 597-606. (Paper)

36.  Wang, J., L. Zhang, and A. Dai, 2005: Global estimates of water-vapor-weighted mean temperature of the atmosphere for GPS applications. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D21101, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006215. (Paper)

35.  Betts, A. K., J. H. Ball, P. Viterbo, A. Dai, and J. A. Marengo, 2005: Hydrometeorology of the Amazon in ERA-40. J. Hydrometeorology, 6, 764-774. (Paper).

34.  Dai, A., A. Hu, G. A. Meehl, W. M. Washington, and W. G. Strand, 2005: Atlantic thermohaline circulation in a coupled model: Unforced variations vs. forced changes. J. Climate, 18, 3270-3293. (Paper).

    Years 2003-2004: 

33.  Dai, A., P. J. Lamb, K. E. Trenberth, M. Hulme, P. D. Jones, and P. Xie, 2004: The recent Sahel drought is real.  International Journal of Climatology, 24, 1323-13331.(Paper)

32.  Liang, X.-Z., L. Li, A. Dai, K. E. Kunkel, 2004: Regional climate model simulation of summer precipitation diurnal cycle over the United States. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L24208, doi:10.1029/2004GL021054. (Paper)

31.  Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. Qian, 2004: A global data set of Palmer Drought Severity Index for 1870-2002: Relationship with soil moisture and effects of surface warming. J. Hydrometeorology 5, 1117-1130. (Paper) (PDSI data) 

30.  Hu, A., G. A. Meehl, W. M. Washington, and A. Dai, 2004: Response of the Atlantic thermohaline circulation to increased atmospheric CO2 in a coupled model. J. Climate, 17,4267-4279.(Paper)

29.  Monahan, A.H. and A. Dai, 2004: The spatial and temporal structure of ENSO nonlinearity. J. Climate 17, 3026-3036.(Paper)

28.  Dai,  A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2004: The diurnal cycle and its depiction in the Community Climate System Model. J. Climate 17, 930-951.(Paper)

27.  Dai, A., W.M. Washington, G.A. Meehl, T.W. Bettge,and W.G. Strand, 2004: The ACPI climate change simulations. Climatic Change, 62, 29-43. (Paper)

26.  Trenberth, K. E., A. Dai, R. M. Rasmussen, and D. B. Parsons, 2003: The changing character of precipitation. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 84, 1205-1217. (Paper)

25.  Abarca del Rio,  R., D. Gambis, D., D. Salstein, P. Nelson, and A. Dai, 2003: Solar activity and earth rotation variability. J. Geodynamics,  36, 423-443. (Paper)

24.  Meehl, G. A., W. M. Washington, T. M. L. Wigley, J. M. Arblaster, and A. Dai,    2003: Solar and greenhouse gas forcing and climate response in the twentieth century. J. Climate 16, 426-444. (Paper)

    Years 2001-2002: 

23.  Dai,  A., and K. E. Trenberth,  2002: Estimates of freshwater discharge from continents: Latitudinal and seasonal variations. J. Hydrometeorol., 3, 660-687. (Paper, Data)

22.  Dai, A., J. Wang, R. H. Ware, and T. Van Hove, 2002: Diurnal variation in water vapor over North America and its implications for sampling errors in radiosonde humidity.  J. Geophys. Res., 107(D10), 4090, 10.1029/2001JD000642. (Paper)

21.  Dai,  A., T. M. L. Wigley, G. A. Meehl, and W. M. Washington,  2001: Effects of stabilizing atmospheric CO2 on global climate in the next two centuries. Geophys. Res. Lett. , 28, 4511-4514. (News, Paper)

20.  Dai, A., G.A. Meehl, W.M. Washington, T.M.L Wigley, and Julie M. Arblaster, 2001: Ensemble simulation of 21st century climate changes: business as usual vs. CO2 stabilization.  Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 82, 2377-2388. (Paper)

19.  Dai, A., G.A. Meehl, W.M. Washington, and T.M.L Wigley, 2001: Climate changes in the 21st century over the Asia-Pacific region simulated by the NCAR CSM and PCM.  Adv. Atmos. Sci.,18, 639-658. (Paper)

18.  Dai, A., 2001: Global precipitation and thunderstorm frequencies. Part I: Seasonal and interannual variations . J. Climate, 14, 1092-1111. (Abstract, Paper  Precipfreq. data) 

17.  Dai, A., 2001: Global precipitation and thunderstorm frequencies. Part II: Diurnal variations.  J. Climate, 14, 1112-1128. (Abstract, Paper)

16.  Dai, A., T.M.L. Wigley, B.A. Boville, J.T. Kiehl, and L.E. Buja, 2001: Climates of the 20th and 21st centuries simulated by the NCAR Climate System Model.  J. Climate, 14, 485-519. (Abstract, Paper)

    Years 1990-2000:

15.  Dai, A. and T. M. L. Wigley, 2000:  Global patterns of ENSO-induced  precipitation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1283-1286. (Paper)

14.  Easterling, D.R., T.R. Karl, K.P. Gallo, D.A. Robinson, K.E. Trenberth, and  A. Dai, 2000, Observed climate variability and change of relevance to the biosphere. J. Geophys.  Res., 105, 20101-20114. (Paper)

13.  Dai, A. and C. Deser, 1999: Diurnal and semidiurnal variations in global surface wind and divergence fields. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 31109-31125. (Abstract,Paper)

12.  Dai, A. and J. Wang, 1999: Diurnal and semidiurnal tides in global surface pressure fields. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 3874-3891.(Abstract, Paper ) 

11.  Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. R. Karl, 1999: Effects of clouds, soil moisture, precipitation and water vapor on diurnal temperature range. J. Climate, 12, 2451-2473. (Paper)

10.  Dai, A., 1999: Recent changes in the diurnal cycle of precipitation over the United States. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 341-344. (Paper ) 

9.  Dai, A., F. Giorgi, and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: Observed and model simulated precipitation diurnal cycle over the contiguous United States.J. Geophys. Res., 104,6377-6402. (Abstract,) (Paper)

8.  Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. R. Karl, 1998: Global variations in droughts and wet spells: 1900-1995. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3367-3370. ( Paper )(PDSI dataset) . 

7.  Dai, A., I. Y. Fung, and A. D. Del Genio, 1997: Surface observed global land precipitation variations during 1900-1988. J. Climate, 10, 2943-2962. (Abstract, Paper,Precip. Data and News)    

6.  Dai, A., A. D. Del Genio, and I. Y. Fung, 1997: Clouds, precipitation, and temperature range. Nature, 386, 665-666. (Paper)

5.  Dai, A. and I. Fung, 1993: Can climate variability contribute to the "missing" CO2 sink? Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 7,599-609. (Abstract, Paper and News ) 

4.  Wassmann, R., H. Schutz, H. Papen, H. Rennenberg, W. Seiler, A. Dai, R. X. Shen, X. J. Shangguan, and M. X. Wang, 1993: Quantification of methane emissions from Chinese rice fields (Zhejiang Province) as influenced by fertilizer treatment. Biogeochemistry, 20, 83-101. 

3.  Wang, M.-X., A. Dai,  J. Huang,  L.-X. Ren, R.-X. Shen, H. Schütz, W. Seiler, R. A. Rasmussen, and M.A.K. Khalil, 1993: Estimate on methane emission from China .Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 17,  49-62. (Paper)

2.  Dai, A., M.-X. Wang, R.-X. Shen, H. Schütz, W. Seiler, H. Rennenberg, and H.-B. Wu, 1991: Methane emission from a rice paddy in Hangzhou, China during a growing season of late rice. Scientia Atmospheria Sinica, 15, 102-110. (Paper)

1.  Wang, M.-X, A. Dai, R.-X. Shen, H. Schütz, W. Seiler, H. Rennenberg, and H.-B. Wu, 1990: Methane emission from a Chinese paddy field. Acta Meteorol. Sinica, 4, 265-275. (Paper)