CRJ 629 Constitutional Criminal Procedure††††††† ††††††††††† ††††††††††† James Acker

Fall 2002†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† ††††††††††† DR 221B

Mon. & Wed. 9:00-11:00††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† ††††††††††† 442-5317

DR 246††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† ††††††††††† acker@albany.edu

 

SYLLABUS

 

Course Description and Objectives

 

††††††††††† This class examines the constitutional rules and principles that help shape the law of criminal procedure. Issues covered include bail, preliminary hearings, trial rights, line-ups, right to counsel, the role and duties of the prosecutor, police interrogations, and search and seizure, among others.Principal attention is given to United States Supreme Court rulings involving the application and scope of federal constitutional rights.However, we also consider state constitutional law with respect to select issues.Students should expect to enhance their knowledge of constitutional doctrine that is fundamental to criminal procedure law and sharpen their analytical skills through studying and discussing case decisions.

 

Course Requirements

 

††††††††††† All readings must be completed in advance of the classes for which they are assigned.The class will rely heavily on studentsí discussion and questions.

 

††††††††††† A research paper approximately 10 pages in length is due at the beginning of class on Nov. 13.The paper must address a current event involving an issue relevant to constitutional criminal procedure that has been reported in the newspapers during calendar year 2002.You are free to use any database or printed source to locate an appropriate news story.Your paper must describe the relevant facts and then provide a thorough analysis of the involved legal issue, relying on appropriate primary and secondary legal authorities (e.g., cases, law review articles, etc.) and other references.You must cite all references on which your paper relies and make appropriate attribution for both quoted material and information gleaned from the references.Students should utilize Westlaw, other legal references, and additional research materials as appropriate.A topic sentence describing the subject of the paper, along with a photocopy or a printout of a corresponding newspaper article providing details about the current event must be submitted for approval not later than the beginning of class on Sept. 18.†† The grade earned on the paper will count as 25% of the course grade.

 

††††††††††† Three examinations will be administered, each counting as 25% of the final course grade.All exams are open-note and open-book.The examinations are not cumulative.The third exam will be scheduled during the Final Examinations period.

 

††††††††††† All grades of Incomplete received in the class must be satisfied not later than August 1, 2003.

 

Required Readings

 

Lloyd L. Weinreb (ed.), Leading Constitutional Cases on Criminal Justice (Foundation Press 2002) (available at Mary Jane Books, 215 Western Avenue)

 

Neil C. McCabe & Catherine G. Burnett (eds.), State Constitutional Criminal Procedure (John Marshall Publishing Co. 1994) (course packet) (available at Mary Jane Books, 215 Western Avenue)

 

Supplemental Course Packet(edited judicial decisions, available at Coughtryís, 268 Central Avenueónext to the corner of North Lake Street and Central Avenue)

 

Tentative Schedule of Class Assignments

 

The following schedule of class assignments is subject to change.Advance notice of any changes will be provided.Please note: examinations will be given during extended class hours (9:00-12:00).

 

Readings are identified as follows:††††††††††† WeinrebóW

††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† McCabe & BurnettóM & B

††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† Supplemental course packetóSupp.

 

Sept. 4 ††††††††††† Introduction; Federal and State Constitutions

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Palko v. Connecticut (1937) Wó3

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Adamson v. California (1947) Wó8

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Duncan v. Louisiana (1968) Wó41

††††††††††† ††††††††††† State Constitutional Issues: M & B††††††††††† 21-25 (Raising and briefing issues)

††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† 33-40 (Lockstep)

††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† 40-42 (Dualist)

††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† 42-46 (Supplemental/Interstitial)

††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† 46-48 (Primacy)

 

Sept. 9 ††††††††††† No Class

 

Sept. 11††††††††††† The Early Stages of the Criminal Justice Process: Judicial Determination

††††††††††† ††††††††††† of Probable Cause (Gerstein Review); Preliminary Hearing; Bail

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Gerstein v. Pugh (1975) Wó853

††††††††††† ††††††††††† County of Riverside v. McLaughlin (1991) Wó861

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 242-248

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Coleman v. Alabama (1970) Wó848

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Stack v. Boyle (1951) Wó867

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Salerno (1987) Wó870

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 378-383

 

Sept. 16††††††††††† No Class

 

Sept. 18††††††††††† Speedy Trial; Pretrial Publicity; Public Trials

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Marion (1971) Wó894

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Barker v. Wingo (1972) Wó900

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 374-378

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Sheppard v. Maxwell (1966) Wó968

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia (1981) Wó976

 

Sept. 23††††††††††† Line-Ups and Show-Ups

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Wade (1967) Wó821

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Kirby v. Illinois (1972) Wó833

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 311-312

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Simmons v. United States (1968) Wó838

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 313-320

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Neil v. Biggers (1972) Wó844

 

Sept. 25††††††††††† The Accusedís Right to Counsel: Trial and Beyond

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Powell v. Alabama (1932) Wó560

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Betts v. Brady (1942) Wó570

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) Wó574

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Argersinger v. Hamlin (1972) Wó585

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Scott v. Illinois (1979) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Alabama v. Shelton (2002) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Douglas v. California (1963) Wó578

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Ross v. Moffitt (1974) Wó596

 

Sept. 30††††††††††† Effective Assistance of Counsel; The Right of Self-Representation; Plea

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Bargaining

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Strickland v. Washington (1984) Wó611

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Nix v. Whiteside (1986) Wó626

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Faretta v. California (1975) Wó635

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Bordenkircher v. Hayes (1978) Wó922

 

Oct. 2††††††††††† Prosecutor and Police: Exculpatory Evidence and Destruction of Evidence

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Miller v. Pate (1967) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Brady v. Maryland (1963) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Agurs (1976) Wó1023

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Kyles v. Whitley (1995) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 385-390

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Arizona v. Youngblood (1988) Wó1031

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 405-408

 

Oct. 7††††††††††† Exam I(Note: class meets 9:00-12:00)

 

Oct. 9 ††††††††††† The Right Against Compelled Self-Incrimination: Voluntariness;

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Miranda; Custody

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Brown v. Mississippi (1936) Wó642

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Spano v. New York (1959) Wó648

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Miranda v. Arizona (1966) Wó700

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Oregon v. Mathiason (1977) Wó743

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Berkemer v. McCarty (1984) Supp.

 

Oct. 14 ††††††††††† Custody; Interrogation; The ďWarningsĒ; Invocation of Rights

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Illinois v. Perkins (1990) Wó739

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Rhode Island v. Innis (1980) Wó733

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Duckworth v. Egan (1989) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Fare v. Michael C. (1979) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 299-303

 

Oct. 16 ††††††††††† Invocation and Waiver of Rights

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Michigan v. Mosley (1975) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Edwards v. Arizona (1981) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Oregon v. Bradshaw (1983) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Davis v. United States (1994) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Minnick v. Mississippi (1990) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Moran v. Burbine (1986) Wó719

 

Oct. 21 ††††††††††† Invocation and Waiver; Impeachment

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Oregon v. Elstad (1985) Wó757

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 249-260

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Colorado v. Spring (1987) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Harris v. New York (1971) Wó746

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Oregon v. Hass (1975) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 266-269

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Doyle v. Ohio (1976) Wó753

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 266-269

 

Oct. 23 ††††††††††† Voluntariness; The Public Safety Exception

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Fare v. Michael C. (1979) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Mincey v. Arizona (1978) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Colorado v. Connelly (1986) Wó655

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Dickerson v. United States (2000) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† New York v. Quarles (1984) Supp.

 

Oct. 28 ††††††††††† Nontestimonial Evidence; Sixth Amendment Issues

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Schmerber v. California (1966) Wó766-770; 773-775 (only 5th

††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††† Amendment issues and Black, J., dissent)

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Brewer v. Williams (1977) Wó669

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Henry (1980) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Kuhlmann v. Wilson (1986) Supp.

 

Oct. 30 ††††††††††† Exam II (Note: class meets 9:00-12:00)

†††††††††††††††††††††††

Nov. 4 ††††††††††† The Fourth Amendment: Searches and Reasonable Expectations of

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Privacy

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Katz v. United States (1967) Wó524

††††††††††† ††††††††††† California v. Greenwood (1988) Wó271

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 115-135

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Kyllo v. United States (2001) Wó537

 

Nov. 6 ††††††††††† The Open Fields Doctrine; The Exclusionary Rule

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Oliver v. United States (1984) Wó278

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 87-110

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Wolf v. Colorado (1949) Wó334

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Mapp v. Ohio (1961) Wó340

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Leon (1984) Wó354

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 59-68

 

Nov. 11††††††††††† No Class

 

Nov. 13††††††††††† Fruit of the Poisonous Tree; Inevitable Discovery; Standing

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Wong Sun v. United States (1963) Wó405

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Nix v. Williams (1984) Wó372

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Rakas v. Illinois (1978) Wó381

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Minnesota v. Olson (1990) Wó391

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Minnesota v. Carter (1998) Wó397

 

Nov. 18††††††††††† Probable Cause to Arrest; Search Incident to Lawful Arrest

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Draper v. United States (1959) Wó56

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Whren v. United States (1996) Wó72

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Robinson (1973) Wó149

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Atwater v. City of Lago Vista (2001) Wó64

 

Nov. 20††††††††††† Stop and Frisk: Terry v. Ohio; Reasonable Suspicion

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Terry v. Ohio (1968) Wó413

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Sibron v. New York, Peters v. New York (1968) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Adams v. Williams (1974) Wó428

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Alabama v. White (1990) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Florida v. J.L. (2000) Wó436

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Illinois v. Wardlow (2000) Wó440

 

Nov. 25††††††††††† ďSeizuresĒ; Scope of a Frisk

††††††††††† ††††††††††† California v. Hodari D. (1991) Wó84

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 216-220; 225-231

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Sharpe (1985) Wó457

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Minnesota v. Dickerson (1993) Wó451

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 172-176

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Maryland v. Buie (1990) Wó126

 

Nov. 27††††††††††† No Class

 

Dec. 2††††††††††† Search Warrants and Probable Cause; Execution of Search Warrants;

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Search Incident to Lawful Arrest

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Illinois v. Gates (1983) Wó99

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 162-172

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Illinois v. McArthur (2001) Wó201

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Wilson v. Arkansas (1995) Wó109

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Chimel v. California (1969) Wó114

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Chadwick (1977) Wó163

 

Dec. 4††††††††††† Search Incident to Lawful Arrest; Consent

††††††††††† ††††††††††† New York v. Belton (1981) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 191-203

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Knowles v. Iowa (1998) Wó160

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Drayton (2002) Wó233

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 214-216

††††††††††† ††††††††††† United States v. Matlock (1974) Wó242

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Illinois v. Rodriguez (1990) Wó246

 

Dec. 9††††††††††† Hot Pursuit; Plain View

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Warden v. Hayden (1967) Wó192-194 (only)

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Welsh v. Wisconsin (1984) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Arizona v. Hicks (1987) Wó253

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Horton v. California (1990) Wó262

 

Dec. 11††††††††††† Automobile and Inventory Searches

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Chambers v. Maroney (1970) Wó134

††††††††††† ††††††††††† California v. Acevedo (1991) Wó170

††††††††††† ††††††††††† M & B 183-191

††††††††††† ††††††††††† Wyoming v. Houghton (1999) Supp.

††††††††††† ††††††††††† South Dakota v. Opperman (1976) Wó141

 

Note: Exam III will be scheduled during the Final Examinations period (3 hours)